Author: Denisa Šukolová
Author: Magdaléna Nedelová
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 19-29
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.01
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170301.pdf

Streszczenie:

The study presents a secondary analysis of the “Assessment of Higher Education Learning Outcomes, Generic Skills Strand”, the international study of critical thinking skills (OECD, 2012). National secondary analyses include a comparison of student teachers (n = 110) and students of other study programmes (n = 413) in critical thinking and investigates a potential relation of contextual characteristics with their critical thinking performance. Performance Task and Multiple Choice Questions were used to measure critical thinking skills and a Contextual Questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic data, and subjectively evaluated characteristics related to test-taking motivation and coursework. The main results showed that student teachers scored lower in critical thinking performance than students of other study programmes.

assessment initial teacher education critical thinking

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Author: Agnieszka Kowalczyk
Author: Mirela Nowicka
Author: Krzysztof Sas-Nowosielski
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 30-39
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.02
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170302.pdf

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The aim of the study was to reveal age differences in motives and barriers of women attending fitness centers. 157 women aged 17-83 (M=43.86±15.40) participated in the study. All of them were members of fitness centers in the Silesia Metropolis in Poland. The most common reported motives for exercising were health and revitalization. Four motives changed when comparisons were made between age groups: affiliations, competition, health pressure and avoiding diseases. All these motives were stronger in older women. The main barriers to exercising were time constraints and physical limitations. The severity of time barrier significantly decreased with age and in older women it fell into the second place in the hierarchy, giving priority to physical barriers.

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Author: Vidmantas Tūtlys
Author: Genutė Gedvilienė
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 40-53
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.03
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170303.pdf

Streszczenie:

This article focuses on the analysis of the current state of the key competence development of adults in Lithuania. The following key competences are analysed: communication in native tongues and foreign languages, development of cultural awareness, entrepreneurship, application of information society technologies, and learning to learn. The research involved analysis of the definition and role of the key competences, discussing their typologies and revealing the preconditions, factors and approaches to the development of the key competences. Results of the quantitative survey involving 6992 adult respondents in Lithuania showed that the key competences are important for the majority of the research sample in their social, work and personal life. Individualised ways of key competence development are applied more frequently than collective ways. Key competence development is mostly enhanced by personal needs (work, wish of development and self-realization) and support of the family. The most frequently mentioned obstacles to the development of key competences are lack of financial resources and expensive training services.

lifelong learning (LLL) key competences Lithuania

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Author: Gražina Čiuladienė
Author: Danuta Borecka-Biernat
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 54-64
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.04
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170304.pdf

Streszczenie:

Based on the assumption that cultural orientations affect interpersonal conflicts, the study examined conflict styles across two national cultures of neighboring European countries, i.e. Lithuania and Poland. Whereas Poland and Lithuania score relatively high in terms of individualism, they differ in terms of power distance, uncertainty avoidance, and masculinity-femininity. For the research purposes, a conflict resolving style questionnaire was applied, which was prepared by T. Wach according to the Thomas-Kilmann Conflict Mode Instrument. The questionnaire was administered to 520 participants aged 13–15. Conflict style comparisons demonstrated that the Lithuanians chose dominating and accommodating styles more often than the Polish did, and the Polish chose integrating more often than the Lithuanians. The research findings can be a valuable source in predicting conflict resolution patterns.

cultural dimension conflict style Lithuania Poland

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Author: Hamideh Safarzaie
Author: Naser Nastiezaie
Author: Hossein Jenaabadi
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 65-76
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.05
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170305.pdf

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This study aimed to examine the relationship of academic burnout and academic stress with academic self-efficacy among graduate students. 307 graduate students at the University of Sistan and Baluchestan (140 female and 167 male students) were selected as a sample using the stratified random sampling method. The subjects were evaluated by questionnaires on academic burnout, academic stress, and academic self-efficacy. Data was analyzed using one-sample t-test, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and simultaneous regression analysis. Results revealed that academic burnout was significantly related to academic self-efficacy among the students, in the way that an increase in academic burnout among the students led to a decrease in their academic self-efficacy. Moreover, academic stress was significantly related to academic self-efficacy, in the way that an increase in academic stress among the students led to a decrease in their self-efficacy.

academic self-efficacy academic stress academic burnout

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Author: Siti Fatimah
Author: Suhartono
Author: Umi Mahmudah
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 91-100
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.06
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170306.pdf

Streszczenie:

The main purpose of this study was to analyze factors that affect quality education in Indonesia. Although ordinary least square (OLS) regression is very popular in the analysis of the relationship between independent variables and dependent variablse, it is less than perfect when data are contaminated by outliers. Therefore, a robust approach is applied to face the problem of outliers due to its ability to down-weight the outlier influences. Results reveal that M-estimator of robust regression is better used to investigate the factors that influence the quality of education in Indonesia because it provides better accuracy.

robust approach quality education

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Author: Somayeh Najaf
Author: Afsaneh Marziyeh
Author: Abdulwahab Pourghaz
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 91-100
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2016.45.3.07
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170307.pdf

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The present study aimed to explain the relationship between critical thinking and social tolerance among the students of the faculty of psychology and educational sciences of Zahedan University. The study methodology was descriptive-correlational. 294 students were selected from the faculty of psychology and educational sciences of Zahedan University in BA and MA courses by the stratified sampling method by Morgan Table. For data collection, a researcher-built questionnaire of social tolerance and the critical thinking questionnaire by Ricketts were applied and the reliability of these two questionnaires by Cronbach’s alpha was 0.84 and 0.85, respectively. The results of the correlation test showed that there was a positive and significant relationship between critical thinking and political, ethnic, nationality toleration, toleration against coverage and relationship and total toleration. The stepwise regression analysis showed that critical thinking dimensions explained the variance of social tolerance.

engagement innovativeness religious toleration political toleration ethnic toleration social tolerance critical thinking

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Author: Kateřina Kristová
Author: Josef Malach
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 101-114
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.08
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170308.pdf

Streszczenie:

The interest in education for entrepreneurship in primary and secondary schools constantly rises and it arouses a need to examine its impact on certain entrepreneurial characteristics. Not much research focusing on this topic has been conducted as yet. Research usually shows its positive impact on the intention to do business. In this study, we examined the mutual relation of five variables: pupils’ entrepreneurial spirit, pupils’ attitude to entrepreneurship, the school education focus on entrepreneurship, teachers’ influence and the influence of their relatives-entrepreneurs. To collect data, we used ASTEE questionnaire. The researched sample consisted of 268 pupils from primary and secondary schools in the Czech Republic. Only medium or small correlation values were found between the researched variables, which means that the formation of pupils’ entrepreneurial spirit and attitude to entrepreneurship is not principally influenced by the learning content about entrepreneurship and by teachers. The findings can support the opinion that education for entrepreneurship and preparation for entrepreneurship is more effective in a thought-out entrepreneurial ecosystem.

school entrepreneurship education teachers encouraging entrepreneurial spirit elatives-entrepreneurs attitude to entrepreneurship entrepreneurial spirit

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Author: Salah Hailat
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 115-125
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.09
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170309.pdf

Streszczenie:

 The primary purpose of this study was to determine the image of women in the books of national and civic education of basic education in Jordan. To achieve the purpose of the study, content analysis was utilized. Results of the study indicated that the woman’s image in these books is traditional and atypical because of her low and weak participation in public jobs, restricted participation in traditional jobs, restriction of her roles in the home, limited positive characterization of her roles, and her appearance as a follower and helper to men. Finally, the significance of this study lies in its contribution to educational reforms related to woman image and textbooks.

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Author: Jana Kamenská
Author: Mário Dulovics
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 126-137
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.10
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170310.pdf

Streszczenie:

The study maps cyber-aggressors in elementary and secondary schools, with regard to an analysis of cyber-bullying forms. The aim of the presented empirical research was to identify pupils in the research sample who had committed repeated aggressive behaviour towards another person via the Internet, as well as to find out significant differences in individual cyber-bullying forms by gender and attended school forms. The research sample consisted of 390 pupils of elementary schools and 541 pupils of secondary schools. Empirical data were collected with the use of the questionnaire method. 96 cyber-aggressors were identified in the research sample. They were pupils who ticked one or more statements relating to cyber-bullying forms, admitting that they had repeatedly used them. It was found out that the most frequent cyber-bullying form was insults, threats and name-calling in online communication, thus the so-called flaming

aggressor pupil cyber-bullying elementary school students internet

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Author: Joanna Piechowiak-Lamparska
Author: Katarzyna Kącka
Author: Agnieszka Jeran
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 138-153
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.11
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170311.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article attempts to define the category of publication efficiency in science, and in this context to determine the strength of connections between financial outlays, the number of academic staff and the number of publications on the Web of Science at Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń. Reference data are established by the indexes compiled analogously at the Polish national level. The obtained results suggest a positive trend in publication efficiency at both the national and NCU levels. However, the differences between faculties and disciplines are significant. Moreover, analysis makes it possible to say that the developed measures constitute a good, synthetic source of information.

