Author: Jana Kohútová
Author: Ingrid Emmerová
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 17-25
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.01
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170401.pdf

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The study focuses on pupils’ aggression towards teachers. The goal of the study was to determine a statistically significant relationship between the forms of aggressive behaviour and the age of teachers and the length of their teaching experience. The research sample consisted of 268 teachers of elementary schools, secondary vocational schools and grammar schools in the region of Banská Bystrica. Results revealed a statistically significant negative relationship between teachers’ age and the years of teaching experience in three forms of aggressive behaviour: refusal to obey instructions, intentional disruption and ironic remarks. A statistically significant relationship was observed between the length of teachers’ teaching experience and destruction of school property.

pupils’ aggressive behaviour towards teachers teacher aggression pupils

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Author: Rajka Bračun Sova
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 26-35
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.02
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170402.pdf

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This paper is a Central European contribution to the current knowledge of Erasmus students‘ motivations. It takes as its starting point the fact that one of the reasons for studying in a foreign country is learning about different cultures. 30 Erasmus students from 8 European countries, enrolled in Museum Education course in two academic years at the Faculty of Education, University of Ljubljana, participated in the research. The analysis of qualitative data, collected by individual interviews, a focus group and written personal reflections, revealed that, when making specific country and study decisions, students are driven by three motivational factors: discovery, change and curiosity. The research, done from the perspective of cultural heritage, additionally indicated how geography shapes the cultural experience of Erasmus students and what role museum and heritage site visiting play in it.

intra-European student mobility internationalisation higher education

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Author: Larysa Kolesnyk
Author: Petro Kendzor
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 36-47
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.03
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170403.pdf

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In 2014 the ongoing armed conflict in Ukraine forced thousands of people to leave their homes and seek refuge elsewhere. The number of officially registered internally displaced persons (IDPs) has exceeded 1.76 million. More than 300 thousand of them are children. The aim of the paper is to present the results of sociological research “Study of socio-psychological needs of school-age children, displaced from the Anti-Terrorist Operation Zone (ATO)”. Quantitative and qualitative research methods, the survey of parents and teachers who work with IDP children have been applied. Results show IDP children do not have specific needs the satisfaction of which would require a separate intervention. On the contrary, there is a need for maximum integration in the social environment of the host community. The research was conducted within the framework of the project “Integration Through Dialogue”, 2015–2017, with the support of the European Commission.

adaptation and integration in host community communication and rejecting problems socio-psychological needs of IDP children educational needs IDP children internally displaced person (IDP)

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Author: Abdulwahab Pourghaz
Author: Afsaneh Marziyeh
Author: Somaye Bikar
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 47-55
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.04
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170404.pdf

Streszczenie:

The presented study aimed to determine the relationship between affective structures and academic burnout among male and female third grade high school students in Zahedan in the 2016/2017 school year. The descriptive-correlational study had a sample including 362 students selected with the use of a multistage cluster sampling method. To collect data, the Academic Burnout Questionnaire (Berso et al., 1997) and Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (Watson et al., 1988) were used. Results of the present study indicated that positive affect was significantly and diversely related to the subscales of academic burnout (academic fatigue, academic apathy, and academic inefficiency). Moreover, negative affect was significantly and directly related to all the subscales of academic burnout. Results of an independent t-test demonstrated that there were no significant differences between the male and female students with regard to positive and negative affects. However, academic burnout was higher among the male students compared to their female counterparts. Furthermore, results of a stepwise regression analysis showed that in the first step, positive affect alone predicted 22% of the variance in academic burnout and in the second step, negative affect increased the power of predicting academic burnout to 28%. Given the predictive power of affect, it can be effectively applied to prevent academic burnout.

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Author: Anastasia Bristley
Author: Monika Wiśniewska-Kin
Author: Krystyna Nowak-Fabrykowski
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 56-69
DOI Address: 10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.05
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170405.pdf

Streszczenie:

The goal of this research project is to analyze children’s understanding of the concept of friendship by investigating symbolic representation in drawing and metaphoric expression in language. This research project is grounded in the conceptual metaphor theory (Lakoff & Johnson, 1980), in which metaphor is defined as a conceptual-linguistic mapping between a source and a target domain. It uses qualitative, ethnographic research based on Spradley’s (1979) theory stating that meanings are derived from symbolically coded concepts where X is a symbol and Y is a referent. The researchers in this study, one from the USA and one from Poland, asked a group of preschool children to draw pictures of their friends. When the children finished their drawings, the researchers asked them 4 questions: “What did you draw?” “Why are they friends?” and “A friend is like…”, “A friendship is like…”. The results demonstrate that preschool children have the cognitive ability to understand the concept of friend and even differentiate between friends and playmates. In the study, the children could determine the number of their real friends, and for most children in both countries, it was 1 or 2 friends. In the group of American children, friendship (X) had two basic meanings (Y): helping (YH) and playing (YP). In Poland, friendship meant playing (YP) and being together after school (YBT). The children in both countries associated friends (target domain) with (source domain) certain people (FP), character quality (FCH), activity (FA) and (FO) object/places. A  comparison of the results demonstrates a difference in the number of friends the children claimed to have in Poland versus the USA. Additionally, the research showed that the American children drew only their friends without including themselves, while the Polish children included themselves in their pictures.

metaphoric expressions friendship

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Author: Asghar Zamani
Author: Mahtab Pouratashi
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 70-82
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.06
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170406.pdf

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between personality traits and education-research performance of faculty members. A survey was conducted among 321 faculty members in Tehran University, Iran. The research instrument included: personal and professional features, items related to personality traits, and items related to self-evaluation of education and research performance. Reliability and validity of the instrument were determined through opinions of faculty members and application of Cronbach’s Alpha, respectively. Data were analyzed descriptively and inferentially using SPSS/Windows. Findings showed that neuroticism had a  negative and significant effect on education and research performance. Openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness had positive and significant effects on research performance. Extraversion and agreeableness had positive and significant effects on education performance. Finally, results showed that agreeableness had the most effect on educational performance and neuroticism had the most effect on research performance.

faculty member research performance education performance personality traits

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Author: Maria Świątkiewicz-Mośny
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 83-94
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.07
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170407.pdf

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The research results presented in this article originate from the research and educational project conducted from January to June 2017, titled Prevention of cervical carcinoma, or how it is done in Tychy. Analysis of knowledge sources and the views on HPV vaccines, which was funded with a grant by the Polish Cancer League Foundation. The research material allowed for formulating the guidelines for the educational and preventive treatment programs addressed to young people and their parents. Despite free vaccinations against the HPV virus from some local governments, the percentage of people covered by vaccinations is decreasing. What is needed in order to reverse the negative tendencies is a set of new, innovative solutions, addressed at the needs and expectations of the beneficiaries. Therefore, people should be educated on the risk of falling ill, while HPV vaccinations constitute an important element of primary prevention.

cervical cancer cancer prevention youth

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Author: Stanislaw Juszczyk
Author: Mária Vargová
Author: Miriam Uhrinová
Author: Zuzana Chanasová
Author: Alojz Kostelanský
Author: Mária Karasová
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 94-108
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.08
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170408.pdf

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The attitude of parents influences formation of children’s attitude to life. It is even more noticeable when speaking about media. The proposed contribution shows partial results of research carried out as a part of VEGA project No. 1/0913/15: Media literacy of young school-age children in the context of family and school cooperation. The character of the empirical research was diagnostic and quantitative-qualitative. The aim of the research was to examine media education performed in formal and non-formal ways among young schoolaged children in Slovakia. 28 schools from all over Slovakia were examined in the presented research. The contribution focuses mainly on findings from questionnaires given to parents and other focus groups, i.e. pupils.

parents young school-age children media education pupils family slovakia

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Author: Anna Brosch
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 109-122
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.09
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170409.pdf

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The goal of this study was to determine the preferences concerning Facebook usage by university students in Poland and the Czech Republic regarding their gender and nationality. This study aimed also to discover the relation between the need to be popular on Facebook and three key factors: the number of Facebook friends, activity on Facebook and perceived enjoyment during this activity. To get necessary data, multiple research tools were developed – a questionnaire consisting of four sections and a 12-item questionnaire measuring the level of the need for popularity. Results show that there is no significant differences in the background of Facebook usage between Polish and Czech students. However, there is a statistically significant correlation between the need for popularity and two factors: the number of friends (r = .501) and the level of perceived enjoyment in using Facebook (r = .401). The results suggest that participants feel pleasure while undertaking different actions on Facebook and treat Facebook as a way to increase their perceived popularity.

