Author: Teresa Usewicz
Institution: Polish Naval Academy
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6234-224X
Author: Kinga Torbicka
Institution: University of Warsaw
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6625-5060
Author: Magdalena El Ghamari
Institution: Collegium Civitas
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5798-7545
Published online: 18 October 2021
Final submission: 8 August 2021
Printed issue: 2021
Source: Show
Page no: 27
Pages: 33-59
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202149
PDF: ppsy/50/ppsy202149.pdf

In this paper, the authors attempt to prove that the Polish position on developing the EU’s Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP) was skeptical, despite entries in political and strategic documents which emphasized its great significance for Polish security policy. It is evidenced by Poland’s low level of involvement in EU missions and operations and other undertakings in the CSDP area. The central hypothesis adopted at the beginning of the research is that Poland has always treated security and defense within the European Union as a kind of complement to the potential and capabilities developed within the framework of the North Atlantic Alliance, and the Polish involvement in CSDP has never been adequate to the provisions contained in political and strategic documents. Poland’s stance resulted, on the one hand, from the weakness of the CSDP’s political framework, which was shaped by numerous compromises among its member states, and on the other hand, from the political elite’s conviction that only NATO’s, and de facto the United States’, security guarantees are credible. In this paper, the authors analyze Poland’s previous experience resulting from polish participation in the policy in question and the evolution of Poland’s position toward its development in the context of the Republic of Poland’s security interests formulated in political and strategic documents.

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