- Year of publication: 2016
- Source: Show
- Pages: 3-10
- DOI Address: -
The current curricula of the departments of Chinese in Korea emphasize language and literature, although most students in these departments would prefer an emphasis on curricula in the Chinese social sciences, with less emphasis on language and literature. The research reported here include surveys that identified needs as perceived by students, and contrasted these with studies of existing Korean departments of Chinese. This research indicates that Korean universities currently lack the ability to meet students’ needs. For more effective education, Chinese departments should offer two-track curricula, consisting of a language track and a social science track.
The paper investigates three issues surrounding the field of comparative education, namely the place of comparative education in teacher education, the question as to whether the field should be transformed into comparative and international education, and acknowledgement of the place of Comenius as one of the fathers providing an inspiring vision and ideal for the field. The paper finds that in view of the current momentous societal changes and educational expansion in the world, there is a compelling case for the field of comparative education to be transformed into comparative and international education, furthermore, that to equip teachers for their role as professionals in this world a place for comparative and international education in teacher education programmes is essential; and thirdly, that due recognition should be given to the place of Comenius as a trailblazer in providing the rationale for the field of comparative and international education.
Females’ low participation in post-compulsory physics education has been a major concern for researchers over the past five decades. The present study focuses attention on two major deterring factors, the female pedagogy-sensitivity effect and the stereotype effect. The objectives of this study are to uncover the constituents and meanings of these factors by (a) analyzing the perspectives of female university science students and, (b) evaluating differences in their impacts among females choosing to major in biology compared to females choosing to major in physics. The study contributes to our understanding of how these deterring effects impact on females along their educational path and particularly in their tertiary education.
Family involvement in education is highlighted as a key factor to boost students’ success. In this paper, we analyze ninth-graders’ discourses on how they see family participation in school-related activities. data derive from 38 biographical interviews involving students from eight public schools from North Portugal. Following a narrative approach, findings emphasize that active involvement of parents make up a fundamental dimension for the consolidation of educational projects. data reveal that mothers play a leader role in the educational setting, while fathers’ lack of participation can impact negatively on students’ trajectories. In addition, research indicates that an extended family can emerge as crucial to the maintenance of a schooling project.
The present article describes a study of teachers’ and parents’ attitudes towards educationally underperforming students of general education school from the humanistic pedagogy and personality-oriented perspectives. The present study is an attempt to substantially define the meaning and the role of teachers’ and parents’ attitudes towards educationally underperforming adolescents who study in general education schools, in order to define the real position of the underperforming school student and the opportunities for improving this situation, which remains default for that student. Addressing teachers’ and parents’ attitudes towards educationally underperforming adolescents is valid and significant because it is obviously needed in pedagogical practice.
The diffusion of information and communication technologies among children, youth and adults has become an evolving phenomenon. The end of the last century was characterized by rapid technological development and by deep changes in several aspects of human activities, often described as orientation of the world to the “knowledge age“. Such changes have led to many discussions about the roles of upbringing and education as well as ICT in lessons and learning in a new era and, of course, also about the negative effects of ICT mainly on children and the youth. We focused our attention on the effect of ICT on contemporary adolescents, both in terms of its use and possible misuse, particularly in the field of possible ICT addiction. We gave the questionnaire of our own construction to a group of adolescents: there were 1542 student respondents at the age from 15 up to 23, with an average age M=16.99, Sd=4.28, 647 boys and 895 girls. The independent variables were: gender, respondents’ age, the type of attended school, i.e., secondary vocational school=106 respondents, college=697 respondents, grammar school=739 respondents, evaluation marks from the last school certificate of the Czech language and Math. The obtained data were subjected to factor analysis. Programme Varimax orthogonal (NCSS) was used and according to Cronbach’s alpha (0.86), a critical value |0.30| was selected. 3 factors were generated: F1 Tendency to ICT addiction, F2 ICTa study aid and F3 Current daily use and misuse. More than a half of the respondents use daily this combination of ICT equipment: a PC, a laptop, a tablet and a mobile phone. We found out that the level of addiction to the internet is average; the internet as a study aid is used exceptionally frequently, daily use and misuse is slightly below average. Jan Lašek, Petra Kalibová, Jana Andršová Czech republic 73Adolescents and Information and Communication Technologies We chose the internet as a representative of all possibilities of ICT, as an easily accessible medium of contemporaneity. Based on a factor analysis, it can be stated that the more the internet is used for studying, the more possible the addiction to it is and also the tendency to its daily use and misuse.
The aim of this study was to explain the relation between social and academic support of students’ adaptation to college. The results of this study show that there were a weak and a reverse correlation between the discharge support and personal adaptability and total adaptation. There was a direct correlation between emotional support and social adaptation and dependence adaptation, a direct correlation between socializing with social adaptation and total adaptation, a direct correlation between practical support with social and dependence adaptation and among a variety of kinds of academic support, the discharge support can predict students’ adaptation to university, as well as among a variety of kinds of social support, socialization can predict students’ adaptation to college.
The modern family faces a variety of ever-changing circumstances which greatly inhibit the selection of clearly defined roles or behaviours that might bring about the good of the whole family. The article describes three models which regulate the roles adopted by individuals within the family. The text defines the optimal method of role creation and selection as one which allows for the simultaneous consideration of not only the variety of possibilities, but also the needs of all family members.
The study describes a model of living values education in teaching materials and its impact on the civic disposition of students. It employs the design of research and development in Civic education department, Indonesia University of education. The model of living values education in teaching materials is an integration of the living values in the teaching materials presented in the framework of the material. It includes introduction, keyword, map of concepts, subject matter, discussion, living values, conclusions, reflection on the value application, and references. The application of the model of living values education in teaching materials significantly affects students’ civic disposition.
In the last decade, the emergence of diverse students in a streamed class based on the mathematical ability brought upon challenges for the teacher to find an approach which could accommodate all students. This study aims to investigate the connection of students’ ability with their learning preferences in mathematics by applying differentiated instruction using tiered assignments and parallel tasks. This qualitative approach was used for this study from a sample of year 7 mathematics students within Pengukuhan Kemahiran Asas programme (PeKA) (the Basic Skills Strengthening programme), which revolved upon low ability for students with very weak numeracy skills. The findings in general revealed that there is an improvement in their performance.
The aim of this research was to examine whether the development of cognitive abilities of students can be encouraged under the influence of didactic games. The research was conducted on a sample of 163 first grade primary school pupils and an experiment with parallel groups was applied. The results obtained have shown that there is a statistically significant difference (r=0.000 < 0.05) between the achievements of the experimental and control groups in recognizing, naming, abstracting, forming and defining geometric shapes. Hence, this proved that the possibility of applying this approach at the beginning of schooling should be considered.
Quasi-experimental research was conducted to identify the effectiveness of GeoGebra in achieving students’ conceptual and procedural knowledge. The research was performed to identify the effects of a mediator in students’ conceptual knowledge in relation to procedural knowledge with student achievement. A total of 284 students were involved in this study. The students in the experimental group learned using GeoGebra, whereas the students in the control group used the conventional method. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 22.0, AMoS 18, and Anates V4. Findings of the study demonstrate that GeoGebra is used as a mediator of students’ procedural knowledge in relation to conceptual knowledge for academic achievement. This study also shows that conceptual knowledge affected the students’ mathematics procedures. The result of the study supports the related theory of the role and contribution of conceptual and procedural knowledge to student achievement. This study provides suggestions as intervention to increase students’ conceptual and procedural knowledge.
The article presents a solution for one of the significant tasks in pedagogical science and practice, namely the development of regulatory skills in younger school pupils as a significant factor of their educational and cognitive competence development. The aim of our study was to conduct practical evaluation of the proposed program of the development of regulatory skills in younger school pupils. Scientific novelty consists in the created program of the development of regulatory skills in younger school pupils, which generally allow for increasing education and cognitive competence, which is the basis for pupils’ functional expertise, in accordance with the aims and tasks of the state-significance documentation. The study used logical and historical analysis of scientific literature on the topic, pedagogical observation, a survey, questionnaires, testing and a pedagogical experiment. Based on the obtained results, we developed educational and methodological recommendations for teachers on the topic of developing regulatory skills in young school pupils, as an elective class program for 2nd-grade pupils.
learning skills development educational and cognitive competence regulatory skills level of regulatory skills in younger school pupils self-management regulatory cycle educational management interschool management game-technical management younger school pupils time management
The presented research aims at analyzing whether the emotional intelligence, competence, and interpersonal communication directly affect teacher performance in senior high schools in Makassar. This research also aims at analyzing whether emotional intelligence, competence, and interpersonal communication indirectly affect teacher performance through achievement motivation in senior high schools in Makassar. The research was a quantitative study. The sample of this research consisted of 130 respondents. The data were analyzed using Structural equation Model AMoS 18. The findings show that emotional intelligence has a positive and significant effect on teacher performance. every teacher’s emotional intelligence proves convenient in teaching. Competence has a positive and significant effect on teacher performance. It is important in supporting the teaching profession. In addition, it allows teachers to conduct the learning process effectively.
The empirical study investigated to what extent the implementation of the dPMAT model (a didactic approach to supporting pupils with learning difficulties in mathematics) contributed to the qualification of teachers for the implementation of support to pupils with learning difficulties in mathematics. 80 mathematics teachers and 101 generalist teachers completed a questionnaire through which they rated the impact of the dPMAT model on their knowledge and skills in relation to the teaching and learning of students with difficulties in learning mathematics. The mathematics teachers assessed the contribution of the model to their skills in the selection and design of appropriate teaching aids (M = 4.1, Sd = 0.8) and in the recognition and identification of learning difficulties the highest (M = 4.0, Sd = 0.8). The generalist teachers assessed the contribution of the model to their skills in facilitating the use of appropriate teaching aids the highest (M = 4.0, Sd = 1.1).
