- Year of publication: 2020
- Source: Show
- Pages: 3-4
- DOI Address: -
The article has considered the general principles and capabilities of the medical support of NATO troops, confirmed the expediency of further transformation of tasks and functions of the state in terms of medical support of troops (forces) of the security and defense sector of Ukraine in crises through the approximation to the relevant NATO standards, justified the need to implement the Euro-Atlantic experience of rendering medical care, use the general framework of categories and concepts, principles of the evaluation of capabilities (assets) of medical support which will contribute to the development of integrated medical space for medical defense of troops (forces) and elaboration of individual crisis response model taking into account the basic international requirements. The authors have determined the priority tasks of further cooperation between Ukraine and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in the context of the reforms of medical logistics. It has been substantiated the need to keep reforming military medicine in conformity with NATO standards and recommendations that will promote an active involvement of medical services of troops (forces) in medical support of national and multi-domestic contingents during crises and adaptation of interoperable medical capabilities of joint missions under the auspices of NATO and the UN. The research has analyzed the mechanisms of interdepartmental coordination on medical support of troops (forces) and proved the feasibility of using the experience of NATO member states in the organization and functioning of the system of medical support of the military contingent with the adaptation of NATO doctrinal documents to the realities of modern Ukraine.
level system of medical support military medicine reform principles and policy of health service support capability-based planning integrated treatment system interoperability integrated medical space of troops (forces)
The article considers the main threats and challenges to the stable and effective development of the fiscal sphere in Ukraine and the reasons for their occurrence. The ways to overcome these problems are identified. It was noted that the development of the fiscal system in Ukraine since the independence has been accompanied by complex transformations associated with the corresponding steps in its organizational restructuring with changes in legal entities. Accordingly, since independence, the development of the fiscal sphere has undergone 6 stages, that affected the overall state of its development. It was shown that such a complex way of evolution of the fiscal service in Ukraine has left its mark on the complicating circumstances that accompanied its development, which is manifested in the still insurmountable challenges and impending threats that hinder the stable and effective development of this important institution in the system of public administration. The article identifies the challenges and threats that accompany the development of the fiscal sphere in modern Ukraine: the dogmatic nature of fiscal policy, its separation from the actual state of affairs in the economy; low economic development caused by its shadowing and high inflation, etc. The goal of the article is to identify threats and challenges in the implementation of effective domestic fiscal policy and to disclosure strategic ways of the fiscal sphere development in Ukraine for overcoming threats and challenges. It was demonstrated that in order to increase the level of efficient functioning of the fiscal sphere and ensure the fiscal security of Ukraine, first of all, a political will and a system of measures that prevent and counteract its threats and challenges are needed. Another important step towards increasing the capacity of the fiscal sphere is the adoption of a number of management decisions in the system of public administration regarding the fiscal sphere functioning. It is also necessary to carry out reforms in the law enforcement sphere, modernize law enforcement practices as well as to conduct the necessary intelligence activities for studying the current situation in its development, where threats are relevant.
In this research paper the author considers the problematic aspects of interaction of bodies (units) of state border protection and customs of the State Customs Service of Ukraine during the detection of signs of violations of customs rules, as well as the indentifying property that has no owner or owner unknown at border crossings. entry-exit checkpoint, in the controlled border area. At the same time, the current state of legal regulation of this issue, the main legislative developments in this area, which took place in connection with the joint order of the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine number 849/828, foreign approaches to cooperation between customs and border units. Based on the study, it was concluded that the issues of cooperation between state border guards and customs of the State Customs Service of Ukraine are regulated by the updated Procedure number 849/828, approved by a joint order of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Ministry of Finance of Ukraine. a number of powers from the administrative-operational group to draw up reports on administrative offenses, to send an act of detection, and on the property of the owner, who is unknown or as has no owner - transfer of property to the relevant department of the State Customs Service of Ukraine, to other officials of state border guards, and also extended the validity of this document not only to cases of violations of customs rules, property whose owner has no owner or whose owner is unknown, detected at checkpoints across the state border of Ukraine, but also for similar cases detected at the checkpoint of entry-exit, in the controlled border area. At the same time, the mentioned Procedure number 849/828 does not solve a number of urgent issues of such interaction, such as: insufficiently effective coordination of work of state border guards and customs of the State Customs Service of Ukraine on ensuring unity of customs and border control, impossibility to send a representative protection of the state border (units of protection of the state border) and customs of the State Customs Service of Ukraine, carrying out separate control in cases when it is necessary to carry out joint control, lack of interest in such interaction, lack of a specific list of reasons when a joint inspection should be conducted, lack of sanctions for failure to conduct a joint inspection in case of detection of goods moving in violation of customs rules and border legislation without sufficient reasons. Therefore, a solution to these problems is proposed.
The current period of development of Ukraine is characterized by the intensification of European integration processes, among which ensuring the adaptation of the national border security system to the European standards takes an important place. The mechanism of implementation of the border policy implementation to ensure the border security of the European Union is the European integrated border management, the complex basis of which is the European Border Surveillance System (EUROSUR). For the successful European integration of Ukraine, it is important to take into account the European experience of formation, functioning, and prospects for the development of European integrated border management. Planning of preventive strategic steps, which in the future will ensure a successful integration of Ukraine’s border security system and its state border into similar components of the European Union, should be included in the content of all thematic strategic documents (legislation, concepts, strategies, programs, plans, etc.).
The article analyzes the major factors that have led to a lack of professionalism and competence among some of the politicians in power in Ukraine in recent years. One such factor may be the ability of a large part of citizens to come to power with financial and administrative resources in the conditions of broad access to public administration and local self-government, and many of these figures do not have a clear idea of governance and are driven by interested motives. The desire of Ukrainian society to replace the old ruling elite with new political forces by voting in parliamentary and local elections for newly created parties should also be considered, but it should be noted that most of their party list has never had political or managerial experience. Therefore, the emphasis is placed on the organization of stafftraining for professional political activity, primarily on the basis of leading higher education institutions that train civil servants, as well as political parties and public organizations aimed at educating future political leaders. The National Academy for Public Administration under the President of Ukraine plays a leading role in staffing public administration activities, while among non-governmental organizations, the “Young Batkivshchyna” NGO, the First Ukrainian Academy of Politics, the Ukrainian Leadership Academy, and the School of Democratic Governance for Youth should be singled out.
The article deals with the problematic issues of human and civil rights under pandemic on the example of the practice of combating the spread of respiratory disease COVID-19 caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 civil society in Ukraine in 2020. Account has been taken of the fact that the human, his life and health are the highest social value, and that human rights and freedoms determine the content and orientation of State activities. Since every State functioned for the human, in order to protect universally recognized rights and freedoms, it was a feature of a modern democratic State governed by the rule of law. At the same time, in legal science in recent years there has been a debate about the problems of human and civil rights against the background of widespread abuse of rights, individual selfishness, conflict of rights of one person and group of people, human and society. That is to say, in the order of the day came an all-civilizational discussion about the appointment of the State, the idea of humanocentrism and sociocentrism as the fundamental foundation and expediency of the State. The problem is posed by the global challenges faced by present-day civilization: climate protection and freshwater, poverty and corruption, terrorism and military conflicts, massive ethnic displacement and pandemics. In one way or another these problems are present on all continents today, both for the world community and for each State in particular, but there is no well-established mechanism for dealing with them. With regard to combating the spread of coronavirus, it is clear that the problem is a global one in the field of medical law, and that it must be addressed both at the level of the novelization of legislation and at the level of philosophy and sociology of law, ‘cause that’s the kind of system-wide results you can use in complex under the state-creative practice today.
Today, the problem of political governance is one of the most important. There is an urgent need to create standards and institutions that would be effective and adequate to peculiarities of the contemporary society. One of the forms of socio-political governance is political manipulation of public consciousness. Modernization of the political system of society causes corresponding changes in the processes of management and manipulation. The influence on political consciousness and behavior is different at the traditional, modern and so-called postmodern stages of social development. The genesis of political manipulation of worldview values is the subject of this study. In the structure of political consciousness, which is a component of political culture, the value-worldview component is one of the most important. Values forms a motivational basis of political behavior. It is argued that values change in the predicted direction, and political manipulation could affect the value orientations of public consciousness. Analysis of the state of scientific development of the problem of political manipulation shows that the value-worldview component as an important component of political consciousness is poorly studied. The study of the peculiarities of political manipulation of the value component of political consciousness in the framework of this article is important, because the corresponding cultural dynamics affects the functioning of the political system.
The purpose of the article is to implement the characteristics of the administrative contract as a component of the system of public administration tools. It is determined that the system of tools for the implementation of functions by public administration bodies must meet the requirements of efficiency of settlement of management tasks, mobility of implementation of management decisions, accessibility of administrative procedures, and openness of regulations and administrative acts. The system of tools of public administration includes decisions, actions or omissions of public authorities and local governments, which have fundamental legal significance and consequences for individuals. It is emphasized that the implementation of the concept of «good governance» must comply with the democratic principles of building the rule of law, the achievement of which requires the use of the system of tools defined by current legislation. The components of the system of public administration tools include bylaws (actually identifying them with regulations), administrative acts, administrative agreements, administrative acts and acts-plans. The normative-legal character of the administrative agreement is determined, which to some extent identifies it with the normative acts of the subjects of power, emphasizing the bilateral and multilateral nature of such relations. It is substantiated that administrative contracts have similar features that are similar to other instruments of public administration, in particular, the need to conclude them in accordance with the established procedure, aimed at satisfying subjective public rights, and so on. It is established that the distinctive features of an administrative agreement are its voluntary nature of adoption, bilateral and multilateral nature of the regulation of public relations, and one of the parties to the agreement is always the subject of power. It is concluded that in the implementation of administrative- contractual relations there is a situation of legal equality of its parties, so the mechanism for ensuring its implementation is specific. It is concluded that an administrative agreement is a public accession agreement, the content of which is the implementation of management functions related to the provision of public services, ensuring the efficient use of public property between the subject of power at the initiative of a non-governmental entity. It is substantiated that in the current conditions in order to ensure the availability of legislation, as well as to avoid the situation of emergency accumulation of an array of regulations, it is proposed to supplement the draft Law of Ukraine «On Administrative Procedure» with the following provisions: «administrative contract implementation of management functions related to the provision of public services, ensuring the efficient use of public property, concluded between the subject of power at the initiative of a non-governmental entity.
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