- Year of publication: 2015
- Source: Show
- Pages: 3-9
- DOI Address: -
The aim of the article is to indicate the influence of human resource policy on the presence of Polish science in global science. Research findings include an analysis of changes over time in the number of research personnel and papers indexed in the Web of Science database. The research method used in the study is statistical analysis with the use of correlation analysis and regression analysis. Application of these tools allowed for establishing basic relationships between the analysed variables. Obtained results point to the fact that the human resource policy in Polish science, aimed at increasing the number of papers published at international level or in international circulation, turns out to be effective. This growth was especially visible in the years 1999–2011.
This paper addresses the phenomenon of school humor, focusing on the question of how it contributes to shaping teacher-student relationships. Based on an analysis of texts written by lower secondary school students, the paper shows that humor at school serves contradictory functions, such as harmonizing teacherstudent relationships on the one hand, and enabling power negotiation aimed at gaining superiority on the other. Analysis of narrative data has identified a specific phenomenon of festive humor. Within its frame, teacher-student relationships nearly always tend to be harmonized.
John Amos Comenius (1592-1670) belongs to the most important persons in the European culture, philosophy, theology and in particular pedagogy, which is also reflected in the fact that the 400-th anniversary of the birth of the “Teacher of Nations“ in 1992 was celebrated across the world under the auspices of UNESCO. Comenius was the founder of the education system, it is to his credit that pedagogy became independent and singled out from the framework of philosophy. With his works, he laid foundations of several pedagogical sciences, in particular didactics, theory of education, pre-school education, education organisation and management, etc. He became famous especially for his didactic works (in particular – Janua linguarum reserata, Janua linguarum vestibulom, Didactica magna, Orbis sensualium pictus, Schola ludus) which brought him fame all over the world and were also used in many countries worldwide already during his life. However, his work has also a strong socio-pedagogical aspect, so far insufficiently studied from the position of social pedagogy and particularly pedagogy of social care as its part.
This study describes the model of living values education (LVE) in school habituation activities and its impact on character development. It employs the design of research and development in junior and senior high-schools in Bandung. The model of LVE in school habituation is carried out by clearly defining the values of life and expected behaviors, learning of values in the real life contexts, regular awards for expected behaviors, proactive correction of deviant behaviors through clear procedures, and by using the principle of example, correction, awards, and enforcement. The application of the model of LVE in school habituation significantly affects the student’s character development by 42.1%. Thus, the model of LVE in habituation program can be implemented in schools.
The article is dedicated to the problems of history education in the early school years, a question which until now has been almost neglected in literature. Studies on constructing the historical senses of primary school pupils can help, if only partially, to fill in this gap. Two aspects are discussed: historical senses constructed in the context of educational situations (focusing on the content, developed around the teacher, concentrated on pupils’ knowledge) and historical senses constructed by pupils via narration. By analyzing the research material, the author was able to distinguish the subjective senses and meanings which pupils participating in the study assigned to spheres of private life and to spheres which are manifestations of grand history in private stories.
The issue of public trust in research and teaching arouses varied interest and is involved in multiple strands of conflict and environmental conditions. As theorists and academic teachers, general educators teaching an educational subject, e.g. for trainee teachers, often tend to have limited trust among methodologists, who are also the teachers of this subject. Fractality of limited mutual trust generally situates itself on many substantive levels and corresponds to the technology of education, which is revealed in the so-called reliability and geometry of trust concerning the evaluation of the quality of education.
The aim of the study was to examine the relations between variables connected with the reader (interest in the text topic and willingness to read it) and the level of reading comprehension among adults, after controlling for text difficulty. The study involved 1549 users of Polish aged from 18 to 87. Open-ended questions were used to measure reading comprehension. It was proved that the model taking into account variables related to the reader better predicted reading comprehension than the model only taking into account text difficulty. Moderation analysis showed a little stronger relation between text topic interest and reading comprehension in the group of women than in the group of men. It was also noted that among adults with lower levels of education text topic interest and willingness to read it were more strongly related to the level of comprehension than among better educated people. The discussion focuses on the role of psychological factors in reading comprehension.
The contribution presents new findings concerning the relationship between self-concept and resistance in terms of “hardiness” in university students. It points to the influence of self-concept on coping with stress in life.
Procrastination is generally understood as the practice of irrationally putting activities or tasks off to a later time. In the case of academic procrastination, it is a tendency to put off academic tasks. The main objective of the presented research study was to map strategies of Slovak university students used for overcoming academic procrastination, as well as to test the relationship of procrastination with potential protective factors-volitional regulation and achievement motivation. Based on the results of our research, strategies of social motivation and positive attitude are, on average, the most frequently used to overcome academic procrastination. Results of the research also confirmed a negative correlation of procrastination with volitional regulation and its dimensions, as well as with some dimensions of achievement motivation.
The article focuses on one of the trends in modern language education, i.e. the plurilingual approach towards language teaching, since one of the important components of IBA managers’ professional competence is their ability to function and communicate in a foreign language environment successfully. Modern high-grade professional training for IBA managers and principles of plurilingual education require research into the problem of the formation of IBA managers’ professional plurilingual competence, which presupposes extension of the linguistic repertoire of students. On the basis of a questionnaire survey it was identified that the plurilingual repertoire of the students qualifying in International Business Activities includes the Russian, Ukrainian, English, and German (or French) languages. Besides, specific features of professional plurilingual competence of IBA managers are also identified, which can be used in further research to elaborate effective methods for professional plurilingual competence formation.
Developmental disharmony is usually defined as adverse deviation from the normal development, regardless of reasons that cause it (Lagae, 2008). According to the APA, the problem concerns about 5-10% of school-age children (APA, 2000). The symptoms of developmental disharmony are heterogeneous and their manifestation is determined by the age of the child. The sphere of motor development plays a dominant role in the presentation of these disorders in the case of small children. So researchers suggest a psychomotor diagnosis as the most desirable diagnosis in the case of developmental disharmony of a small child. One of the tools allowing for such a diagnosis is German test MOT 4-6. The purpose of this article was to describe the validation procedure of the Polish version of the psychomotor MOT 4-6 by R. Zimmer and M. Volkammer for four-year-old children. This age group, due to the lack of objective tools, is very rarely included in diagnostic procedures. Results: The validation of the Polish version of the MOT 4-6 for four-year-old children indicates this tool as accurate and reliable in diagnosing delays in the psychomotor development of small children. The Polish adaptation of the test will help to fill the existing gap in Polish diagnostic tools for four-year-olds.
To investigate the role of academic achievement in the reasons for participation in and/or avoidance of competition more clearly, the presented research was aimed at assessing the role of the discrepancy between objective evaluations and subjective self-evaluations of academic performance in secondary school students. The differences between under-raters, accurate raters, and over-raters in their reasons for participation in and/or avoidance of competition were investigated. The study comprised 534 secondary school students. The results do not clearly indicate possible benefits of the positive bias; we found that under-rating may have some advantages in the sense of mastery orientation and self-improvement motives (upward comparison) in competitive situations. Concerning other reasons for participation in competition, as well as reasons for avoiding it, students were found to rely more on teachers’ objective measure of academic performance than on the (in)accurate aspect of social comparison information.
While searching for the ways of enhancing students’ educational efficiency, the authors set the framework for the issue from two perspectives-educational and emotional, stressing the existence of a strong interdependence between emotional and cognitive ones. The focus of study is students’ perception of educational processes, the emotional states they demonstrate and their interdependence. For the purpose of this research a battery of questionnaires was constructed and the results have shown that students’ emotional states greatly influence their perception of educational efficiency. Based on these results, the recommendation on modifying the management of educational processes is that students’ emotional states should not be excluded from the equation of a successful education. The factors that shape the emotional context of learning should be taken into account.
The objective of this study was to examine which educational experiences in general education impact on the student’s learning outcomes. The survey included 1,201 students in South Korea. Hierarchical multiple regressions were used. The result showed that educational experiences in general education demonstrated greater predictive power for the student’s learning outcomes than individual and institutional characteristics. However, not all educational experiences positively predicted learning outcomes. Educators are advised to improve general education towards better educational experiences in a way that encourages teaching higherorder thinking, evaluation and feedback, and active class participation.
One of the important elements of the therapy of young hearing-impaired children is rehabilitation camps. They accelerate the process of language and communication skills acquisition. In the current social-legal and financial situation organisers of rehabilitation camps may encounter some difficulties. The aim of the research was an attempt to determine the role of rehabilitation camps by means of a diagnosis of their effectiveness using parents’ and therapists’ opinions and objective results of progress in the development of hearing, communication and language skills in children. The research demonstrated effectiveness of rehabilitation camps in the scope discussed.
Previous research examined only the role of interpersonal competition in academic self-handicapping. Therefore, from the multidimensional perspective, the goal of the presented research on academic self-handicapping was to determine the role of (1) different attitudes to competition, (2) the reasons that motivate people for competition and (3) the reasons for avoidance of competition. We also aimed at distinguishing the roles of different types of motivation for education in academic self-handicapping, according to the level of self-determination. Participants were 748 high school students. In academic self-handicapping the results confirmed the relevance of distinguishing among different dimensions of competitiveness. Those denoted by selfworth protection proved to be more characteristic of academic self-handicapping than those depicted by testing one’s own limits and by high importance of the quality of task accomplishment. Regarding motivation for education, amotivation played the important role. Intrinsic motivation correlated with academic self-handicapping negatively, but extrinsic motivation showed no significant correlation. Important implications for refinements of pedagogical practice are discussed.
The play world of children with autism is based on a fixed formula of their behaviour. They do not participate willingly in games taken up spontaneously and any attempts to initiate them or join games voluntarily are not always successful. They wish to participate in social contacts like every child, they have motivation towards it but they lack the appropriate knowledge and skills in how to get involved in them normally (Pisula, 2005, p. 103; see Njardvik, Matson & Cherry, 1999, pp. 287-295). The effective method that supports problem solving and enables children to learn social skills, including play skills, is the usage of Comic Strip Conversations, which arranges in a systematic way “what people say and do, and emphasize what people may be thinking” (Gray, 1994, p. 1).
This paper focuses on the connection between the principal’s behaviors and job satisfaction among teachers. The study was conducted on a sample of 74 five middle school teachers. It was found that: (1) middle school teachers perceived their principals as supportive rather than restrictive, (2) teachers are satisfied with their job in middle schools, (3) the principal’s supportive and directive behavior was positively correlated with job satisfaction, (4) the principal’s restrictive behavior was found not significantly correlated with job satisfaction and finally (5) the principal’s directive behavior was a significant predictor of job satisfaction among middle schools teachers.
The quality of education is increasingly being measured less by the knowledge gained during schooling and more by the level of competence possessed by students at doing a particular job after completing their education. Target and process-planned curricula are being replaced more and more by competenceoriented curricula, especially in science and technology education, where competences, generally defined as the ability of an individual to do a job properly, are placed at the forefront. In these, skills are not understood primarily as cognitive skills (e.g. critical thinking), but mostly as skills in connection to psychomo torics. If competence is the desired criterion for educational quality, it can be easily established that suitable instruments and methods of measurement are needed for this kind of quality evaluation, which, however, are not yet available. This is why in the field of competences a special unified competences taxonomy was developed, based on different taxonomies for the cognitive and also affective and psychomotor fields. Additionally, suitable instrumentation was developed in this study. Its use was demonstrated in the example of elementary education in Slovenia in the field of science and technology education.
Psychometrically sound and practical measures of school value, teacher autonomy, and teacher motivation were developed. Further, this study examined relationships among school value, teacher autonomy, and teacher motivation and compared the differences between elementary and secondary school teachers in those variables. Findings showed that those measures are reliable and valid. Also, elementary school teachers scored higher in those three variables than secondary school teachers. Particularly, school value and teacher autonomy were significant predictors of teacher motivation. The implication for school organization is to enhance positive school value and provide teachers with more autonomy, which will encourage teacher motivation.
There are no greater treasures than spiritual values of the employees for their development and organizational development. Psychological capital provides a combined construct as a main contributor to the competitive advantage of organisations. The construct adds the value of positive psychological resources to the existing best measure of organisational worth, comprised of the more established constructs of social capital, human capital, and traditional physical and financial capital. The presented study examined the relationship between Spiritual Values and Psychological Capital among 100 school teachers and 100 non-teaching staff of Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India. A Spiritual Values Scale developed by Husain, Zehra and Jahan (in press), and a Psychological Capital Questionnaire by Luthans et al. (2007) were administered to them. The data were analyzed by means of Cronbach’s alpha and multiple regression analysis. Cronbach’s alpha for the total sample was found to be 0.947. Significant positive correlation coefficients were found between spiritual values and self-efficacy, spiritual values and hope, and spiritual values and psychological capital among males, females and non-teaching staff members. Significant positive correlations were also found between spiritual values and self-efficacy, spiritual values and hope, spiritual values and resilience, spiritual values and optimism, and spiritual values and psychological capital among university employees.
Research shows that teachers’ perceptions of peer bullying (PB) are an important predictor of their intervention. Therefore, the aims of the study were to find out i) how serious pre-service teachers and teachers find different types of PB, ii) how empathic to the victims and willing to intervene they are, iii) what predicts interventions in both groups and iv) what forms of intervention pre-service teachers and teachers would use regarding victims and perpetrators. Results suggest that teachers perceive all types of PB as more severe than pre-service teachers and are more willing to intervene earlier, but pre-service teachers show more empathy for the victims. The strongest predictor of intervention in both groups is beliefs about the severity of bullying, but their forms of intervention differ significantly. Implications of the study findings are also discussed.
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