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Author: Suciati
Author: Baskoro Adi Prayitno
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 123-133
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.10
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170410.pdf

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This research aimed to examine the strategy effectiveness of the Integrating Inquiry-based learning and Student Teams Achievement Division (INSTAD) compared to other strategies: Inquiry; Student Teams Achievement Division (STAD); and conventional learning, in order to narrow Upper Academic Ability (AA) and Lower Academic Ability (AB) science students’ learning outcome gap. As many as 136 research subject, consisting of AA and AB 7th grade students in equal numbers were selected using stratified random sampling from 27 State Junior High Schools in Surakarta, Indonesia. This research employed 4x2 factorial design as a method. Students’ learning results were measured with an essay test, then analyzed using Anakova. Findings demonstrate that INSTAD is the optimum strategy to constrict AA and AB students’ science grade point average, compared to Inquiry, STAD, and conventional learning.

learning outcomes INSTAD STAD inquiry

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Author: Bens Pardamean
Author: Jerome Donovan
Author: Eryadi Masli
Author: Teddy Suparyanto
Author: Hery Muljo
Author: Harjanto Prabowo
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 134-145
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.11
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170411.pdf

Streszczenie:

The use of Team Based Learning (TBL) as an instructional strategy in undergraduate health science curricula has been identified as a  way to improve student learning outcomes. However, comparative studies of the use of TBL in business subjects in different countries are rare. This research is a first step to provide comparative quantitative empirical evidence for the usefulness of TBL, leading to continuous improvement in the learning process. It compares the results of Indonesian and Australian students in two different business classes. The finding reveals that TBL has some usefulness in enhancing student learning outcomes in business subjects.

readiness assurance instructional strategy team based learning learning outcomes

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Author: Yongdeog Kim
Author: Jong-ho Nam
Author: Hyoung-Jin Moon
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 146-159
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.12
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170412.pdf

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To derive a  more effective educational method, racial differences among Chinese students in learning Korean culture was invesigated using a survey method. The Han and Joseon racial groups in China were examined. Before the survey, the Han race students (Chinese students except Joseon race students, in this case) preferred a  language and culture teaching method (LCTM), whereas the Joseon race students favored an audiovisual teaching method (AVTM). However, after experiencing four different teaching methods – comparative-cultural teaching method (CCTM), AVTM, LCTM, and rote memorization teaching method—for two weeks, the Han race students preferred the AVTM more, whereas the Joseon race students preferred the CCTM. Thus, students from the same country require different education methods.

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Author: Katarzyna Krasoń
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 159-168
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.13
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170413.pdf

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The aim of the article is to present a strategy of the educational use of art in primary school grades 1–3. The strategy is being implemented in the form of a pedagogical innovation in a school in the Silesian province. It is based on joint perception of a work of visual art and musical material as well as artistic and kinaesthetic creative activity evoked by this perception. The text includes a presentation of individualising pilot experimental studies of a selected case.

strategy of education art

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Author: Milan Chmura
Author: Josef Malach
Author: Anna Szafrańska
Author: Ewa Ogrodzka-Mazur
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 169-185
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.14
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170414.pdf

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The article is a result of the collaboration between Polish and Czech scientists who explore the issues of applying resources from the e-learning environment by academic teachers. The presented study was conducted in 2015–2016, within the project IRNet – International research network for study and development of new tools and methods for advanced pedagogical science in the field of ICT instruments, e-learning and intercultural competences. The research was aimed at learning academic teachers’ opinions on their own skills and possibilities of using various resources from the e-learning environment, as well as the ways in which they apply information and communication technologies in the educational process.

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Author: Sanja Bauk
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 186-198
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.15
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170415.pdf

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The paper considers challenges of moving education into Cloud under the conditions of digital divide. The content of the paper is divided into two parts. In the first one, the focus is on digital divide, since it greatly affects the issue. In the second part, a model for adapting Cloud in higher educational environment is proposed, with the emphasise on the needs of so-called developing countries, which suffer consequences of digital inequality. The statistical analyses of the survey conducted on the basis of the proposed model have been made at two universities in Montenegro (South-East Europe). Moreover, brief conclusions along with some guidelines for the future research work in the field are given.

model for adopting Cloud developing countries digital divide Education

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Author: Dita Culková
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 199-214
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.16
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170416.pdf

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The study examines the sensation seeking tendency – Zuckerman’s concept (1978) and student’s learning style – Dunn’s concept (2000). The study is of descriptive character and uses quantitative methods. To collect data, two standardized questionnaires are combined into one – Learning styles, Interests and Hobbies Inventory. Students of Czech grammar schools with extended physical education and sports training were observed. Analysis of Variance has found that boys seek sensation extensively more than girls regardless of their class type; furthermore, students from classes with P.E. and sports specialization do not seek sensation more extensively in comparison with students from general classes. Statistically significant differences in preferred learning styles have been identified between both types of classes.

descriptive study grammar school students sensation seeking tendency sensation learning style learning

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Author: C. Hervás-Gómez
Author: P. Toledo-Morales
Author: M.D. Díaz-Noguera
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 215-226
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.17
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170417.pdf

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The aim of the presented study is to identify the attitudes of future teachers (in pre-service teacher education) toward Augmented Reality (AR) applications. The innovation experience was carried out in the academic year 2016/17. For the collection of data, the Augmented Reality Applications Attitude Scale (ARAAS), by Küçük, Yilmaz, Baydaş & Göktaş (2014), was adapted to the Spanish context. It is a Likert scale grouped into three dimensions that determine the attitudes of future teachers toward the use of AR applications in education, which are Relevance, Satisfaction and Reliability. In order to analyse data, the statistical software SPSS 23.0 was used. The Bartlett test of sphericity and the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) test for sampling adequacy were also conducted. Results of the study led to the following conclusions: the students developed a favourable attitude in their role as future teachers toward the use of AR applications as learning tools, which have also provided deep learning.

good educational practices educational innovation teaching attitudes Augmented Reality higher education

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Author: Monika Frania
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 227-240
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.18
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170418.pdf

Streszczenie:

The purpose of the presented research was to explore, compare and describe the level of knowledge on selected issues concerning safety in cyberspace among people preparing for the profession of a pedagogue and a teacher, and to present opinions of the examined people on their attitudes towards the broadly understood media. The research was comparative and comprised a group of 519 students of pedagogical and educational majors of the University of Split (Croatia) and the University of Silesia in Katowice (Poland).

pedagogical media competencies media literacy Internet safety digital literacy higher education

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Author: Denisa Šukolová
Author: Magdaléna Nedelová
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 19-29
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.01
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170301.pdf

Streszczenie:

The study presents a secondary analysis of the “Assessment of Higher Education Learning Outcomes, Generic Skills Strand”, the international study of critical thinking skills (OECD, 2012). National secondary analyses include a comparison of student teachers (n = 110) and students of other study programmes (n = 413) in critical thinking and investigates a potential relation of contextual characteristics with their critical thinking performance. Performance Task and Multiple Choice Questions were used to measure critical thinking skills and a Contextual Questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic data, and subjectively evaluated characteristics related to test-taking motivation and coursework. The main results showed that student teachers scored lower in critical thinking performance than students of other study programmes.

assessment initial teacher education critical thinking

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Author: Agnieszka Kowalczyk
Author: Mirela Nowicka
Author: Krzysztof Sas-Nowosielski
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 30-39
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.02
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170302.pdf

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The aim of the study was to reveal age differences in motives and barriers of women attending fitness centers. 157 women aged 17-83 (M=43.86±15.40) participated in the study. All of them were members of fitness centers in the Silesia Metropolis in Poland. The most common reported motives for exercising were health and revitalization. Four motives changed when comparisons were made between age groups: affiliations, competition, health pressure and avoiding diseases. All these motives were stronger in older women. The main barriers to exercising were time constraints and physical limitations. The severity of time barrier significantly decreased with age and in older women it fell into the second place in the hierarchy, giving priority to physical barriers.

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Author: Vidmantas Tūtlys
Author: Genutė Gedvilienė
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 40-53
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.03
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170303.pdf

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This article focuses on the analysis of the current state of the key competence development of adults in Lithuania. The following key competences are analysed: communication in native tongues and foreign languages, development of cultural awareness, entrepreneurship, application of information society technologies, and learning to learn. The research involved analysis of the definition and role of the key competences, discussing their typologies and revealing the preconditions, factors and approaches to the development of the key competences. Results of the quantitative survey involving 6992 adult respondents in Lithuania showed that the key competences are important for the majority of the research sample in their social, work and personal life. Individualised ways of key competence development are applied more frequently than collective ways. Key competence development is mostly enhanced by personal needs (work, wish of development and self-realization) and support of the family. The most frequently mentioned obstacles to the development of key competences are lack of financial resources and expensive training services.

lifelong learning (LLL) key competences Lithuania

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Author: Gražina Čiuladienė
Author: Danuta Borecka-Biernat
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 54-64
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.04
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170304.pdf

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Based on the assumption that cultural orientations affect interpersonal conflicts, the study examined conflict styles across two national cultures of neighboring European countries, i.e. Lithuania and Poland. Whereas Poland and Lithuania score relatively high in terms of individualism, they differ in terms of power distance, uncertainty avoidance, and masculinity-femininity. For the research purposes, a conflict resolving style questionnaire was applied, which was prepared by T. Wach according to the Thomas-Kilmann Conflict Mode Instrument. The questionnaire was administered to 520 participants aged 13–15. Conflict style comparisons demonstrated that the Lithuanians chose dominating and accommodating styles more often than the Polish did, and the Polish chose integrating more often than the Lithuanians. The research findings can be a valuable source in predicting conflict resolution patterns.

cultural dimension conflict style Lithuania Poland

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Author: Hamideh Safarzaie
Author: Naser Nastiezaie
Author: Hossein Jenaabadi
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 65-76
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.05
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170305.pdf

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This study aimed to examine the relationship of academic burnout and academic stress with academic self-efficacy among graduate students. 307 graduate students at the University of Sistan and Baluchestan (140 female and 167 male students) were selected as a sample using the stratified random sampling method. The subjects were evaluated by questionnaires on academic burnout, academic stress, and academic self-efficacy. Data was analyzed using one-sample t-test, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and simultaneous regression analysis. Results revealed that academic burnout was significantly related to academic self-efficacy among the students, in the way that an increase in academic burnout among the students led to a decrease in their academic self-efficacy. Moreover, academic stress was significantly related to academic self-efficacy, in the way that an increase in academic stress among the students led to a decrease in their self-efficacy.

academic self-efficacy academic stress academic burnout

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Author: Siti Fatimah
Author: Suhartono
Author: Umi Mahmudah
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 91-100
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.06
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170306.pdf

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The main purpose of this study was to analyze factors that affect quality education in Indonesia. Although ordinary least square (OLS) regression is very popular in the analysis of the relationship between independent variables and dependent variablse, it is less than perfect when data are contaminated by outliers. Therefore, a robust approach is applied to face the problem of outliers due to its ability to down-weight the outlier influences. Results reveal that M-estimator of robust regression is better used to investigate the factors that influence the quality of education in Indonesia because it provides better accuracy.

robust approach quality education

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Author: Somayeh Najaf
Author: Afsaneh Marziyeh
Author: Abdulwahab Pourghaz
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 91-100
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2016.45.3.07
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170307.pdf

Streszczenie:

The present study aimed to explain the relationship between critical thinking and social tolerance among the students of the faculty of psychology and educational sciences of Zahedan University. The study methodology was descriptive-correlational. 294 students were selected from the faculty of psychology and educational sciences of Zahedan University in BA and MA courses by the stratified sampling method by Morgan Table. For data collection, a researcher-built questionnaire of social tolerance and the critical thinking questionnaire by Ricketts were applied and the reliability of these two questionnaires by Cronbach’s alpha was 0.84 and 0.85, respectively. The results of the correlation test showed that there was a positive and significant relationship between critical thinking and political, ethnic, nationality toleration, toleration against coverage and relationship and total toleration. The stepwise regression analysis showed that critical thinking dimensions explained the variance of social tolerance.

engagement innovativeness religious toleration political toleration ethnic toleration social tolerance critical thinking

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Author: Kateřina Kristová
Author: Josef Malach
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 101-114
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.08
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170308.pdf

Streszczenie:

The interest in education for entrepreneurship in primary and secondary schools constantly rises and it arouses a need to examine its impact on certain entrepreneurial characteristics. Not much research focusing on this topic has been conducted as yet. Research usually shows its positive impact on the intention to do business. In this study, we examined the mutual relation of five variables: pupils’ entrepreneurial spirit, pupils’ attitude to entrepreneurship, the school education focus on entrepreneurship, teachers’ influence and the influence of their relatives-entrepreneurs. To collect data, we used ASTEE questionnaire. The researched sample consisted of 268 pupils from primary and secondary schools in the Czech Republic. Only medium or small correlation values were found between the researched variables, which means that the formation of pupils’ entrepreneurial spirit and attitude to entrepreneurship is not principally influenced by the learning content about entrepreneurship and by teachers. The findings can support the opinion that education for entrepreneurship and preparation for entrepreneurship is more effective in a thought-out entrepreneurial ecosystem.

school entrepreneurship education teachers encouraging entrepreneurial spirit elatives-entrepreneurs attitude to entrepreneurship entrepreneurial spirit

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Author: Salah Hailat
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 115-125
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.09
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170309.pdf

Streszczenie:

 The primary purpose of this study was to determine the image of women in the books of national and civic education of basic education in Jordan. To achieve the purpose of the study, content analysis was utilized. Results of the study indicated that the woman’s image in these books is traditional and atypical because of her low and weak participation in public jobs, restricted participation in traditional jobs, restriction of her roles in the home, limited positive characterization of her roles, and her appearance as a follower and helper to men. Finally, the significance of this study lies in its contribution to educational reforms related to woman image and textbooks.

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Author: Jana Kamenská
Author: Mário Dulovics
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 126-137
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.10
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170310.pdf

Streszczenie:

The study maps cyber-aggressors in elementary and secondary schools, with regard to an analysis of cyber-bullying forms. The aim of the presented empirical research was to identify pupils in the research sample who had committed repeated aggressive behaviour towards another person via the Internet, as well as to find out significant differences in individual cyber-bullying forms by gender and attended school forms. The research sample consisted of 390 pupils of elementary schools and 541 pupils of secondary schools. Empirical data were collected with the use of the questionnaire method. 96 cyber-aggressors were identified in the research sample. They were pupils who ticked one or more statements relating to cyber-bullying forms, admitting that they had repeatedly used them. It was found out that the most frequent cyber-bullying form was insults, threats and name-calling in online communication, thus the so-called flaming

aggressor pupil cyber-bullying elementary school students internet

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Author: Joanna Piechowiak-Lamparska
Author: Katarzyna Kącka
Author: Agnieszka Jeran
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 138-153
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.11
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170311.pdf

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The article attempts to define the category of publication efficiency in science, and in this context to determine the strength of connections between financial outlays, the number of academic staff and the number of publications on the Web of Science at Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń. Reference data are established by the indexes compiled analogously at the Polish national level. The obtained results suggest a positive trend in publication efficiency at both the national and NCU levels. However, the differences between faculties and disciplines are significant. Moreover, analysis makes it possible to say that the developed measures constitute a good, synthetic source of information.

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Author: Ulrich Binder
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 154-166
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.12
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170312.pdf

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The question addressed in this paper asks what is to be learned with respect to the issue of gender ratio when pedagogical and political philosophical analyses apply principles of equity

non-egalitarianism egalitarianism equality equity gender

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Author: Mohamad Abdullah Hemdi
Author: Mohd Hafiz Hanafiah
Author: Mohd Salehuddin Mohd Zahari
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 167-175
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.13
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170313.pdf

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The presented paper shares the perception of Integrated Cumulative Grade Point Average (iCGPA) as an integrated grading system. The iCGPA system is one of the key initiatives outlined for implementation under the Malaysia Education Blueprint (Higher Education). A qualitative approach through discussion with the focus group was applied for information gathering. The sample populations were seven lecturers and fifty students who are directly involved in the iCGPA pilot project. Their perceptions on iCGPA were explored during the interviews. The findings show that iCGPA is evidently able to identify the students’ actual ability, knowledge, skills, and attitude. The analysis of interview data yielded four major themes. The iCGPA assessment not only aids students to improve their performances but also directly helps lecturers in varying their teaching methodologies. Further research on the effects of different contexts and factors is necessary to make a systematic evaluation of iCGPA.

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Author: Leong Kwan Eu
Author: Sharifah Norul Akmar
Author: Piriya Somasundram
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 176-188
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.14
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170314.pdf

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This paper reports on the research on year five pupils’ understanding of generalised arithmetic, which aimed to investigate the understanding of year five pupils’ commutative property and the property of zero together with its correlation with their mathematical achievement. Data for the study were collected via paper and pencil assessment answers for two items. Findings showed moderate achievement for both of the tasks. The pupils’ explanation illustrated their poor conceptual understanding of commutative property and the property of zero. However, this understanding is not correlated with their mathematical achievement in school. It shows that an outstanding student in school did not necessarily acquire conceptual understanding of commutative principle and the property of zero.

early algebra primary school properties of operations generalisation algebraic thinking

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Author: Eugenia Smyrnova-Trybulska
Author: Nataliia Morze
Author: Olena Kuzminska
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 189-200
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.15
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170315.pdf

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The introduction of information and communication technologies constitutes one of the conditions for higher education development as well as a catalyst for enhancing ICT competences of all those involved in the educational process in order to form their 21st century skills. The article presents experience in the implementation of flipped learning in Ukraine and Poland. It also describes scenarios and collaboration tools for students’ practical activity, provides examples of learning objects representing resources for independent study and research, and criteria for assessing the effectiveness of the proposed model.

electronic resources flipped learning model information and educational environment experiences

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Author: Saemah Rahman
Author: Nurulhuda Md Hassan
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 201-212
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.16
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170316.pdf

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This study was aimed to identify the relationship between problem solving skills, metacognitive awareness, and mathematics achievement as well as to identify the role of metacognitive awareness as a  mediator. This study involved a total of 333 Form Four students from ten secondary schools in Malaysia. Data were collected using questionnaires, while information about mathematics achievement was provided by the school management. Data were analyzed using the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) technique. Results indicated that all variables correlated significantly with each other, while path analysis revealed the mediation effect of metacognitive awareness between problem solving skills and mathematics achievement. The findings suggest the importance of problem solving skills in influencing secondary school students’ mathematics achievement through the development of metacognitive awareness.

structural equation modelling mathematics achievement metacognitive awareness problem solving

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Author: Violetta Lappo
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 213-222
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.17
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170317.pdf

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The article concerns the problem of formation of the spiritual and valuable sphere of the student’s personality by film art works. The place of film art has been outlined in the modern information space. Attention was focused on the educational potential of film works as a factor of the pedagogical process of high school. The technology to watch and discuss films in terms of academic group was presented. The most important stages of the organization and holding of educational events were described. The factors which facilitate the education and self-education of students in the process of acquaintance with film art works was concretized.

