Author: Magdalena Musiał–Karg
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (Poland)
Year of publication: 2012
Source: Show
Pages: 428-443
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2012021
PDF: ppsy/41/ppsy2012021.pdf

Streszczenie:

One of the most apparent signs of the crisis of the democratic system is a systematically decreasing turnout level in national and supranational elections and referenda. In reports and analyses concerning the level of political participation, experts more and more frequently notice a decreasing tendency of the citizen’s involvement in numerous types of elections. As Ola Pettersson points out, “according to the sources, less and less citizens appear at the ballot boxes”. Jacek Raciborski indicates that one of the most signifi cant consequences of the low citizen’s participation at the election procedures is the considerable legitimacy deficit. A number of countries attempt to prevent these phenomena from happening by undertaking various actions aimed at increasing the level of citizens’ involvement in political life (notably by increasing their participation in elections). That would infl uence the growth of the legitimacy level of the undertaken political decisions. It is worth noticing, that apart from the commonly used ways of increasing election attendance (such as correspondence voting, mobile ballot boxes), over the last few years politicians in many countries have had numerous discussions aimed at the implementation of electronic voting (e-voting). Its followers claim that thanks to e-voting, election and referenda turnout may be increased, as this method enables disabled people and people who are abroad to take part in elections. Furthermore, a considerable advantage of e voting, compared to traditional voting in polling stations is of greater convenience than the former. The aim of the following text is to attempt to provide an answer to the question whether electronic voting can be treated as a panacea for low election turnouts, whether this form of voting may be a warranty of a higher level of voter’s attendance than before. In the article, the author bases on the experience connected with e voting in two European countries – Estonia and Switzerland, which can be referred to as the pioneers in the use of e voting.

Switzerland Estonia electronic voting elections

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Author: Ireneusz Kraś
Institution: Jan Długosz Academy of Częstochowa (Poland)
Year of publication: 2012
Source: Show
Pages: 444-460
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2012022
PDF: ppsy/41/ppsy2012022.pdf

Streszczenie:

The course of economic processes of economy is regulated by its products and production factors in which supply and demand are equalized. The most important role is given to money as a measurement of value (ensuring valuation), means of payment (allowing the settling the payments) as well as a means of hoarding (allowing savings). Primarily the market economy is a monetary economy. Money is used for buying and selling, for granting loans, accumulating savings. Every functional entity of the market such as enterprises, households are taking part in these processes. An important role of these processes is taken by the purchasing power of money, which has an eff ect on those participating in economy and social life. If the value of the money is constant it brings safety in life not only from the economic but also the social point of view. We can not agree more than to say that stable currency is of great social value. The central bank takes a major role to a guard keeping the currency at a stable level. Proper functioning of the central bank is strictly connected with its independence. It allows the monetary policy to be conducted properly in a country.

Central Bank monetary policy

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Author: Aleksandra Seklecka
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2012
Source: Show
Pages: 461-471
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2012023
PDF: ppsy/41/ppsy2012023.pdf

Streszczenie:

In the process of political, economic and social changes that have taken place in Poland since 1989, state radio and television, so far carefully controlled by the communist government, could not remain unaff ected. The establishment of a new order required several years and involved numerous changes in management and the content of programs. It is often said that this process has not been completed yet. What can be observed a$ er twenty years of transformation is the commercialization of media, whose “public” status is present only in their name. This is particularly apparent in the analysis of Polish television. In fact, the activity of this media is based on certain market mechanisms, including the desire to reach high viewership, attract the attention of advertisers and as a consequence, to maximize profit.

public media commercialization media

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Author: Krzysztof Kowalczyk
Institution: University of Szczecin (Poland)
Year of publication: 2012
Source: Show
Pages: 472-485
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2012024
PDF: ppsy/41/ppsy2012024.pdf

Streszczenie:

Various aspects of the term Catholic Church can be considered: theological, sociological, legal or politological. For the purpose of this article the defi nition of the Church as formulated by political science will be essential, although in this discipline various connotations exist. The Church is referred to as a denomination, religious community, an interest group or a political entity. Among authors writing about the Church as a denomination are Wolfgang Ernst Böckenförde and Heindrun Abromeit. Both of them focus on the spiritual-religious aspect of Church activities, at the same time emphasizing that political activity is not the principal aim of the Church. Broader theories of Church activities as an interest group are presented by Carolyn M. Warner and Dietrich Hierlemann. Classifying the Catholic Church as an interest group C.M. Warner claims that this institution makes eff orts to get preferential treatment by political authorities, and its goal is to gain certain resources from the economic and political systems. The Church attempts to lobby democratic governments through political parties and other means, as it intends to have an infl uence on the educational system, impose its moral values on society through legislation, or retain certain tax reliefs. The Church tries to provide its members with certain collective goods (such as answers to moral and philosophical dilemmas), affiliation-based (e.g. cult site), or individual incentives (e.g. sacraments). The Catholic Church, therefore, in addition to an organized religion, can be referred to as an untypical interest group D. Hierlemann similarly states that the Church acts as a representative of interests and a lobbyist that attempts to make infl uential contacts, establish good relations with decision makers and play for resources. The Church acting in the secular sphere is subject to the same priciples as other associations (Verbände). This entity tries to promote its interests in the political process. In reference to theories describing the functioning of associations in the lay-political area we can examine the activities of the Church within the political system. From this perspective D. Hierlemann analyzes various forms of lobbying done by the Catholic Church in Poland.

parliamentary elections church in Poland catholic church

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Author: Marceli Kosman
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (Poland)
Year of publication: 2012
Source: Show
Pages: 486-497
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2012025
PDF: ppsy/41/ppsy2012025.pdf

Streszczenie:

The 18th day of June 2010 marked the twentieth anniversary of the Wydawnictwo Adam Marszałek (WAM) publishing house. It was celebrated with a concert, entitled 20 years have passed, attended by numerous eminent guests from the world of politics, academia and culture who filled the theater to the brim. In the foyer they could see an exhibition of photographs illustrating the rich history of the publishing house. I use the term ‘publishing house’ as the company fully deserves this name, which is associated with the noblest traditions of Polish editorial work. Owing to Adam Marszałek, Toruń has grown to assume the leading position in this respect, leaving in its wake both companies of long standing tradition as well as those that have emerged over the last two decades, only a handful of which have survived till the present day.

Toruń publishing house

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Author: Anna Ratke
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2012
Source: Show
Pages: 498-502
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2012026
PDF: ppsy/41/ppsy2012026.pdf

Streszczenie:

On April 18–19, 2011 the University Library in Toruń hosted an international academic conference entitled Contemporary Latin America. Politics – Society – Economy (Współczesna Ameryka Łacińska. Polityka – społeczeństwo – gospodarka). The conference was organised by the Faculty of Political Sciences and International Studies of the Nicolas Copernicus University under the honorary patronage of the Marshal of the KujawskoPomorskie Voivodeship Piotr Całbecki, the President of Toruń Michał Zaleski, the Honorary Consul of the Republic of Peru in Toruń Stanisław Rakowicz, Ph. D. and the Rector of the NCU Prof. Andrzej Radzimiński, Ph. D. The participants represented higher education facilities from all over Poland as well as the international organisation, Community of Democracies.

Latin America society politics conference report economy

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Author: Michał Słowikowski
Institution: University of Łódź (Poland)
Year of publication: 2012
Source: Show
Pages: 503-506
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2012027
PDF: ppsy/41/ppsy2012027.pdf

Streszczenie:

On 26–27th October 2011 at the University of Lodz Training and Conference Centre there took place an international conference “On the Empire Rumble: Toward New Political, Socio-Economical and International Order in Central and Eastern Europe”, organized by the Chair of Political Science, Institute of Political Science Faculty of International Studies and Political Science’s.

International Order Socio-Economical order conference report

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Author: Patryk Wawrzyński
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2012
Source: Show
Pages: 507-525
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2012028
PDF: ppsy/41/ppsy2012028.pdf

Streszczenie:

Lech Kaczyński’s tragic death was a direct cause of the détente in PolishRussian relations, proclaimed by Prime Minister Donald Tusk and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin just after the Polish Air Force Tu-154 Crash. However this rapprochement is far from the political concept of the President. Considering the Polish internal debate on a proper form of Polish-Russian relations, I would like – in this short article to present a way as to how President Kaczyński understood challenges, that both nations have to pick up.

president of Poland Katyń massacre polish air force

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Author: Joanna Marszałek–Kawa
Year of publication: 2012
Source: Show
Pages: 526-528
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2012029
PDF: ppsy/41/ppsy2012029.pdf

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Two renowned French economists Antoine Brunet and Jean-Paul Guichard are the authors of the interesting book entitled “China the international hegemonic leader? Professor Guichard from a University in Nice deals with the economic analysis as well as with the international relations and Antoine Brunet, the founder of AB Marches, in the years 2003–2007 won first place in the French economists ranking. For ten years he was chief of the strategic HSBC France bank. Since the date the book was published a discussion broke out over the question asked in the title. The intention of the authors was to uncover the totalitarian aspirations of China for domination over the world. €They propose a thesis that the western world faces a war and the means of defense is the economy.

Antoine Brunet Jean–Paul Guichard book review

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Author: Małgorzata Adamik–Szysiak
Year of publication: 2012
Source: Show
Pages: 528-532
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2012030
PDF: ppsy/41/ppsy2012030.pdf

Streszczenie:

Dynamic changes occurring within the area of the new media include not only technological, but also social, cultural and political transformations. The increasing role of the Internet in contemporary democratic societies is the subject more and more often studied by scientists. Jakub Nowak’s book Online Activity of Citizens.

Małgorzata Adamik–Szysiak Jakub Nowak book review

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