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Author: Ulrich Binder
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 154-166
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.12
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170312.pdf

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The question addressed in this paper asks what is to be learned with respect to the issue of gender ratio when pedagogical and political philosophical analyses apply principles of equity

non-egalitarianism egalitarianism equality equity gender

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Author: Mohamad Abdullah Hemdi
Author: Mohd Hafiz Hanafiah
Author: Mohd Salehuddin Mohd Zahari
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 167-175
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.13
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170313.pdf

Streszczenie:

The presented paper shares the perception of Integrated Cumulative Grade Point Average (iCGPA) as an integrated grading system. The iCGPA system is one of the key initiatives outlined for implementation under the Malaysia Education Blueprint (Higher Education). A qualitative approach through discussion with the focus group was applied for information gathering. The sample populations were seven lecturers and fifty students who are directly involved in the iCGPA pilot project. Their perceptions on iCGPA were explored during the interviews. The findings show that iCGPA is evidently able to identify the students’ actual ability, knowledge, skills, and attitude. The analysis of interview data yielded four major themes. The iCGPA assessment not only aids students to improve their performances but also directly helps lecturers in varying their teaching methodologies. Further research on the effects of different contexts and factors is necessary to make a systematic evaluation of iCGPA.

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Author: Leong Kwan Eu
Author: Sharifah Norul Akmar
Author: Piriya Somasundram
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 176-188
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.14
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170314.pdf

Streszczenie:

This paper reports on the research on year five pupils’ understanding of generalised arithmetic, which aimed to investigate the understanding of year five pupils’ commutative property and the property of zero together with its correlation with their mathematical achievement. Data for the study were collected via paper and pencil assessment answers for two items. Findings showed moderate achievement for both of the tasks. The pupils’ explanation illustrated their poor conceptual understanding of commutative property and the property of zero. However, this understanding is not correlated with their mathematical achievement in school. It shows that an outstanding student in school did not necessarily acquire conceptual understanding of commutative principle and the property of zero.

early algebra primary school properties of operations generalisation algebraic thinking

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Author: Eugenia Smyrnova-Trybulska
Author: Nataliia Morze
Author: Olena Kuzminska
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 189-200
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.15
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170315.pdf

Streszczenie:

The introduction of information and communication technologies constitutes one of the conditions for higher education development as well as a catalyst for enhancing ICT competences of all those involved in the educational process in order to form their 21st century skills. The article presents experience in the implementation of flipped learning in Ukraine and Poland. It also describes scenarios and collaboration tools for students’ practical activity, provides examples of learning objects representing resources for independent study and research, and criteria for assessing the effectiveness of the proposed model.

electronic resources flipped learning model information and educational environment experiences

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Author: Saemah Rahman
Author: Nurulhuda Md Hassan
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 201-212
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.16
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170316.pdf

Streszczenie:

This study was aimed to identify the relationship between problem solving skills, metacognitive awareness, and mathematics achievement as well as to identify the role of metacognitive awareness as a  mediator. This study involved a total of 333 Form Four students from ten secondary schools in Malaysia. Data were collected using questionnaires, while information about mathematics achievement was provided by the school management. Data were analyzed using the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) technique. Results indicated that all variables correlated significantly with each other, while path analysis revealed the mediation effect of metacognitive awareness between problem solving skills and mathematics achievement. The findings suggest the importance of problem solving skills in influencing secondary school students’ mathematics achievement through the development of metacognitive awareness.

structural equation modelling mathematics achievement metacognitive awareness problem solving

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Author: Violetta Lappo
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 213-222
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.17
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170317.pdf

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The article concerns the problem of formation of the spiritual and valuable sphere of the student’s personality by film art works. The place of film art has been outlined in the modern information space. Attention was focused on the educational potential of film works as a factor of the pedagogical process of high school. The technology to watch and discuss films in terms of academic group was presented. The most important stages of the organization and holding of educational events were described. The factors which facilitate the education and self-education of students in the process of acquaintance with film art works was concretized.

film art works spiritual values education of students

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Author: Beata Mazepa-Domagała
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 223-238
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.18
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170318.pdf

Streszczenie:

The presented paper is a result of research conducted on the issue of visual communication as an art supplement and explanation of printed content. The publication begins with a reflection on visual culture illustrating its polysemic character and referring to the iconic nature of images. Further, the paper describes the art of illustration and the value of visual communication in the form of book illustration. The last part of the paper attempts to present the structure of a well-designed illustration in the form of profiles, constructed on the basis of picture tendencies appear in a group of pre-readers.

