The author offers a new approach to a phenomenon of social legends of great individuals from a philosophical point of view. He starts with a presentation of his interpretation of the concept of the Platonic tradition of a divine man and a cult or hagiography of such men in the ideal Platonic state, alongside with an explanation, inspired by Platonic authors. He collates this concept and its justification (rationalization) with today’s social and political reception of axiology, in order to present it as an epiphany of higher values. He collates it also with the results of philosophical reflection on a ductility of history, in order to show it as a prototype of something real in its historical efficiency. The author ends with summary and explanation of his proposal.
- Biskupski, M. B. B. (2012). Independence Day: Myth, symbol, and the creation of modern Poland. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Dzielska, M. & Twardowska, K. (2013). Divine man and women in the history and society of late Hellenism. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego.
- Gentile, G. (1922). The theory of mind as pure act. (H. W. Carr, Trans.). London: Macmillan. (Original work published 1920)
- Hegel, G. W. F. (1902). Lectures on the philosophy of history. (J. Sibree, Trans.). New York: American Home Library. (Original work published 1840)
- Jaeger, W. (1946). Paideia: the ideals of Greek culture (Vols. 1–3). (G. Highet, Trans.). Oxford: Basil Blackwell. (Original work published 1935)
- Kant, I. (2002). Critique of practical reason. (W. S. Pluhar, Trans.). Indianapolis–Cambridge: Hackett Publishing Company. (Original work published 1788)
- Nietzsche, F. (1913). Thoughts out of season (Vols. 1–2). (A. M. Ludovici, Trans.). London: George Allen & Unwin. (Original work published 1893)
- Nietzsche, F. (1914). The will to power (Vols. 1–2). (A. M. Ludovici, Trans.). London–Edinburgh: T. N. Foulis. (Original work published 1906)
- O’Meara, D. J. (2005). Platonopolis: Platonic political philosophy in late antiquity. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Plato (2006a). Laws (Vols. 1–2). (R. G. Bury, Trans.). Cambridge–London: Harvard University Press.
- Plato (2006b). Theaetetus. (H. N. Fowler, Trans.). Cambridge–London: Harvard University Press.
- Plato (2006c). The Republic (Vols. 1–2). (P. Shorey, Trans.). Cambridge–London: Harvard University Press.
- Plato (2006d). The Symposium. (W. R. M. Lamb, Trans.). Cambridge–London: Harvard University Press.
- Tocqueville, A. de (2002). Democracy in America. (H. C. Mansfield & D. Winthrop, Trans.). Chicago–London: The University of Chicago Press. (Original work published 1840).