Author: Kamil Pietrasik
E-mail: kamilpietrasik@interia.pl
Institution: Asia-Pacific Society, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8579-0659
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 194-197
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020314
PDF: ppsy/49-3/ppsy2020314.pdf

Streszczenie:

Book review: Michał Dahl, Aktywność dyplomacji USA wobec państw członkowskich Unii Europejskiej w latach 2009–2013, Nicolaus Copernicus University Press, Toruń 2019, pp. 224

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Author: Kamila Rezmer-Płotka
E-mail: kamila.rezmer@onet.pl
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1458-5076
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 198-200
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020315
PDF: ppsy/49-3/ppsy2020315.pdf

Streszczenie:

Book review: Ryszard Ficek, Christians in socio-political life. An Applied Analysis of the Theological Anthropology of Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński, Primate of Poland, Adam Marszałek Publishing House, Toruń 2020, pp. 406

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Author: Joanna Siekiera
E-mail: joanna.siekiera@uib.no
Institution: University of Bergen, Norway
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0125-9121
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 203-206
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020316
PDF: ppsy/49-3/ppsy2020316.pdf

Streszczenie:

European Academy of Diplomacy Warsaw Science Diplomacy School. Warsaw, (June 22-26, 2020), European Academy of Diplomacy and Inventing a shared Science Diplomacy for Europe (InsSciDE)

Warsaw Science Diplomacy School 2020 was the 1st edition of summer school held together by the European Academy of Diplomacy, based in Poland, and the European Union led programme Inventing a shared Science Diplomacy for Europe (InsSciDE). The week-long venue took place online, due to the coronavirus pandemic, between 22-26 June 2020. Class of 2020 consisted of 28 participants from 6 continents, 10 European Union member states and 27 countries in total, where vast majority possessed different nationality and country of residence. Also, the mentors and instructors of the school came from over 13 institutions gathered in the InsSciDe consortium. Participants were divided into 4 teams where they were discussing study cases of how European science diplomacy applies to global challenges. The chosen challenges were the following: Natural resources as public goods for global health; A Matter of Global Epidemic Diplomacy; Scientists in diplomacy during the Scramble for Africa; and A co-production of science and diplomacy in the Law of the Sea.

European Union Europe European diplomacy summer school science diplomacy diplomacy

Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 3-4
DOI Address: -
PDF: ppsy/49-4/ppsy20204toc.pdf

Streszczenie:

Polish Political Science Yearbook, 49(4). Published online: December 31, 2020. The Polish Political Science Yearbook is international peer-reviewed journal indexed in: American Bibliography of Slavic and East European Studies (ABSEES) Online, BazHum, Central and Eastern European Online Library, Central European Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (cejsh.icm.edu.pl), Columbia International Affairs Online, Cosmos Impact Factor, Directory of Open Access Journals, Electronic Journals Library, ERIH Plus, Gale PowerSearch, Google Scholar, HeinOnline, IBR – International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature on the Humanities and Social Sciences, IBZ – International Bibliography of Periodical Literature on the Humanities and Social Sciences, ICI Journals Master List, International Political Science Abstracts, Open Academic Journals Index, POL-Index (Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) and The Lancaster Index.

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Author: Daniel Komarzyca
E-mail: daniel.komarzyca@uwr.edu.pl
Institution: University of Wrocław (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1562-994X
Author: Janina Fras
E-mail: janina.fras@uwr.edu.pl
Institution: University of Wrocław (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0672-482X
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 9-36
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020402
PDF: ppsy/49-4/ppsy2020402.pdf

Streszczenie:

This paper provides insights into the relationship between language and politically relevant aspects of culture in India and China which are as follows: attitude toward revolution and tradition, the domination of politics over religion or vice versa, and a concern for the liberty of the individual. The paper introduces a novel approach to the comparative study of civilizations by advancing the political-linguistic explanation. In so doing, it combines Hajime Nakamura’s hypothesis of the strict connection between language and culture (understood as a way of thinking) with Samuel P. Huntington’s emphasis on the impact of cultural differences on the political dimension of society – so that our explanatory model can be expressed as follows: language→culture→politics. As far as language is concerned, the focus is on the basic structure of Sanskrit and Chinese; besides, special attention is given to Indian and Chinese philosophies of language. Culturally, the most relevant schools of Hindu philosophy may be called “ultraconservative” since they tend to ground unchanging meaning firmly in metaphysics and rely on the supreme authority of ancient religious texts. In contrast, the Chinese typically considered language a social mechanism for shaping our behavior (so the relation of language and society is the most crucial); they also expressed clearly divergent views on naming. In short, at least four distinctive perspectives are essential: (1) conservative Confucianism, (2) anti-traditional and highly authoritarian Legalism, (3) egalitarian and linguistically skeptical Laozian Daoism, (4) nonconformist and proto-libertarian Zhuangzian Daoism.

Taoism left-libertarianism comparative perspective linguistic relativity philosophy of language India political culture China

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Author: Jarosław Macała
E-mail: jarekm@o2.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Zielonogórski (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0788-0747
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 37-47
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020403
PDF: ppsy/49-4/ppsy2020403.pdf

Streszczenie:

This paper focuses on the issue of geopolitics in the pop culture interpretation as illustrated by the Polish pop music after the year 1989. Songs selected from various trends of the Polish popular music made the source material of the text. The primary study method involved the analysis of the lyrics discourse. The Polish geopolitical imaginations used to revolve around the basis axis of better West and worse East, symbolized mainly by Russia, but its image was transferred over entire Asia. Asia, including China, was scarcely present in the geopolitical imaginations contained in the pop music, which, at the same time, reflected the irrelevant interest of Polish elites in global problems. The discourses in the musical texts about China frequently adopted the West’s perspective, where Poland made part of as seen by our elites. The rhetoric strategy concerning China in popular music featured two essential views, which references Orientalism as specified by E. Said. It explains the frequent use of the postcolonial discourse by the Polish elites, also the music ones, which promoted the supremacy of the West over the rest of the world and the universal nature of the Western world values which were meant to be implemented into other civilizations and nations for their own sake. China was presented as a growing threat for the dominance of the West, the USA in the first place, as an alternative model of globalization and international deal putting offthe world by its cultural and geopolitical alienation, as well as indicating negative effects for Poland.

China Poland popular music popular geopolitics critical geopolitics geopolitical imaginations

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Author: Adetunji Ojo Ogunyemi
E-mail: motunji@gmail.com
Institution: Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife (Nigeria)
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 51-71
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020404
PDF: ppsy/49-4/ppsy2020404.pdf

Streszczenie:

By May 29, 2019, Nigeria’s Fourth Republic and democracy had achieved an unprecedented 20 unbroken years of active partisan politics and representative democracy. The First Republic had lasted barely three years (1963-1966); the Second Republic and its democratic institutions lasted just four years (1979-1983) while the Third Republic (19921993) could barely hold its head for one year. Hence, by mid-2019, not many analysts have congratulated Nigeria for its longest democratic experience since its independence from Britain in 1960, but hardly did any of them identify the core reasons for such a sustained rule of democratic ethos for two decades. In this paper, we show the origin and practice of political parties in Nigeria. We argue that the country had succeeded in its Fourth Republic as a democratic country because its law and constitution together with the political culture of the people had permitted multiparty democracy by which governments had been formed, political inclusion and popular participation ensured, and public policies initiated. We also present an analysis of party politicking in the country from its beginning in 1923 and conclude that Nigeria has achieved meaningful and sustainable dividends of democracy in her Fourth Republic because of a maturing culture of partisan politics.

Nigeria party politics power nation-building nation

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Author: Emmanuel Osewe Akubor
E-mail: oseweakubor@gmail.com
Institution: Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife (Nigeria)
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 72-86
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020405
PDF: ppsy/49-4/ppsy2020405.pdf

Streszczenie:

Historically, campaigns are recognized as a vital part of electioneering since it contains the ideas that the candidate wants to share with the voters, especially regarding policy issues and the administration’s focus. It aims to get those who agree with their ideas to support them when running for a political position. The message often consists of several talking points about policy issues. However, a study of Nigeria’s situation, with specific reference to the 2015 Campaigns and Electioneering, revealed that the main content of campaigns was hate speeches. Therefore, this paper seeks to bring out the main issues of campaigns in Nigeria’s electoral system and why it has often led to electoral violence over the years. The qualitative method is used for this particular research. Data obtained from primary and secondary sources were deployed to carry out the study with an analytical and narrative historical approach. It includes historical, descriptive, and analytical approaches based on gathered evidence. This research’s primary source is based on field investigations conducted in the Nigerian area and surrounding territories. Among other things, the data collection process includes semi-structured interviews with selected individuals. The research also uses historical documents from the national archives, relying on previous research conducted on society, administrative development, and documentary data taken from newspaper accounts, diaries, letters, and verbal reports. This research’s position is that campaigns over the years in Nigeria, unlike what is obtainable in some parts of the world where policy issues form the backbone of campaign message have basically on persons, character assassination, violence, and abusive (hate) speeches. The paper argues that this campaign strategy often leads to electoral violence before, during, and after elections. The paper, therefore, concludes that only issue-based campaigns can guarantee peaceful and credible elections in Nigeria.

democracy elections Nigeria electioneering campaign

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Author: Tunde Abioro
E-mail: abiorotunde@gmail.com
Institution: Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife (Nigeria)
Author: Omolara Akinyemi
Institution: Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife (Nigeria)
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 87-104
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020406
PDF: ppsy/49-4/ppsy2020406.pdf

Streszczenie:

Modern governments in modern states in third world countries are overwhelmed with social circumstances that have forced citizens to resort to self-help. Also, prevalent unclear demographic and globalization issues are sometimes neutral lines of justification for either transit or destination posture of the West African states. Concisely, poverty issues have continuously permeated the West Africa region’s fabric, and the challenges seem protracting. It has implications for mobility, (women) trafficking, and human security, among others. The quantitative approach adopted profiled index while evaluating and descriptive methods explained the content. Among other findings, lack of national data and proper immigration service is obvious. Thus, adequate data for national planning is recommended. Further, ongoing regional and national initiatives for possible integration and collaboration to address challenges are advocated.

human security gender inequality trafficking mobility poverty

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