- Year of publication: 2015
- Source: Show
- Pages: 3-9
- DOI Address: -
The aim of the article is to indicate the influence of human resource policy on the presence of Polish science in global science. Research findings include an analysis of changes over time in the number of research personnel and papers indexed in the Web of Science database. The research method used in the study is statistical analysis with the use of correlation analysis and regression analysis. Application of these tools allowed for establishing basic relationships between the analysed variables. Obtained results point to the fact that the human resource policy in Polish science, aimed at increasing the number of papers published at international level or in international circulation, turns out to be effective. This growth was especially visible in the years 1999–2011.
This paper addresses the phenomenon of school humor, focusing on the question of how it contributes to shaping teacher-student relationships. Based on an analysis of texts written by lower secondary school students, the paper shows that humor at school serves contradictory functions, such as harmonizing teacherstudent relationships on the one hand, and enabling power negotiation aimed at gaining superiority on the other. Analysis of narrative data has identified a specific phenomenon of festive humor. Within its frame, teacher-student relationships nearly always tend to be harmonized.
John Amos Comenius (1592-1670) belongs to the most important persons in the European culture, philosophy, theology and in particular pedagogy, which is also reflected in the fact that the 400-th anniversary of the birth of the “Teacher of Nations“ in 1992 was celebrated across the world under the auspices of UNESCO. Comenius was the founder of the education system, it is to his credit that pedagogy became independent and singled out from the framework of philosophy. With his works, he laid foundations of several pedagogical sciences, in particular didactics, theory of education, pre-school education, education organisation and management, etc. He became famous especially for his didactic works (in particular – Janua linguarum reserata, Janua linguarum vestibulom, Didactica magna, Orbis sensualium pictus, Schola ludus) which brought him fame all over the world and were also used in many countries worldwide already during his life. However, his work has also a strong socio-pedagogical aspect, so far insufficiently studied from the position of social pedagogy and particularly pedagogy of social care as its part.
This study describes the model of living values education (LVE) in school habituation activities and its impact on character development. It employs the design of research and development in junior and senior high-schools in Bandung. The model of LVE in school habituation is carried out by clearly defining the values of life and expected behaviors, learning of values in the real life contexts, regular awards for expected behaviors, proactive correction of deviant behaviors through clear procedures, and by using the principle of example, correction, awards, and enforcement. The application of the model of LVE in school habituation significantly affects the student’s character development by 42.1%. Thus, the model of LVE in habituation program can be implemented in schools.
The article is dedicated to the problems of history education in the early school years, a question which until now has been almost neglected in literature. Studies on constructing the historical senses of primary school pupils can help, if only partially, to fill in this gap. Two aspects are discussed: historical senses constructed in the context of educational situations (focusing on the content, developed around the teacher, concentrated on pupils’ knowledge) and historical senses constructed by pupils via narration. By analyzing the research material, the author was able to distinguish the subjective senses and meanings which pupils participating in the study assigned to spheres of private life and to spheres which are manifestations of grand history in private stories.
The issue of public trust in research and teaching arouses varied interest and is involved in multiple strands of conflict and environmental conditions. As theorists and academic teachers, general educators teaching an educational subject, e.g. for trainee teachers, often tend to have limited trust among methodologists, who are also the teachers of this subject. Fractality of limited mutual trust generally situates itself on many substantive levels and corresponds to the technology of education, which is revealed in the so-called reliability and geometry of trust concerning the evaluation of the quality of education.
The aim of the study was to examine the relations between variables connected with the reader (interest in the text topic and willingness to read it) and the level of reading comprehension among adults, after controlling for text difficulty. The study involved 1549 users of Polish aged from 18 to 87. Open-ended questions were used to measure reading comprehension. It was proved that the model taking into account variables related to the reader better predicted reading comprehension than the model only taking into account text difficulty. Moderation analysis showed a little stronger relation between text topic interest and reading comprehension in the group of women than in the group of men. It was also noted that among adults with lower levels of education text topic interest and willingness to read it were more strongly related to the level of comprehension than among better educated people. The discussion focuses on the role of psychological factors in reading comprehension.
The contribution presents new findings concerning the relationship between self-concept and resistance in terms of “hardiness” in university students. It points to the influence of self-concept on coping with stress in life.
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