The aim of this research was to study the activity-related, personality-related and socio-communicative components of school teachers’ professional competence. The survey of 380 teachers using standardised questionnaires identified the manifestation specificities of the components, depending on the work in conventional or innovative schools and the length of work experience. Significant differences were found between teachers working in innovative and conventional schools. The length of work experience was found to condition the differences between the activity-related and the personality-related components. The results obtained showed that teachers in innovative schools focus on professional development and achieving independence and are optimistic and tolerant of uncertainty. Those from conventional schools tend to strive for stable working conditions and demonstrate high anxiety levels and rigidity.
What is referred to are the results of nationwide quantitative and qualitative studies conducted in several academic environments. The research constitutes the background against which the condition (the current health, inner intellectual and professional situation) of future teachers is shown as well as the determinants of their preparation for work in multicultural conditions. An authored multisided model of teachers’ education has been also presented. The research approach and interpretation of results have been subordinated mainly to social developmental psychology, the idea of constructivist understanding of individual and social development and intercultural education. In applying the constructivist approach, incorporated into pedagogy from other disciplines, the author’s proposal can be seen referring to constructivism with the aim of understanding experiences of adults. It should be emphasized that in the pedagogical literature this mainly concerns the knowledge of small children. The presented study provides a lot of new information and opens new prospects of further research on the border of intercultural education and general pedagogy, pedeutology, several sub-disciplines of psychology and sociology, as well as of other fields of broadly understood humanities, which can enhance the development of intercultural pedagogy.
Motivation is the driver of adult learning. The paper reveals the importance and peculiarities of adults’ learning process. There has been analyzed the impact of external and internal factors on the efficiency of adult learning; various approaches to the typology of intrinsic motivation are presented. The author has also considered the components of motivational sphere (emotional aspect, the set aims, the ability to learn), which can significantly influence the level of adult learning motivation.
Ukrainian researchers face the challenge of the acquisition of foreign language skills at least at B2 level. The available formal opportunities do not satisfy their needs to the full. The initiative of the Institute of Pedagogical and Adult education of the National Academy of educational Sciences of Ukraine to organize peer-to-peer eSL and eAP courses is described and analyzed in the article in order to identify the factors which can stimulate the learning process of the specific category of adult learners. As a result, 4 groups of them were distinguished: andragogical, didactic, course and peer-to-peer principles. The conclusion was made that these principles can create an adequate theoretical and methodological basis for realizing the initiative in practice.
The study aimed to construct and validate the Inclusive Competences Scale for educators (InComSedu). The basis for item generation was the “Profile of Inclusive Teachers”, a document developed by the european Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive education. Items were measured on a 5-point Likert scale. In order to test the validity and internal consistency of the scale, item analysis, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis and Cronbach’s α were used. on a sample of Slovenian educators factor analyses proved the InComSedu had seven subscales: Team working and cooperation with others, Implementing knowledge about inclusive education and support, reflecting on and learning from inclusive practice, optimising challenges and approaching interdisciplinary, Accepting professional responsibility for each child’s development, Promoting resilience and professionality, and empowering children’s life skills. results indicate that InComSedu is a valid and reliable instrument for the evaluation of inclusive competences among educators.
The article presents results of 38 observation sessions of 10 groups of children aged 3 to 6 years during the time dedicated to play. The aim of the research was to determine the material and emotional conditions for free play depending on the time of day. The results of the observation showed that preschool-aged children play in different places of the preschool classroom, engage mostly in construction and theme play. They use many more toys in their play in the morning and before noon than they do in the afternoon. Play activity is especially intensive in the morning in comparison to the afternoon.
every scientific discipline, every university and college, every institute, every research project, every researcher is, due to the “double-faced conception of science” (dear, 2005, p. 404), confronted with the question of the relationship of scientific autonomy and scientific relevance (utility, applicability). The fields of educational science in particular are rooted in this double horizon of expectation. The theoretical handling of the difference of autonomy and accountability is therefore also an ongoing theme and the theories offered take the following three directions: to choose one or the other, to unite both poles in harmony or to tolerate the conflict-causing dual membership. In this article another assumption will be made other than the separation, harmonisation or oscillation theory, namely that scientific and practice discourse complement each other: the question of utility serves the question of truth and vice versa.
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between perceived stress and psychological well-being among parents of children with down syndrome. The relationship between perceiving one’s parenthood and well-being was also studied. The sample consisted of 126 parents (75 mothers and 51 fathers, aged 25-69) of children with down syndrome. our results show that ego-resiliency is a partial mediator of the relationship between perceived stress and psychological well-being. Moreover, there is a difference in well-being between parents who perceive their parenthood as a burden or challenge, and parents who report happiness and satisfaction.
© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.
Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart