- Year of publication: 2015
- Source: Show
- Pages: 3-9
- DOI Address: -
On the basis of research and the syllabi for mathematics and environmental education, which promote integrated teaching, a model of integrated teaching of mathematics and environmental education has been designed. 331 basic school second grade pupils participated in the experiment (163 pupils in the experimental group and 168 in the control group). The differences in the results were statistically significant after the second test, as compared to the control group, the experimental group performed better at all levels of TIMSS taxonomy. With this the importance of interdisciplinary integration or of holistic teaching, indispensable in the first years of schooling, was confirmed.
We were interested in specific differences among pupils with regard to the type of preschool day care (parents, grandparents and kindergarten) in order to explain whether the environment in which the child lives before school enrolment has any influence on the development of his/her artistic abilities. Results of the study prove that pupils who spend their preschool period with their parents or grandparents achieve better results in art, especially in the techniques of charcoal drawing and collage painting.
This study is an attempt to explore proficient Taiwanese senior high school students’ difficulties and strategies in L1 (Chinese) and L 2 (English) Reading. A total of eight proficient students participated in this study. An in-depth face to face interview was adopted for data collection. Thanks to the enthusiastic response of the students, we could gain an overall understanding of their reading difficulties and strategies in Chinese and English reading. This study shows that there are some similarities and differences between Chinese and English reading perceptions. Based on the findings of this study, classroom teachers will be able to design more effective reading strategy curricula and instruction geared to their students’ needs.
The effect of Logo programming language on problem solving skills was investigated in this study. Eighty-five fifth-grade students were assigned to either an experimental or control Logo group. They were pre-tested to assess baseline receptiveness to figural and logical word problem-solving skills. After eight weeks of learning, the Logo experimental group had significantly higher scores than the control group on the problem-solving skills tests (assessing both figural and logical word problem-solving skills). The result revealed significant differences in the figural problem-solving skill between the Logo experimental and control groups. An implication was that Logo programming exercised skills are more critical and relevant to the figural problem-solving skill. Possible alternative explanations and suggestions are provided for future research endeavors.
The paper offers a review of Polish discussions on the educational aspects of film. While initially many authors were quite sceptical of film, then viewed primarily as a form of cheap entertainment for the masses, they subsequently started exploring the possibilities for using film in education. The paper discusses the views of early pioneers, such as Matuszewski and Irzykowski, up until more recent developments (such as the New Horizons Association), emphasizing the Polish contribution to the history of film and media education.
The main objective of the presented study was to propose a new taxonomy of learning strategies for the digital age. The revised taxonomy of Oxford’s SILL (1990) was implemented in a nationwide questionnaire to display the picture of strategy use, investigate relationships between particular strategy types and elicit learners’ preferences on strategy instruction. The data was processed statistically with SPSS 20 package. Results confirm high reliability of SI-LLE, indicate relatively strong relationships between particular strategy groups, where higher education institution, year of studies and teaching experience have a statistically significant effect of similar strength on strategy awareness.
The study was conducted on 122 first-year engineering students at the tertiary level to explore the students’ perceptions of themselves as readers and the concept of reading. Data collected by open-ended brainstorming interviews with the students were classified according to the themes and presented in tables. The result of the study demonstrates that most of the students at this level wish to be good readers since they feel that reading improves their personality, word power and employability skills. The presented study aimed at finding the opinions of young adults because in the present age, more emphasis is put on the role of the learner in the language learning process. As language learning is primarily a learner-oriented activity, learners’ preferences influence their learning. Interest on the part of the reader plays a vital role in developing the habit of reading. Hence, learners’ needs and interests should be taken into consideration for effective learning and teaching to take place. Thus, the study shows that it is appropriate to understand students’ conception of reading for promoting their interest in reading and enhancing their reading skills.
The research examined the relationship between web-based learning and self-learning readiness of nursing students. The research was a single-group experiment, in which 162 second-year nursing students were given a pre-test and a post-test. All the students use the Internet. Before and after the web-based course, a statistically significant difference was observed concerning the average points totaled for self-learning readiness. Results show that web-based learning positively affected the self-learning readiness of nursing students. Therefore, nursing students would benefit from web-based education as it improves their readiness for self-learning.
Social pedagogues’ activities in school have already been anchored in Slovak legislation. Professionalization of preventive socio-educational work in school is a prerequisite for its increased effectiveness and prevention of pupils’ problem behaviour. It is regrettable that school practice so far does not fully respect the school legislation and social pedagogues are rather sporadic in schools.
