Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 3-6
DOI Address: -
PDF: tner/202004/tner62toc.pdf

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Author: Stanisław Juszczyk
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 7-8
DOI Address: -
PDF: tner/202004/tner6200.pdf

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PREFACE

Author: Ewa Ogrodzka-Mazur
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
Author: Petro Saukh
Institution: National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 11-23
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.20.62.4.01
PDF: tner/202004/tner6201.pdf

Streszczenie:

In the philosophical-pedagogical analysis of the undertaken issues, some theoretical and methodological conceptualizations have been applied that refer to Paweł Boski’s theory of the cultural identity based on values and practices in bi-or multicultural socialization and Harold J. Noah’s model of the comparison of academic education. The assumption was also made that the research into the quality of life of Polish and Ukrainian university students enables one to learn the way(s) in which students understand themselves, the others and the world - the way(s) anchored in their own experience and culture. The undertaken studies also address the important problem of forming students’ identity in the stage of the so called emerging adulthood. It occurs in the countries where a knowledge-based economy dominates and where the intensive changes both decrease the young’s motivation to engage in adult roles and make the young postpone them.

comparative study Polish and Ukrainian academic youth one’s own life situation axiological preferences identity forming in early adulthood

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Author: Miriam Niklová
Institution: Matej Bel University
Author: Karina Zošáková
Institution: Matej Bel University
Author: Michal Novocký
Institution: Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 24-33
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.20.62.4.02
PDF: tner/202004/tner6202.pdf

Streszczenie:

The aim of the contribution was to map the degree of smartphone addiction in adolescents by means of The Smartphone Addiction Scale (SAS-SV) short version designed by Kwon et al. (2013). The construct validity of the research tool was established by exploratory factor analysis. A unidimentional solution appeared suitable to work with. The internal consistency of the scale was determined by Cronbach’s alpha (0.831). 519 respondents aged 12 to 25 years (AM = 19.41; SD = 3.83) participated in the research. A statistically significant difference was confirmed in the degree of adolescents’ smartphone addiction by gender in favour of women, and by age, at which respondents got their first smartphones, in favour of those who got their smartphone at a younger age. The effect size of differences was weak. No statistically significant difference showed in the degree of smartphone addiction by school type attended by adolescents.

school youth addiction mobile phone

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Author: Tatjana P. Kompirović
Institution: University in Priština-Kosovska Mitrovica
Author: Tatjana Radojević
Institution: University in Priština-Kosovska Mitrovica
Author: Igor Đurić
Institution: University in Priština-Kosovska Mitrovica
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 34-45
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.20.62.4.03
PDF: tner/202004/tner6203.pdf

Streszczenie:

Family relationships and parents’ behavior towards their children are factors that significantly influence the development of a child’s personality and their behavior modeling. Parenting styles are often seen as having an impact on their child’s social functioning. Having this in mind, this paper presents the results of research on key aspects of the influence that parenting styles have on the development of social competences and anti-social behavior in children. Standardized instruments (SSBS-2 and VS scale) were used in the research, and the sample included a total number of 705 students and 44 head-class teachers2. The research was conducted in primary schools on the territory of Kosovo and Metohija (Serbia). The results obtained indicated a correlation between parenting styles and students’ social competences and anti-social behavior, with a mother’s detached attitude standing out as a negative predictor of children’s social functioning.

anti-social behaviors social competences parenting styles family

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Author: Norhayati Mohd Alwi
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia
Author: Khadijah Mohd Isa
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia
Author: Nor Hafizah Zainal Abidin
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia
Author: Salwa Hana Yussof
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia
Author: Intan Suryani Abu Bakar
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 46-56
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.20.62.4.04
PDF: tner/202004/tner6204.pdf

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This study aims to provide insights on how and why a specialised training programme could help graduates with low performance to compete fairly in the job market. This study used an action research design, where a total of 12 graduates with low academic achievement were trained under a specialised training programme consisting of two phases within the period of ten months. Despite having low academic achievements in terms of Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA), the employability opportunities of those graduates were high as they were equipped with the highly sought after GST knowledge and certification and various important softskills such as time management, communication, analytical skills and leadership. This study demonstrated that engaging graduates in a specially designed program that aimed to enhance their technical knowledge and softskills coupled with some work experience is indeed a value added strategy to enhance graduates employability. This is particularly applicable to those who are low achievers as it provides them with some kind of competitive advantages. The findings suggest that despite having low CGPA, their employability opportunities, particularly in the accounting and commercial industries, were relatively high. This study provides some guidance to policymakers and educators on how universities and industries may collaborate to mitigate unemployment issues among the accounting graduates.

Graduate employability training Technical Knowledge softskills tax

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Author: Maria Czerepaniak-Walczak
Institution: University of Szczecin
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 57-66
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.20.62.4.05
PDF: tner/202004/tner6205.pdf

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The main aim of this paper is to raise reflection on the conditions of respect for the right to education in the unexpected, pandemic time and after. The right to education is presented as the main agent of personal and social well-being, respect for human dignity, and the power of changing the world. The main question that organizes the structure of this paper concerns the conditions of respecting the right to education in Poland during remote education forced by a pandemic. Attention is focused on conditions, such as the place of living, possibilities for parents with different levels of education to support students, and access to broadband Internet. The discussion highlights the role of imagination as a factor of change in education and ways of respect for the right to education.

right to education remote education pandemic ICT reimagination of education

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Author: Melissa Prudencio Calica
Institution: University of the Philippines Diliman
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 67-79
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.20.62.4.06
PDF: tner/202004/tner6206.pdf

Streszczenie:

This paper examines the effects of parental characteristics and home resources on reading performance of 15-year-old Filipino students using the 2018 International Assessment Program (PISA) Philippine dataset. Results revealed that the multiple linear regression model statistically significantly predicted reading performance. Parental education, parental occupational status, home educational resources, cultural possessions, and home ICT resources were found to be significant predictors of reading performance. With the Philippines ranking lowest on PISA reading performance, the results show that family variables are essential factors to consider. This study also provides empirical evidence of cultural capital importance in examining variations in educational outcomes.

reading performance home resources parental characteristics

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Author: Veronika Bocsi
Institution: University of Debrecen
Author: Hajnalka Fényes
Institution: University of Debrecen
Author: Valéria Markos
Institution: University of Debrecen
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 80-90
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.20.62.4.07
PDF: tner/202004/tner6207.pdf

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The aim of the study is to provide an overview of higher education students’ volunteering and voluntary group membership based on a database (N=2,199), in which full-time students from five Central-Eastern European countries (Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, Serbia, and Ukraine) were questioned. We analyzed as well, which variables influence civic engagement. Based on the results we suggest that universities in Central-Eastern European regions should make more use of students’ potential in the field of volunteering and organizational membership, and should do so in an organized way, with special attention to the groups, which display low civic participation according to our research findings.

civic engagement higher education students factors of social and demographic background Central and Eastern Europe

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Author: Ivan Lešnik
Institution: University of Primorska
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 93-102
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.20.62.4.08
PDF: tner/202004/tner6208.pdf

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Singing activity is the basis of music education and its essential implementation form at all stages of general education. Voice is a primary musical instrument and an elementary means for performing that enables pupils to approach musical art in an appropriate way so that they can successfully receive, experience and evaluate it. With the research we discover and prove the importance of mastering the vocal technique of teachers, which is a prerequisite for quality singing activity in primary school. From the stated it follows that the application of a quality method of vocal technique, which teachers use both in speech and singing undoubtedly means improving the quality of singing activity in the educational process. The results also highlight important correlations between teachers and pupils in music education, and especially in singing activities, where we determine the strong influence of teachers on pupils.

singing activity musical education vocal technique primary school

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