Author: Zuzana Ladnová
E-mail: Zuzana.Ladnova@studenti.umb.sk
Institution: Matej Bel University, Banská Bystrica
Author: Lenka Ďuricová
E-mail: lenka.duricova2@umb.sk
Institution: Matej Bel University, Banská Bystrica
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 55-65
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.04
PDF: tner/201802/tner20180204.pdf

The research study focuses on verification of the relationship between individual components of parenting and pubescent self-concept. The aim is also to examine gender differences in perceived parenting and self-concept in pubescent youth. It is a correlation-comparative study with the research sample consisting of 119 pubescent youth aged 11–15. Research tools: the Parenting Style Questionnaire (Čáp & Boschek) and the Piers-Harris Children’s and Adolescents’ Self-Concept Scale 2. Research results allow for stating that perceived parenting significantly correlates with pubescent self-concept. Gender differences in perceived parenting appear only in mothers, in the negative emotional component and in the component of demands, with girls scoring significantly higher. A gender difference in favour of boys can be stated in the overall pubescent self-concept.

REFERENCES:

  • Anderson, B.J. (2011). Parenting styles and parenting practices in pediatric diabetes. Diabetes Care, 34(8), 1885– 6. http://dx.doi.org/10.2337/dc11–1028.
  • Baumeister, R.F. (1995). Self and identity: An introduction. In A. Tesser (ed.), Advanced Social Psychology. New York: McGraw–Hill.
  • Beal, C.R. (1994). Boys and Girls: The Development of Gender Roles. New York: McGraw-Hill
  • Birndorf, S., Ryan, S., Auinger, P. & Aten, M. (2005). High self-esteem among adolescents: longitudinal trends, sex differences, and protective factors. Journal of Adolescent Health, 37(3), 194 – 201, doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2004.08.012.
  • Boudreault-Bouchard, A.M., Dion, J., Hains, J., Vandermeerschen, J., Laberge, L. & Perron, M. (2013). Impact of parental emotional support and coercive control on adolescents’ self-esteem and psychological distress: results of a four-year longitudinal study. Journal of Adolescence, 36(4), 695 – 704. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2013.05.002.
  • Calafat, A., Gracia, F, Juan, M, Becoña, E. & Fernández-Hermida, J.R. (2014). Which parenting style is more protective against adolescent substance use? Evidence within the European context. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 138, 185 – 192. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.02.705.
  • Campbell, J.D., Assanand, S. & Di Paula A. (2003). The structure of the self-concept and its relation to psychological adjustment. Journal of Personality, 71(1), 115 – 140.
  • Carlson, C., Uppal, S. & Prosser, E.C. (2000). Ethnic differences in processes contributing to the self-esteem of early adolecent girls. The Jounal of Early Adolescence, 20(1), 44 – 67.
  • Čáp, J. & Boschek. P. (1994). Dotazník pro zjišťovaní způsobu výchovy v rodině (Parenting Style Questionnaire), Bratislava: Psychodiagnostika.
  • Darling, N. & Steinberg, L. (1993). Parenting style as context: an integrative model. Psychology Bulletin, 113, 487 – 496.
  • DuBois, D.L., & Tevendale, H.D. (1999). Self-esteem in childhood and adolescence: Vaccine or epiphenomenon? Journal of Preventive Psychology, 8, 103 – 117.
  • Ďuricová, L. & Hašková, M. (2016). Spôsob výchovy v rodine ako zdroj sebapoňatia pubescenta (Parenting Style as the Source of Pubescent Self-Concept). Pedagogika.sk, 7(1), 7– 21. http://www.casopispedagogika.sk/rocnik-7/cislo-1/studia-duricova.pdf.
  • Hajná, V. & Stránská, Z. (2011). Souvislosti mezi způsobem výchovy v rodině a sebehodnocením mladých dospělých (Relationship between Parenting Style and Self-Evaluation of Young Adults). In Sociální procesy a osobnost. Sborník příspěvků (113 – 119). (Social Processes and Personality. Conference Proceedings). Brno: MSD.
  • Harter, S. (2006). The self. In W. Damon & R.M. Lerner (series, eds.) & N. Eisenberg (vol. ed.), Handbook of child psychology.Vol. 3: Social, emotional, and personality development (6th ed., pp. 505 – 570). New York: Wiley.
  • Litovsky, V.G., & Dusek, J.B. (1985). Perceptions of child rearing and self-concept development during the early adolescent years. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 14, 373– 387.
  • McClure, A.C., Tanski, S.E., Kingsbury, J., Gerrard, M. & Sargent, J.D. (2010). Characteristics Associated With Low Self-esteem Among US Adolescents. Academic Pediatrics, 10(4), 238– 244. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acap.2010.03.007.
  • Muldoon, O.T. (2000) Self-perceptions in Northern Irish children: A longitudinal study. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 18, 65 – 80.
  • Obereignerů, R., Orel, M., Reiterová, E., Mentel, A., Malčík, M., Petrůjová, T., Fac, O. & Friedlová, M. (2015). Dotazník sebepojetídětí adolescentů Piers-Harris 2. (The Piers-Harris Adolescents’ Self-Concept Scale). Praha: Hogrefe–Tescentrum.
  • Ohannessian, C.M., Lerner, R.M., Lerner, J.V., & von Eye, A. (1998). Perceived parental acceptance and early adolescent self-competence. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 68, 621– 629.
  • Pašková, L. (2017). Socio-Emotional Health of Secondary School Students. The New Educational Review, 48(2), 117 – 131.
  • Sia, S.K. & Kaur, M. (2015). Self Concept of Helpless and Mastery Oriented Children. Journal of Psychosocial Research, 10(2), 225– 237.
  • Valihorová, M. & Gallo, A. (2014). Percepcia výchovných štýlov v rodine a sebahodnotenie žiakov (Perception of Parenting Styles and Self-Evaluation of Pupils). In Ďuričove dni–učiteľ a školská psychológia (Ďurič Days – The Teacher and School Psychology) (20– 21). Trnava: Pedagogická fakulta TU (Faculty of Education, University of Trnava).
  • Vanager, S., L. (2012). Children’s awareness of parental behaviors and environmental family perceptions. Dissertation thesis. https://search.proquest.com/central/docview/1022644823/fulltextPDF/69D149C2BB9841AAPQ/1?accountid=17223.
  • Yazdani, S. & Daryei, G. (2016). Parenting styles and psychosocial adjustment of gifted and normal adolescents. Pacific Science Review B: Humanities and Social Sciences, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psrb.2016.09.019.
  • Youngblade, L.M., Theokas, C., Schulenberg, J., Curry, L., Huang, I.CH., Novak, M. (2007). Risk and promotive factors in families, schools and communities: a contextual model of positive youth development in adolescence. Pediatrics, 119 (supl. 1), S47-S53. doi: 10.1542/peds.2006– 2089H.

Wiadomość do:

 

 

© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart