Author: Sylwester Gardocki
Institution: University of Warszawa (Poland)
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 173-210
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2011011
PDF: ppsy/40/ppsy2011011.pdf

Streszczenie:

Relations between Russia and the European Union are particularly important in the sphere of the production, transmission and use of energy resources as it is in this field where Russia possesses its key strategic assets, and the European Union heavily relies on supplies of oil and natural gas from this country. Russia wants to be perceived as a superpower by the European Union countries and believes that having such a status will contribute to its further progress. In order to accomplish this goal it should take advantage of its superior position in the field of power industry. In the past, both in the times of czarism and the Soviet Union, Imperial Russia built its status as a world power primarily by using its military potential to expand its territory. We compare this tradition to Russia’s present attitude, the latter is undoubtedly less dangerous and it may become the basis for mutually advantageous cooperation.

energy policies Russia the European Union international relations

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Author: Marceli Burdelski
Institution: University of Gdańsk (Poland)
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 211-237
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2011012
PDF: ppsy/40/ppsy2011012.pdf

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The diplomatic relations between Poland and China had been established before World War II. The new stage in the relations has started on October 7, 1949, when Poland oficially recognized the People’s Republic of China (PRC), which was declared on October 1, 1949. Therefore, in 2009, we had two anniversaries: the 60th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of china and the 60th anniversary of establishing the diplomatic relations between Poland and PRC. This gives the opportunity to summarize mutual relations. Those 60 years have been filled with positive stories, which had significant influence on the development of bilateral relations. However, one can also find dificult, even tragic moments during the history of these two nations. Those uneasy moments had also direct impact on mutual relations.

diplomatic relations China-Poland relations historical memory

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Author: Małgorzata Zamojska
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 238-252
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2011013
PDF: ppsy/40/ppsy2011013.pdf

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Joseph Ratzinger, chosen for the See of Peter 19 April 2005, after three years of papal ministry, may be, in my opinion, considered a worthy continuator of John Paul’s II mission, the latter described as the Human Rights Pope due to his activities in the field. The main goal of this essay is to analyze Benedict XVI’s most characteristic practices and texts, which directly refer to the issue of human rights, especially in the context of respect for and protection of human rights. The next aim is to show the contexts in which John Paul II’s great friend invokes or refers to the legacy of his eminent predecessor and to demonstrate the differences between John Paul II and Benedict XVI’s perception of the significance of human rights in the lives of contemporary societies.

religion in society religion

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Author: Beata Słobodzian
Institution: University of Gdańsk (Poland)
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 253-273
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2011014
PDF: ppsy/40/ppsy2011014.pdf

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The elections are an important element of the political system; indicator of the proper functioning of a democratic state. It is also the method for selection of the persons who will hold certain positions, public ofices and will represent the interests of the electorate.

elections in Poland elections political system

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Author: Małgorzata Kamola–Cieślik
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (Poland)
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 274-286
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2011015
PDF: ppsy/40/ppsy2011015.pdf

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Transformations in the ownership of state owned companies in Poland a! er 1989 played a pivotal role in the general political transformation which took place in Poland at that time. Those ownership changes were an essential element of the political transformation of Poland. The process of transforming the country’s economy from central economic planning to free market economy was started by Tadeusz Mazowiecki’s government. On October 9, 1989, the Council of Ministers accepted a document Guidelines and Directions of Poland’s Economic Policy which aimed at stabilizing the country’s economy and at transforming its economic system. " e stabilization programme was supposed to be implemented by January, 1990.3 " e second stage of the governmental plan was planned for the years 1990–1991 and one of its main tenets was a transformation of ownership rights. Krzysztof Lis, the government’s plenipotentiary for ownership transformation, was responsible for the organization and legislation of the process of privatizing Polish economy. T. Mazowiecki’s cabinet prepared both a draft for the new amendment of the legal act concerning state owned companies and a dra! of a new act about privatizing state owned companies.

seaports political transformation economy

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Author: Edward Olszewski
Institution: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin (Poland)
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 287-313
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2011016
PDF: ppsy/40/ppsy2011016.pdf

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Biographers of Maria Skłodowska-Curie, characterizing her features of personality, underline her pragmatism, consequence in action and logical mind. Her studies in the fields of mathematics, physics and chemistry developed these features of personality and, at the same time, paved her way to achievements on the world’s scale.

biography Maria Skłodowska-Curie

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Author: Krystyna Leszczyńska
Institution: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin (Poland)
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 314-329
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2011017
PDF: ppsy/40/ppsy2011017.pdf

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On May 20, 1921 during the ceremony of presenting a gram of radium to Maria Skłodowska-Curie, the President of the United States, Warren Harding, called the Polish scientist “the most noble of human beings, the best wife and a loving mother who could combine all the woman’s duties with the immense effort of her fabulous work.” It is unquestionable that scientific research in the field of experimental physics was the main aim and sense of Maria Skłodowska-Curie’s life. But this field of science, which a two-time Noble laureate has chosen, was, at those times, “exclusively male.”

polish scientist biography Maria Skłodowska-Curie

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Author: Iwona Reichardt
Institution: Jagiellonian University in Kraków (Poland)
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 330-333
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2011018
PDF: ppsy/40/ppsy2011018.pdf

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In 2010, Barbara Budrich Publishers (Germany) published a book titled Political Science in Central-East Europe. Diversity and Convergence on the development and state of political science in the countries of Eastern and Central Europe. The book is a collection of 19 country reports (Albania, Armenia, Belarus, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia and Ukraine), which, collectively, provide the much needed account on the discipline’s institutionalization throughout the region. Individual chapters – written by academic professors or lecturers – include such information as the state of research, teaching, major books and journals, international cooperation, public impact. The chapter on Polish political science was written by professor Teresa Sasinska-Klas, at the time of the publication, the President of the Polish Political Science Association.

Iwona Reichardt Leslie A. Pal Rainer Eisfeld book review East-Central Europe political science

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Author: Małgorzata Kamola–Cieślik
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (Poland)
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 333-337
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2011019
PDF: ppsy/40/ppsy2011019.pdf

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In Poland’s most recent history, year 2009 was a time to celebrate a special anniversary. Twenty years ago, events that started a political transformation in Poland took place. They were connected with the Round Table Talks, elections to the so-called Contract Sejm and the fact that Tadeusz Mazowiecki became the Prime Minister. In 2009 Poland also celebrated 70th anniversary of II World War, 10th anniversary of its admission to NATO and 5th anniversary of joining the European Union. The celebrations of these events involved exhibitions, conferences and scientific seminars. Articles were written and television networks broadcast interviews and documentaries about the recent historical events that happened in Poland’s history.

Małgorzata Kamola–Cieślik Marek Sokołowski political transformation book review

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Author: Danuta Karnowska
Institution: Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz (Poland)
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 337-339
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2011020
PDF: ppsy/40/ppsy2011020.pdf

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€The most important ideologies of the XIX and the first half of the XX century took a stand on communities. €This was expressed not only in the liberal criticism of the communal lifestyle but also in the socialist commendation; in the conservative hierachy or communist absolute equality. Invariably a community constituted one of the central categories around which concepts of life of a human being and functioning of the society were created.

Danuta Karnowska Łukasz Dominiak political philosophy book review

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