Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 3-5
DOI Address: -
PDF: tner/202103/tner65toc.pdf

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Author: Stanisław Juszczyk
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 11-13
DOI Address: -
PDF: tner/202103/tner6500.pdf

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PREFACE

Author: Mohammad Bagher Khatibi
Institution: Farhangian University
Author: Alireza Badeleh
Institution: Farhangian University
Author: Rouhollah Khodabandelou
Institution: Sultan Qaboos University
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 17-28
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.65.3.01
PDF: tner/202103/tner6501.pdf

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Research on gamification shows that it has positive impacts on learning, performance, motivation, and engagement. To have a big picture on gamification research in higher education, a combination of bibliometric and thematic analysis was conducted. For this study, a total of 432 documents from 2010 to 2020 which have been indexed in Web of Science database are investigated. Additionally, the researchers analyzed a group of 10 articles to review how much contribution they had to the body of research. General tendencies in the way gamification has been changing or developing in academic literature were scrutinized from the perspective of a variety of different factors including the time the works were published; the areas of the research field; and the authors, organizations, countries, and co-authorship publishing the most number of works in the issue. The possible future applications and results for educational organizations and academicians, top academic decision-makers, and educationists are discussed.

higher education gamification research trends bibliometric

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Author: Miljana S. Pavicevic
Institution: University of Pristina
Author: Tijana Lj. Zivkovic
Institution: University of Pristina
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 29-39
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.65.3.02
PDF: tner/202103/tner6502.pdf

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The aim of the research was to determine the predictive power of parenting styles in predicting subjective well-being and self-efficacy as aspects of adolescent mental health. The sample consisted of 270 students from four high schools in Serbia, aged 16 and 17. The research was conducted during March and April 2021, and research methods that were used are descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and regression analysis. The authoritative parental educational style contributes to the development of adolescents’ experience of self-efficacy and subjective well-being. Authoritative parents - through high warmth and control - provide the child with an optimal environment for development.

parenting styles adolescents mental health

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Author: Larysa Kolesnyk
Institution: University of South-Eastern Norway
Author: Tetiana Matusevych
Institution: National Pedagogical Dragomanov University
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 40-50
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.65.3.03
PDF: tner/202103/tner6503.pdf

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This article is devoted to the presentation and analysis of the „Democracy in Education” all-Ukrainian study results aimed at highlighting the challenges arising in Ukrainian teacher education on the way to its democratic transformation. The analysis revealed the following challenges: The ambivalence of the definitions of democracy and its reduction to a „thin” understanding, the presence of rudiments of the Soviet system, distinguishing between active citizenship and political participation, lack of knowledge of the methods of integrative learning and cross-cutting skills among teacher educators. The research findings are significant for educational policy-making at the institutional and state levels.

teacher education educational reform Citizenship democracy

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Author: Hyoung-Jin Moon
Institution: DongDuk Women’s University
Author: Jong-Ho Nam
Institution: University of Foreign Studies, Yongin
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 51-61
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.65.3.04
PDF: tner/202103/tner6504.pdf

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This study examines the life of Chinese students studying in the Hankuk University of Foreign Studies (HUFS) during the COVID-19 pandemic and identifies students’ most preferred educational method during the pandemic and the most effective educational method post pandemic. A month-long quantitative survey was conducted, supplemented by a qualitative survey. Online educational method (OEM) was the most preferred. While students hoped for the face-to-face educational method (FEM) post pandemic, they also wanted OEM to expand because of their improved awareness about it and having experienced its advantages. Thus, OEM could potentially be the most effective educational method for Chinese students.

pandemic Chinese students studying in Korea Online educational method Faceto-face educational method

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Author: Elizabeth O. Uyanne
Institution: University of Ilorin
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 62-75
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.65.3.05
PDF: tner/202103/tner6505.pdf

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Gender-based violence (GBV) is a global menace that has taken worrisome dimension in the Nigerian society especially among in-school adolescents. It is one of the challenges militating against total development of school aged children in Nigeria; hence, the purpose of the study was to investigate the form, causes and consequences of gender based violence among in-school adolescents in Ilorin metropolis in Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive research of the survey type. There are 18 secondary school in Ilorin. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 10 schools from the available schools in Ilorin metropolis while random sampling technique was used to select 20 representatives from each selected secondary schools. A total of 200 representatives were used for the study. The result revealed a significant difference in the violence against male and female in-school adolescents. Females were shown to be more physically and sexually harassed as well as marginalized when compared to their male counterparts. The result would enable education stakeholders in Nigeria, especially classroom teachers, to be aware and alert on potential gender based violence against female students.

