• facebook
Author: Csaba Nikolenyi
E-mail: csaba.nikolenyi@concordia.ca
Institution: Concordia University in Montreal (Canada)
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 188–200
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018202
PDF: ppsy/47-2/ppsy2018202.pdf

In 1991, the Knesset passed a package of legislation with the aim of preventing the rampant party switching and defections by elected representatives. At the time of its adoption, the so-called anti-defection law was supported by an all-party consensus. Although the legislation has remained in effect, its apparent continuity conceals the way in which it has become transformed from what was at first an “efficient” institution to a “redistributive” one (Tsebelis 1990). In this paper, I review the development of the Israeli anti-defection law and argue that whereas at the initial moment of its adoption the anti-defection law was considered to benefit all parties in the system, over time it has become an instrument in the hands of the governing coalition to manipulate divisions and engineer further defections among the opposition in order to shore up its often fragile legislative base.

References:

  • Arens, M. (1995). Broken Covenant: American Foreign Policy and the Crisis between the United States and Israel. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  • Booysen, S. (2006). “The Will of the Parties Versus the Will of the People? Defections, Elections and Alliances in South Africa”, Party Politics 12(6), pp. 727-746.
  • Goeke, M., Hartmann Ch. (2009). “The Regulation of Party Switching in Africa”, Journal of Contemporary African Studies 29(3), pp. 263-280.
  • Janda, K. (2009). “Laws Against Party Switching, Defecting, or Floor-Crossing in National Parliaments”, Paper delivered at the 2009 World Congress of the International Political Science Association in Santiago, Chile.
  • Korn, D. (1994). A Time in Grey: The National Unity Governments 1984-1990. Tel Aviv: Zemora-Bnin.
  • Mainwarring, S., & Scully T. (1995). Building Democratic Institutions: Party Systems in Latin America. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  • Malhotra. G.C. (2005). Anti-Defection Law in India and the Commonwealth. New Delhi: Metropolitan Book Co.
  • Mershon, C., Shvetsova O. (2013). Party System Change in Legislatures Worldwide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Miskin, S. (2003). “Politicians Overboard: Jumping the Party Ship”, Research Paper, 4. Department of the Parliamentary Library, Australia.
  • Nikolenyi, C. (2016). “The Adoption of Anti-Defection Laws in Parliamentary Democracies”. Election Law Journal 15(1), pp. 96-108.
  • Nikolenyi, C., Shenhav S. R. (2015). “The Constitutionalisation of Party Unity: The Origins of the Anti-Defection Laws in India and Israel”, Journal of Legislative Studies 21(3), pp. 390-407.
  • Reilly, B. (2002). “Political Engineering and Party Politics in Papua New Guinea”, Party Politics, 8, pp. 701-18.
  • Saalfeld, T. (2009). “Intra-Party Conflict and Cabinet Survival in 17 West European Democracies, 1945-1999”. In Gianetti D., Benoit K. (Eds.), Intra-Party Politics and Coalition Governments in Parliamentary Democracies (pp. 169-186). London and New York: Routledge.
  • Sartori, G. (1994). Comparative Constitutional Engineering: An Inquiry into Structures, Incentives and Outcomes. New York: New York University Press.
  • Sprinzak, E., & Dimanond L. (1993). Israeli Democracy Under Stress (An Israel Democracy Institute Policy Study). Boulder, Colorado: Lynne Reiner Publishers.
  • Subramanian, R. (2008). Developing and Testing a Theory of Legislative Party Fragmentation. (University of Wisconsin-Madison. Unpublished PhD dissertation).
  • Tsebelis, G. (1990). Nested Games: Rational Choice in Comparative Politics. Oakland: University of California Press.
  • Venice Commission. (2008). Report on the Imperative Mandate and Similar Practices, Strasbourg: Council of Europe.
  • Yadav, V. (2011). “Legislative Institutions and Corruption in Developing Country Democracies”, Comparative Political Studies, 45(8), pp. 1027-1058.
  • Wallfish, A. (1990, June 22) “Bill Targets Perfidious, Corrupt MKs”, Jerusalem Post, p. 9.

 

Message to:

 

 

© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart

Korzystając z naszej strony, wyrażasz zgodę na wykorzystywanie przez nas plików cookies . Zaktualizowaliśmy naszą politykę przetwarzania danych osobowych (RODO). Więcej o samym RODO dowiesz się tutaj.