film art works spiritual values education of students

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Author: Beata Mazepa-Domagała
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 223-238
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.18
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170318.pdf

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The presented paper is a result of research conducted on the issue of visual communication as an art supplement and explanation of printed content. The publication begins with a reflection on visual culture illustrating its polysemic character and referring to the iconic nature of images. Further, the paper describes the art of illustration and the value of visual communication in the form of book illustration. The last part of the paper attempts to present the structure of a well-designed illustration in the form of profiles, constructed on the basis of picture tendencies appear in a group of pre-readers.

pre-school child visual communication book illustration

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Author: Joanna Malinowska
Author: Marta Kondracka-Szala
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 239-249
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.19
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170319.pdf

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The issue undertaken in this article concentrates on entrepreneurship as the key competence of the teachers of preschool and early school children in Poland. A hypothesis was made that developing this competence in the course of professional teacher training is the condition of effective children education. For this purpose, an online survey was conducted with a sample of 232 head teachers of schools and kindergartens (public and private ones). The presented results of the research tackle expectations of employers towards recruited teachers with regards to this competence. Accomplishment of the research project allowed for formulating recommendations for teacher training within the framework of education for entrepreneurship by indicating directions and areas of implementing necessary changes.

teacher training key competences Entrepreneurship

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Author: Fahad Alshammari
Author: Waleed Eyadat
Author: Ali Ebrahim
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 250-260
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.20
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170320.pdf

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The primary purpose of this study was to investigate challenges in teaching practice from pre-service teachers’ perspectives. To achieve this purpose, a valid and reliable questionnaire with two domains was developed as follows: school and management; and design and implementation of lessons. A random sample of 128 senior students who attended the student training program was chosen as the unit of analysis. Results of the study indicated that challenges related to school and management were high primarily in the following two areas: large number of students in the classroom followed by school principals not interested in accepting pre-service teachers in their schools. With regard to the design and implementation of lessons, challenges were high in the following three areas: teaching competence requirements were not clear during teaching practice followed by the fact that pre-service teachers do not know laws or regulations related to teaching practice and finally inadequacy of the training period related to design and implementation of lessons. Significant differences were not detected based on gender and specialization. Finally, the study provided a number of recommendations for the field of study.

Kuwait University pre-service teachers teaching practice Challenges

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Author: Dasim Budimansyah
Author: Unifah Rasjidi
Author: Ace Suryadi
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 261-272
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.21
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170321.pdf

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The presented study examined Indonesia’s licensure program commenced in 2006 and its effect on teacher competence and student learning. This cross-sectional survey selected schools randomly from a West Java sampling frame, in which all six-grade students were chosen from a randomly selected schools. Based on the data from student, teacher and had teacher questionnaires this production function analysis used an average student academic test score as a criterion, while the selected student, teacher and school variables as predictors defined in models. This found that teaching licensure insignificantly affected student achievement; the teaching license has become a symbol of credentials rather than the real competences of teachers. Students’ academic achievement, too, was determined by their socio-economic background more strongly than that by competences of certified teachers. This urges the Ministry to review the nationwide certification program and redevelop it so that it creates sustained improvement in teacher quality and student learning.

student achievement effect teaching licensure teacher certification

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Author: Inna O. Kaniuka
Author: Oksana P. Serhieienkova
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 273-284
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.22
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170322.pdf

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 The present article concentrates on the way of working out the program of effective intervention of professional reflection in psychology students. Five stages of study are presented. In the first step, in the literature review the designation of professional reflection was defined as a set of structure components: prognostic thinking, reflexivity, positive professional identity and agency. In the second step, in the empirical studies the external and internal factors of professional reflection were selected and examined among a group of professional psychologists (N=54). The analysis of empirical data of professional reflection factors and the level of its formation in psychology professionals made it possible to clearly identify the basic conditions for the intervention program «Professional reflection development» and its effect among psychology students. Only twenty five students (N=25) were self-selected in a 12-week intervention program forming an intervention group (IG). There are four studies of the program: cognitive, personality-related, motivational and emotional-volitional. All of them contain interaction, workshops, webinars, and art-cases. Remaining students (N=28) formed a control group (CG). The results obtained in both student groups and differences between them were further analyzed and explained.

educational development self-identity research-based education reflection professional reflection

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Author: Sara Filipiak
Author: Bożydar L.J. Kaczmarek
Author: Katarzyna Markiewicz
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 285-296
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.23
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170323.pdf

Streszczenie:

The present research relates to relationships between procrastination and a university subject. It included 84 students of pre-school and early school pedagogy, psychology and economics as well as an additional group of extramural students of management being in employment. They were asked to fill up the Pure Procrastination Scale Questionnaire. Findings indicate that a tendency to procrastinate is highest in students of pre-school and early school pedagogy, and psychology. Moreover, the tendency to procrastinate was most clearly manifested in the behavioral domain, which suggests lack of self-efficacy and/or poor time management. The results obtained proved to be statistically significant, yet they should be treated with caution due to a small sample of the examined subjects. They, however, point to the direction of further research.

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Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 3-10
DOI Address: -
PDF: tner/201702/tner201702toc.pdf

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Contents ......... 3-5

Contributors ......... 7-10

Author: Stanisław Juszczyk
Institution: University of Silesia
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 11-13
DOI Address: -
PDF: tner/201702/tner20170200.pdf

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Author: Natalya Antonova
Institution: Ural Federal University
Author: Iuliia Shnai
Institution: Lappeenranta University of Technology
Author: Mariia Kozlova
Institution: Lappeenranta University of Technology,
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 17-27
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.48.2.01
PDF: tner/201702/tner20170201.pdf

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This article shows specifics of the transition from conventional educational practice to the Flipped classroom model in modern education system. It is focused on professors’ perception of the video-based teaching approach. Conducted sociological survey involves the teaching staff from one European and one Russian university, namely the Lappeenranta University of Technology (LUT) and Ural Federal University (URFU). The survey investigated professors’ awareness of the Inverted classroom, their readiness to employ it and prime barriers they face. Results reveal that teachers from Russia have less information about the model and practically do not embed it in the education arrangement comparing to professors from Finland. Lack of time, lack of support and assistance are shown to be the prime barriers preventing them from fl ipped classroom implementation. Drawn implications are of use for the integration of the fl ipped classroom.

professors’ perception higher education system flipped classroom

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Author: Viktoriya Levchenko
Institution: Samara National Research University
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 28-40
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.48.2.02
PDF: tner/201702/tner20170202.pdf

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The corpus-based approach in language education has driven an array of studies over the past few decades, including its application in developing academic awareness in second-language learners of English for academic purposes. Most publications that show ways of incorporating corpus-based classroom activities (C-BCA) concern concordance lines and lexico-grammatical studies with reference to teacher feedback. The present study examines postgraduates’ perception of C-BCA in English for academic purposes classes. A class of 10 postgraduate students from Samara University, Russia, participated in the research. Questionnaire results showed a positive perception of using C-BCA as a tool for writing assignments. The study also concerns an analysis of the students’ results in the writing assignments as a part of their academic awareness. Specifically, this sample study shows interdependence between the positive dynamics of postgraduates’ perceptions of C-BCA and good results of a writing examination.

language awareness academic awareness writing corpus-based classroom activities corpus

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Author: Luciana F. Damázio
Institution: Fundação Dom Cabral
Author: Marcela Hanriot
Institution: Fundação Dom Cabral
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 41-52
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.48.2.03
PDF: tner/201702/tner20170203.pdf

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This paper presents the process of reviewing a lato sensu postgraduate course in marketing offered at a Brazilian business school. Changes were implemented to adapt the course to the job market demands. The results of the quantitative phase of the research showed that the course had many opportunities for improvement, especially regarding the course methodology. The results of the qualitative stage indicate an opportunity for improvement of the course contents by updating them and ensuring they adhere to professional practice. The redesign process of the course was based on the competency-based curriculum.

business school marketing education competency-based curriculum higher education

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Author: Hardianto Rahman
Institution: Universitas Negeri Makassar
Author: Syamsul Bachri Thalib
Institution: Universitas Negeri Makassar
Author: Alimuddin Mahmud
Institution: Universitas Negeri Makassar
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 53-64
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.48.2.04
PDF: tner/201702/tner20170204.pdf

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The presented study aims at increasing positive attitude of students as good citizens through the integration of character education in social studies with CTL approach. This research was classroom action research and the subjects of this research were 38 fifth-grade pupils of Elementary School SD Negeri 07 Panreng Sinjai. The study involved collaborators that were fifth-grade teachers who acted as the implementing action. Data were obtained through a test scale of attitude as the main data and supporting data were collected through observation and self-report. The research showed some findings. First, the integration of character education in teaching social studies is conducted by instilling the values of character education in learning with the social studies content and applying some of the components in the CTL. Second, there is continuous improvement of the integration of character education in social studies with the CTL approach from the first cycle to the third cycle. Based on the results of attitude tests on the citizenship subject in the first cycle, there was no student classified as very positive (0%), 44.73% of students were classified as positive, 39.47% negative, and 15.76% very negative. In the second cycle, there were 23.68% of students classified as very positive, 44.73% positive, 26.31% negative, and 5.26% very negative. In the third cycle, there were 18.42% of students classified as very positive, 78.94% positive, 2.63% negative and 0% very negative. Thus, the integrated character education in social studies can improve the attitude of a good citizen in fifth-grade pupils of SD Negeri 07 Panreng Sinjai.

contextual teaching character education social sciences

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Author: Darjo Felda
Institution: University of Primorska
Author: Mirjam Bon Klanjšček
Institution: National Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 65-75
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.48.2.05
PDF: tner/201702/tner20170205.pdf

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In math classes solving statistical tasks by using procedures which the student learned by heart is usually used. The authors, thus encouraged learning and teaching statistics on the basis of realistic problems and problem situations, so that the student gets to know statistical concepts within the experience of resolving a real-life problem situation. With this approach to learning and teaching statistics, students acquired a better knowledge and were able to grasp, interpret and make critical evaluations of the statistical information, which was confirmed by the experiment that involved 269 first-grade high school students.

statistical reasoning problem-solving approach teaching statistics mathematics teachers

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Author: Sultan
Institution: Universitas Negeri Malang
Author: Ahmad Rofiuddin
Institution: Universitas Negeri Malang
Author: Nurhadi
Institution: Universitas Negeri Malang
Author: Endah Tri Priyatni
Institution: Universitas Negeri Malang
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 76-86
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.48.2.06
PDF: tner/201702/tner20170206.pdf

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Critical reading awareness can empower readers through critical reading skills used to understand ideological messages and domination act in language practice. The aim of this research was to develop and test a critical reading learning model to enhance university students’ critical awareness. This Research and Development study was carried out by following three main steps that were product development, product validation, and examination of product effectiveness. 56 students participated in this study. They came from the Indonesian Language Department, Negeri Makassar University, Indonesia. The qualitative data was analyzed with the use of domain analysis and the quantitative data was analyzed using t-test. The developed learning model was proven valid and feasible through experts’ validation. In addition, the results of the effectiveness test indicated that the learning model could improve students’ critical reading skills and students’ critical reading awareness of understanding, evaluating, and responding to texts.

language learning critical awareness critical reading

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Author: Monika Wiśniewska-Kin
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 87-99
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.48.2.07
PDF: tner/201702/tner20170207.pdf

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This article demonstrates the results of the educational project “Word Art Awareness,” which was established in some primary schools in a metropolitan environment (Lodz, Poland). The aim of the study was to identify 8 – 9 and 9 – 10-year-old children’s knowledge of the following topic: target domain of the metaphorical mapping (JOY, SADNESS, LOVE, HATRED, FEAR) as well as childlike metaphorical accomplishments related to identification of similarities and diff erences between destination domain and source metaphor domain through the process of educational environment construction. In designed didactical intervention operations, research data resulted from participant observation, focus interview, and children’s production analysis (graphical visualization, paired-associate learning tasks and tests of unfinished tasks). Research findings show children’s preferences related to the translation of one metaphor discipline through another one as well as construction strategies related to children’s knowledge about the emotional aspect and feelings. Moreover, findings suggest the need for a broader understanding of educational environments in Polish educational culture.

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Author: Martina Kekule
Author: Vojtěch Žák
Author: Zuzana Ješková
Author: Katarína Kimáková
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 100-114
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.48.2.08
PDF: tner/201702/tner20170208.pdf

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The study focuses on the implementation of inquiry-based science education (IBSE) within the 7FP ESTABLISH project and its impact on pupils. The project included the creation of education units and realization of courses for teachers with the goal of educating teachers on IBSE. This was then followed by the implementation of IBSE education units into the teaching schedule of teachers who completed the respective courses. The impact of IBSE on pupils was evaluated using adopted and adjusted evaluation tools. The evaluation focused on the impacts on pupils’ intrinsic motivation for learning natural sciences, understanding the importance of natural sciences for society and pupils’ epis- temological beliefs. The study discusses the results obtained in Slovakia and focuses especially on gender differences.

ESTABLISH project inquiry-based science education (IBSE) questionnaire evaluation

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Author: Lucia Pašková
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 117-131
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.48.2.09
PDF: tner/201702/tner20170209.pdf

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The article deals with the subject of students’ mental health, which has been so relevant in  recent years. It is based on Furlong’s concept and theory of socio-emotional health. We tried to discover relations between dimensions and their indicators of socio-emotional health and subjective happiness with orientation to Slovak secondary school students. We used the Social-Emotional Health Survey questionnaire, version for adolescents (SEHS-S), and our results solidly confirmed a positive relationship between experiencing happiness and dimensions of socio-emotional health.

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Author: Stanisław Juszczyk
Author: Yongdeog Kim
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 132-143
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.48.2.10
PDF: tner/201702/tner20170210

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Culture affects our perception of self, our communication styles, and how we are educated or choose to educate the members of our society. Cultural differ- ences affect teaching and learning styles. Educational strategies and practices in Asian and Western countries seem to be in contrast with each other, like their cultures. Although both cultures recognize education as an important tool towards life and educational success, each of them has a specific view on how educational goals could be achieved. The purpose of the qualitative study was to look at how culture impacts on education of a chosen East-South Asian country as well as of a European country. The South-East Asian coun- tries, characterized as Confucian heritage cultures, have regularly topped the international league tables, such PISA, TIMMS and PIRLS, for a few years. The main subject of analysis were the culture and education of Poland and South Korea.

Confucian heritage cultures culture in education South Korean Poland

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Author: Bolu-Steve Foluke Nike
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 144-153
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.48.2.11
PDF: tner/201702/tner20170211.pdf

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This study was aimed at surveying the need for HIV-VCT services in secondary schools. Descriptive survey method was used in this study. The target popula- tion of this study comprised all in-school adolescents in Kwara State. Samples of 300 respondents were selected for the study. The purposive sampling technique was used in selecting in-school adolescents between ages 12 and 20. These adolescents were stratified based on age, religion and gender. Through a simple random sampling technique, one hundred respondents were selected from each of the senatorial districts (Kwara North, Kwara Central, Kwara South) in Kwara State. The instrument used was the Need for HIV Voluntary Counselling and Testing Services in Secondary Schools Questionnaire (NHVCTSS). Results of this study revealed that there was no significant difference in the need for HIV- VCT services in secondary schools on the basis of gender and age. However, a significant difference was found on the basis of religion and school type. As such, it was recommended that counsellors should be trained in the basic concepts of HIV as a compulsory component of their professional curriculum to facilitate capacity in HIV-VCT services.

human immunodeficiency virus secondary school voluntary counselling in-school adolescents

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Author: Anikó Fehérvári
Author: Tamás Híves
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 154-166
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.48.2.12
PDF: tner/201702/tner20170212.pdf

Streszczenie:

Hungarian educational policy took a  sharp turn in 2010, after the change of regime. The study analyses how pupil/parent preferences and enrolment chances have changed since 2000 in secondary education. The core of the study are KIFIR databases. Their task is to conduct secondary admission processes and to register applications. We have also used the data of the national com- petence survey to investigate the relationships between social background and student performance. While the strong government policy prefers vocational training, students and parents tend to turn away from it. However, the chances to enter secondary school have decreased, thus reducing the chances to enter higher education.

private school tracking secondary school equity

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Author: Maciej Bernasiewicz
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 167-176
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.48.2.13
PDF: tner/201702/tner20170213.pdf

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This paper indicates how practice (treatment, social work) may benefit from the application of notions deriving from symbolic interactionism and Situational Action Theory. I conducted interviews with therapists from a day care treatment centre. The centre offers educational assistance and counselling to children and youth aged from three to eighteen. In the article I present four methods of treatment of children and youth at risk (including juvenile offenders), which I draw from the analysis of in-depth interviews. The professionals who would benefit from applying the ideas presented in the article are probation offi cers, social workers, counsellors, street workers, and therapists.

Situational Action Theory symbolic interactionism treatment children at risk equal treatment

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Author: Katja Depolli Steiner
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 179-189
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.48.2.14
PDF: tner/201702/tner20170214.pdf

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The aim of this study was to propose a  classification of teachers’ burnout patterns. For this purpose, a qualitative analysis of different burnout patterns shown in a  sample of Slovenian primary school teachers was performed. Respondents’ burnout scores were obtained via the MBI-ES. Eight distinct burnout profiles emerged from the analysis, indicating that the territory between the positive and negative endpoints of teacher burnout is complex. The findings of the study could be used as a framework for future research regarding teacher burnout and for designing interventions for its amelioration.

burnout profiles burnout patterns primary school teachers teacher burnout

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Author: Alina Szczurek-Boruta
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 190-200
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.48.2.15
PDF: tner/201702/tner20170215.pdf

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In the study, the author refers to R. Kwaśnica’s concept of two rationalities and to P. Bourdieu’s constructivist structuralism. She assumes that the teacher’s activity takes place within the limits of two (adaptive and emancipatory) rationalities in a specific “field”, with a particular social, cultural and human capital, and with a developed habitus which determines educational practice. A research report is presented. This is done in the form of a record of the current state and socio-civilizational changes which have influenced teachers working in the southern part of the Polish-Czech borderland. Research results show both the continuity and change of the teacher’s behavior and activity from the perspective of social time and social change. They allow for a closer insight into the structure of pedagogical activities and their effects. The strategy of lon- gitudinal comparisons was applied. Diagnostic polling and the interview were used along with the (repeatable) panel method. The studies were conducted in time spans (1998, 2008, 2016) and they concerned the measurement of the teacher’s perception of the “other” learner in class, self-reflection upon the role applied by the teacher, and the teacher’s competences. The obtained research results allow for discovering the characteristics of the teacher’s habitus, for understanding the mechanisms of its functioning and for the effective design of educational activity.

habitus educational activity rationality Borderland

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Author: Heri Retnawati
Author: Sudji Munadi
Author: Janu Arlinwibowo
Author: Nidya F. Wulandari
Author: Eny Sulistyaningsih
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 201-212
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.48.2.16
PDF: tner/201702/tner20170216.pdf

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The objective of this study was to identify teachers’ diffi culties in implementing thematic learning in elementary schools. The study was phenomenology-type qualitative research. Data were collected through interviews followed by focus group discussion; the focus group discussion involved 15 elementary school teachers from eight provinces that had implemented Curriculum 2013. The data were analyzed by means of Cresswell’s steps. The results of the study showed that teachers encountered obstacles in selecting appropriate problems and themes within thematic, scientific and problem-based learning and in managing time for project-based learning. The availability of learning facilities was still limited. The problems found at the assessment stage was the teachers’ capacity in selecting appropriate techniques, in creating good instruments and in formulating clear assessment criteria.

elementary schools thematic learning teachers’ difficulties

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Author: Manja Podgoršek
Author: Alenka Lipovec
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 213-223
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.48.2.17
PDF: tner/201702/tner20170217.pdf

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Knowing one’s own level of knowledge is an important characteristic of an individual. It enables individuals to objectively evaluate their abilities and properly adapt to their advantages and disadvantages. In this paper, we present the results of the empirical research, where pre-service teacher students had to perform self-assessment after their seminars and mathematics classroom performance. We compared their self-assessments to their teachers’ assess- ments. Results show that the students’ self-assessments on average deviate from their teachers’ assessments. We also noticed that the Dunning-Kruger effect is present both for seminars and mathematics classroom performance. The students that received low assessment scores from their teacher provided too high self-assessment scores.

mathematics classroom performance seminar paper self-assessment mathematics

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Author: Klopota Yevheniі
Author: Klopota Olga
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 227-236
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.48.2.18
PDF: tner/201702/tner20170218.pdf

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The article contains results of the experimental analysis of cooperation pecu- liarities of young people with different vision levels (blind, visually impaired, with normal vision). Greater focus is placed on the statement that serious vision disorders depending on their kind and grade make the process of verbal and especially non-verbal means of communication mastering much more compli- cated. It has been established that young people with serious vision disorders have a low level of integration into social groups, are not active enough in com- munication, avoid close relationships with those who do not have any vision problems. The authors argue in favour of the importance of blind and sighted people’s cooperation activity provision as an obligatory condition for the development of psychologically proper communication and for the formation of social maturity of a personality, regulating its process of social integration.

blind and visually impaired people visual deprivation communicative activity interpersonal cooperation communication integration

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Author: Anna Kózka
Author: Hanna Przybyła-Basista
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 239-249
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.48.2.19
PDF: tner/201702/tner20170219.pdf

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Parents of children with Down syndrome face many challenges related to their children’s disability. They manage to raise their children primarily thanks to their internal resources, protective psychological traits and help from other people. The aim of this study was to investigate the level of ego-resiliency as an important personality trait in a group of mothers and fathers of children with Down syndrome. The relationship between ego-resiliency and parental satisfaction was also studied. The sample consisted of 126 parents (75 mothers and 51 fathers). Our results show that there is no difference in the level of ego-resiliency between mothers and fathers of children with Down syndrome. Nevertheless, it is noticed that there is a difference in perceived stress, psychological well-being and some aspects of parental satisfaction between parents with high and low levels of ego-resiliency. These results give an interesting insight into the internal func- tioning of parents of children with Down syndrome.

parental satisfaction ego-resiliency Down syndrome children parents

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Author: Margarita Gutiérrez-Moret
Author: Remedios Aguilar-Moya
Author: Raquel Ibáñez-Martínez
Author: Antonio Vidal-Infer
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 250-256
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.48.2.20
PDF: tner/201702/tner20170220.pdf

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TMMS and MSCEIT are the most frequently used tools to assess emotional intelligence. TMMS is a questionnaire to self-evaluate emotional skills, and MSCEIT is a test to measure emotional intelligence. Given that both are used equally, we examined the relationship between their dimensions. A sample of 252 adults was selected from higher education institutions. MSCEIT and TMMS-24 were administered and ANOVA and Pearson correlation analyses were conducted. The MSCEIT Managing Emotions branch was the only area that discriminates among participants. A new combined tool to assess EI is proposed in this study.

TMMS MSCEIT self-perception ability emotional intelligence

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Author: Dagna J. Kocur
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 257-267
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.48.2.21
PDF: tner/201702/tner20170221.pdf

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The aim of the presented research was to answer the question whether people working as teachers differ from other professionals in terms of the sense of and need for power and directiveness. The study group consisted of 198 teachers, while the control group included 156 people from other occupations. The research procedure included: the SPS Sense of Power Scale (Anderson, John, & Keltner, 2012), the Index of Personal Reactions (Bennett, 1988), the SD Direc- tiveness Scale (Ray, 1976) and an extended metric. Teachers had significantly higher results in terms of directiveness, sense of power in the family, sense of power towards colleagues, sense of power towards the supervisor, need for power and resistance to submission. Teachers had significantly lower results in the area of need for influence.

directiveness sense of power need for power teachers gender

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Author: Maria Świątkiewicz-Mośny
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 271-281
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.48.2.22
PDF: tner/201702/tner20170222.pdf

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This article focuses on young people in Poland and their ways of constructing identity. The research is based on fieldwork conducted in 2013-2014 among (605) Polish secondary school students. The respondents were asked to answer the “Twenty Statements Test” and, later on, to write down their own associations related to the notion of identity. The obtained data comprises answers provided by the respondents, whose places of residence are characterised by a high num- ber of people declaring nationality other than Polish (according to the Polish National Survey of 2011) and whose places of residence are homogenous in terms of national affi liations. The collected empirical data was suffi cient to indicate six milieus in which human identity is constructed: personality, gender, family, religion, language, and “space” (i.e., people’s identifications with a region, state, or nation). The first four milieus were very frequently placed in statements produced by the secondary school students. When confronted with the question “Who are you”, the secondary school students were no longer willing to say “I’m a Pole/ German/Silesian”. Perhaps the 21st century marks a time when nations or states are no longer relevant spaces of domestication and people are more willing to refer to cities or regions in their quest for identification.

nationality young people identity

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Author: David Herrera-Pastor
Author: Iulia Mancila
Author: Saville Kushner
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 285-296
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.48.2.23
PDF: tner/201702/tner20170223.pdf

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Many researchers argue that the analysis process of any narrative and biographical inquiry is a delicate, arduous and complex stage and requires creativity, advanced skills and the technique of the researcher. This research note, based on a research project carried out in Spain, makes a unique contribution to this debate by reflecting about the Cross-Narrative Model, whose father was Lewis (1973), introducing two concepts: Biographical Units and the Analysis Units. Furthermore, it describes the analysis process laying emphasis on the particular methodological challenges and possible benefits of using these units to build up a two-part biographical account. This research note concludes that the use of the Cross-Narrative Analysis model could be considered as a possible alternative to the on-going discussion on advancing the rigorous and resourcefulness narrative qualitative analysis endeavour.

biographical research inductive design categorisation cross-narrative model research focus

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Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 3-10
DOI Address: -
PDF: tner/201701/tner201701toc.pdf

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Contents ......... 3-5

Contributors ......... 7-10

Author: Stanisław Juszczyk
Institution: University of Silesia
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 11-13
DOI Address: -
PDF: tner/201701/tner20170100.pdf

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Author: Beata Žitniaková Gurgová
Author: Eva Nábělková
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 17-28
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.47.1.01
PDF: tner/201701/tner20170101.pdf

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The contribution presents results of the non-hierarchical cluster analysis of academic performance and aspects of achievement motivation of a sample of undergraduate students. The Achievement Motivation Questionnaire (AMQ) (Dotazník motivácie výkonu, Pardel, Maršálová, Hrabovská, 1984) was used as the research method. School success was established using the arithmetic mean of study results of 213 undergraduate students after completion of a term. In the AMQ, the Achievement Motive variable was focused on, consisting of the following aspects: achievementoriented behaviour, aspiration level, persever- ance at work, and future time orientation. The main aim of our research was to determine undergraduate student types by their academic performance and aspects of achievement motive. Based on the assessment of generated three to six-cluster solutions, the six-cluster solution appeared optimal, within which the following types of undergraduate students were identified: type of unused potential, unbalanced type, balanced type, type unoriented in time, academi- cally indifferent type, and industrious type.

academic performance achievement motivation achievement motive undergraduate student types cluster analysis

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Author: Katarína Hollá
Author: Lívia Fenyvesiová
Author: Jana Hanuliaková
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 29-38
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.47.1.02
PDF: tner/201701/tner20170102.pdf

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The presented study presents results of research conducted in 2015 within the project of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic VEGA No. 1/0244/15 Detection and Resolving Cyber-Bullying. The aim of the research was to find out and analyze levels of cyber-bullying severity. Participants in the research were 1118 respondents 11-18 years old (average age 15.25, SD 2.55) across the Slovak Republic. The severity of cyber-bullying was assessed through the GRM (Graded Response Model). The most severe forms of cyber-bullying were posting a mean video, creating a hurtful web-page and threats of bodily injury sent through a text message. The least severe forms were mean comments on the Internet, spreading rumours and posting mean or hurtful photographs of others.

cyber-bullying cyber-aggressor cyber-victim IRT model cyber-bullying severity

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Author: Rita Dukynaitė
Author: Jolita Dudaitė
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 39-52
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.47.1.03
PDF: tner/201701/tner20170103.pdf

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Sense of school belonging is related to school/classroom social membership. Students’ sense of school belonging depends on teachers, classmates and parents, and arises from a positive interpersonal relationship based on care and support, which contributes to students’ sense of community. The scientific problem analysed in the article is defined by the following question: which fac- tors of school educational environment are significant for the sense of school belonging and social membership to arise? The databases of tests, student and school questionnaires of the OECD PISA worldwide study were used for the survey. 4618 students aged 15 from 216 general and vocational schools of Lithuania participated in the survey. Analysis of data showed that some factors of school educational environment have a positive, while other ones-negative relation to the sense of school belonging.

sense of school belonging school environment school influence social membership

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Author: Olena Budnyk
Author: Piotr Mazur
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 56-65
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.47.1.04
PDF: tner/201701/tner20170104.pdf

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The issue of values in the education of young people is always relevant in the pedagogical literature. The main purpose of this article is to show the hierarchy of values of young people aged 12-15. The problem of the meaning of values in the lives of young people will be presented on the basis of our own research conducted among students from the Myślenice district (Poland) and Nadvirna district of the Ivano-Frankivsk region (Ukraine).

youth value hierarchy of values mountainous regions

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Author: Ewa Ogrodzka-Mazur
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 66-80
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.47.1.05
PDF: tner/201701/tner20170105.pdf

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What is discussed in the presented study are the transformations in the realization and fulfillment of life aspirations of children and youth from the Polish-Czech borderland. This is done in reference to Carol S. Dweck’s concept of motivation and life aspirations, according to which they are fulfilled in two different ways depending on how the nature of human abilities and the reaction to diffi culty and failure are understood. The studies conducted in 1990-1991 and 2014-2015, with the application of the strategy of longitudinal comparisons based on the time criterion, enabled both the recognition of some factors which affected the fulfillment of life aspirations by the young, and the presentation of the relative dynamics of the change and capturing the mechanisms which determine it.

life aspirations dynamics of change cultural borderland multi- and intercultural education

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Author: Prince Chukwuneme Enwereji
Author: Ifeanyi Mbukanma
Author: Joshua Ebere Chukwuere
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 81-93
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.47.1.06
PDF: tner/201701/tner20170106.pdf

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The study was triggered as a result of declining performance of learners in Botswana and it was aimed at finding solutions that would enhance sound academic performance in junior secondary schools. A phenomenological design was selected for the study while a qualitative approach was adopted using focus group interviews as the source of data collection from participants. The findings of this study revealed that the inability of the government of Botswana to implement job satisfaction measures in educators inhibited adequate transfer of knowledge to learners, which resulted in a decline in performance. Learners’ gross misconduct and their parents’ inability to counsel them contributed to their decline in performance. Also, learners and educators admitted that the current system of education should be replaced with another productive system. Another finding of this study confirmed that learners are tired of corporal punishment and they want it to be replaced with detention. The study recommendation is that the Ministry of Education of Botswana should apply motivational and job satisfaction factors to encourage educators to adequately transfer knowledge to learners.

academic performance risk factors Education junior secondary school

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Author: Sladjana N. Zuković
Author: Jovana J. Milutinović
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 94-103
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.47.1.07
PDF: tner/201701/tner20170107.pdf

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The aim of this study refers to the understanding of parents’ attitudes towards private and alternative schools. The sample consists of 189 parents. The applied instrument consists of the assessment scale of distinctive features of private schools vs. public schools, as well as questions about the level of information about alternative pedagogical concepts. Results indicate that the respondents believe that there are no significant differences between private and public schools, and they are not informed enough about various alternative pedagog- ical concepts. It may be concluded that work on the promotion of school choice, as parents’ right, is very important.

alternative schools democratization of society pedagogical and school pluralism private schools

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Author: Suwan Kim
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 104-115
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.47.1.08
PDF: tner/201701/tner20170108.pdf

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This article aimed to suggest implications of learner-centered culture education through observation, participant observation, interviewing or ethnoscience in particular. Korean Arabic language learners were asked to watch two episodes of an Arab soap opera and compare and contrast their own culture from Arab culture based on what they had watched. Results of this study showed a desir- able direction, from insiders’ perspectives, for culture education utilizing the methodology of ethnography of communication. In order to establish Korean learners’ cultural identities as well as to equip them with cross-cultural compe- tence through which they can appropriately, accurately behave depending on situational context, this methodology of ethnography of communication into Arab culture educational practice should be made in the future.

ethnography of communication Arab culture education ethonoscience participant observation

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Author: Touba Pouramiri
Author: Vali Mehdinezhad
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 116-124
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.47.1.09
PDF: tner/201701/tner20170109.pdf

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The aim of this study was to investigate servant leadership as a predictor of high school principals’ organizational trust. A correlational research method was utilized in this study. The sample population consisted of 103 subjects, of whom 52 were male and 51 female. Page and Wong’s servant leadership questionnaire and Ellonen, Blomqvist and Puumalainen’s Organizational Trust questionnaire were used. Cronbach’s alpha was 0.90 for the servant leadership questionnaire and 0.93 for the organizational trust questionnaire. Pearson’s correlation coeffi cient and stepwise regression were utilized for data analysis. Results revealed that there is a positive and significant relationship between servant leadership and organizational trust. Stepwise regression analysis revealed that among the components of servant leadership, components create a spirit of leadership (35%) in the first step while the prospective component (6%) in the second step was the most predictive of organizational trust. In fact, these two components together explained 41% of the variance in organ- izational trust.

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Author: Peter Gavora
Author: Adriana Wiegerová
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 125-138
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.47.1.10
PDF: tner/201701/tner20170110.pdf

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The primary aim of this article is to present the validation process of the SEPRES questionnaire to measure the self-efficacy of students in a preschool education programme. After the generation of the questionnaire items for the item pool, the items were content validated, and then they underwent an exploratory factor analysis with data from 154 respondents to determine the construct validity of the questionnaire. Four factors were extracted after using Principal axis factoring with Oblimin rotation. The factors are Children involvement, Behaviour elimination, Professional collaboration and Credibility building, and they have Alphas ranging from 0.769 to 0.903. Inter-correlation among dimensions ranged from 0.419 to 0.681, indicating that SEPRES is a consistent research instrument.

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Author: Kokom Komalasari
Author: Didin Saripudin
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 139-150
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.47.1.11
PDF: tner/201701/tner20170111.pdf

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This research aims to develop a model of a civic education textbook on the basis of living values education. This study uses the approach of Research and Development at the stage of product development. Results reveal the follow- ing: 1) living values education-based civic education textbooks conceptually incorporate living values and the principles of living values education into the textbook; 2) the textbook chapters include title, introduction, concept roadmap, keywords, presentation of materials, clarification of the values of life, exercises, summary, reflection, authentic assessment, feedback, and follow-up activities; 3) the values of life can be integrated into the textbook through features of civic values, words of wisdom, analysis of life values, reflection, and attitude assessment.

living values education textbooks Civic Education character student Indonesia

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Author: Katarzyna Borzucka-Sitkiewicz
Author: Katarzyna Kowalczewska-Grabowska
Author: Dorota Gawlik
Author: Dorota Lamczyk
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 151-161
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.47.1.12
PDF: tner/201701/tner20170112.pdf

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The article presents the findings of the research conducted in order to learn physical education teachers’ opinions on the implementation of the health edu- cation content. The study was carried out in lower and upper secondary schools located in the region of Upper Silesia (Poland). A quantitative method was used to gather and analyse data. The survey was conducted with a specially designed questionnaire including 17 items. The research was based on the analysis of core curriculum concerning the objectives and content of health education planned to be implemented during physical education classes in lower and upper secondary schools. The research allowed for identifying potential gaps and good practices in school-based health education and health promotion in the Polish socio-cultural conditions.

health education physical education teachers health literacy school practice Core Curriculum

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Author: Zlatica Huľová
Author: Denisa Šukolová
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 165-175
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.47.1.13
PDF: tner/201701/tner20170113.pdf

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The contribution is aimed at study of views and attitudes towards the contents of Technical education from the perspective of elementary school female teachers in Slovakia. Their measurement was carried out by a self-designed questionnaire which was a part of the research methods used (content analysis of curricular documents, international comparison, interview and observation). The originally designed questionnaire included items aimed at finding out views (evaluation of the importance of contents of education) and attitudes (cognitive, affective and conative components) of primary education teachers towards the contents of Technical education in the 4t form of elementary school. The research sample consisted of 334 female teachers. According to results of analysis, teachers considered such themes as traditions and crafts or catering to be more important than themes connected with the use of technical materials and design and they also had more positive attitudes to such themes. Another conclusion is that explanations of the views on the importance of the preferred themes were accounted for mainly by the affective component of teachers’ attitudes.

primary education female teachers technical competence views attitudes feminisation

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Author: Lenka Rovnaňová
Author: Lívia Nemcová
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 176-186
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.47.1.14
PDF: tner/201701/tner20170114.pdf

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The text presents partial results of research on theory and practice integration in future teachers’ undergraduate training. The aim was to find out respond- ents’ opinions on the level of theoretical and practical training integration in the processes of developing specific professional competences during study. Research tools consisted of a self-designed questionnaire and interviews (only partial questionnaire outputs are included because of limited content of study). The research sample was composed of 171 students of a master’s degree in teaching at three MBU1 teacher training faculties. The obtained data were processes by tools of descriptive and multi-dimensional statistics. Results indicate great discontent of the respondents with the low level of connection between theoretical and practical training in the processes of developing special professional competences during study and provide starting points for necessary system changes in the theoretical and professional practical training of future teachers.

professional competences and activities future teacher theoretical and practical training integration

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Author: Nasrun
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 187-199
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.47.1.15
PDF: tner/201701/tner20170115.pdf

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The purpose of this research was to find out the effect of incentive reward motivation, teacher psychological competence and school principal leadership on work motivation. Data were collected from closed-ended questionnaires and analyzed by applying the SPSS and AMOS programs. Test results indicated a direct effect of incentive reward on teacher work motivation as much as 0.411. The direct effect of teacher psychological competence on work motivation was 0.169. The direct effect of school principal leadership on work motivation was 0.249.

incentive reward teacher psychological competence school principal leadership teacher work motivation

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Author: Yoppy Wahyu Purnomo
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 200-210
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.47.1.16
PDF: tner/201701/tner20170116.pdf

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Mathematics-related beliefs play an important role in giving a teacher directions for taking decisions and for their behavior in a mathematics class. Therefore, the purposes of this research are to reveal the profile of teachers’ mathemat- ics-related beliefs, the consistency among belief dimensions, teachers’ practical profile in a mathematics class, and the consistency between beliefs and teachers’ practices in a mathematics class. This research used surveys with a cross-sec- tional design to collect data from 325 elementary school teachers in Jakarta. Teachers’ beliefs instruments and teachers’ practices in mathematics class were used to collect data. The findings of this research indicate that teachers tend to be constructivism-oriented but are not accompanied with suitable practices in mathematics class. Moreover, complex relationships also occur in both belief dimensions and in their relationships with the practices in a mathematics class.

teacher beliefs teacher practices mathematics class elementary school teachers

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Author: M.B. Bello
Author: A. Yusuf
Author: I.O.O. Amali
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 211-222
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.47.1.17
PDF: tner/201701/tner20170117.pdf

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This study examines secondary school teachers’ level of emotional intelligence and their moral character as predictors of moral character among secondary school students in Ilorin South LGA, Kwara State. 106 teachers and 318 students from 20 secondary schools were purposively sampled for the study. Data collected were analysed using mean-scores, standard-deviation and multiple-regression. The study revealed that secondary school teachers’ emotional intelligence predicts secondary school students’ moral character. It was recommended that there is a need for teaching emotional intelligence as a foundation course at all the teacher training institutions in Nigeria.

emotional intelligence moral character functionalist theory

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Author: Boža D. Miljković
Author: Aleksandar V. Petojević
Author: Mališa R. Žižović
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 225-240
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.47.1.18
PDF: tner/201701/tner20170118.pdf

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Modern concepts of education are increasingly focused on e-learning and distance learning. Expectations from them are at least the same efficiency, but also results higher than those obtained by the traditional education system. In distance learning systems the modules of assistants (tutors, helpers) are very important. They provide immediate feedback both to the student and the distance learning system. Tracking and recognizing emotions in distance learning systems is of great importance, especially in the adaptive capacity of automated education systems towards the student, but also in a corrective role in the distance learning process itself. Here we present a model for evaluating students based on automatic recognition of emotions during task solving.

distance learning entropy emotion intensity homogeneity

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Author: Zbyněk Vácha
Author: Lukáš Rokos
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 241-252
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.47.1.19
PDF: tner/201701/tner20170119.pdf

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The article is focused on the Czech university students’ attitudes to integrated science at elementary school and biology at secondary school and their experiences with inquiry-based scientific education (IBSE) of these subjects. Results show students’ opinions about teaching methods in nature science education and the direction in which it would be beneficial to aim he future teaching and learning process in Czech educational environment. Our results show that the main reason for integrated science or biology to gain popularity is teacher personality, implementation of field work and usefulness of gained knowledge in everyday life. Respondents’ answers revealed that the new educational methods, e.g. IBSE, could have a positive effect on students’ approach to natural science subjects.

university student respondent integrated science and biology education inquiry-based scientific education

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Author: Nawaf Al-Zyoud
Author: Eman Al-Zboon
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 255-265
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.47.1.20
PDF: tner/201701/tner20170120.pdf

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This study investigates the perspectives of young women with disabilities in Jordan, focusing on their self-regulation. 16 young women, aged 18-22, with visual (VI), hearing (HI) impairments and physical disability (PD), were recruited using a snowballing technique. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews, which were analysed thematically. Two main themes emerged where findings show that disability affects self-regulation where there was an overlap between local cultural perspectives in understanding disability of young women, disability and gender in understanding self-regulation of women with disabilities. Disability and gender also influence women with disabilities self-regulation with respect to self-learning, setting goals, self-evaluation, self-monitoring, making decisions and self-reinforcement. Findings will add to the current debate and efforts to understand disabilities in women and lay the groundwork for initiating a campaign in Jordan concentrating on the importance of self-regulation in young women with disabilities.

self-regulation young women disability Jordan cultural perspectives

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Author: Agnieszka Łaba-Hornecka
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 266-276
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.47.1.21
PDF: tner/201701/tner20170121.pdf

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Th e world of the social experience and expectations of children with mild intellectual disabilities is very diverse. Such children do not always know how to cope with social expectations. In such situations they tend to withdraw or, conversely, behave improperly, in this way trying to mark their presence. Th e paper presents a pedagogical experiment, during which puppets were used in bibliotherapy classes. The method has already proven effective when working with children with mild intellectual disabilities. The main aim of the project was to develop adaptive behaviours in children with mild intellectual disabilities to include creative actions and the skills of social interaction in their upbringing and school environment and among their peers and to encourage them to seek effective ways to deal with their own difficulties.

mild intellectual disability adaptive behaviour puppets bibliotherapy

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Author: Elżbieta Płóciennik
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 279-291
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.47.1.22
PDF: tner/201701/tner20170122.pdf

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The author of the article, popularising education for wisdom as a basis for comprehensive development of pupils, looks for methods supporting the devel- opment of wisdom from childhood. Stimulation of wisdom in early education can be a challenge to teachers due to a lack of theoretical and practical guide- lines. Thus, the author developed and used in studies specific diagnostic tools for analysing the capabilities and skills of older preschool children in using wisdom in their thinking. The article describes the study results concerning the application of divergent tasks stimulating thinking in children in different ranges of intelligence (based on R.J. Sternberg’s concept) and conclusions from the studies conducted based on a randomly selected sample (N = 366), e.g., that used tasks make it possible to differentiate the competences and intellectual capabilities of the children in question.

divergent task preschool education wisdom diagnosis

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Author: Ahmad M. Mahasneh
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 295-304
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.47.1.23
PDF: tner/201701/tner20170123.pdf

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The study aimed to investigate the effects of electronic mind mapping on achievement and attitudes in an educational psychology course. This study used a quasi-experimental research design with pre-test and post-test control groups. The study sample consisted of 65 students, 34 students in the control group and 31 in the experimental group. The experimental group was taught using electronic mind mapping, while the control group was given traditional classroom instruction. To achieve the study objective, an achievement test and electronic mind mapping attitude scale were used. The results of the study showed a statistically significant difference between the two groups in achieve- ment test scores and attitudes, in favor of the experimental group attributed to using electronic mind mapping.

achievement electronic mind mapping attitudes

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Author: Agata Tarnacka
Institution: Uniwersytet Kardynała Wyszyńskiego w Warszawie
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 79-97
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2017205
PDF: so/12/so1205.pdf

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Chinese legal system and protection of life – outline of the problem

The article entitled The Chinese legal system and the protection of life – the outline of the problem presents the basic issues related to the basics of Asian philosophical and religious trends that had an impact on Chinese law and the analysis of Chinese criminal laws relating to the lawful protection of life. Regarding the criminal law protection of life, it should be pointed out that the basic difference to Western legal orders is the statutory threat of crime against the death penalty. We should also mention the method of building regulations, which is far from that based on Roman law, which only confirms another way of thinking Asians about law. However, the purpose of the provisions – punishing the perpetrator remains the same, the same are also punishable acts. There are no diametric differences in the catalog of crimes, it seems that it does not differ from the provisions of Western legal systems.

Китайское законодательство Chinese philosophy protection of life Chinese criminal law Chinese law human rights

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