The article discusses a range of common problems faced by international students while studying in Russia, drawing on the example of Ural Federal University (Ekaterinburg). Analysis of the sociological data has shown that international students have to deal with the following adaptation barriers: organizational barriers which students face when joining the educational process; socio-cultural barriers which mostly stem from the lack of language proficiency; getting accustomed to daily routines of living on the campus; informational barriers caused by a low awareness of the conditions of life and studying in Russia (Russian cultural norms and values, the climate of the Urals, etc.). The article reveals a correlation between the specificity of the countries international students come from and the main stages of their adaptation, providing guidelines for improvement of international student support at Ural Federal University.
The paper proposes a theoretical model to assess the factors affecting students’ satisfaction of their university and their future behavioral intentions. The proposed model was validated by empirical or case research, applied at three Colombian universities (public and private) in Cartagena. A 19-item questionnaire was given to a random sample of 400 students, and was solved by the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). Results showed that the students’ perceptions of the universities analyzed affected their satisfaction level and this, in turn, affected their future intentions. Perceived value pricing did not have a significant effect on satisfaction. The model was validated using the most common fit indices. The results presented a statistically valid model, whose main result is the identification of a significant causal effect among the students’ perceptions, satisfaction and future behavioral intentions in the universities analyzed. There was not a significant difference in results between the public and private universities.
The presented study aimed at investigating the relationship between the extraversion level and speaking anxiety in the English as a Foreign Language (EFL) context on the one hand, and testifying the relationship between the extraversion degree and speech fluency and speech accuracy, on the other hand. To this end, 60 advanced university students, including 12 males and 48 females, participated in the study at the quantitative phase, and 28 of them, including 14 from the extraversion levels, and 14 from the introversion levels, were observed on their oral performance at the qualitative phase. Based on Spearman’s Rank Order Correlation using SPSS in the quantitative section, the findings revealed a strong negative correlation between the extraversion level and public speaking anxiety, on the one hand, and a strong positive correlation between the extraversion degree and speech fluency in the qualitative phase, on the other hand. Speech accuracy revealed having no significant correlation with the extraversion degree. Indeed, extraversion and introversion seem to be the major personality differences that have attracted the attention of psycholinguists, in particular Dornyei (2005); henceforth, it would be worth clarifying the underlying characteristics of this construct to gain a more comprehensive view of these personality type indicators, respectively.
In the article the authors analysed cooperation of preschool teachers with parents. It is a complex area of operation for preschool teachers, which requires communication skills, management of potential conflict situations, approaches to identification and management of different family situations, as well as approaches to coping with stress and working with different people. During the research on the population of students and preschool teachers (616), the authors also found that this is an area which the students rated as difficult, expecting problems with it at the beginning of their career, whereas in-service preschool teachers estimated that they did not have many problems when interacting with their pupils’ parents.
Both in developing and developed nations an incorrect diet is a source of health problems. Inadequate nutrition contributes to chronic, non-infectious illnesses such as cardiovascular diseases, some types of malignant cancer and diabetes type 2 (Kuszewski et al., 2007). Due to the dramatic increase in the number of chronic, non-infectious illnesses, implementation of preventive measures became an important challenge for upgrading public health. Improving the population’s diet and food quality, as well as decreasing the amount of obesity, were defined as operational objectives of the National Health Programme for the years 2007-2015 in Poland (operational objective 3). The activities undertaken nationwide are based on the Global strategy on diet, physical activity and health, developed by the WHO and adopted at the 57th meeting of the World Health Assembly (WHO, 2004). The primary goal of the study was to verify the achievement of operational objective 3 of the National Health Programme for 2007-2015, which referred to the improvement of food and its quality as well as the reduction of obesity.
The relevance of this problem is related to an insufficient degree of the development of the issue of identifying the evaluation function of the competence-based training of students. The research objective: to identify and systematize, on the basis of the functional analysis of the knowledge-resource capacity of the teacher’s professional polyfunctional activity, the priority components that can be considered as indicators of quality and effectiveness of the competency-based training. The leading technologies to the study of this problem are the technologies of mastering the types of speech activity with adequate speech design, aspect-integrated learning, self-activation, personality-oriented communication, etc. In the article there are reflected the results of this work, during which students mastered the characteristics of the professional communication as important indicators of the quality level of the professional communicative competency. The article contents can be useful for practical professional activity of teachers of higher education institutions and high school teachers.
presentation characteristic conative characteristic phatic characteristic competency interpretation text adequacy of speech design integration relations designing monologue speech dialogized communication
This article explores the importance of teachers' conceptions of student learning. In the first part, we focus on the teacher conceptions that stimulate process-oriented instruction. In the second part, we present the results of empirical research on teachers in Slovenian border areas. The principal aim of the research was to determine to what extent the teachers' conceptions of student learning are process-oriented (contrary to traditional orientation), and whether there are any differences between teachers who graduated from different faculties and those that were educated in different teacher education programs.
The article presents the meaning of professional work as experienced by teachers in the midlife transition period (the concept by P. Oleś). Qualitative research conducted with the use of an autobiographical method (a reference to the journal writing tradition of F. Znaniecki and his followers, including pedeutology experts) has been placed within the framework of everyday life sociology as presented by A. Schütz, P. Berger and T. Luckmann, and P. Sztompka. The purpose of the presented study is to focus on how the stage of one’s development influences the quality of work and determines the meaning and importance of professional experiences. In order to describe it, a reference has been made to the research conducted among 6 female teachers in the midlife transition period.
The study presents an analysis of teachers’ tendency to label gifted pupils. A questionnaire was used at the level of lower secondary education. It was aimed at teachers’ educational strategies in the area of enriching the curriculum for gifted pupils, and teachers’ tendency to label gifted pupils. In conclusion, labeling does not belong to educational strategies of most teachers. Gender, pedagogical qualifications and the length of teaching experience do not influence teachers’ tendency to label gifted pupils. Teachers from specialized schools for gifted pupils have a stronger tendency to label them. This tendency is weaker in the case of teachers from small schools.
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis of the impact of drama therapy on self-awareness of the role of the body among the intellectually disabled. In particular, it was intended to examine the effects of drama therapy involving improvisation on adolescents with moderate intellectual disability. The study is focused on assessing their levels of selfawareness of the role of the body in interpersonal relationships. The instrument used for the purpose of this study was designed by the author. It consists of a ”Body in action” test, which comprises 16 questions examining the level of self-evaluation of non-verbal behaviours in social interactions. The subjects were administered the test before and after a series of drama therapy workshops. Results indicate the connection between participation in drama therapy workshops based on improvisation and an increased level of the participants’ self-awareness of the role of the body in interpersonal relationships. At this stage of research, however, the conclusions cannot be extended to the whole age-group of the intellectually disabled. This study constitutes a starting point for further exploration of this issue. It outlines a direction, since, based on the results obtained, it can be stated that non-verbal communication plays a significant role in the development of social competences.
This article presents the shape of the contemporary family in Poland and Spain which is based on developments that have taken place in these countries in relation to family formation and dissolution through an analysis of indicators such as: marriage, divorce, fertility, births outside marriage during the last three decades. The shape of the contemporary family keeps changing in both these countries, but the speed of changes is different. In Poland, changes in family formation have occurred much more slowly than in Spain, where the family is not only heterosexual marriage, but also homosexual marriage.
Cognitive states are typical of students’ educational activity, which is accompanied by high activity of cognitive processes. Management of this activity is impossible without the knowledge of the structure, function, and mechanisms of actualization of cognitive states in various learning situations. The research relevance of the problem of cognitive states in the context of students’ intellectual activity is due to their unique role in the regulation of the thinking process, maintaining a steady focus on the solution of the problem within a certain period of time. The purpose of this article is to study the structure of the cognitive states that arises in the process of solving intellectual problems (through the example of carrying out R. Amthauer’s intelligence structure test). Leading methods to the study of this problem were tests with standardized questionnaires and retrospective self–reports. According to the results of factor analysis, ten key factors underlying the structure of the typical cognitive state of interest/mental stress have been identified. A system–forming factor of this condition has been emphasized, which is an “attitude” to intellectual activity in the context of the overall semantic orientation of the subject. The obtained results can be of interest to researchers in the field of psychology of emotions as well as to specialists involved in the diagnosis of students’ intellectual abilities.
The contribution examines three types of intelligences (emotional, social and general) in relation to school performance of secondary school students (N=169). Empirical analysis indicated its zero to weak negative correlations (0.01≤R≤0.30) with factors, dimensions and global emotional intelligence measured by the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire-Adolescence Form (TEIQue–AF, Petrides, 2001) and weak negative correlations (0.18≤R≤0.29) with dimensions of social intelligence measured by The Tromso Social Intelligence Scale (TSIS, Silver, et al., 2001). On the other hand, the general intellect assessed by the non–verbal standardized Test of Intellectual Potential (TIP, Říčan, 1971) had a moderately negative relationship with school performance expressed by an average of marks in Mathematics (R=–0.39**).
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