Author: Egon Spiegel
Institution: University of Vechta (Germany)
Author: Cheng Liu
Institution: Nanjing University (China)
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 245-256
DOI Address:
PDF: ppsy/45/ppsy2016019.pdf

Peace is non–violence and there is only one way to achieve it: peace as structural and interpersonal non–violence. The daily non–violence is as instructive as the spectacular actions of Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King. Peace education is better based on demonstration what we “can” than to postulate of what we should do. The Peace Studies prefer a resource–oriented approach to education instead of a deficit–oriented. Our central thesis is that the youth is living in a kind of transculturality, the best conditions for peacebuilding. Considering the increasing sensitivity we expected that latest in 2075 we will make the war a taboo. The central key to solve conflicts nonviolently is conflict transformation in trusting a spiritual third power in between the opponents, even secularized people. The peace education has to help us to discover the third in nonviolent activities. There is a lot of difficult issues that the non–violence has to reflect in future, including elimination of the extreme violence, reconciliation, an impact of economy, the peacebuilding’s relevance of structural measures. 


  • Cheng Liu & Spiegel, E. (2015). Peacebuilding in a Globalized World. An Illustrated Introduction to Peace Studies. Beijing: People’s Publishing House.
  • Nagler, M. & Spiegel, E. (2008). Politik ohne Gewalt. Prinzipien, Praxis und Perspektiven der Gewaltfreiheit. Berlin: LIT.
  • Gandhi, M. K. (1954). Autobiography. The Story of my Experiments with Truth. Washington, D.C.: Public Affairs Press.
  • Ebert, T. (1970). Gewaltfreier Aufstand. Alternative zum Bürgerkrieg. Frankfurt a.M.: Fischer.
  • McNiell, J. R. & McNiell, W. H. (2004). The Human Web. A Bird’s Eye View of World History. New York: Norton.
  • Sharp, G. (1973a). The Politics of Nonviolent Action. Part One: Power and Struggle, Boston: Porter Sargent.
  • Sharp, G. (1973b). The Politics of Nonviolent Action. Part Two: The Methods of Nonviolent Action. Boston: Porter Sargent.
  • Sharp, G. (1973c). The Politics of Nonviolent Action. Part Three: The Dynamics of Nonviolent Action, Boston: Porter Sargent.


Wiadomość do:



© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart