Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 3-4
DOI Address: -
PDF: ppsy/49-1/ppsy20201toc.pdf

Abstract:

Polish Political Science Yearbook, 49(1). Published online: March 31, 2020. The Polish Political Science Yearbook is international peer-reviewed journal indexed in: American Bibliography of Slavic and East European Studies (ABSEES) Online, BazHum, Central and Eastern European Online Library, Central European Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (cejsh.icm.edu.pl), Columbia International Affairs Online, Cosmos Impact Factor, Directory of Open Access Journals, Electronic Journals Library, ERIH Plus, Gale PowerSearch, Google Scholar, HeinOnline, IBR – International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature on the Humanities and Social Sciences, IBZ – International Bibliography of Periodical Literature on the Humanities and Social Sciences, ICI Journals Master List, International Political Science Abstracts, Open Academic Journals Index, POL-Index (Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) and The Lancaster Index.

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Author: Joanna Marszałek-Kawa
E-mail: kawadj@box43.pl
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4201-8028
Author: Kamila Rezmer-Płotka
E-mail: kamila.rezmer@onet.pl
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1458-5076
Author: Bartosz Płotka
E-mail: b.plotka@icloud.com
Institution: Center for Eastern Studies (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6385-2046
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 5-8
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020101
PDF: ppsy/49-1/ppsy2020101.pdf

Abstract:

Author: Piotr Siemiątkowski
E-mail: piotrs@umk.pl
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9897-3139
Author: Ewa Jankowska
E-mail: ewa.jankowska@wsb.torun.pl
Institution: WSB University (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1002-2890
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 11-31
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020102
PDF: ppsy/49-1/ppsy2020102.pdf

Abstract:

The paper presents the results of the research over the measurement of the progress in the realization of the objectives specified in “Europe 2020 - a strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth” in 2016 in comparison with 2010. The analysis availed itself of the statistical data of Eurostat which describes the main indicators of the strategy for all member states of the European Union. The available empirical data allowed for constructing a synthetic measure reflecting the progress in realizing the objectives specified in the Strategy. The analysis of the values that the said measure assumed became a basis for creating a rating of EU member states for two distinct years that were subject to scrutiny. Also, there was specified the variation in the value of the said measure and the changes in the positions occupied by particular states in the mentioned rating. What was also conducted was a cluster analysis, which allowed for dividing the scrutinized countries into groups in case they are described by more than one property. Except for this and as compared to all the previous works on the subject, the method of the construction of the synthetic measure was considerably sharpened.

Tags: indicators synthetic measure taxonomic analysis Europe 2020

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Author: Jacek Knopek
E-mail: jknopek@wp.pl
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9878-5808
Author: Zbigniew Danielewicz
E-mail: zbigniew.danielewicz@tu.koszalin.pl
Institution: Koszalin University of Technology (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1782-6875
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 32-47
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020103
PDF: ppsy/49-1/ppsy2020103.pdf

Abstract:

The article takes up the subject of Poland’s cultural relations with some Middle Eastern Arab countries, i.e. with Iraq, Jordan, Syria and Palestine in particular. It has been done in historical perspective, analyzing development of the connections, the determinants influencing the course of changes, and political events and processes that have been strengthening or weakening the ties. Despite the long geographical distance between Poland and the Middle East, the cultural ties have turned out to be astonishingly rich, which was so partly due to the idiosyncrasy of their history - abound with wars and full of dramatic transformations. The three-part text begins with a historic overview of the relations that have gained a momentum during the World War II and in the post-war decades. Part two concerns the relations on official diplomatic level, usually ending up in initialed agreements and exchanging official visits. And the last part scrutinizes the spontaneous grassroots links forged between groups, individuals and non-political institutions. In this case the links embrace the field of academia, education, high culture and private lives of individuals and families.

Tags: grass-roots cultural ties diplomatic ties and agreements Middle-Eastern Arab countries Poland intercultural relations

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Author: Agnieszka Lipska-Sondecka
E-mail: agalipska@wp.pl
Institution: Pomeranian University (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8911-4087
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 48-54
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020104
PDF: ppsy/49-1/ppsy2020104.pdf

Abstract:

The model transformations of Polish public administration after 1989 were the result of the necessary and inevitable consequence of events related to erosion and the collapse of the „real socialism” system. Its internal decomposition, as a result of social reality inadequacy, created a situation in which it was possible to undertake deep systemic reforms in Poland. Democratization of the government system in Poland was an extremely complex process generating numerous problems and showing the scale of adversity in all spheres of social life. All political and structural changes in Poland after 1989 were also possible due to propitious external, international conditions. Especially the collapse of the USSR brought certain possibilities for Poland and other countries in Central and Eastern Europe to regain full sovereignty, which was later expressed in membership in NATO, the Council of Europe, and then European Union accession. As a result of the systemic and political transformation process, the administration has become an extremely important cell in the democratic legal order and the entity responsible for the implementation of a significant part of public tasks at the local, supra-local and regional levels.

Tags: political system transformation public administration administrative apparatus the reforms of political system

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Author: Waldemar Wojtasik
E-mail: waldemar.wojtasik@us.edu.pl
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9111-1723
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 55-66
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020105
PDF: ppsy/49-1/ppsy2020105.pdf

Abstract:

The party system and the parties within it were ones of the relevant elements of system transformation in Poland. We can identify several significant determinants of the process with regard to this area. The first of them is formal standards and their influence on the course of political competition. The second is the functions attributed to political parties in the political and party system. The third one is connected with the significance of social structure’s specificity and its influence on voting behaviors. The fourth determinant is the models of competition at the cabinet level. The paper presents these four determinants of development of political parties and the party system in Poland in the perspective of democratization processes.

Tags: Polish political parties voting behaviors in Poland models of competition at the cabinet level functions of political parties Polish party system

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Author: Małgorzata Kamola-Cieślik
E-mail: m.k.kamola@wp.pl
Institution: University of Szczecin (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2956-3969
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 67-84
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020106
PDF: ppsy/49-1/ppsy2020106.pdf

Abstract:

Poland has insufficient natural gas resources to satisfy its needs. That is why it has been dependent on the imports of that raw material. One of the challenges facing the Polish government is limiting Poland’s dependency on Russian gas. The objective of the paper is to present the directions of the Polish government’s energy security policy in terms of natural gas in the years of 2015-2018. Particular attention was paid to the assumptions and the implementation of the government’s gas policy in terms of the situation in the European Union gas market. An attempt was made to answer the question: To what extent have the assumptions of policy of the government of the Law and Justice party regarding Poland’s gas security been realized? In an attempt to answer the question so formulated, the following methods were used in the study: a decision-making method, formal-legal method, statistical and comparative methods. On the grounds of the conducted research, it needs to be concluded that after 2015, as a result of the government’s policy, the imports of natural gas from the east to Poland were reduced with a simultaneous diversification of the direction from which this raw material was delivered. The resignation from the deliveries of Russian gas to Poland after 2022 will be possible thanks to putting Baltic Pipe gas pipeline into operation and raising the flow capacity of Świnoujście LNG terminal. The implementation of these investments will have a positive impact on the improvement of Poland’s gas security. Failure to launch the investments and an increase of gas consumption in Poland will make it necessary to conclude a short-term Polish-Russian agreement for imports of that fuel to Poland.

Tags: European Union project implementation domestic resources energy security policy government’s decisions

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Author: Agnieszka Turska-Kawa
E-mail: agnieszka.turska-kawa@us.edu.pl
Institution: University of Silesia (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2748-7037
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 85-100
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020107
PDF: ppsy/49-1/ppsy2020107.pdf

Abstract:

The aim of the presented study was to diagnose the role of religious engagement in the social attitudes of young Silesians, operationalized on the continuum of closeness vs. openness in three areas: (1) community engagement, (2) approval for religion’s interference in the public space, and (3) accepting Catholic Church hierarchs’ views on problems such as euthanasia, artificial contraception, homosexual relationships and in vitro fertilization. The group defined in the presented study is young (age: 16-19) Silesians from Śląskie (Silesian) Province, for whom religion is one of the fundamental values and is regarded by scholars as the core of their identity (N=567). The results of the study confirm that religious engagement is a significant predictor of a closed social attitude in two out of three areas proposed in the model. Higher religious engagement promotes the desire to incorporate the approved religious principles into the secular space. Religious engagement is also a significant predictor of acceptance of Catholic Church hierarchs’ views on underlined problems. The analysis did not show any significant relationships between religious engagement in community engagement of young Silesians.

Tags: community engagement young Silesians religious engagement religiosity in Poland

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Author: Anna Ratke-Majewska
E-mail: anna.ratkemajewska@gmail.com
Institution: University of Zielona Góra (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0845-5061
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 101-111
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020108
PDF: ppsy/49-1/ppsy2020108.pdf

Abstract:

The purpose of the article is to verify the hypothesis that the idea of Polish heroism constitutes an effectively duplicating and spreading meme, and stories of the past constructed in the framework of Polish politics of memory will be effective precisely when they refer to memes duplicated most often in the community. The article proves therefore that the Polish state politics of memory should be shaped on the basis of memes that replicate the most in Polish society, because only then does it have a chance to achieve its goals. What is more, this principle can also be applied to other countries that pursue a politics of memory. It was possible to obtain answers to the research questions raised in the text (in order to verify the hypotheses) due to the use of mutually complementary research methods: analysis of narrative structures and content analysis. The article presents the results of the author’s own research with comments and conclusions.

Tags: idea of Polish heroism memes theory meme politics of memory memory

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Author: Joanna Rak
E-mail: joanna.rak@amu.edu.pl
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0505-3684
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 115-116
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020109
PDF: ppsy/49-1/ppsy2020109.pdf

Abstract:

Book review: Monika Bator-Bryła, Public Order and Public Safety - Free Movement of Persons: The Case Law of the CJEU, Toruń 2019, pp. 239

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