pre-school child visual communication book illustration

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Author: Joanna Malinowska
Author: Marta Kondracka-Szala
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 239-249
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.19
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170319.pdf

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The issue undertaken in this article concentrates on entrepreneurship as the key competence of the teachers of preschool and early school children in Poland. A hypothesis was made that developing this competence in the course of professional teacher training is the condition of effective children education. For this purpose, an online survey was conducted with a sample of 232 head teachers of schools and kindergartens (public and private ones). The presented results of the research tackle expectations of employers towards recruited teachers with regards to this competence. Accomplishment of the research project allowed for formulating recommendations for teacher training within the framework of education for entrepreneurship by indicating directions and areas of implementing necessary changes.

teacher training key competences Entrepreneurship

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Author: Fahad Alshammari
Author: Waleed Eyadat
Author: Ali Ebrahim
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 250-260
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.20
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170320.pdf

Streszczenie:

The primary purpose of this study was to investigate challenges in teaching practice from pre-service teachers’ perspectives. To achieve this purpose, a valid and reliable questionnaire with two domains was developed as follows: school and management; and design and implementation of lessons. A random sample of 128 senior students who attended the student training program was chosen as the unit of analysis. Results of the study indicated that challenges related to school and management were high primarily in the following two areas: large number of students in the classroom followed by school principals not interested in accepting pre-service teachers in their schools. With regard to the design and implementation of lessons, challenges were high in the following three areas: teaching competence requirements were not clear during teaching practice followed by the fact that pre-service teachers do not know laws or regulations related to teaching practice and finally inadequacy of the training period related to design and implementation of lessons. Significant differences were not detected based on gender and specialization. Finally, the study provided a number of recommendations for the field of study.

Kuwait University pre-service teachers teaching practice Challenges

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Author: Dasim Budimansyah
Author: Unifah Rasjidi
Author: Ace Suryadi
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 261-272
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.21
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170321.pdf

Streszczenie:

The presented study examined Indonesia’s licensure program commenced in 2006 and its effect on teacher competence and student learning. This cross-sectional survey selected schools randomly from a West Java sampling frame, in which all six-grade students were chosen from a randomly selected schools. Based on the data from student, teacher and had teacher questionnaires this production function analysis used an average student academic test score as a criterion, while the selected student, teacher and school variables as predictors defined in models. This found that teaching licensure insignificantly affected student achievement; the teaching license has become a symbol of credentials rather than the real competences of teachers. Students’ academic achievement, too, was determined by their socio-economic background more strongly than that by competences of certified teachers. This urges the Ministry to review the nationwide certification program and redevelop it so that it creates sustained improvement in teacher quality and student learning.

student achievement effect teaching licensure teacher certification

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Author: Inna O. Kaniuka
Author: Oksana P. Serhieienkova
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 273-284
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.22
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170322.pdf

Streszczenie:

 The present article concentrates on the way of working out the program of effective intervention of professional reflection in psychology students. Five stages of study are presented. In the first step, in the literature review the designation of professional reflection was defined as a set of structure components: prognostic thinking, reflexivity, positive professional identity and agency. In the second step, in the empirical studies the external and internal factors of professional reflection were selected and examined among a group of professional psychologists (N=54). The analysis of empirical data of professional reflection factors and the level of its formation in psychology professionals made it possible to clearly identify the basic conditions for the intervention program «Professional reflection development» and its effect among psychology students. Only twenty five students (N=25) were self-selected in a 12-week intervention program forming an intervention group (IG). There are four studies of the program: cognitive, personality-related, motivational and emotional-volitional. All of them contain interaction, workshops, webinars, and art-cases. Remaining students (N=28) formed a control group (CG). The results obtained in both student groups and differences between them were further analyzed and explained.

educational development self-identity research-based education reflection professional reflection

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Author: Sara Filipiak
Author: Bożydar L.J. Kaczmarek
Author: Katarzyna Markiewicz
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 285-296
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.23
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170323.pdf

Streszczenie:

The present research relates to relationships between procrastination and a university subject. It included 84 students of pre-school and early school pedagogy, psychology and economics as well as an additional group of extramural students of management being in employment. They were asked to fill up the Pure Procrastination Scale Questionnaire. Findings indicate that a tendency to procrastinate is highest in students of pre-school and early school pedagogy, and psychology. Moreover, the tendency to procrastinate was most clearly manifested in the behavioral domain, which suggests lack of self-efficacy and/or poor time management. The results obtained proved to be statistically significant, yet they should be treated with caution due to a small sample of the examined subjects. They, however, point to the direction of further research.

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