The article presents the results of research carried out in the 2016/2017 school year in selected primary schools in an urban environment (Łódź). The aim of the study was to diagnose the ways of understanding the abstract concept of the horizon, in groups of 8- to 9-year-olds and 9- to 10-year-old children. The research was carried out in a venue that provided a natural learning environment (in two second grade classes and two third grade classes). The research adopted the strategy of didactic intervention. The researcher acted as an observer and a participant, and the research material came from participatory observation. The observation covered both the activities of pupils as well as the effects of these activities. The research material obtained in the course of conversations with children and their artistic activity was analyzed. The research results reconstructed the children’s process of understanding the concept of the horizon and revealed possibilities of enriching educational discourse.
Angrosino, M.V. (2007). Doing Ethnographic and Observational Research. London, Uwe Flick.
Bratland, E., Siemieniecka, D., Siemieniecki, B. (2016). Knowledge, ICT and Education A Variety of Perspectives. Toruń, Wydawnictwo Adam Marszałek.
Cameron, L. (2003). Metaphor in Educational Discourse. London, New York: Continuum.
Denzin, N.K., Lincoln, Y.S. (eds.) (2005). The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research. Los Angeles, Sage Publications.
Driver, R. (1985). Children’s ideas in science. McGraw-Hill Education (UK). accessible: https:// staff. fnwi.uva.nl/e.j oling/vakdidactiek/ documenten/ driver.pdf (accessed:14.09.2015).
Gopnik, A., Meltzoff A.N., Kuhl, RK. (1999). The Scientist in the Crib: What Early Learning Tells Us About the Mind. New York, William Morrow & Co.
Green, D.W. et al. (1996). Cognitive Sciences. An Introduction. Oxford, Blackwell.
Klus-Stańska, D. (2010). Dydaktyka wobec chaosu pojec’ i zdarzeń. Warszawa, Wydawnictwo Akademickie Żak. [Didactics towards the chaos of concepts and events]
Kóvecses, Z. (2006). Language, Mind, and Culture: A Practical Introduction. Oxford et al.: Oxford University Press.
Langacker, R.W. (1991). Foundations of Cognitive Grammar. Descriptive Application. Stanford, California.
Łenyk-Barszcz, ]., Barszcz, P. (2016). Poza horyzont. Polscy podróżnicy. Warszawa, Wyd. Fronda. [Beyond the Horizon. Polish travelers]
Mela,]. (2010). Poza horyzonty. Warszawa, Wydawnictwo: G+]. [Beyond the Horizons]
Reason, P., Bradbury, H. (eds.) (2008). The Sage Handbook of Action Research. Participative Inquiry and Practice. Los Angeles, Sage Publications.
Stark, U., Eriksson, E. (2007). Na'r Pappa Visade Mej Va'rldsalltet. Stockholm, Bonnier Carlsen.
Steenbergen, R.D.].M., van Gelder, P.H.A.].M., Miraglia, S., Vriuwenvelder, A.C.W.M. (2014). Safety, Reliability and Risk Analysis: Beyond the Horizon. London, Taylor and Francis Group.