Gender-Based Violence GBV violence In-School adolescence gender

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Author: Jalal Deen Careemdeen
Institution: The National University of Malaysia
Author: Mohd Mahzan Awang
Author: Abdul Razaq Ahmad
Institution: The National University of Malaysia
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 76-86
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.65.3.06
PDF: tner/202103/tner6506.pdf

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This research was aimed at determining students’ educational well-being, mainly taking into account social pedagogy among secondary schoolchildren in Sri Lanka. The study used a survey research design and a questionnaire instrument for data collection. A stratified random sampling technique was used to select 1350 secondary school students. To analyse the data, the research used descriptive analyses such as mean, standard deviation and multiple regression analysis. The results demonstrate that the social pedagogy and the students’ educational well-being were at moderate levels. Multiple regression analysis, using the stepwise method, showed that the social pedagogy correlated significantly with the students’ educational well-being. However, the study found no significant relationship between the teachers’ academic support and the students’ well-being. The implications of the study indicate that teachers need to have a good relationship with students and implement student-centred teaching methods. Various activities and mechanisms need to be organized to enhance student’s educational well-being related to social pedagogy, incorporating teachers, parents and community members.

social pedagogy Socio-Environmental Support Educational Well-Being

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Author: Ivanna Shubina
Institution: American University of the Middle East
Author: Piotr Kwiatek
Institution: Kozminski University
Author: Atik Kulakli
Institution: American University of the Middle East
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 87-98
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.65.3.07
PDF: tner/202103/tner6507.pdf

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Critical and creative thinking skills share a considerable scholarly discussion; little is known about the gender-based differences in students’ critical thinking and creativity, along with their impact on academic performance in the Arabian Gulf context. Data for the study were collected through standardized measurements from 220 students and matched with students’ performan ce in various assignments. The data were analyzed through group comparisons and classification algorithms. The results demonstrated gender differences in academic success and relationships between critical thinking and creativity. The current study may assist researchers and practitioners in the educational field who enhance creativity and critical thinking development among students considering gender and academic success. This will allow to improve teaching-learning experiences and prepare youth for their further professional success.

gender critical thinking creative self-efficacy creative potential academic success

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Author: Eunika Baron-Polańczyk
Institution: University of Zielona Góra
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 99-109
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.65.3.08
PDF: tner/202103/tner6508.pdf

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The article presents a fragment of diagnostic-correlational studies of a quantitative-qualitative nature, establishing pupils’ information competence in the use of ICT in the context of technological trends and accompanying civilisational changes. The research seeks answers to the question why children and teenagers use ICT tools in everyday practice. A diagnostic survey method (questionnaire and interview) and statistical methods were used. 2510 pupils were surveyed, and it was established that: 1) pupils’ numerous indications, obtained through open-ended questions, allowed for distinguishing eight important categories - reasons for using new technologies; 2) main reasons for using ICT lie in activities oriented at handling information (18.5%) and activities involving communication, also through social media (16.7%); 3) calculations of differentiating factors revealed statistical differences in three cases, namely between the opinion on reasons for using ICT by children and teenagers and: gender, stage of education, place of education. The treatment of children and teenagers as important stakeholders of the educational process helps improve it through selection of methods and tools adequate to pupils’ needs, expectations and cognitive preferences.

media pedagogy reasons for the use of ICT methods and tools diagnostic-correlative studies differentiating factors

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Author: Roland Pavlík
Institution: Matej Bel University
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 110-121
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.65.3.09
PDF: tner/202103/tner6509.pdf

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The study is a part of the research on the couching method as a tool for adult personality development related to the managerial potential development. The aim was to find out differences between subjectively and objectively measured levels of managerial potential in a research sample and to compare differences in their positions as managers and non-managers. The study was based on the conception of managerial potential development. The article gives results of the Hogan Personality Inventory (HPI) where the managerial potential was measured in seven competencies. The results were compared with the research sample’s self-assessment in a questionnaire of own design. The finding was that managers achieved better results in objectively measured competencies than in subjectively measured competencies. They scored highest in the objectively measured managerial competence Inquisitive and lowest in the objectively measured managerial competence Adjustment. Candidates achieved better results in objectively measured competencies than in subjectively measured competencies. They scored highest in the objectively measured managerial competence Interpersonal Sensitivity and lowest in the objectively measured managerial competence Adjustment. In subjective self-assessment, managers achieved higher mean scores than candidates in the competence Ambition. Managers, again, scored higher than candidates in subjective assessment of the competence Inquisitive. In subjective assessment, candidates scored highest in the managerial competence Interpersonal Sensitivity and lowest in the managerial competence Learning Approach. There were no statistically significant differences between managers and candidates for managerial positions in the managerial potential.

self-assessment questionnaire Hogan Personality Inventory candidates managers personality development couching adult education

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Author: Oľga Orosová
Institution: Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice
Author: Beáta Gajdošová
Institution: Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice
Author: Jozef Benka
Institution: Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 122-133
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.65.3.10
PDF: tner/202103/tner6510.pdf

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Aim: To study the in/direct relationship between fear of COVID-19 contraction and academic stress during the first wave of the pandemic. Method: The sample consisted of 835 university students (597 female students, 71.5%, M = 22.71 years of age, SD = 3.69). Data were gathered online by the questionnaire of the international study The COVID-19 International Student Well-being Study (C19 ISWS). Results: An above-average level of academic stress and a below-average gender-related level of fear of contracting the virus were found. The relationship between fear of contracting the virus and academic stress was serially mediated by loneliness and depressive symptoms. Conclusion: The findings stress the importance of monitoring the level of fear of virus contraction and the student-perceived perspective of academic achievement during actions taken by academic authorities to support the quality of teaching and students’ mental health.

fear of COVID-19 contraction academic stress loneliness depressive symptoms

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Author: Piotr Błajet
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń
Author: Beata Przyborowska
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 134-148
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.65.3.11
PDF: tner/202103/tner6511.pdf

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The aim of the presented research results was to diagnose changes in leisure time behaviours in the situation of the Covid-19 epidemic. The acquired knowledge about changing leisure time behaviour will be used to develop programmes to promote leisure time activity for students during and after the pandemic. The respondents used the Jay B. Nash model of leisure time, which indicates 4 levels of positive use of leisure time and also includes 2 negative levels, i.e. excesses and crime. We assume that the change in leisure time behaviours during the pandemic may consist in creating more valuable forms of activity, giving not so much pleasure but satisfaction (e.g. pursuing interests, creative activity). We also assume that as a result of these changes a sense of spending time in a valuable and meaningful way during the pandemic (building health, feeling satisfied) will be created, which may result in the permanence of the behavioural changes that have occurred, which may become new health and leisure time habits.

pandemic COVID-19 students’ leisure time development

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Author: Zsófia Kocsis
Institution: University of Debrecen
Author: Gabriella Pusztai
Institution: University of Debrecen
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 149-161
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.65.3.12
PDF: tner/202103/tner6512.pdf

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While the number of higher education students doing paid work is increasing, there have been contradictory findings on the impact of student employment on student performance (Pascarella & Terenzini, 1998, Perna, 2010; Riggert et. al., 2006). Our study focuses on the impact of student employment on students’ careers and commitment in the Eastern Region of the European Higher Education Area. We used the PERSIST 2019 (N=2199) database. We assumed that paid work increases the chance of attrition and has a negative influence on commitment. Regarding commitment to one’s studies, there is no significant difference between working and non-working students, but, regardless of country, students who work regularly have much closer connections with faculty. They also get better results, which means that work related to one’s studies and keeping in contact with faculty have a positive effect on student performance.

attrition performance commitment part-time work student employment

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Author: Mária Vargová
Institution: Catholic University in Ružomberok
Author: Anna Klim-Klimaszewska
Institution: University of Natural Sciences and Humanities in Siedlce
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 165-177
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.65.3.13
PDF: tner/202103/tner6513.pdf

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Children’s game makes a part of children’s lives. The paper provides partial results of empirical research focused on children’s game in the home and school environment. The character of the empirical research was diagnostic and quantitative. The subject of the research was children’s game and its implementation for children under 12 years of age. There were 218 individual respondents from all over Slovakia who participated in the individual interviews. They gave oral answer to questions about the game in their childhood and the way it way realized. Here we also present the approach of teachers and psychologists. Due to political-pedagogical character, we divided the game and the respondents into three categories according to the age and childhood.

school environment preschool age learning children children’s games

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Author: Peter S. Bathan Jr.
Institution: Buug National High School
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 178-189
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.65.3.14
PDF: tner/202103/tner6514.pdf

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This qualitative study examined the roles and duties of the administrators, teachers, stakeholders, and students in a conducive learning environment and how to make the learning environment conducive to the 21st century learners. Administrators, teachers, stakeholders, and learners were the participants of this study for the year 2018. Since the constructivist grounded theory method was used, data were gathered through in-depth interviews and observations. After going through initial coding, focused coding and comparative analysis, three categories emerged on what makes the environment conducive for learning: teaching efficiently, learning collaboratively, and performing responsibilities. Finally, the core category that emerged was committing to corporate social responsibility.

corporate social responsibility conducive learning environment grounded theory Philippines

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Author: Tusino
Institution: Universitas Muhammadiyah Purworejo
Author: Semi Sukarni
Institution: Universitas Muhammadiyah Purworejo
Author: Titi Rokhayati
Institution: Universitas Muhammadiyah Purworejo
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 190-199
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.65.3.15
PDF: tner/202103/tner6515.pdf

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Hybrid synchronous and asynchronous language learning remains under-explored in writing class. The purpose of this study is to describe learners’ perceptions toward hybrid synchronous and asynchronous language learning model in EFL writing. A qualitative case study was employed. The respondents were undergraduate learners in English major. The research instruments were close-response questionnaires and semi-structured interviews in the academic writing course. Findings showed that psychological and social factors were crucial in the learners’ online writing. It revealed that teachers needed to provide comprehensible input, challenging group-work activity, and constructive feedback during online writing. Hybrid synchronous and asynchronous language learning enhanced writing competence, but it encountered a problem with internet connectivity. The study discloses that hybrid synchronous and asynchronous language learning has the potential to teach EFL writing.

learners’ perspectives writing class synchronous and asynchronous language learning Hybrid learning

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Author: Lukáš Hapl
Institution: University of Ostrava
Author: Kateřina Kostolányová
Institution: University of Ostrava
Author: Hashim Habiballa
Institution: University of Ostrava
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 200-210
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.65.3.16
PDF: tner/202103/tner6516.pdf

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The article presents knowledge about the modified e-learning on-line synchronous teaching of digital systems, which took place in the period of widespread closure of schools during almost the entire school year 2020/2021 at a secondary school with an IT focus. The importance of teaching digital systems in computer science and the integration of teaching into available lessons is briefly clarified. Furthermore, the content of teaching is presented, including its modification by elements of programming by DCBLP discourse and links to existing knowledge about this use from previous years. The subject of research interest will be the specific effects of changes on students’ opinions regarding the content of the subject. For this purpose, a qualitative investigation based on the design of the grounded theory will be used. The work brings partial knowledge that can serve as additional material for the determination of other research questions, hypotheses and identification of potential problems in teaching. The results show the pupils’ interest in the digital systems enriched by the programming discourse reveals the possible perception of a long time distance learning in this area.

DCBLP digital systems e-learning Packet Tracer students’ opinions

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Author: Michal Novocký
Institution: Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice
Author: Mário Dulovics
Institution: Matej Bel University in Banská Bystrica
Author: Štefan Petrík
Institution: Methodological and Pedagogical Centre
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 213-223
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.65.3.17
PDF: tner/202103/tner6517.pdf

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The aim of the study was to map teachers’ preferred approaches to handling bullying among students. The scaled Handling Bullying Questionnaire (Bauman et al., 2008) was used. The structure of the research tool was determined using exploratory factor analysis indicating the existence of 5 dimensions. The good fit of the model to the actual data was verified using confirmatory factor analysis returning very good values of the good fit indices (CFI, TLI, RMSEA, SRMR, GFI). 696 teachers of the elementary school second level participated in the research. Their mean age was 46.53 years (SD = 9.34) and the mean length of their experience was 21.10 years (SD = 10.44). Male teachers scored statistically significantly higher on the dimension „Disciplining the bully“; teachers who had obtained their qualification through a supplementary pedagogical study scored statistically significantly lower on the dimension „Ignoring the incident“ and higher on the dimensions „Enlisting other adults“ and „Disciplining the bully“; class teachers scored statistically significantly higher on the dimension „Working with the bully“; teachers having received anti-bullying training within their continuing education scored statistically significantly higher on the dimensions „Working with the bully“ and „Enlisting other adults“; teachers with functions aimed at sorting out students’ problem behaviour scored the lowest on the dimension „Ignoring the incident“. Neglectful and weak effects were identified of the differences in resulting values. Also, a weak direct dependence appeared between working with the bully as the preferred approach and the length of teachers’ experience.

elementary school intervention teacher bullying

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Author: Tetiana Skrypnyk
Institution: Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University
Author: Mariia Maksymchuk
Institution: Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University
Author: Olena Martynchuk
Institution: Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University
Author: Hanna Suprun
Institution: Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University
Author: Roman Pavliuk
Institution: Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 224-235
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.65.3.18
PDF: tner/202103/tner6518.pdf

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The article presents a study aimed at increasing the competence of teachers in the formation of social-emotional skills of inclusive classes pupils. Preliminary study showed a low level of teachers’ awareness of strategies to influence the social-emotional sphere of pupils and the lack of purposeful and consistent action in this direction. The proposed program of increasing the competence of teachers was based on the stages of consistent development of social-emotional skills. The conducted training program demonstrated a significant improvement in the ability of teachers to meaningfully develop social-emotional skills of inclusive classes pupils, which is an important factor for their success in social interaction and life in general.

social-emotional skills teacher competence pupils with SEN inclusive education expert coaching

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Author: Katarzyna Juszczyk-Frelkiewicz
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
Author: Montserrat Simó-Solsona
Institution: University of Barcelona
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 239-250
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.65.3.19
PDF: tner/202103/tner6519.pdf

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Living in a cohabitation union is a more and more popular way of life in the contemporary societies. Changes in family behaviour and formation, such as increases in births outside of marriage, age at first marriage, and divorce have occurred in western countries with different paces and intensity as the elements of Second Demographic Transition (SDT). The aim of the article is to investigate the main determinants which influence attitudes towards living in a cohabitation union in two catholic countries: Spain and Poland. Using the European Social Survey conducted in Poland and Spain in two different moments 2006 and 2018, we carried out ordinal regression models in order to confirm which variables affect more the choice of this union. The results showed that educational level, placement on the left-right scale and religion are the prevailing predictors in both countries and both periods of time, but with different intensities, being greater for the Polish case.

cohabitation Poland Spain European Social Survey Second Demographic Transition

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Author: Tereza Janečková
Institution: Palacký University Olomouc
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 251-261
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.65.3.20
PDF: tner/202103/tner6520.pdf

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There is no doubt that migration, especially when involving whole family units, posits a range of challenges, dilemmas and problems. Thus, raising a child while adapting to a new sociocultural environment can turn out to be a particularly demanding task. Drawing on the findings of longitudinal, qualitative research among 10 families of Russian and Ukrainian origin living in the Czech Republic, the paper discusses the concept of parenting with a special emphasis on the issue of education. An important circumstance is the fact that the research sample consists of parents with tertiary education. The paper aims to describe and analyse the way in which parents understand upbringing and education, and what their beliefs and subsequent behaviours in this area are based on. Much attention is focused on uncovering how the ideological and practical dimensions of parental concern interact with the post-migration experience and processes associated with it. The empirical part, based on qualitative analysis inspired by grounded theory research design, depicts the issue as a very complex area of diverse and sometimes contradictory tendencies that dynamically combines deeply- rooted parenting patterns with pragmatic responses to current conditions.

foreign pupils parenting styles parenting practices migration experience

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