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Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 387-388
DOI Address: -
PDF: ppsy/48-3/ppsy20193toc.pdf

Abstract:

Polish Political Science Yearbook, 48(3). Published online: September 30, 2019. The Polish Political Science Yearbook is international peer-reviewed journal indexed in: American Bibliography of Slavic and East European Studies (ABSEES) Online, BazHum, Central and Eastern European Online Library, Central European Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (cejsh.icm.edu.pl), Columbia International Affairs Online, Cosmos Impact Factor, Directory of Open Access Journals, Electronic Journals Library, ERIH Plus, Gale PowerSearch, Google Scholar, HeinOnline, IBR – International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature on the Humanities and Social Sciences, IBZ – International Bibliography of Periodical Literature on the Humanities and Social Sciences, ICI Journals Master List, International Political Science Abstracts, Open Academic Journals Index, POL-Index (Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) and The Lancaster Index.

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Author: Phung Thanh Quang
Institution: National Economics University
Author: Khuc The Anh
Institution: National Economics University
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 391-406
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019301
PDF: ppsy/48-3/ppsy2019301.pdf

Abstract:

This article measures the level of financial literacy in the rural areas of Vietnam. The financial literacy is usually concerned by financial institutions and government organizations. This is considered to be an indicator that contributes to the assessment of the quality and potential growth of the financial system. In the article the determinants of financial literacy in Vietnam are identified. In result the authors propose a designed financial literacy enhancement programme for implementation.

Tags: Vietnam financial literacy demography rural areas

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Author: Marek Musioł
Institution: University of Wrocław
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 407-430
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019302
PDF: ppsy/48-3/ppsy2019302.pdf

Abstract:

The analysis in this article provides an overview of the research on the current relations among countries of the South China Sea basin. For this purpose, I have decided to apply the geopolitical research workshop, focusing on its contemporary approach. On the one hand, this work uses the available indicators and index to gauge the level of development, economic and demographic potential, and military expenditure of these states. On the other hand, an effort was made to analyze and measure power, taking into account the changing geopolitical status of countries in this sub-region.
Contemporary geopolitics in this context allows to verify the scale of the impact on permanent environmental and geographic factors (e.g. publicized investments carried out by the People’s Republic of China in Mischief Reef, Fiery Cross, Subi Reef and Woody Island) and the elaboration of proposals going beyond the classical, geopolitical framework (morphological, political and military factors). Therefore, this article also includes the use of geopolitical codes to assess the current strategies of these countries and to describe potential scenarios of actors’ behaviour in the sub-region.

Tags: power measurement geopolitical codes critical and contemporary geopolitics South China Sea power

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Author: Roman Husarski
Institution: Jagiellonian University
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 431-446
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019303
PDF: ppsy/48-3/ppsy2019303.pdf

Abstract:

Confidential Assignment (Kongjo, Kim Sung-hoon), released on January 18, 2017 between DPRK nuclear tests, tells a story of two special agents. One is from North Korea and the other one from South Korea, and they unite to fight against a common enemy. Extraordinarily, the North Korean agent is portrayed as more formidable than his South Korean counterpart who is unable to match him in every field. Also, the North Korean agent is portrayed by a Korean super star, Hyun-Bin. In this paper, I analyze two other similarly themed movies: The Net (Kŭmul, Kim Ki-Duk) and Steel Rain (Kangch’ŏlbi, Yang Wooseok). All of them were released recently and were huge commercial successes in South Korea. The aim of the following paper is to show and analyze the evolution of the image of North Korean characters in South Korean cinema. During the analysis, the question of how the change from villain to super hero was possible is answered. The way in which the movies talk about inter-Korean relations and how they portray both countries is particularly important to understand the current political sentiments in the Peninsula and how it can affect the Moon Jae-in presidency.

Tags: South Korean cinema hero and villain cinema and politics ideology propaganda political myth

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Author: Agnieszka Szpak
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 449-463
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019304
PDF: ppsy/48-3/ppsy2019304.pdf

Abstract:

This paper concentrates on a particular example of cooperation between European cities and indigenous peoples of the Amazon river basin, namely that of Climate Alliance. The New Urban Agenda adopted at the UN Habitat III conference in October 2016 emphasizes that cities and other human settlements should meet the challenges and take advantage of the opportunities for current and future sustainable and economic inclusive development. Cities should also take measures to address climate change and protect and manage their ecosystems, water resources, the environment and biodiversity. Indigenous peoples, just like cities play a crucial role in the fight against climate change. 80 % of the territories with high biodiversity level are indigenous lands. Their indigenous ecological knowledge may serve as a valuable tool in initiatives aimed at fighting climate change. The aim of the paper is to show whether there are any benefits of such cooperation and what is its significance in the fight against climate change. The main research question is: what are the forms of cooperation between European cities and Amazonian indigenous peoples in the framework of Climate Alliance? In which way can European cities support indigenous peoples in their fight for their rights and consequently for the nature’s preservation? The hypothesis is that European cities may learn from indigenous peoples of the Amazon how to combat climate change.

Tags: Climate Alliance cities indigenous peoples climate change

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Author: Kaja Kowalczewska
Institution: Pedagogical University of Krakow
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 464-475
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019305
PDF: ppsy/48-3/ppsy2019305.pdf

Abstract:

This paper presents selected conclusions related to the theoretical underpinnings of international humanitarian law, with special focus on the understanding of considerations of humanity and the dictates of public conscience (the Martens clause) and their impact on the regulation of lethal autonomous weapons systems. Despite the fact that different positions can be found in the doctrine, it is argued herein that the general principles of international humanitarian law are not sufficient to properly regulate the disruptive military technologies (new means and methods of warfare) and a new international norm is needed. Consequently, the paper agglomerates extra-legal and cross-cutting arguments stemming from other normative regimes that point to prioritization of the value of human life and the role and quality of the human factor in decision-making procedures relating to the health and life of victims of modern armed conflicts, which should be incorporated in it.

Tags: armed conflict artificial intelligence humanity Martens clause autonomous weapons

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Author: Kinga Jasiak
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 476-486
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019306
PDF: ppsy/48-3/ppsy2019306.pdf

Abstract:

The financial crisis started in 2008 and touched the whole world but some countries experienced its consequences more than others. The European Union and in particular eurozone, slid into a stage of economic recession. Five of 28 EU countries faced the edge of financial fall, named PIIGS-Portugal, Italy, Ireland, Greece and Spain. Multidimensionality of the global crisis have caused that international economic organizations faced a great challenge, For them it was a test of efficiency and effectiveness. The leading role in this period belonged to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), which is standing on the guard of the whole international currency system. The aim of the article is to draw and analyze the most important IMF activities towards PIIGS, especially what instruments were proposed as a help and what changes had to be made by receiving states in order to receive the financial support. The ten-year perspective taken in the article allows for the more comprehensive assessment of the issue.

Tags: European Union PIIGS IMF economic crisis

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Author: Zuzanna Samson
Institution: Leiden University
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 489-499
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019307
PDF: ppsy/48-3/ppsy2019307.pdf

Abstract:

Poland, as one of the European countries experiencing the most significant economic growth in recent years, permanently relies on coal power. There are plenty of reasons behind this condition, however, wanting to become one of the European leaders Poland ought to diversify its energy sources and lower the share of those harmful to the natural environment. Some changes have already been implemented, nevertheless the Polish government is mostly reluctant to diminish the role of coal mines. Moreover, the current actions taken to diversify sources of natural gas imports are dependent on Polish foreign policy and international alliances. The author analyzes changes in the Polish energy security strategy in recent years and compares them with provisions established during COP24. The article analyzes the Polish energy market with the share of individual sources and examines the possibility to increase the share of those alternative to coal in the near future.

Tags: renewable energy sources LNG natural gas COP24 coal national energy security Poland

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Author: Joanna Marszałek-Kawa
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University
Author: Ahmet Burak
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 500-513
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019308
PDF: ppsy/48-3/ppsy2019308.pdf

Abstract:

On October 17, 2017, President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan paid an official visit to Warsaw upon the invitation of the President of the Republic of Poland Andrzej Duda. The main subject of the talks was political, economic and cultural cooperation. Issues of security were also addressed. President Erdoğan had last visited Warsaw during the NATO summit on July 8–9, 2016. During the meeting in October, the two presidents signed five bilateral agreements. This paper provides an analysis of the effects of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s visit and prospects regarding the development of friendly relations between Poland and Turkey from Ankara’s perspective. In the paper we applied the test analysis method, the historical method and the institutional and legal one. We pose a thesis that the aim of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s visit was to identify mutual relations in the economic, political and cultural dimension. According to the Turkish government, these relations are beneficial for both sides. What should be particularly important for Poland is the prospect of opening new cooperation opportunities in the economic sphere. Turkey, in turn, apart from defining the broad framework of business cooperation, is undoubtedly determined to find a partner which could be its ally in the European Union.

Tags: Republic of Poland Republic of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Andrzej Duda economic relations visit

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Author: Kamila Sara Kowalska
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 517-520
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019309
PDF: ppsy/48-3/ppsy2019309.pdf

Abstract:

Book review: Łukasz Bojarski, Krzysztof Grajewski, Jan Kremer, Gabriela Ott, Waldemar Żurek, Konstytucja. Praworządność. Władza sądownicza. Aktualne problemy trzeciej władzy w Polsce, Warsaw 2019, pp. 616.

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