Author: Sariyatun
Author: Hermanu Joebagio
Author: M. Hum
Author: Nur Fatah Abidin
Author: Leo Agung Sutimin
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 19-29
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.01
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180101.pdf

Streszczenie:

The presented research develops a deconstructive learning history model to promote the Higher Order Thinking Skill (HOTS) of university students. According to Thiagarajan, Semmel, & Semmel’s (1974) approach, the model was developed in four stages: defining, design, development, and dissemination. The research participants were 120 students of the History Education Department, Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia. The authors found the main problems related to the aspects of chronological thinking, students’ passive attitude, and the availability of learning path. Based on those problems, the author designed a deconstructive learning history model, consisting of four learning stages: problem statement, deconstruction, construction, and articulation. At the development and summative evaluation stages, the learning model proved feasible and effective in promoting the HOTS, thus, the learning model can solve the problems of time orientation and students’ passive attitude. Considering the findings and results of the research, the authors state that the learning model becomes a decisive factor in provoking students to reach the higher cognitive level in Bloom’s taxonomy.

deconstructive learning model learning history higher order thinking skill

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Author: Bustami Usman
Author: Asnawi Muslem
Author: Nazaruddin Ali Basyah
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 30-40
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.02
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180102.pdf

Streszczenie:

The objective of this study was to investigate whether the use of the Jigsaw model in teaching-learning Economics could improve the results of Senior High School Students in Banda Aceh, Indonesia. A quasi-experimental design was used in this study, which used 60 randomly sampled second year (Grade 11) High School students for the sample, divided into two classes of 30; one the experimental group (EG) and the other the control group (CG). The two groups were homogenous in terms of their initial ability. The instrument used in this study was an essay test. T-test was used to analyse the data collected. The results from the post-test showed that there was then a significant positive difference between the two groups in terms of the students’ achievements in economics; after the EG had been taught-learnt using the Jigsaw model for three months, they got significantly higher results in their economics essays than the CG students, who had been taught economics using the standard model and had not used Jigsaw. The implications of this study show that the use of the Jigsaw model in teaching-learning economics can be a model for improving students’ achievement.

achievements of students Jigsaw model

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Author: Noppakhun Siriwan
Author: Sarawut Intorrathed
Author: Surintorn Satiansiriwiwat
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 41-52
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.03
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180103.pdf

Streszczenie:

The research is aimed at studying academic achievement and the effects of attitudes towards agriculture from teaching and learning through the integration of agricultural knowledge with the Thai language, mathematics, and science subjects of the first grade of elementary school in Thailand. This study was a true experimental design, which employed only the post-test control group design. Results of the study were as follows: 1) Teaching/learning which employed agricultural knowledge to integrate subjects could enhance the students’ knowledge of agriculture; and 2) Teaching and learning through integrated subjects made the students have increased attitudes towards agriculture.

achievements of students Jigsaw model

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Author: Cheng-Chang Tsai
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 53-65
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.04
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180104.pdf

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With the rapid development of Augmented Reality (AR), an increasing number of studies has been conducted to explore the effectiveness of this technology in the field of education. Few, however, have examined how AR might influence EFL (English as a Foreign Language) learners’ vocabulary learning efficiency. To fill in this gap in the literature, the purpose of this study is to compare traditional English flash cards with the vocabulary learning method of Augmented Reality to see which English vocabulary learning is more efficient for elementary school students. The study was conducted at an elementary school in Taiwan, and the participants were 66 third grade pupils in total. The study was conducted at two stages in terms of data collection. At the first stage, the control and experimental groups took the same English vocabulary test without any teacher instruction as a pretest. At the second stage, the control group used flashcards to learn 20 target English words by themselves in 30 minutes. The experimental group adopted the Augmented Reality 3D effect of 20 target words by themselves in 30 minutes. After that, both groups took the same English vocabulary test again as a posttest. On the whole, Augmented Reality teaching effects apparently excel the effects of the traditional vocabulary learning methods. The results of this study have shown that the learning method of Augmented Reality was more efficient than the learning method using English flash cards at various proficiency levels (high, intermediate, and low) in terms of English vocabulary learning. The learning method of English flash cards had significant differences in high and low level groups as well as intermediate and low level groups, with the exceptions of high and intermediate level groups. It is worth improving children’s English vocabulary learning by using Augmented Reality in their daily lives in terms of mobile learning. 

English vocabulary learning English flash cards Augmented Reality elementary school students

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Author: Khadim Hussain
Author: Sehrish Farooq
Author: Nasim Akhtar
Author: Faisal Azeem Abbassi
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 66-77
DOI Address: 10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.05
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180105.pdf

Streszczenie:

The presented study is intended to suggest the best model to predict students’ academic performance at university level. For this purpose, primary data was collected from 400 undergraduate and graduate students of eight departments of Mirpur University of Science and Technology (MUST), which were selected through stratified random sampling. CGPA is used as an indicator of students’ academic performance. Stepwise linear regression is used to select the best model to predict students’ academic performance at tertiary level. The final model selected through stepwise regression includes six variables: the student’s IQ, ownership of AC, gender, geographic location, self-study hours and ownership of fridge as significant predictors of students’ academic performance at tertiary level. IQ, ownership of assets and self-study hours are found to have a positive effect on CGPA while being male and the distance of the household to nearest market are found to have a negative effect on CGPA. 

socioeconomic status CGPA model selection academic performance

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Author: Hussein Bougsiaa
Author: Lucyna Kopciewicz
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 76-90
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.06
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180106.pdf

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This text presents and discusses results of empirical research conducted during 3 school semesters (1.5 of school year) in a primary school in Poland. The research focused on the introduction of tablets (iPads) to didactic design and aimed at the observation of learning processes of the entire school community in connection with the appearance of a new educational actor. We used a qualitative research approach, mainly video-ethnography (60 hours of recorded material). This research approach resulted in the identification of maps of teaching and learning practices and their meanings in the changing school field.

SAMR model didactic design teaching mobile technology transformation

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Author: Grzegorz Adamczyk
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 93-103
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.07
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180107.pdf

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The purpose of this article is to analyse the relations between students’ cultural and social capital and their competence test results in the field of the Polish language. The data come from the research carried out in 2013 in 60 middle schools in 5 provinces of Poland. Students filled in survey questionnaires regarding their school and family environment and 3 competence tests. Two types of socio-cultural capital were distinguished – soft and hard capital. The hard socio-cultural capital affects approximately 10% of the students’ results. If the soft and hard capital resources and the extent of identification with school were increased by one level, this would result in an average increase in the 1st form students’ results of the test regarding cultural texts analysis and interpretation by 21.4%.

social determinants of the effectiveness of the educational process tests of students’ skills cultural capital social capital

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Author: Jolanta Bonar
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 104-114
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.08
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180108.pdf

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The article presents the results of research carried out in the 2016/2017 school year in selected primary schools in an urban environment (Łódź). The aim of the study was to diagnose the ways of understanding the abstract concept of the horizon, in groups of 8- to 9-year-olds and 9- to 10-year-old children. The research was carried out in a  venue that provided a  natural learning environment (in two second grade classes and two third grade classes). The research adopted the strategy of didactic intervention. The researcher acted as an observer and a participant, and the research material came from participatory observation. The observation covered both the activities of pupils as well as the effects of these activities. The research material obtained in the course of conversations with children and their artistic activity was analyzed. The research results reconstructed the children’s process of understanding the concept of the horizon and revealed possibilities of enriching educational discourse.

ways of categorizing the concept understanding of the concept participatory observation didactic intervention

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Author: Khaleda Zaid
Author: Yousef Eyadat
Author: Salah Hailat
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 115-124
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.09
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180109.pdf

Streszczenie:

 The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of using a virtual history strategy on the development of historical thinking skills among a sample of undergraduate classroom teachers from one public university located in the middle part of Jordan. To achieve this purpose, a historical thinking test was adapted from Al-Safadi (1999), and applied to one classroom with (54) students who studied Arab world history course during the 2016/2017academic year. The results of the study indicated significant differences (α = 0.05) between the pretest and posttest in the students’ historical thinking as a result of utilizing the virtual history approach. The study was concluded by proposing practical and theoretical recommendations for the field of study.

undergraduate university students historical thinking virtual history

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Author: Kamila Majewska
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 125-135
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.10
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180110.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article serves as a summary of one of the parts of the research carried out under the NP-2550 grant in the Department of Education and Media in Education of the Faculty of Pedagogical Sciences at Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń. The presented analyses concern the application of modern educational tools in the process of education. The work includes a discussion of the frequency, as well as ways, of using ICT devices by early education teachers. It shows the relationship between the presence of modern computer tools in the teaching process and the constructive-cognitive character of activities undertaken in the classroom. The research referred to was carried out among 148 teachers in the Kujawsko-Pomorskie Province. The analyses presented to the reader are mainly based on the quantitative data obtained on the basis of: knowledge and skills tests, observation, as well as surveys. The research material was supplemented with qualitative data obtained through the conducted interviews.

multibook smartphone interactive whiteboard tablet modern educational tools cognitivism internet constructivism

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Author: Simona Slačková
Author: Beata Žitniaková Gurgová
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 139-149
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.11
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180111.pdf

Streszczenie:

The aim of the study was to examine relationships between adolescents’ perfectionism and their parents’ parenting. The research method included the Parental Behaviour and Attitudes Questionnaire – ADOR (Matějček, Říčan, 1983), Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale – MPS (Frost et al., 1990) and Perfectionism Cognitions Inventory – PCI (Flett, Hewitt, Blankstein, Gray, 1998). The research sample consisted of 122 secondary school students aged 16 to 19 (average age 17.37 years), including 44 boys and 78 girls. The main findings of empirical analysis were that there are differences in the relationship between the father’s and mother’s influence on the development of some perfectionism dimensions in their children. The dimensions Concern over Mistakes and Doubts over Action showed a negative significant relationship with the father’s Positive Interest (r = – 0.25**). The relationship was not confirmed in mothers. Concern over Mistakes and Doubts over Action showed a weak significant relationship with Hostility in the father (0.21*) as well as mother (0.25**), and also a moderate relationship with the father’s as well as mother’s Inconsistency (r = 0.25**, r = 0.33**). The dimension Organization showed no relationship with the father’s parenting. In the mother’s parenting, a moderate relationship appeared between Organization and Positive Interest (0.35**). 

parental behaviour and attitudes adolescents perfectionism

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Author: Jana Makúchová
Author: Miriam Niklová
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 150-161
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.12
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180112.pdf

Streszczenie:

The Internet and cyber-space create a platform where a new form has emerged, i.e., bullying, so far occurring mainly within school premises. The study presents results of empirical research conducted at selected elementary and secondary schools in Slovakia in 2017. The aim of the study was to elucidate the most frequent current cyber-bullying platforms and occurrence of individual forms of cyber-bullying with regard to cyber-victims. The research sample consisted of 1004 respondents, aged 10–20 (AM 14.9). Empirical data were collected using the method of questioning in the form of a written questionnaire. We focused on cyber-bullies, electronic platforms and identification of cyber-bullying forms from the point of view of cyber-victims and pupils’ gender and age. It was found out that 24.50% of pupils reported to have been cyber-victimized, girls more often than boys. The most frequent form of cyber-bullying from the point of view of cyber-victims was abusive or offensive language on the Internet and spreading rumours on the Internet.

victim pupils cyber-bullying elementary school students media

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Author: Didin Saripudin
Author: Aim Abdulkarim
Author: Kokom Komalasari
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 173-183
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.14
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180114.pdf

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This study aims to describe a culture-based social studies learning model to foster student multiculturalism. Research and Development design was employed, with junior high school students in Sumedang Indonesia as the subjects of the research. The proposed model is a strategy for crafting a learning environment and experience that integrate culture as inevitable part of the learning process. The teaching materials encompass the diversity of Indonesian cultures. Culture-based learning steps manifest in multiculturalism class contracts, delivery of introductory materials, library inquiry, demonstration of cultural performance, modeling/guest teachers, and value clarification technique (VCT) cultural value analysis, material review and reflection of multiculturalism values. The model significantly influenced the development of student multiculturalism.

junior high school multiculturalism multiculturalism education culture-based learning social studies student Indonesia

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Author: Seyed Hoseyn Musavinejad
Author: Naser Nastiezaie
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 184-191
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.15
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180115.pdf

Streszczenie:

The purpose of this study was to predict the effectiveness of Zahedan elementary school principals based on the triple factors of position in the Fiedler leadership model. The presented study was a descriptive correlational study in which 356 elementary school teachers were studied with stratified randomized sampling through two questionnaires including determining the leadership situation and the effectiveness of school administrators. The correlation coefficient and simultaneous multiple regression were used for data analysis with the help of SPSS software. Based on results, there was a positive and significant relationship between the three factors of leadership position (authority, leader-member relationship, duty structure). The results of multiple regression analysis also showed that the three situational factors can predict the effectiveness of school principals. Therefore, it can be concluded that school administrators should benefit from good authority, have good interactions with teachers and emphasize the structure of tasks to increase their effectiveness.

school principals Fiedler’s leadership model effectiveness

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Author: Milan Chmura
Author: Josef Malach
Author: Anna Szafrańska
Author: Ewa Ogrodzka-Mazur
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 193-205
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.16
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180116.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article presents the results of exploring the purposes of using digital tools to support student learning at universities. This comprises some identified types of digital tools and the frequency of their use by academic staff, which varies due to their level of digital literacy. Then the collected data is provided concerning the numbers of academic staff using basic electronic communication methods. The above data were collected in Polish and Czech universities and later compared to each other. The presented study was conducted over the period 2015–2016 within the IRNet project – International research network for study and development of new tools and methods for advanced pedagogical science in the field of ICT instruments, e-learning and intercultural competences in Poland (University of Silesia, Faculty of Ethnology and Educational Science in Cieszyn) and the Czech Republic (University of Ostrava, Pedagogical Faculty). The undertaken research was aimed at recognizing academic teachers’ activities concerning their support in university students’ learning process.

MOOC digital tools supporting the learning process academic teachers higher education comparative study

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Author: Muhammad Helmi Norman
Author: Zaharah Hussin
Author: Kasful Asra Sakika
Author: Saedah Binti Siraj
Author: Lawrence Aloysius Aeria
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 209-220
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.17
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180117.pdf

Streszczenie:

Burnout has been widely reviewed and studied. However, the relationship between teacher burnout syndrome and curricular reform is rarely studied. Thus, the aim here is to report on the burnout syndrome among teachers during the implementation of the curriculum in Malaysia namely Integrated Secondary School Curriculum (ISSC). Two hundred and sixty four secondary school teachers who were involved in the ISSC program completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and the Secondary School Curricular Change Questionnaire (SSCCQ). The stepwise regression results showed that the emotional exhaustion (EE) predictor is overall workload and time sufficiency, depersonalization (DP) predictor is complexity of the ISSC, and personal accomplishment (PA) predictor is ISSC practicality. Preventing this phenomenon in the school system can lead to better retention rates among teachers.

personal accomplishment depersonalization emotional exhaustion Malaysia’s Integrated Secondary School Curriculum teacher burnout

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Author: Dušan Ristanović
Author: Biljana Stojanović
Author: Predrag Živković
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 221-231
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.18
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180118.pdf

Streszczenie:

Building professional identities of student teachers at the beginning of their vocational education and professional training provides opportunities to explore diversity of practice and provide external support. In the available literature, there is only a small number of studies that explore the professional identity of pre-service and student teachers. The main problem of this research is to examine self-reported attitudes toward student teachers’ professional identity dimensions. The second aim of the presented study was examining the reliability and concurrent validity of the Student Teachers Professional Identity Scale (Fisherman & Abbot, 1998), which was used for the first time in Serbia. The initial sample of respondents consisted of 158 students from the Faculty of Pedagogical Sciences. Results indicate that university students perceive teaching roles more as a specific job and not as a  profession. They are goal-directed towards their job as teachers and perceive their practice as a part of their studies and not as a result of their professional identity development as teachers. The mentioned scale (for one-factor solution with the satisfactory criterion of confirmatory factor analysis) obtained very good reliability (α = .935) and concurrent validity indicators and values. Researching professional identity at early career stages can help educators to emphasize the multidimensionality and complexity of the teaching profession.

concurrent validity factor analysis professional identity student teacher

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Author: Marta Licardo
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 235-245
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.19
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180119.pdf

Streszczenie:

The purpose of the study was to determine on which domain teachers focus most during additional professional support for children with special needs and what differences there are among the groups. A total of 1863 professionals were included in the study, seven different groups of professionals were compared regarding their work on learning, motivational and social-emotional domain. Results reveal that support for students with special needs is mainly focused on the learning domain, moderately on the motivational domain and little on the social-emotional domain, with significant differences between professionals. In the social-emotional domain significant decreases occur among subject teachers, professionals in other job positions and principals.

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Author: Sabina Pawlik
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 246-257
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.20
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180120.pdf

Streszczenie:

People with intellectual disabilities (IDs) are often recognised as suffering from “social exclusion”. Attempts aimed at combating this exclusion include support in finding employment and preparing them for living independently. Unfortunately, for a large group of people with intellectual disabilities the aforementioned strategies of promoting social inclusion are unattainable, and thus alternative areas of social inclusion are sought after. The arts/artistic work may be one of them. Due to the fact that the study was conducted as participatory action research, the main areas of social exclusion of people with intellectual disabilities were exposed. This allowed for attempting to prevent this phenomenon. In this study, artistic work has become a laboratory of social practices toward people with intellectual disabilities and the solutions created in the realm of the arts may serve as an example for designing a normalising model of support for people with intellectual disabilities in other areas as well.

the arts inclusion and belonging Participatory Action Research intellectual disability

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Author: Anna Nowak
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 258-266
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.21
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180121.pdf

Streszczenie:

This paper is a hermeneutic analysis of selected academic publications. This paper examines a number of issues related to undertaking social roles by adults with disabilities and the problem of their postponed transition to adulthood, restricting or delaying developmental tasks typical of adulthood, which has negative implications and may exacerbate disability. Support provided by various entities and institutions may reduce existing barriers and enhance their social integration. Both positive and negative effects of using social support by people with disabilities have been pointed out. Sources of social support have been listed along with their specifics. The analysis included the disabled person’s gender, as it determines the nature of support and its reception. Finally, the need for personalised support was emphasised along with risks resulting from institutional discrimination. The role of local community was highlighted as it corresponds to the concept of community-based support and the need to promote various initiatives aimed at integration and normalisation of life for people with disabilities.

normalisation social support person with disability adulthood integration

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Author: Agnieszka Doktor
Author: Karolina Glinka
Author: Marcin Moroń
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 269-280
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.22
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180122.pdf

Streszczenie:

Prosocial behavior is correlated with better social adjustment among adolescents, while emotional abilities are prominent factors that enhance prosocial behaviors. Attention to emotions and clarity of emotion were found as two core dimensions of emotional abilities. In the presented study the relationships between attention to emotion and clarity of emotion and prosocial behavior were examined with gender as a moderator. Two hundred and fourteen adolescents participated in the study (86 males). The participants filled in the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), Trait Meta-Mood Scale (TMMS), and Prosocial Behavior Questionnaire (PBQ). Two dimensions underlying the subscales of TAS-20 and TMMS were found: inattention to emotions and unclear emotion. Gender differences appeared in emotion awareness dimensions and prosocial behavior. Using structural equation modeling it was shown that inattention to emotion, yet not unclear emotion, inhibits prosocial behavior.

adolescence prosocial behavior emotional awareness

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Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 3-5
DOI Address: -
PDF: tner/201802/tner201802toc.pdf

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Publikacja “The New Educational Review” w języku angielskim i udostępnienie wersji cyfrowej w wolnym dostępie to zadania finansowane w ramach umowy 525/P-DUNdem/2018 ze środków Ministra Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę.

table of contents

Author: Stanisław Juszczyk
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 11-13
DOI Address: -
PDF: tner/201802/tner20180200.pdf

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PREFACE

preface

Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 7-10
DOI Address: -
PDF: tner/201802/tner201802con.pdf

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CONTRIBUTORS

CONTRIBUTORS

Author: Jablonský Tomáš
Institution: Catholic University, Ružomberok
Author: Okálová Oľga
Institution: Catholic University, Ružomberok
Author: Petra Nettleship
Institution: United Kingdom
Author: Utku Uçay
Institution: King’s College, London
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 17-27
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.01
PDF: tner/201802/tner20180201.pdf

Streszczenie:

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder is an overarching term that describes the extent of effects of prenatal alcohol exposure. It includes the range of neurodevelopmental findings and other medical findings specific for FAS. Measurability of characteristics depends on several factors, such as diagnostic instruments, multidisciplinary focus, etc. The objective of the contribution is to provide the primary early care givers with recommendations for FASD screening. It involves suggestions that deal with recognition, protection and intervention of children with FASD in the most elaborate and unbiased manner. Results of the study offer selective intention of screening in preschool-aged children. The research was conducted with 173 children aged from 3 to 7 years. The authors used their own concept of selected domains indicating the occurrence of impairments in FASD domains. Specific quantitative and qualitative research methods were assigned to them. The impairments relate to anthropometric deviations determining early occurrence of FASD. The authors have selected the domain of basic anthropometry: head circumference, height and weight and philtrum and the obtained results from domains: auditory processing, selected cognitive components, motor system, speech and sensory processing. Conclusions define basic criteria for FASD screening in general population and basic algorithm of distribution of recognized child in a system of early care in the SR. They rely on the fact that there is urgent demand in Slovakia to involve participants in active FASD care.

algorithm early care screening children Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)

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Author: Martin Kursch
Institution: Charles University in Prague
Author: Jaroslav Veteška
Institution: Charles University in Prague
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 28-42
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.02
PDF: tner/201802/tner20180202.pdf

Streszczenie:

The study presents the results of research based on the review and identification of significant talent management methods used in different types of organizations. The study interprets the results of research conducted in 2016 on the set of 301 various companies operating in the Czech Republic. The authors of the study assume that the efficiency of the whole talent management should be based on the efficiency of its well-chosen methods. The research showed that there is a different understanding and application of talent management methods by organization management according to the size and legal form of the organization (company).

retention of talents development of talents identification of talents small organizations large organizations efficiency of methods talent management adult education

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Author: Anna Babicka-Wirkus
Institution: Pomeranian University in Słupsk
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 43-54
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.03
PDF: tner/201802/tner20180203.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article attempts to systematize the issue of resistance manifestations in the context of education. The analyses presented in the article are an introduction to designing a three-dimensional model of resistance, which enables to examine acts of resistance from the angle of their three intertwined aspects: action, space and motivation. They are basic layers determining the analysis range of particular displays of resistance in education and society. These dimensions were developed based on the analysis of theoretical and empirical literature regarding the issue of resistance and on the author’s own research on this phenomenon.

space dimension of resistance motivation dimension of resistance action dimension of resistance three-dimensional model of resistance Education

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Author: Zuzana Ladnová
Institution: Matej Bel University, Banská Bystrica
Author: Lenka Ďuricová
Institution: Matej Bel University, Banská Bystrica
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 55-65
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.04
PDF: tner/201802/tner20180204.pdf

Streszczenie:

The research study focuses on verification of the relationship between individual components of parenting and pubescent self-concept. The aim is also to examine gender differences in perceived parenting and self-concept in pubescent youth. It is a correlation-comparative study with the research sample consisting of 119 pubescent youth aged 11–15. Research tools: the Parenting Style Questionnaire (Čáp & Boschek) and the Piers-Harris Children’s and Adolescents’ Self-Concept Scale 2. Research results allow for stating that perceived parenting significantly correlates with pubescent self-concept. Gender differences in perceived parenting appear only in mothers, in the negative emotional component and in the component of demands, with girls scoring significantly higher. A gender difference in favour of boys can be stated in the overall pubescent self-concept.

parenting components parenting pubescence self-concept

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Author: Minjuan Zhao
Institution: Northwest A&F University, Yangling
Author: Khadim Hussain
Institution: Mirpur University of Science and Technology, Bhimber
Author: Zahra Masood Bhutta
Institution: National University of Modern Language, Multan
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 66-75
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.05
PDF: tner/201802/tner20180205.pdf

Streszczenie:

We explore the relationships between job crafting approaches (task crafting, relational crafting and cognitive crafting) and work satisfaction among the faculty members of Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, China. The study reveals a significant and positive relationship between different types of job crafting and work satisfaction. Multiple regression analysis revealed a significant impression of task and relational crafting on work satisfaction but a non-significant impact of cognitive crafting on work satisfaction. Furthermore, the study indicates the importance of job crafting towards a higher level of satisfaction for teachers who are engaged in universities.

work satisfaction cognitive crafting relational crafting task crafting

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Author: Łukasz Albański
Institution: Pedagogical University of Cracow, Poland
Author: Mirosław Kowalski
Institution: University of Zielona Góra, Poland
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 76-85
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.06
PDF: tner/201802/tner20180206.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article outlines Beck’s major concepts in order to show some theoretical frameworks for the study on migration, young people and possible conflict-laden interactions between them. The example of Poland seems to be particularly relevant to the discussion about the validity of Beck’s contribution to the understanding of divisions, contradictions, and desires of the global generation. Although Poland is not perceived as a country of immigration, many young people declare their greater orientation to migration. However, many young people also appear very reluctant to accept immigration to Poland. The article attempts to consider some explanations for this reluctance. The study is descriptive and designed to explore new perspectives. The main goal of the article is to start discussion about generational interconnectedness in times of rapid migration and set up a research agenda for work on Polish young people in a described framework.

U. Beck intra-generational conflicts young people higher education migration

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Author: Wonjung Noh
Institution: Gachon University College of Nursing
Author: GyeongAe Seomun
Institution: Korea University College of Nursing
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 86-100
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.07
PDF: tner/201802/tner20180207.pdf

Streszczenie:

This study developed a tool for measuring adverse health effects in students who use digital textbooks. The study tool was aimed at 690 sixth-graders who had used digital textbooks for more than a year in schools taking part in the nationwide digital textbook pilot program. We determined the validity and reliability of the tool. The tool for measuring adverse health effects of digital textbooks consisted of a total of 22 items, including 13 on physical symptoms and 10 on psychological symptoms. For the physical symptoms, two factors – whole body/musculoskeletal symptoms and eye symptoms – were extracted. For the psychological symptoms, the two assessed factors included negative and positive psychological symptoms. This tool will not only be helpful in preventing and managing adverse health effects of digital textbook use by identifying various physical and psychological symptoms, but will also be useful as a basis for the expansion of digital textbooks.

tool measure health digital textbook adverse effects

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Author: Patryk Wawrzyński
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
Author: Joanna Marszałek-Kawa
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 101-111
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.08
PDF: tner/201802/tner20180208.pdf

Streszczenie:

The paper considers the relationship between remembrance narratives on national heroes and proliferation of political attitudes, values and behaviours during democratisation. It discusses the impact of interpretations of the past on the development of civil society in the context of public education as an instrument of identity politics. Comparing the experiences of Chile, Estonia, Georgia, Poland, South Africa and Spain, the authors present the role of national heroes in the legitimisation of behaviours and attitudes, new elites and national unity. The discussed results prove that the establishment of a pro-democratic system of civic education increases chances for successful consolidation of democracy in post-authoritarian countries.

narratives remembrance national hero Civic Education democratisation civic society

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Author: Bambang Sumardjoko
Institution: Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta
Author: Hermanu Joebagio
Institution: Sebelas Maret University
Author: Sariyatun
Institution: Sebelas Maret University
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 112-123
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.09
PDF: tner/201802/tner20180209.pdf

Streszczenie:

This research aims to predict the direction of democratic education in Indonesia through the influence measurement of tolerance, multicultural sensitivity, and historical awareness of the democratic attitude. The multiple linear regression test, coefficient determination test, and model accuracy test were used to measure the influence of the predictors and the dependent variable. The research participants were 300 students, aged between 17 and 18 years, who were taken proportionally in Senior High School (SHS) 1 Surakarta, SHS 5 Surakarta, and SHS 6 Surakarta. Results showed a simultaneous and partial influence of tolerance, multicultural sensitivity, and historical awareness on the democratic attitude. The authors found that there is no diversion in the proliferation of democratic education in Indonesia, in which tolerance, multicultural sensitivity, and historical awareness have a positive influence on the democratic attitude. However, the authors stated that the association between tolerance and democratic education in Indonesia remains problematic, thus, it should be noticed in future research.

democratic attitude proliferation democratic education

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Author: Suwan Kim
Institution: Hankuk University of Foreign Studies
Author: Stanisław Juszczyk
Institution: University of Silesia
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 124-136
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.10
PDF: tner/201802/tner20180210.pdf

Streszczenie:

The work discusses using digital media in the processes of communicating and developing interests by the contemporary Polish and Korean youth. The youth’s typical behaviour in cyberspace is described together with an interpretation of their behaviour on the basis of selected theories of influence of the mass media on viewers and listeners.

communication in cyberspace digital media youth South Korean Poland

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Author: Makangali Bayurzhan
Institution: Kazakhstan
Author: Saltanat Sydyknazarova
Institution: Kazakhstan
Author: Janel Karzhaubay
Institution: Kazakhstan
Author: Mukhit-Ardager Sydyknazarov
Institution: Kazakhstan
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 137-148
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.11
PDF: tner/201802/tner20180211.pdf

Streszczenie:

This article is written on the basis of sociological research conducted by the Research center of the Republic of Kazakhstan “Youth” for the preparation of the annual National Report “Youth of the Republic of Kazakhstan”. The authors of this article were the authors of the section “Values of Youth” and “Readiness of the youth of Kazakhstan for migration”. This article reflects on the results of the research, the “Values of the Youth of Kazakhstan” section. The National report of the Republic of Kazakhstan “Youth of Kazakhstan 2017” does not include all the findings and conclusions of the research group, so this article contains the most comprehensive data on the issues under study, namely – the values of the youth of Kazakhstan in dynamics and various correlations: age values, region (oblast) values, gender values, the level of education values, religion values, employment values, city or village values.

Values of Youth Values of the Youth of Kazakhstan youth

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Author: Bogusław Śliwerski
Institution: Faculty of Educational Sciences, Łódź
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 149-163
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.12
PDF: tner/201802/tner20180212.pdf

Streszczenie:

In this article I make a critical analysis of educational policy in Poland during the 28 years of the political transformation. In the transition period in Poland, from 1989 to 2017, education did not become a source of ongoing changes in the country. Further formations of political power, selected through elections, instead of decentralizing the school system, allegedly led to the creation of new models of school in a corset of centralism. To make matters worse, the prime ministers of the following governments from different political parties, taking into account their own or party interests, created the ministry of national education (or their decision-making power apparatus) who had disturbed communicational relationships with the public. In this article, I explain the reasons for the betrayal of elites in the context of fundamental assumptions of the “Solidarity” movement in the years of 1980 – 1989. As a result, Polish society abandoned the deliberative and participatory democracy. I look at how education, as a science and practice of education, fits into democratization of the Polish state and society. What is of key importance is the perception of education as a common good, as environments and entities, institutions or management practices which participate in a democratic society.

educational perpetrators contradiction critical pedagogy educational policy educational reforms school democracy

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Author: Joanna Piechowiak-Lamparska
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń
Author: Bartłomiej Michalak
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń
Author: Katarzyna Kącka
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 164-177
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.13
PDF: tner/201802/tner20180213.pdf

Streszczenie:

In a dynamically developing scientific environment, there is a tendency toward creating mechanisms that objectively evaluate the output of individual scientific units. Selected indicators can be applied, inter alia, to work out specific criteria for awarding funds for scientific research activities. One of the most important indicators used is the impact of researchers’ publications, which today determines the overall outcome of the evaluation of a research unit. The key question in this context is whether any socio-demographic factors are correlated with the impact of the scholarship work of individual researchers and, if yes, what those indicators are, specifically. The purpose of this study was to determine the existence and, if confirmed, the nature of correlation between the impact of researchers’ publications and selected socio-demographic factors such as: age, gender and family status. The study sample included all the academic employees of the Faculty of Political Sciences and International Studies, Nicolaus Copernicus University, in Toruń (Poland). The results demonstrated that the socio-demographic factors considered showed little correlation with publications’ impactfulness as measured in the Polish evaluation system of research units.

the humanities socio-demographic variables publication impact evaluation of scientific research social sciences

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Author: Umi Mahmudah
Institution: State Islamic Institute of Pekalongan, Pekalongan
Author: Ade Dedi Rohayana
Institution: State Islamic Institute of Pekalongan, Pekalongan
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 178-191
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.14
PDF: tner/201802/tner20180214.pdf

Streszczenie:

Youth plays a significant role for the future of a country in facing the rapid changes of time. This study examines the relationship between educational attainment and age of the first marriage of Indonesian youth. Data concerning Indonesian youth published by Statistics Indonesia in 2015 is used, which includes as many as 34 provinces of Indonesia. This study uses five age groups of first marriage as dependent variables (y). There are also five groups of educational attainment that are used as independent variables (x). Canonical correlation analysis is applied to analyze the strength of correlation between these two data matrices by using R program. Results provide five functions, which reveal that canonical correlations of these variables are 0.82, 0.60, 0.32, 0.16, and 0.01. Furthermore, the first and the second functions accommodate as much as 74.45% and 20.36% of the canonical relationship, respectively. Meanwhile, the rest is accommodated by the other three functions. The results also reveal that early marriage of Indonesian youth has a negative relationship with educational attainment.

age of first marriage educational attainment youth

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Author: Dragica Haramija
Institution: University of Maribor, Maribor
Author: Janja Batič
Institution: University of Maribor, Maribor
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 195-205
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.15
PDF: tner/201802/tner20180215.pdf

Streszczenie:

The objective of the study was to establish the impact of illustration on the reading and interpreting of a poem in the case when only one illustration is provided with the text. The research study involved 408 students of the Faculty of Education and Faculty of Arts. The students were divided into two groups, of which one was given the poem Učenjak (Scholar) written by Niko Grafenauer and illustrated by Lidija Osterc, while the other had the same poem illustrated by Marjan Manček. Both groups had to answer a number of questions regarding personal traits of the literary character, his appearance and the environment he lives in. The results showed that the illustrations had a significant impact on the interpretation of the physical features of the literary character and the environment he is set in. This in turn affected the understanding of the message of the poem.

visual literacy interpretation of illustrated text multimodal text illustration

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Author: Larysa Mykolaivna Likhitska
Institution: Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University, Vinnytsia
Author: Lesia Vasylivna Starovoit
Institution: Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University, Vinnytsia
Author: Liudmyla Sydorivna Brovchak
Institution: Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University, Vinnytsia
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 206-217
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.16
PDF: tner/201802/tner20180216.pdf

Streszczenie:

The paper highlights the problem of creative and artistic development of preschoolers by means of art. The place and role of art in the creative and artistic development of children of senior preschool age are determined. The content and peculiarities of the creative and artistic development of children in the process of educational activity by means of art are revealed. The pedagogical conditions for the creative and artistic development of preschool children in the process of artistic activity are singled out on the basis of analyzed modern concepts. On the basis of pedagogical conditions, a model of creative and artistic development of children of senior preschool age by means of art is designed. Researchers reveal in children of the senior preschool age the dynamics of creative and artistic development and the degree of the development of the investigated qualities in children of the control and experimental groups is analyzed. The necessity of searching for rational ways and precisely specifying the mechanism of using art in the process of creative and artistic development of children of the senior preschool age is emphasized.

pedagogical conditions senior preschool age creative and artistic development development

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Author: Juan Carlos González
Institution: California State University, Fresno
Author: Yan Liang
Institution: China University of Geosciences
Author: Hongchi Jiang
Institution: China University of Geosciences
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 218-232
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.17
PDF: tner/201802/tner20180217.pdf

Streszczenie:

Students’ free option power of learning is an important part of students’ power of learning. It emphasizes respect for students’ learning rights and freedom, so that students have a certain freedom of learning choice. In the theory and practice of Chinese higher education, undergraduates’ free option power of learning has long been weakened and restricted by various factors. This study provides an understanding of the current situation of undergraduates’ free option power of learning through 20 interviews with undergra duates from a university in Central China in a pilot project, whose purpose was to provide students with freedom in selecting higher education options. The interviews address three areas where students were given the option to select: (a) learning content, (b) learning processes, and (c) learning environments. Discussion follows on the problems experienced by Chinese undergraduates’ in the free option power of learning project. Lastly, as China hopes to expand this project beyond the pilot, we advance recommendations to promote effective implementation of the free option power of learning of Chinese undergraduates, such as: (a) establishing sound laws to ensure the effective implementation of the power of students; (b) empowering undergraduates to have more choice to choose and change their majors; (c) carrying out the flexible program duration to let students have free choice of getting credits; and (d) establishing a sound and perfect transfer mechanism to let students have more choice of universities.

qualitative research undergraduates higher education China

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Author: Eun-Kyeong Yun
Institution: Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 233-243
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.18
PDF: tner/201802/tner20180218.pdf

Streszczenie:

This study aims to examine the communicative Arabic teaching methods currently used in Korean universities that extend beyond MSA to promote learner understanding and awareness of colloquial Arabic dialects. Arabic is characterized by a diglossic linguistic situation, which means that it consists of both diverse colloquial dialects used in different regions and social classes, and the written standard of Modern Standard Arabic. Recent trends in the field of language education have been moving toward a communicative approach to instruction. Since both MSA and spoken Arabic are important language variants that cannot be ignored, university curricula should integrate both variants into language courses. In the spoken Arabic education awareness survey conducted in the present study, the majority of the respondents answered that they wanted to increase the number of spoken Arabic classes offered at their university. Concerning colloquial Arabic, the majority also answered that they preferred the Egyptian dialect, followed by the Gulf and Levantine dialects. In terms of the timing of colloquial Arabic instruction, most respondents answered that they thought it should start in third year or in second year at university. It is also important to develop textbooks and other teaching and learning materials to aid the efficient instruction of spoken Arabic, which will give students the communicative skills necessary to be effective and competent communicators regardless of where they travel, study, or work in the Arab world.

colloquial spoken Arabic Modern Standard Arabic communicative competence diglossia Arabic education

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Author: Sanjeev Kumar
Institution: H. P. Govt. Middle School, Rugra
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 247-257
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.19
PDF: tner/201802/tner20180219.pdf

Streszczenie:

Today most teachers enter teaching by means of a one or two-year undergraduate program in education (B.Ed.). There is provision of in-service training for teachers to make teaching effective in bringing quality to education. Various in-service teacher training programs are organized by District Institutes of Educational Training and State Institute of Educational Management and Training under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyaan in Himachal Pradesh. Yet, the impact of the training has not been reflected in the classrooms for the last fifteen years. There is not optimum improvement in the academic achievement of students. It is necessary to make teaching enjoyable and flexible through various activities, small projects and ICT in the new era. Creative and experimental activities are very much needed in the teaching of mathematics and science subjects. These activities help in building student confidence and give students more opportunities of learning. ‘PRAYAS’ at the upper-primary level is one of the programs organized by the DIET Solan to professionally prepare in-service teachers for implementing it at the school level. The objective of the study was to study the impact of the ‘PRAYAS’ in-service training program in Science in the educational block Kandaghat block of district Solan of Himachal Pradesh. Three schools were conveniently selected, two Govt. Senior Secondary Schools Chail and Kalhog, and one Govt. High School, Sakori, of the concerned educational block. Data was collected with the use of a semi-structured interview and the observations were recorded. It was found in the study that students made models and activities on the topics of their textbooks under the ‘PRAYAS’ program with eco-friendly materials and waste materials, utilized where suited. In this way, students learnt to use waste materials in everyday life. The models and activities were very low cost and easy to handle and care. The students learnt and understood the concepts easily. The outcomes of the program are discussed in the paper, which will be beneficial for the educational planners and administrators and in-service teachers of the State.

SSA DIET in-service teachers PRAYAS Science

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Author: Isnawati
Institution: Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Surabaya
Author: Sifak Indana
Institution: Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Surabaya
Author: Endang Susantini
Institution: Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Surabaya
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 258-268
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.20
PDF: tner/201802/tner20180220.pdf

Streszczenie:

The research aims at exploring Indonesian pre-service biology teachers’ metacognitive skills, measuring the development of learning strategies (LS) used by the teachers before and after the learning process, and describing the teachers’ responses afterwards. There were 25 subjects studied using a pretest- posttest design. Results showed that there was an increase in students’ metacognitive skills and their LS knowledge. Morever, they stated that they had got a lot of benefits after the learning process. This research concludes that metacognitive strategy can be used to teach LS so that students can broaden their LS understanding and thus enable to choose LS that fits them.

pre-service biology teacher metacognitive skills learning strategies

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Author: Ali M. Alodat
Institution: Yarmouk University, Irbid
Author: Hisham A. Almakanin
Institution: Hashemite University
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 271-283
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.21
PDF: tner/201802/tner20180221.pdf

Streszczenie:

A SWOT study was conducted to analyze parents’ perspective on the degree to which Jordanian media covers issues of children with disabilities; the study sample consisted of 129 parents. The researchers constructed a scale consisting of 28 items; furthermore, validity and reliability coefficients of the scale were extracted. Results showed a moderate level of media coverage regarding issues of children with disabilities; social media was given the highest rating followed by visual and audio media, and lastly print media such as newspapers and magazines. However, the majority of media coverage addressed physical and health issues and communicative disorders. Finally, recommendations to improve practices were provided.

special education SWOT Model Jordanian media issues of children with disabilities

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Author: Jacek J. Błeszyński
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 284-295
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.22
PDF: tner/201802/tner20180222.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article attempts to analyse the issue of students with autism spectrum disorders who attend two types of educational institutions – integrated classes in mainstream state school and special education institutions with separate classes for students with autism. Popularity and availability more often than effectiveness affect the choice of an educational institution. Parents’ decisions may also stem from lack of awareness of the scope of educational activities conducted in each institution. One of the measures of educational success is the evaluation of the quality of life in certain spheres of students’ lives.

education system quality of life autism spectrum disorders

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Author: Muhammad Basri
Author: Rosmaladewi Rosmaladewi
Author: Amirullah Abduh
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 162-172
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.13
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180113.pdf

Streszczenie:

This paper aims to explore internationalization awareness and commitment of higher education in Indonesia. Since there are no publications on internationalization awareness and commitment for Indonesian higher education, this paper fills this gap. This qualitative case study involved 15 lecturers from an Indonesian university. This study used semi-structured interviews and data from the interviews were analyzed thematically. The research findings reveal that the internationalization of curriculum indicates awareness of internationalization by inviting experts and adapting curricula from developed countries. In addition, the commitment of internationalization was marked by the increasing quantity of international publications and collaboration with domestic and global agencies. The internationalization process faces both cultural and practical constraints. The finding suggests that there should be more elements of internationalization to indicate the preparation and the implementation of internationalization.

internationalisation awareness commitment higher education Indonesia

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Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 3-5
DOI Address: -
PDF: tner/201803/tner53toc.pdf

Streszczenie:

SPIS TREŚCI

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Publikacja “The New Educational Review” w języku angielskim i udostępnienie wersji cyfrowej w wolnym dostępie to zadania finansowane w ramach umowy 525/P-DUNdem/2018 ze środków Ministra Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę.

spis treści table of contents

Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 7-10
DOI Address: -
PDF: tner/201803/tner53auth.pdf

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O AUTORCH

ABOUT AUTHORS

Author: Stanisław Juszczyk
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 11-13
DOI Address: -
PDF: tner/201803/tner5300.pdf

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WSTĘP

PREFACE

preface wstęp

Author: Ahmad Sudi Pratikno
Institution: Yogyakarta State University
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 17-27
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.53.3.01
PDF: tner/201803/tner5301.pdf

Streszczenie:

The principal objective of this research was to compare research productivity of top five universities in Indonesia and Malaysia. To reveal the purpose of this research, comparative research was conducted. Data collection was based on Scopus database. Findings showed that over the period 2000 – 2017, top five universities in Indonesia produced only 3000 – 9000, whereas top five universities in Malaysia produced 29,000 – 39,000 articles. The findings suggest that top five universities in Indonesia, or generally all universities in Indonesia, should encourage academics, lecturers, students, and researchers to produce more research articles.

top five universities comparative research

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Author: Katarzyna Borzucka-Sitkiewicz
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
Author: Katarzyna Kowalczewska-Grabowska
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 28-38
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.53.3.02
PDF: tner/201803/tner5302.pdf

Streszczenie:

The ‘Health Promoting School’ model provides a framework for school-based health promotion (HP) activities, which have become a major theme in the health and educational strategy in Europe. However, the issue of HP implementation is complex. The general purpose of this article is to report on the findings of a nationwide survey that examined the extent of HP implementation at schools in Poland. The research results presented in this paper are part of a broader research project which was conducted at the University of Silesia in Katowice (Poland) in cooperation with the University of Limerick (Ireland). The research was conducted by means of the questionnaire: “National Questionnaire on SPHE and Health Promoting Schools”, developed by the staff of the University of Limerick and adapted to Polish conditions. The questionnaires were sent to schools in Poland holding the National Health Promoting School (HPS) Certificate, one hundred and three of which were completed and returned and then analysed with respect to quantity and quality. Considering the theoretical assumptions of the idea analysed, the information obtained from the respondents describing health promotion at their schools was grouped into four categories: school environment; core curriculum and learning; partnership; policy and planning. It was determined that the work of these schools emphasises mostly two elements in building a health promoting school: the school environment along with core curriculum and learning, while the two other elements (partnership; policy and planning) are more poorly implemented.

health promoting schools health education health promotion coordinators evaluation

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Author: Unifah Rosyidi
Institution: State University of Jakarta
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 39-48
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.53.3.03
PDF: tner/201803/tner5303.pdf

Streszczenie:

Corporatizing university is among the typical strategic of higher education (HE) management that enables developed countries to successfully position their universities among the best ones in the world. In Indonesia, the varying quality of universities is influenced by several factors: limited funding, inadequate facilities, meager quality of lecturers and researchers, inefficient management, and ineffective use of public spending. Teese emerged as symptoms that point to a deep-seated obstacle faced by Indonesian universities, i.e., an inappropriate university management and financing model. This study attempted to reveal the essential problem underlying the symptoms and share some thoughts of how to resolve them. It is concluded that corporatizing university in the country is considered among the most effective strategies to establish world-class universities in the archipelago.

higher education higher education management corporate university higher education as industry

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Author: Slawomir Pasikowski
Institution: University of Lodz
Author: Katarzyna Karolina Zajda
Institution: University of Lodz
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 49-61
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.53.3.04
PDF: tner/201803/tner5304.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article presents the results of validation studies on the Inventory of Attitudes Towards Social Innovation. The measurement was conducted on public institution employees and members of non-governmental organizations, i.e., people who, due to their professional or social roles, participate in resolving local social problems. The study was conducted using cross-validation. Factor structure, internal consistency of the test and subscales, and stability over time were assessed using the test-retest method. The results indicate a three-factor structure of the phenomenon, as well as satisfactory psychometric properties of the inventory.

attitudes social innovation measurement validation

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Author: Nasrun Nasution
Institution: Medan State of University
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 62-70
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.53.3.05
PDF: tner/201803/tner5305.pdf

Streszczenie:

Improving teaching performance is most likely an act that leads to substantial gains in student learning, essential to know the strengths of teachers and those aspects of their practice which could be further developed. The objective of this research is to find out the effect of incentive, leadership, and work motivation on teacher performance. Research findings showed a direct effect of incentive reward on teacher performance, which reached the value of 0.350, whereas the indirect effect of incentive on teacher performance through work motivation was at the value of 0.155. The direct effect of school principal leadership on teacher performance was at the value of 0.156, whereas the indirect effect of school principal leadership on performance through work motivation was 0.094. The direct effect of work motivation on performance reached the value of 0.378.

incentive principal leadership work motivation and performance

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Author: Silva Bratož
Institution: University of Primorska
Author: Mojca Žefran
Institution: University of Primorska
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 71-84
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.53.3.06
PDF: tner/201803/tner5306.pdf

Streszczenie:

The paper discusses the intrinsic potential offered by classroom interaction for language development. The first part examines several theoretical aspects and characteristics of classroom communication. The second part presents the results of a study which investigates different aspects of classroom interaction in foreign language teaching and the strategies used to encourage classroom communication in the target language. The study, which combines quantitative and qualitative research methods, is based on a survey of Slovene teachers teaching English in primary school. Results suggest that while the respondents are well aware of the benefits of using English in classroom communication, they generally use it in an arbitrary and unsystematic fashion. We would like to argue that we can contribute to the effectiveness of the teaching process by approaching classroom communication with a systematic and consistent format.

classroom interaction English as a foreign language primary education routine classroom communication

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Author: Luciana Maia Campos Machado
Institution: FIPECAFI
Author: Claudia Emiko Yoshinaga
Institution: FGV/EAESP
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 85-94
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.53.3.07
PDF: tner/201803/tner5307.pdf

Streszczenie:

We have analyzed results of the Brazilian National Student Performance exam, applied by the Ministry of Education, to verify overconfidence in students. Looking at 549,487 student-level observations, we estimated an overconfidence score, comparing the perceived performance with the actual grade in two different parts of the exam. Ordered logit models suggest that overconfidence in Brazilian students is positively correlated with income and that overconfident students took less time to complete the exam. Contrary to previous studies conducted in other countries, male students presented lower overconfidence in our sample. Moreover, performance was inversely related to the overconfidence score, indicating that students with better performance “know more about what they do not know”, as already widely discussed in the education literature.

overconfidence student performance self-assessment accuracy

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Author: Anam Fatima
Institution: University of Science and Technology of China
Author: Asad Abbas
Institution: Tongji University
Author: Wan Ming
Institution: University of Science and Technology of China
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 95-101
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.53.3.08
PDF: tner/201803/tner5308.pdf

Streszczenie:

Anhui is one of the leading knowledge-based regions of China, which relies on academic research innovation. This publication aims to present the factors that influence of plagiarism on Chinese students and also explores the common perceptions of students themselves on the idea and act of plagiarism in higher level education environments. The literature provided identifies two major facets of plagiarism, which are both internal and external factors. Qualitative evidence from students demonstrates that both internal and external factors encourage Chinese students to plagiarize during their studies due to the availability of the internet (ICT and Web), lack of teaching expertise, poor academic skills, pressure from family members and peer groups, and financial constraints. It was also found that personal pride played a significant role in catalyzing the decision to plagiarize. On the basis of the said literature and qualitative evidence, the authors provide relevant recommendations about overcoming the concerns of students regarding plagiarism at the university level.

