- Year of publication: 2018
- Source: Show
- Pages: 3-5
- DOI Address: -
The principle of non-interference in another country internal affairs and its role in People’s Republic of China foreign policy
This essay is an attempt to elaborate the role of state sovereignty and the resulting principle of non-interference in the law and practice of international relations. Authors undertook an attempt to map out the course of the evolutionary process of changing the perception of these rules and the relationship between the concept of state sovereignty and the principle of non-interference in the light of the most important acts of international law. Authors found a need to answer the question about whether and when interference in another country policy is legally and actually permissible. Moreover the goal of the article is to describe and to explain the role of non-interference principle in China’s foreign policy after year 1949. In order to achieve the stated assumption, authors analyze its historical determinant (dated back to the mid of nineteenth century) and also following, after the end of World War II, process of seeking support in international law, in face of two imperialism, which were adversarial to each other. Authors also consider the reasons for China’s economic success in Africa in the context of the principle of non-interference, to finally move into the issue regarding the evolution of the sovereignty perception and non-interference policy among Chinese decision-makers.
Securitization of Islam in Central Asia
The aim of the article is to analyse mechanisms of constructing Islam in the discourse and practices of undemocratic Central Asian countries. This objective will be accomplished through the references to securitization theory located within the framework of the constructivist paradigm. The major argument of the paper is that the discursive transformation of various dimensions of Islam’s existence into a homogeneous threat to the security was an important securitizing move. Its relevance is related to the national and international level of legitimacy. The strength of the securitizing move results from the amount of resources of the authoritarian Central Asian elites as the dominant securitizing actors. In the first part, the text critically discusses the radicalization of Muslims in Central Asia thesis and the practices of the state structures towards Islam. In the next part it will present various manifestations and dimensions of the securitization of Islam in the discourse and practice of the incumbent elites in Central Asia countries.
Relations Chechen-Saudi (august 1997–february 2007)
In the article, the author presented the most important events relations of Chechen-Saudian from the middle of 1999 to February 2007. The author showed how politics looked like for example during presidency of Aslan Maskhadov’s, Ahmat Kadyrov’s.
Mniejszość katolicka we współczesnym Azerbejdżanie
This article outlines the history of Catholicism in present-day Azerbaijan and discusses the contemporary legal, statistical and social situation of this religion in mentioned country. In addition to the informations collected from printed and virtual sources, the data gathered during the interviews with representatives of state institutions as well as native Catholics living in Baku was also used.
What was created in the Indian rock – 18th and 19th century drawings from the London’s collections. European artists and their visions
The article presents a collection of drawings shows Indian rock architecture, from three of the most important London collections – Cornell University Library, British Library and Victoria & Albert Museum. Thousands paintings made in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries in India were created by artists traveling to the oriental state for documentation the great moments in history of the world, but only a small group of artists decided to show rocky architecture, which is stirring and talking. These paintings are a remarkable testimony of those times, showing the quality of preservation of monuments, that we can compare their appearance with the present state, and show us the emotions of the artists, who were painting extraordinary subject – the composition, the selection of the particular temple, gives us information about society of those times. The article presents the most important artists documenting rock architecture in India, analyze the formal side of picture and in the context of another work of art form those times.
Chechen religious leaders from the 18th to 19th centuries
The proposed topic is a focus on political and religious activity by religious leaders in the North Caucasus in the fight against the Russian colonizer. Under their leadership they sought victory over the Russian Empire. The author tried to present the most important and vital moments in the life of Mansur Ushurma, Kazi mullah, Gamzat bek and imam Osman Shamil too.
Modern view on pricing theory
Due to the huge role of the pricing process in economic theory has developed different concepts of pricing, which have fundamental differences. All of the concept of pricing seeks to solve the question about the fundamental principle prices, the issue that is included in the price, what determines its value. The article describes the basic theory of pricing and analyzed leading views on the fundamental principle prices. The comparison of different theories of pricing allows you to obtain the most complete picture of their evolutionary development and to understand what theory takes a leading role in modern economic theory.
Origin of Satan (modification of ancient traditions)
The article considers the problem of correlation of concepts “God” and “Satan” in religion. The solution to the problem the author sees in the traditions of Zoroastrianism that had a profound impact on the monotheistic religions.
Iconographic Variations of St. Eustace Hunting Composition in the Medieval Georgian and French Sculpture
The theme of hunting occupies an important place in a diverse iconographic repertoire of relief sculpture in medieval Christian art. Hunting compositions of St. Eustace were very popular both in Eastern and Western Christian arts.
We find relief scenes with images of hunter-horsemen in different forms and interpretations in continuity from the VI–VIIth to the XVIth centuries in Georgia. Georgian Christian art presents a specific visual representation – a hunter and its victim – which is mainly represented in St. Eustace Placida’s compositions.
Hunters and victims, archers are present in Western European art, especially in the XIIth–XVIth centuries France. But here, along with Placida’s hunting, episode of St. Hubert’s hunting is also relevant. The scene of the vision of St. Hubert narrated in literary sources is similar to that of the vision of St. Eustace. Iconographic schemes of the compositions depicted on the cathedrals are also analogous, with slight differences.
It is worth of note that various approaches have been formed in the artistic and stylistic resolution of the compositions of St. Eustace due to different historical conditions and local traditions.
© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.
Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart