Author: Jerzy Sielski
Institution: Jan Dlugosz Academy of Częstochowa (Poland)
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 174-185
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2007011
PDF: ppsy/36/ppsy2007011.pdf

Streszczenie:

In this article the author is going to answer the question, that intrigues many researchers of international relations and political science – is it possible to build a grand theory explaining actions and behaviours of political, and international, entities? International relations are distinguished from other disciplines of science by its special character: they are polyarchic, plural, complex and impulsive. Th€is is why we find here, exceptional in contrary to other, more mature disciplines, diversity of opinions and answers to the question – in what way international relations shall be build? Searching for the right answer the researchers of international relations have to cross borders of many disciplines, also using research methods of sociologists, historians, economists, lawyers, psychologists and anthropologists. €There is a similar problem with political science, as the political matter is widely interpreted and, depending on the researcher and the analysed political system, its scope is wide as when using so called largo sense in the totalitarian states, where even the choice of school for a child has a political character or as when using so called strict sense in the democratic systems.

international relations political science

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Author: Łukasz Dominiak
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 186-197
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2007012
PDF: ppsy/36/ppsy2007012.pdf

Streszczenie:

The aim of this essay is to provide a theoretically satisfactory de€nition of communitarianism, a de€nition which would be theoretically proli€c and so fully substantial that it would allow to distinguish communitarianism from the other philosophical streams; and it would give us an answer as to why a given idea or thinker is categorized as communitarian. e essence of this goal is to show a rationally justi€ed method of constructing the de€nition of communitarianism is aim will be achieved in three steps: 1. Showing that communitarianism related research has not been able to provide a theoretically satisfactory de€nition of the philosophy; 2. Identifying the causes of this theoretical failure; 3. Formulating a rational method for constructing the theoretically satisfactory de€nition of communitarianism.

de€nition of communitarianism political philosophy

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Author: Marek Jeziński
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 198-214
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2007013
PDF: ppsy/36/ppsy2007013.pdf

Streszczenie:

In this paper, the issues concerning the relationship between political marketing and commercial marketing are presented. The main concern of the study is the usage of the commercial economic marketing categories in the political domain. As a result, phenomena coming from the economic field as market; a customer, profit, product brand, or advertising are presented as the elements of the marketing techniques employed in the public game played in the specific market of politics.

Political Glass Polish Experiences Marketing

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Author: Maria Marczewska–Rytko
Institution: Marie Curie-Skłodowska University of Lublin (Poland)
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 215-223
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2007014
PDF: ppsy/36/ppsy2007014.pdf

Streszczenie:

The following article will attempt to present characteristics of religious fundamentalism. The task requires addressing terminological and methodological issues, which seem to constitute the weakest link in the overall research of the phenomenon. Even a cursory analysis of the available data points to the fact, that comparative studies are in minority, while an overwhelming majority of all research focuses on particular instances of fundamentalism, most commonly within one speci€c religion. ree preliminary observations can be made. Firstly, usually the case is that of either methodological maximalism or minimalism. The work edited by Martin E. Marty and R. Scott Appleby Fundamentalisms Observed, signi€cant as it was, can serve as a valid example of maximalist approach. The phenomenon discussed therein is viewed in the broad perspective, thus it becomes almost synonymous to traditionalism, nationalism, orthodoxy or communalism.

Religious Fundamentalism Theorethical Problems religion

Author: Tomasz Hoffmann
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 224-232
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2007015
PDF: ppsy/36/ppsy2007015.pdf

Streszczenie:

The European Union increasingly in€uences the member states, their political institutions, business groups, commercial business sector and the citizens. The institutions, politics and legal regulations of the Communities in€uence also countries and human beings from outside the Union. is in€uence means that each member state of the European Union has its own representative in the European Institutions such as European Parliament, European Commission, the Court of Justice and the Court of Auditors.

European Commission European Institutions Officials European Parliament

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Author: Renata Runiewicz–Jasińska
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Author: Kinga Dudzińska
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 233-254
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2007016
PDF: ppsy/36/ppsy2007016.pdf

Streszczenie:

The Lithuanian historiography is not a novelty in Polish academic literature. The attempts undertaken many times by historians to examine the Lithuanian past are fully justi€ed by the common history of the Polish and Lithuanian lands. It is worth stressing that there are still many controversial questions in this area, which have not been answered in both Lithuanian and Polish academic circles. Taking into account the basic facts from Lithuanian history in the 20th century, when Lithuanians undertook the first actions towards developing a state which would be offcially recognized by the international community, it should not be surprising that it is a subject frequently discussed by the newest studies, which continually refer to the equally rich literature of the earlier period. The researchers ascribe considerable signi!cance to the circumstances, in which the independent Lithuanian state came into being and to its functioning in the interwar period, in years 1918–1940 . What also had a strong influence on this process were the following events in the history of the state, when Lithuania was in the end incorporated into the Soviet Union. 

Lithuanian Statehood 1918–1940 history

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Author: Wiesław Wacławczyk
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 255-262
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2007017
PDF: ppsy/36/ppsy2007017.pdf

Streszczenie:

In 1933, twelve years aer his Manhood and Humanity came out, Alfred Korzybski (1879-1950), a Polish aristocrat who arrived in the United States during World War I, published his most famous book called Science and Sanity. A former Russian intelligence o!cer, earlier trained as a chemical engineer at the Polytechnic Institute in Warsaw, Korzybski had a broad-ranging intellectual background, which he employed to work out his theory of general semantics. It is beyond doubt that the theory under discussion can help journalists depict the reality of the world in its multidimensional complexity – and thus make their performance more professional.

Truth in Journalist's Work Alfred Korzybski Journalist

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Author: Aleksandra Nowak
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University of Poznań (Poland)
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 265-279
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2007018
PDF: ppsy/36/ppsy2007018.pdf

Streszczenie:

The dictatorship of military junta in€icted on the Argentinian society many injures, which have been painful till today. ousands of people were followed, kidnapped, tortured, killed, and children of arrested pregnant women were captured and given to adoption. After lost Falklands-Malvinas War and the decline of bloody regime, victims’families began long way of exposuring the truth about crimes commited by the servicemen, and politicians confronted difficult task (or challenge), which was the reconciliation of society.

Argentinian Reckoning Judging People Argentina

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Author: Agata Miętek
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 280-283
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2007019
PDF: ppsy/36/ppsy2007019.pdf

Streszczenie:

The most important task of contemporary science is to serve humanity. It seems that technology develops in two different ways. On the one hand technology does everything to make human’s life carefree, easy and safe. But on the other scientists do their best to solve most pressing problems so that people could once and for all forget about troubles like AIDS, cancer or Alzheimer’s disease. Until tody technical progress was followed by the progress of the humanity but it seems that contemporary hi-technology left behind moral reflections of people. Michael Sandel’s book e Case against Perfection: Ethics in the Age of Genetic Engineering is a moral reflection on those problems accompanied by technological changes. It is an attempt to establish a border that cannot be crossed – on its one side human being is still a human being but on the other one it is just an artifi- cially stimulated machine.

Agata Miętek Michael Sandel book review

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Author: Renata Podgórzańska
Institution: University of Szczecin (Poland)
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 283-287
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2007020
PDF: ppsy/36/ppsy2007020.pdf

Streszczenie:

The world unrivaled position of the United States, a country which determines many aspects of global policy, attracts a lot of interest as regards underlying objectives for US decisions in the field of external relations. The consequence with which the US acts on the international arena raises questions concerning objectives of the US activity and goals they would like to achieve. e American foreign policy provides basis for establishing national foreign policies for several countries, including Poland. us, interest is growing concerning the policy, as well as its nature, directions and priorities. 

Renata Podgórzańska J. Zając book review

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