Plagiarism China academic dishonesty public sector universities student perception

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Author: Asnawi Muslem
Institution: Syiah Kuala University
Author: Melor Md Yunus
Institution: University Kebangsaan Malaysia Kuala Lumpur
Author: Rismawati
Institution: Syiah Kuala University
Author: Bustami Usman
Institution: Syiah Kuala University
Author: Sofyan A. Gani
Institution: Syiah Kuala University
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 105-114
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.53.3.09
PDF: tner/201803/tner5309.pdf

Streszczenie:

Various methods of teaching English to EFL students in Indonesia have been used to increase their language skills. However, students’ English proficiency is still not satisfactory. Therefore, this paper aimed at investigating the effects of using authentic English video clips to improve listening comprehension among EFL students in Aceh, Indonesia. A quasi-experimental group design with non-randomized pretest-posttest control was employed in this study. The sample of the study were 68 second-year students of State Senior High School 4 Banda Aceh. The experimental group was treated by using authentic English video clips and the control group was taught by using audio compact disc (CD). A listening test was used as an instrument to collect data. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to analyze the data collected. Results showed that the use of authentic English video clips significantly improved students’ achievement in listening comprehension in comparison to those taught by using audio compact disc (CD), i.e., there was a significant difference between students who were taught by using authentic English video clips and students who were taught by using audio compact disc (CD) in terms of listening comprehension.

authentic video clips audio compact disc EFL student listening comprehension

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Author: Nouri Y. Alwattar
Institution: Kuwait University
Author: Eisa M. Al-Balhan
Institution: Kuwait University
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 115-125
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.53.3.10
PDF: tner/201803/tner5310.pdf

Streszczenie:

The purpose of the presented study was to identify the effect of using the e-mind maps strategy at the academic achievement level in learning Arabic vocabulary skills among six-grade primary male students in Iben Al-Atheer School for Intermediate Education in Kuwait in the 2017/2018 school year. The sample of the study consisted of 60 male students, equally divided into two groups, experimental and control ones. The result of the study indicated that there were statistically significant differences between the mean scores of the experimental group and the control one in the post achievement level test scale in favor of the experimental group. The effect size of using mind maps was high. There were statistically significant differences between the mean scores of the experimental and control group scores in the post achievement test of the Arabic vocabulary learning in favor of the experimental group. The study concludes with recommendations for future mind-mapping in other contexts.

mind mapping strategy vocabulary sixth grade Kuwait achievement

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Author: Elena V. Dostovalova
Institution: Siberian Federal University
Author: Anna L. Simonova
Institution: Krasnoyarsk State Pedagogical University named after V.P. Astafyev
Author: Elena M. Nazarenko
Institution: Siberian Federal University
Author: Alexander A. Maschanov
Institution: Siberian Federal University
Author: Pavel S. Lomasko
Institution: Krasnoyarsk State Pedagogical University named after V.P. Astafyev
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 126-141
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.53.3.11
PDF: tner/201803/tner5311.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article is devoted to the problem of specification of approaches to the design and implementation of electronic educational courses in conditions of continuously and dynamically changing digital information and learning environment of the modern university. Based on the results of the content analysis of the digital infrastructure and regulatory documentation of the Siberian Federal University and the discursive analysis of the leading trends in the field of digital education, necessary conditions for a successful professional pedagogical activity are described. On the basis of smart education principles, possible solutions to the problems of teaching at university, such as personification of teaching, project-oriented courses and initiating the launch of mechanisms for students’ informal self-education are synthesized and justified.

quality of teaching digital information and learning environment dynamically changing conditions of pedagogical activity digital learning technologies e-courses design digital education smart education project oriented courses

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Author: Ramly Ramly
Institution: Universitas Negeri Makassar
Author: Amirullah Abduh
Institution: Universitas Negeri Makassar
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 142-152
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.53.3.12
PDF: tner/201803/tner5312.pdf

Streszczenie:

Since there is not much available information on cognitive research in the Indonesian context, this paper aims to fill this knowledge gap. Using the notion of Bloom’s taxonomic framework, this paper explores the cognitive elements and representation in the Indonesian language curriculum. A content analysis approach is used in this study. The content analysis is an appropriate tool because it is related to the official documents of the Indonesian national language assessment that is available publicly. The method of data analysis employed a systematic content descriptive text approach. The findings of the study reveal that the content representation of the cognitive taxonomic framework is not balanced among factual, conceptual, procedural and metacognitive knowledge. The findings suggest that the government is recommended to revise the current test questions of the national assessment of the Indonesian language competence.

cognitive language assessment document Indonesia

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Author: Pramudya Dwi Aristya Putra
Institution: Graduate School of Science and Technology-Shizuoka University
Author: Yoshisuke Kumano
Institution: Graduate School of Science and Technology-Shizuoka University
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 153-162
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.53.3.13
PDF: tner/201803/tner5313.pdf

Streszczenie:

We explored energy learning progression and STEM conceptualization among pre-service science teachers (PSTs) in Japan and Indonesia. This study used a survey design to collect data using questionnaires on energy content knowledge (energy forms, transformation, dissipation, and conservation) and STEM conceptualization (definition, connectedness, and visualization). Results indicated that the Japanese PSTs have greater energy content knowledge than the Indonesian PSTs. Furthermore, content knowledge has a significant correlation with STEM conceptualization.

Pre-service science teachers STEM conceptualization energy learning progression

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Author: Didin Saripudin
Institution: Indonesia University of Education
Author: Tarunasena
Institution: Indonesia University of Education
Author: Wawan Darmawan
Institution: Indonesia University of Education
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 163-176
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.53.3.14
PDF: tner/201803/tner5314.pdf

Streszczenie:

The research team sought to develop learning media of Indonesian history based on the historical reproduction of replicas of historical heritage objects and electronic pen (e-pen) maps. In general, the objective of this research is to develop and produce learning media of Indonesian history to raise students’ historical consciousness. An instructional media company, “Pudak Scientific,” is involved in aiding in developing and producing history learning media. A multi-year research and development approach was adopted, in which the first year focused on developing the model/prototype of the learning media in question, whereas the second year was concerned with building the product prototypes, production trials and field validation in high school. The learning media under development is in the form of i) replicas of historical objects in prehistoric era, ii) replicas of historical objects during the Hindu Buddhist era, iii) replicas of historical objects during the Islamic Empire, and e-pen maps of three historical periods of Indonesia. Replicas and e-pen maps serve as a medium to assist students in raising their historical consciousness.

learning media Indonesian history replica prehistory Hindu Buddhist Kingdom Era Islamic Empire Era historical consciousness

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Author: Yulisma Yanti
Institution: Syiah Kuala University
Author: Muhammad Syukri
Institution: Syiah Kuala University
Author: Tarmizi
Institution: Syiah Kuala University
Author: Soewarno S.
Institution: Syiah Kuala University
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 177-186
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.53.3.15
PDF: tner/201803/tner5315.pdf

Streszczenie:

This study aims to determine the influence of the use of e-portfolio tasks through the Facebook network on the creativity of students in the subject of physics in junior high school. One Group Pretest-Posttest research design was used in the quasi-experimental research type, which included 31 first-year students (Grade 7), selected by purposive sampling for the research sample. Data collection techniques were conducted using tests, performance assessment, portfolio assessment, observation, and teacher interviews. Data analysis was conducted with the use of correlation test and correlation hypothesis test. T-test was used to analyse the data collected. The result from the post-test showed that there was a positive and significant influence on the students’ creativity in physics. Based on the results of data analysis, the obtained correlation coefficient was 0.99965 with very strong correlation interpretation, and tcount > ttable. Thus, it can be concluded that there was a positive and significant influence of the e-portfolio tasks through the Facebook network on students’ creativity in physics lessons at junior high school.

Facebook creativity portfolio task physics

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Author: Abdul Wahab
Institution: Universitas Sulawesi Barat Indonesia
Author: Muhammad Arif Tiro
Institution: Universitas Negeri Makassar
Author: Alimuddin Mahmud
Institution: Universitas Negeri Makassar
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 187-199
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.53.3.16
PDF: tner/201803/tner5316.pdf

Streszczenie:

Statistical literacy is the ability to master statistical concepts, applications, calculations and interpretations. This research is an experiment that aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a learning module for statistical literacy. The presented research focused on discussing and describing the effectiveness of a learning module for statistical literacy. The selected sample involved the public health students of STIKES BBM Majene; 20 students in class A as the sample for try-out I and 25 students in class B as the sample of try-out II by using One Group Pre-test and Post-test Design. The data was collected with the use of an achievement test of statistical literacy, and data was analyzed with the use of Descriptive Statistical Analysis, N-Gain Calculations, and Paired Sample t Test. Research results revealed that the average N-Gain in try-out I was 0.59, and the average N-Gain in try-out II was 0.61, each of which was in the moderate category. Moreover, in try-out I, the mean score of the post-test was 22.15, which was higher than and significantly different from the mean score of the pre-test, which was 10.66. Meanwhile, in try-out II, the mean score of the post-test was 22.68, which was higher than and significantly different from the mean score of the pre-test, which was 10.96. Therefore, the learning module for statistical literacy was effective.

statistical literacy achievement learning module

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Author: Zlatica Huľová
Institution: Matej Bel University in Banskej Bystrici
Author: Vladimír Klein
Institution: Catholic University in Ružomberok
Author: Ivana Rochovská
Institution: Catholic University in Ružomberok
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 203-215
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.53.3.17
PDF: tner/201803/tner5317.pdf

Streszczenie:

The aim of our study was to find out how kindergarten teachers perceive the issue of age-homogeneous and heterogeneous classes at kindergartens. A self-designed questionnaire and interview were used for measuring, which was part of the research methods used (interview, observation, questionnaire). The questionnaire included items aimed at finding out respondents’ opinions on the age composition of children in kindergarten classes. The research sample consisted of 234 female teachers. On the basis of results it can be stated that respondents preferred age-homogeneous groups in classes. However, those teaching age-heterogeneous classes saw more advantages of such division. Research results also showed that younger respondents preferred dividing children into age-homogeneous groups more than older respondents.

kindergarten pre-primary education age-homogeneous groups age-heterogeneous groups

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Author: Mihaela Brumen
Institution: University of Maribor
Author: Isabel Alonso-Belmonte
Institution: Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Author: María Fernández Agüero
Institution: Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Author: Tomaž Zupančič
Institution: University of Maribor
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 216-226
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.53.3.18
PDF: tner/201803/tner5318.pdf

Streszczenie:

The purpose of this study is to describe the current foreign language (FL) assessment and feedback practices as reported by 213 experienced primary teachers in Slovenia and Spain. An ad hoc questionnaire was designed, validated and administered to 113 Slovenian and 100 Spanish teachers. The data were collected and analysed with the use of descriptive and inferential statistics. Among the most relevant findings, it is noteworthy that Spanish teachers focus on providing feedback on receptive skills while their Slovenian colleagues pay more attention to productive skills. Also, results from both groups reveal a lack of FL pronunciation feedback and scarce attention to interactive aspects of communication.

assessment feedback comments foreign language teacher education young learners

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Author: Oleksandr Malykhin
Institution: National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine
Author: Nataliia Aristova
Institution: National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 227-238
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.53.3.19
PDF: tner/201803/tner5319.pdf

Streszczenie:

The authors present the results of research carried out in the 2017/2018 academic year among foreign languages teachers at eight higher education institutions. The aim of the study was to find out the connection between the participation activity rate of foreign languages teachers in specially focused network pedagogical communities and the level of professional self-realization through their self-efficacy. We used methods of mathematical statistics, computer data processing and discursive reflextion for drawing logical conclusions from experimental data. 267 foreign languages teachers from Ukrainian universities participated in the first stage of research. During the second stage, 108 selected foreign languages teachers completed a questionnaire for collecting data and evaluating the level of their self-efficacy. Results indicate a significant difference in the professional self-realization levels among the members and non-members of specially focused network communities and confirm the suggested hypothesis.

network community foreign languages teachers self-actualisation professional self-realization self-efficacy disciplinary self-efficacy instructional self-efficacy professional activity higher educational institution

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Author: Jovana J. Milutinović
Institution: University of Novi Sad
Author: Aleksandra K. Anđelković
Institution: University of Niš
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 239-249
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.53.3.20
PDF: tner/201803/tner5320.pdf

Streszczenie:

Theoretical framework within which this paper is set is the conception of teachers’ epistemological beliefs. The author’s attention is focused on the classification of teachers’ beliefs in the realistic, contextual and relativistic approach. The question that permeates this study is whether the teacher’s beliefs are consistent with their work in practice. A questionnaire was made for the purpose of the research and the sample encompasses 420 teachers in Serbia. Results show that the subjects mostly estimate that they belong to a constructivist profile. However, their answers indicate that their acting is different from their self-assessment. Research findings imply a need for an awakening of teachers with regards to personal epistemologies.

constructivism teachers’ epistemological beliefs teachers’ professional development teaching practice

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Author: Samsul Hadi
Institution: Yogyakarta States University
Author: Dedek Andrian
Institution: Riau Islamic University
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 250-260
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.53.3.21
PDF: tner/201803/tner5321.pdf

Streszczenie:

The purpose of this study was to detect teacher difficulties in implementing the local curriculum developed by provinces. This type of research is qualitative research type phenomenology. Data collected through focus group discussion (FGD) involves 16 participants consisting of senior high school teachers in the Riau Province of Indonesia. Data were analyzed using the qualitative approach proposed by Creswell. Results show that teachers have difficulties in understanding local culture lessons, teachers have difficulty implementing the local curriculum, the means/equipment is inadequate, teachers have difficulty in assessing affective and psychomotor domains and teachers have difficulty in marketing products from practice learning.

teachers’ difficulties local curriculum senior high school

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Author: Krzysztof Rubacha
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
Author: Mariana Sirotova
Institution: University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius v Trnave
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 261-270
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.53.3.22
PDF: tner/201803/tner5322.pdf

Streszczenie:

The paper presents a quasi-experimental study clarifying the variability of maths teachers’ sense of self-efficacy based on their personal theories regarding differences in mathematical giftedness between girls and boys. Didactic self-efficacy is understood as a judgment of the possibility of teaching all learners. A ‘personal theory’ is understood as a verbalized group of judgments regarding the source of mathematical giftedness among girls and boys. The two variables, i.e. ‘personal theories’ and ‘biological sex’, were introduced in a two-factor NOVA model. A strong main effect for ‘personal theories’ was noted, while there was no statistically significant effect for biological sex. The result shows that gender stereotypes can weaken teachers’ sense of didactic self-efficacy, and consequently block pupils’ opportunity for development.

didactic self-efficacy mathematics teachers teachers’ personal theories gender differences mathematical giftedness

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Author: Krystyna Barłóg
Institution: University of Rzeszów
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 273-282
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.53.3.23
PDF: tner/201803/tner5323.pdf

Streszczenie:

Empathic sensitivity or empathy is the basis for human interactions and communication, proper interpersonal relationships. As a process and phenomenon, it is particularly important in education and social and emotional functioning. The research, which has already been conducted, was focused on the development of empathic sensitivity of children and young, able-bodied people. The reform of education in Poland implemented in 1989 enabled students with special educational needs to access education in mainstream schools. Preliminary studies in this field are an attempt to show the empathic sensitivity of children with special educational needs who are learning together with healthy, non-disabled friends – their peers in mass education, which is inclusive. The aim of this paper is to present the research outcomes concerning inclusive education in the Podkarpackie Province, Poland.

inclusive education special educational needs empathic sensitivity

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Author: Bożydar L.J. Kaczmarek
Institution: University of Economics and Innovation
Author: Marcin Stencel
Institution: University of Economics and Innovation
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 285-295
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.53.3.24
PDF: tner/201803/tner5324.pdf

Streszczenie:

A number of studies show that both children and adults exhibit difficulties with problem-solving tasks. In fact, only one-third of adults reach the formal operational stage. Coaching such tasks in everybody’s language proves to be helpful only if the situation described is close to life events. The presented study confirmed the improvement in the thematic version of the Wason Test both in pupils and university students, albeit being far from spectacular. The authors suggest distinguishing a bounded type of thinking characterized by highly schematic, mechanistic, and automated thinking. They argue that it results both in educational and everyday failures.

bounded thinking abstract reasoning mental schemas problem solving

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Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 3-5
DOI Address: -
PDF: tner/201804/tner54toc.pdf

Streszczenie:

Publikacja “The New Educational Review” w języku angielskim i udostępnienie wersji cyfrowej w wolnym dostępie to zadania finansowane w ramach umowy 525/P-DUNdem/2018 ze środków Ministra Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę.

Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 7-9
DOI Address: -
PDF: tner/201804/tner54auth.pdf

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Author: Stanisław Juszczyk
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 11-13
DOI Address: -
PDF: tner/201804/tner5400.pdf

Streszczenie:

Author: Jolita Dudaitė
Institution: Mykolas Romeris University
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 17-28
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.01
PDF: tner/201804/tner5401.pdf

Streszczenie:

In 1989 – 1991, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, it was an auspicious moment for structural changes in education systems in the new independent countries, which had been under control of the Soviet government for a long time. About three decades have passed since the beginning of the education reforms in the post-Soviet countries and several generations who studied within the framework of the reformed systems starting from the first grade have already grown up. Therefore, it is relevant to estimate the results of the reforms. One of the possible measures for estimating the results of the education system or education reform is the change in population literacy within certain education systems. The purpose of the article is to compare the results of education reforms of the post-Soviet countries based on the population literacy considered as a result of former learning. The data of the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) organised by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) are used for literacy comparison. The OECD PIAAC survey databases of Lithuania, Estonia, Russia, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Slovenia were used for comparison of the results of the reforms implemented in the post-Soviet countries. Data analysis showed that at the lower and upper secondary education levels, the most positive results of the education reform were observed in Lithuania, while in Russia, the results were negative.

post-Soviet countries PIAAC literacy education reform

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Author: Ewa Ogrodzka-Mazur
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 29-40
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.02
PDF: tner/201804/tner5402.pdf

Streszczenie:

The study comprises the presentation of an authorial approach to cultural identity, viewed from the perspective of the communities (consisting of children, parents and teachers) of schools with Polish as the teaching language in Australia and some selected European countries (Austria, France, the Czech Republic). In reference to the culturalistic model of identity, the characteristics of the most frequent identity behaviours of these communities were provided in the ethnic, national, integrative and mixed dimension. The author also indicates the contemporary contexts of identity shaping, which are determined by migration processes and multiculturalism. By formulating the most important conclusions resulting from the research, the need is indicated for implementing intercultural education in schools with Polish as the teaching language. Among other things, this will enhance the shaping of a multidimensional feeling of identity.

