Author: Agnieszka Kowalczyk
Author: Mirela Nowicka
Author: Krzysztof Sas-Nowosielski
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 30-39
DOI Address:
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170302.pdf

The aim of the study was to reveal age differences in motives and barriers of women attending fitness centers. 157 women aged 17-83 (M=43.86±15.40) participated in the study. All of them were members of fitness centers in the Silesia Metropolis in Poland. The most common reported motives for exercising were health and revitalization. Four motives changed when comparisons were made between age groups: affiliations, competition, health pressure and avoiding diseases. All these motives were stronger in older women. The main barriers to exercising were time constraints and physical limitations. The severity of time barrier significantly decreased with age and in older women it fell into the second place in the hierarchy, giving priority to physical barriers.

Anshel, M.H. (2014). Applied health fitness psychology. Champaign: Human Kinetics.
Bautista, L., Reininger, B., Gay J.L.; Barroso, C.S. & Mccormick, ].B. (2011). Perceived barriers to exercise in Hispanic adults by level of activity. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 8: 916-925.
Biddle, S.].H. & Mutrie, N. (2001). Psychology of physical activity. Determinants, well-being and interventions. Routledge: London-New York.
Buckworth, ]. & Dishman, R.K. (2002). Exercise psychology. Champaign: Human Kinetics.
Dishman, R.K., Washburn, R.A. & Heath, G.W. (2004). Physical activity epidemiology. Champaign: Human Kinetics.
Drygas, W., Kwaśniewska, M., Kaleta, D. et al. (2009). Epidemiology of physical inactivity in Poland: Prevalence and determinants in a former communist country in socioeconomic transition. Public Health, 123: 592-597.
Epstein, L.H., Roemmich, ].N., Saad, F.G. & Handley, B.A. (2005). The value of sedentary alternatives influences child physical activity choice. International [ournal of Behavioral Medicine, 11(4): 236-242.
Godin, D. (1994). Social-cognitive models. In: R.K. Dishman (ed.), Advances in exercise adherence (113-136). Champaign: Human Kinetics.
Louw, A.I., Van Biljon, A. & Mugandani, S.C. (2012). Exercise motivation and barriers among men and women of different age groups. African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance, 18 (4): 759-768.
Markland, D. & Ingledew, D.K. (1997). The measurement of exercise motives: Factorial validity and invariance across gender of a revised Exercise Motivations Inventory. British [ournal of Health Psychology, 2: 361-376.
Molanorouzi, K., Khoo, S. & Morris, T. (2015). Motives for adult participation in physical activity: type of activity, age, and gender. MMC Public Health, 15(66): 1-12. DOI 10.1186/812889-015-1429-7.
Moschny, A., Platen, P., KlaaBen-Mielke, R., Trampisch, R. & Hinrichs, T. (2011). Barriers to physical activity in older adults in Germany: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 8:121. doi:10.1186/1479-5868-8-121.
Prince, S.A., Reed, J.L., Martinello, N., Adamo, K.B., Fodor, LG.; Hiremath, S., Kristjansson, B.A., Mullen, K.A., Nerenberg, K.A., Tulloch, H.E. & Reid, R.D. (2016). Why are adult women physically active? A systematic review of prospective cohort studies to identify intrapersonal, social environmental and physical environmental determinants. Obesity Reviews, 17: 919-944. doi: 10. 1 1 1 1/obr. 12432.
Schutzer, K.A. & Sue Graves, B. (2004). Barriers and motivations to exercise in older adults. Preventive Medicine, 39: 1056-1061.
Sit, C.H.P., Kerr, ].H. & Wong, I.T.F. (2008). Motives for and barriers to physical activity participation in middle-aged Chinese women. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 9: 266-283.
Skov-Ettrup, L.S., Petersen, C.B., Curtis, T., Lykke, M., Christensen, A.I. & Tolstrup S. (2014). Why do people exercise? A cross-sectional study of motives to exercise among Danish adults. Public Health, 128: 482-484.
Sorensen. M. & Gill, D.L. (2008). Perceived barriers to physical activity across Norwegian adult age groups, gender, and stages of change. Scandinavian [ournal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 18(5): 651-663.
Zając, A. (undated). Inwentarz Motywacji do ćwiczeń-2. Available at URL: http:/ /

Wiadomość do:



© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart