Author: Joanna Marszałek–Kawa
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 339-342
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2011021
PDF: ppsy/40/ppsy2011021.pdf

Streszczenie:

Great historical changes are not as a rule a result of single but long lasting series of events and coincidence of special circumstances. €That was the case with the appearance of the European integration. €This is how the author presents it in the discussed work. Namely, as a result of a long historical process. It makes the monograph valuable and its purpose is to serve as a scientifi c explanation of the sources, circumstances, reasons and proceeding of the fi rst integration in the history.

Kazimierz Łastawski book review

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Author: Marta Dorenda
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 342-345
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2011022
PDF: ppsy/40/ppsy2011022.pdf

Streszczenie:

The expression (and concept) of “new media”, initially describing the facilities which permitted the spread of information in real time amongst many recipients, although present in western literature for sixty years, still merits thorough analysis. The rapid development of new media, signifying nowadays communication methods of a more digital nature, necessitates a thorough analysis of its infl uence on several aspects of social and political life. New media and politics. Internet, democracy, electoral campaigns, a work edited by Marek Jeziński, provides such an analysis in terms of political marketing, theories of political systems, ethics and other fields of interest of social and political studies. The book consists of two parts, one of which concentrates on relations between media and democracy. The second one covers the impact of the Internet on political life and the role of new technologies in providing information, shaping attitudes, changing the forms of political participation and exercising social control.

Marta Dorenda Marek Jeziński new media book review

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Author: Joanna Orzeł
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 345-347
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2011023
PDF: ppsy/40/ppsy2011023.pdf

Streszczenie:

A widely held belief has it that mass media is the fourth power. A question arises, however, as to whether the media create information instead of simply providing it. The editor of the book under review indicates that this situation leads to a number of pathologies, such as sponsoring, lack of objectivity, manipulations etc. The media, especially those in the hands of private owners, are profi t-driven. Sensational journalism is aimed at attracting as wide audience as possible.

Joanna Orzeł Mass Media book review

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Author: Joanna Orzeł
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 347-348
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2011024
PDF: ppsy/40/ppsy2011024.pdf

Streszczenie:

The freedom of speech and the right to information are essential human and citizenship rights, which are guaranteed in the constitution and numerous international conventions. The book under review focuses on widely understood issues of the free expression of views. The authors of the articles are either scholars who deal with the legal aspects of mass media or journalists, who are part of those media. As a result, the authors’ opinions and proposals for change not only deepen our knowledge, but also broaden the scope of thinking about the freedom of speech as practised by the media.

Zbigniew Husak Wojciech Lis Joanna Orzeł book review

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Author: Zdzisław Góralczyk
Institution: Independent Researcher (Poland)
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 349-362
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2011025
PDF: ppsy/40/ppsy2011025.pdf

Streszczenie:

The victory of Chinese communists over the Kuomintang, backed by the United States, in the Chinese Civil War, which resulted in the foundation of the People’s Republic of China on October 1, 1949, was the most signifi cant international event a€ er the Second World War. It reverberated not only through the whole world, but also around Poland. The People’s Republic of Poland broke diplomatic relations with the Kuomintang government of the Republic of China in August 1949. It was the seventh country of the world to recognize the People’s Republic of China on October 5, 1949, and, two days later, Poland and China reestablished diplomatic relations. It is worth mentioning that this fact was generally well received by the Polish society of the 1950s.

China-Poland relations Varia

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Author: Stanisław Roszak
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 362-366
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2011026
PDF: ppsy/40/ppsy2011026.pdf

Streszczenie:

First of all, I would like to highlight the fact that discussion about the system and mechanisms of self-development of young researchers in the post-doctoral phase in Poland has only just begun. The problem became very serious when we started to implement the guidelines of the Strategy of Bologna, which means introducing three educational stages: Bachelor’s degree (a€ er 3 years spent at the university), Master’s degree (a€ er next two years), and Doctorate degree (four years).

Education Varia

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