Author: Michal Ben-Horin
E-mail: michal.ben-horin@biu.ac.il
Institution: Bar-Ilan University in Ramat-Gan (Israel)
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 414–423
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018219
PDF: ppsy/47-2/ppsy2018219.pdf

Streszczenie:

Immigration highlights the question of language and raises the dilemma of the relationship between the mother tongue and the language of the new land. For writers this question is even more crucial: should they write in the language of the place and its readers? Immigration to Israel is not exceptional, of course. What choices are open to those writers, and how are they to convey the complexities inherent in the formation of an Israeli identity? This paper focuses on two writers who demonstrate the role played by the “chosen language” in the cultural construction and deconstruction of Israeli identity. Tuvia Ruebner emigrated from Bratislava, Aharon Appelfeld from Bukovina. Ruebner shifted from German to Hebrew and back to German; Appelfeld wrote only in Hebrew. In both cases, their arrival in Israel enabled them to survive. However, the loss of their families in Europe continued to haunt them. Inspired by Walter Benjamin’s concept of ‘translation’ and responding to Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari’s concept of ‘minor literature’, the paper shows how their work conveys a multilayered interrelation between national and foreign languages, and between images of exile and homeland, past, present and future – all of which shed light on contemporary issues of Israeli identity.

immigration Franz Kafka Tuvia Ruebner Aharon Appelfeld Bilingualism modern Hebrew Literature

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Author: Angelika Adamczyk
E-mail: aadamczyk@uw.edu.pl
Institution: University of Warsaw (Poland)
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 424–435
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018220
PDF: ppsy/47-2/ppsy2018220.pdf

Streszczenie:

In this paper, I wish to present the complexity of Jewish-Polish relations from the 19th century until the interwar period, with emphasis on sociolinguistic issues. I will illustrate the circumstances of the contact between the Polish and Hebrew languages. Poles and Jews, who lived side by side, developed successful relationships, but mainly in the criminal underworld. That was reflected in a sociolect – a dialect of criminals that constituted a mixture of Polish, Yiddish, Russian, and several other languages, including quite a few Hebrew words, which with time adopted new meanings. Moreover, I  will provide some examples of Hebrew words used in Polish criminal jargon, as well as those which have been coined in every-day Polish. Then I will refer to some Hebrew words that are not connected with a world of crime and are still in use in spoken Polish.

sociolect criminal jargon Hebrew Polish-Jewish relations Polish language interlingual contacts spoken language

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Author: Gideon Biger
E-mail: bigergideon@gmail.com
Institution: Tel Aviv University (Israel)
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 439–447
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018221
PDF: ppsy/47-2/ppsy2018221.pdf

Streszczenie:

Many suggestions have been presented for solving the Israeli – Palestinian dispute. As for now, none of those suggestions, presented during more than thirty years of negotiations, have been accepted by both sides. As for this, some new ideas have to be entered into the arena. Here some new, “out of the box”, geographical proposals are presented, based on actual events and geographical realities which exist in other areas. These proposals could be seen as un-human or politically wrong suggestions but as all other proposals were rejected, the decision makers of both sides, as well as the leaders of the world, can use the presented suggestion as a base for future negotiations.

Israel Palestine enclave national state Citizenship peace agreement

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Author: Karolina Zielińska
E-mail: karolina9krln@gmail.com
Institution: University of Warsaw (Poland)
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 448–449
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018222
PDF: ppsy/47-2/ppsy2018220.pdf

Streszczenie:

The paper reports from the proceedings of the 6th Annual Conference on Israeli Studies Israeli Identities: Past, Present and Future which took place at the University of Wrocław on September 10–12, 2017. The report reflects on the discussions which took place during plenary sessions of the conference and on the contents of the conference panels. Furthermore, it assesses the importance of this international event for the field of Israeli studies.

conference report European Israeli Studies Association israeli studies modern Israel international relations EAIS

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