schools with Polish as the teaching language identity behaviours feeling of identity comparative study identity

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Author: Katarzyna Borzucka-Sitkiewicz
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
Author: Karina Leksy
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 41-50
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.03
PDF: tner/201804/tner5403.pdf

Streszczenie:

The domination of new technologies in the lives of children and the youth leads to its consideration in the context of threats and a potential negative influence on adolescents’ functioning. Considering various threats occurring in the virtual space, first of all it is indicated that the Internet, due to apparent anonymity, is often the space of mutual aggression, mocking and attempts to discredit other net users. The presented study refers to the analysis of behaviours being a demonstration of cyberbullying. The research was conducted in conformity with the quantity-quality paradigm. It involved a method of diagnostic survey using the technique of a questionnaire and documents analysis. As the conducted study showed, cyberbullying is a phenomenon which often occurs among contemporary teenagers. The examined persons were most often victims or witnesses of verbal aggression in the net.

cyberbullying youth internet new technologies

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Author: Hyoung-Jin Moon
Institution: DongDuk Women’s University
Author: Jong-ho Nam
Institution: Hankuk University of Foreign Studies
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 51-61
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.04
PDF: tner/201804/tner5404.pdf

Streszczenie:

This study aims to examine the current status of Chinese Confucian ideas that have affected Korean youth culture and to draw up more effective education methods. A survey was conducted after teaching three different groups with the use of three teaching methods over two weeks. Before the experiment, Korean teenagers had preferred different teaching methods depending on their origins. However, after learning from the three teaching methods (cramming, mixed, and discussion teaching methods) for two weeks, the participants preferred the discussion method. Thus, the survey found that while Chinese Confucian ideas have a great influence on Korean youth, there is a possibility for change in preferred teaching methods.

discussion teaching method mixed teaching method cramming teaching method Chinese Confucian ideas

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Author: Katarzyna Kącka
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
Author: Joanna Piechowiak-Lamparska
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
Author: Bartłomiej Michalak
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 62-74
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.05
PDF: tner/201804/tner5405.pdf

Streszczenie:

Effectiveness in publishing is currently the most important criterion in the process of the evaluation of scientific and research units in Poland. In the national evaluations system for such units, this criterion has the largest relative impact on their final assessment and rating, on the basis of which, in turn, financial resources are allocated. The key question in this context was what factors are correlated with publication effectiveness of employees in the domain of science?
The aim of the analysis was to determine correlations between selected factors such as an employee’s academic title and position in a scientific unit’s hierarchy or their teaching load and their scientific effectiveness as measured by publications. The study was conducted on the entire staff population of the Faculty of Political Sciences and International Studies at Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń. As a result, it was found that the selected factors only to a marginal degree were correlated with publication effectiveness in the group studied.

evaluation of scientific research publication impact social sciences and the humanities

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Author: Anna Brosch
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 75-85
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.06
PDF: tner/201804/tner5406.pdf

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This paper presents a theoretical analysis of the concept of sharenting, emphasizing its role in violating children’s privacy. Mechanisms of online self-disclosure are also analyzed, especially regarding parents’ activities consisting of posting information about their children online. Lack of legal regulations regarding the protection of children’s privacy online was also pointed out. Finally, a model of sharenting was developed, which was the basis for establishing a framework of the conceptualization of a research project on sharenting.

children’s privacy self-disclosure sharenting

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Author: Joanna Smyła
Institution: Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 86-97
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.07
PDF: tner/201804/tner5407.pdf

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This article concerns a significant problem of developing a sexual image among girls during socialization and education as well as its consequences for their position in society and in the job market. Provided analyses deal with the differences between boys and girls with regard to the theory of social construction and they emphasise the role of environmental factors in shaping a sexual image on the part of an individual. The results of research on young females’ situation in the job market conducted among young women and employers have also been discussed by the author with relation to this issue.

gender socialization Education the job market

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Author: Katarzyna Krasoń
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 98-109
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.08
PDF: tner/201804/tner5408.pdf

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The article presents the results of an Internet questionnaire examining high school graduates’ (general education high schools and technical high schools) perceptions on aesthetical and cultural education in the institutional context. The study was based on students’ narratives gathered by means of a purpose- designed interview questionnaire using the methodology of interpretive anthropology in relation to the perspective of an ‘insider’ or a ‘local’. The results were further organised accordingly with the strategy of horizonalisation, which made it possible to construct a model encompassing all the participants’ contributions.

culture Education qualitative research

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Author: Olena Lapuzina
Institution: National Technical University Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute
Author: Lidiya Lisachuk
Institution: National Technical University Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute
Author: Yuri Romanov
Institution: National Technical University Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 110-121
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.09
PDF: tner/201804/tner5409.pdf

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This article underscores the importance of professional ethics studies for future engineers in a modern education system. The purpose of the research was to show how university teachers could help future engineers acquire their skills in techno ethics, ecological ethics, computer ethics skills, etc., by teaching an interactive course “Professional Ethics for Engineers”. The research was conducted using data obtained from 418 university students and 88 engineers. The results of the completion of the course made it possible to conclude that the case study method would become an effective tool to form future engineers’ professional needs, interests, opinions, life values, and positive world outlook.

professional ethics techno ethics ecological ethics computer ethics modern engineer training higher technical education

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Author: Isiaka Abdulaziz
Institution: University of Ilorin in Ilorin
Author: AbdulrasaqOlatunji Balogun
Institution: University of Ilorin in Ilorin
Author: AlexanderOlushola Iyekolo
Institution: University of Ilorin in Ilorin
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 122-134
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.10
PDF: tner/201804/tner5410.pdf

Streszczenie:

The presented descriptive study involved three hundred and sixty five (365) lecturers and one thousand one hundred and sixty two (1,162) students selected from twelve (12) tertiary education institutions spread across North-Central Nigeria, making a thousand five hundred and twenty seven (1,527) respondents for the study. The main instrument used to obtain data for this study was adapted questionnaire, two research questions and three hypotheses were formulated. The hypotheses were tested using the t-test statistical technique at 0.05 level of signifi cance. Sociologists, religious leaders, the government, homes and school management should embark on enlightenment campaign programs.

tertiary education institutions causes violence management strategies

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Author: Olena Ionova
Institution: Kharkiv H. S. Skovoroda National Pedagogical University
Author: Oksana Gres
Institution: Kharkiv H. S. Skovoroda National Pedagogical University
Author: Wiktoriia Partola
Institution: Kharkiv H. S. Skovoroda National Pedagogical University
Author: Svitlana Luparenko
Institution: Kharkiv H. S. Skovoroda National Pedagogical University
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 135-145
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.11
PDF: tner/201804/tner5411.pdf

Streszczenie:

With the aim of determination of the influence of Waldorf approaches to the organization of the pedagogical process on the quality of education of Ukrainian junior schoolchildren, the presented experimental research was carried out over the period 2014 – 2016. Third grade schoolchildren of general educational institutions were involved in the experimental research. The organizational forms and methods of Waldorf school were implemented. They were: rhythmic organization of the pedagogical process, artistic teaching, limited use of standard textbooks and schoolchildren’s work on drawing up their own work notebooks, involvement of art elements in the study of all subjects, differentiated exercises for children with different types of temperament, use of active-practical projects, active exercises and games. The positive influence of Waldorf approaches on the quality of schoolchildren’s knowledge (fullness of knowledge and level of their assimilation) and development of their personal- motivational sphere (junior schoolchildren’s attitude to learning, levels of their cognitive activity) was detected. An increase in the level of schoolchildren’s activity and autonomy in educational-cognitive activity was found. The obtained data makes it possible to disseminate Waldorf educational experience for improving the quality of education of junior schoolchildren.

junior schoolchildren pedagogical process organization quality of education Waldorf approaches

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Author: Nuri Wulandari
Institution: Indonesia Banking School in Jakarta
Author: Johan W de Jager
Institution: Tshwane University of Technology in Pretoria
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 146-156
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.12
PDF: tner/201804/tner5412.pdf

Streszczenie:

In the education industry, it is critical to understand the expectations of students concerning providing the best educational experience. Thus, in higher education institutions (HEI) the adoption of customer-oriented approaches in the management practice is widespread. The customer-oriented approach regarding students as customers has been discussed in academic literature from several perspectives. However, it has been rarely studied from the point of view of comparing public and private universities. The presented study tried to apply a student-customer orientation questionnaire (SCOQ) to investigate differences between student expectations of their educational experience in public vs. private universities. The sample consisted of 238 undergraduate students in Indonesia’s higher education institutions. The study found interesting differences within the student-customer-oriented variables between university types in terms of graduation, curriculum design, communication with service staff, classroom studies, individual studies and course design.

Marketing higher education institution consumer behaviour ustomer-oriented university study experience

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Author: Dorota Anna Siemieniecka
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
Author: Bronisław Franciszek Siemieniecki
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 157-167
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.13
PDF: tner/201804/tner5413.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article discusses the problems of human functioning in cyberspace seen from the perspective of cognitive pedagogy. The focus was on the area of communication, information processing by people and problems related to the language of the media. The understanding of the concepts of cyberspace and virtual reality from the position of cognitive pedagogy has been defined. A number of phenomena have been presented, such as: multitasking, cognitive load, sequencing mechanism, compression and addiction.

cognitive pedagogy cyberspace virtual reality

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Author: Beata Mazepa-Domagała
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 171-181
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.14
PDF: tner/201804/tner5414.pdf

Streszczenie:

The presented text is the result of reflections on the issue of perceiving visual messages which are an illustration of the content of printed text by adults as primary recipients of book illustrations addressed to children of pre-reading age.
The article contains reflections on the pictorial character of our environment, it presents the underlying assumptions of the strategy of recognizing image preferences related to book illustration and trends in the preferences of adult intermediaries in the area of book illustration in the aspect of areas of image realization and artistic quality recognized as the dominant elements of imaging. The article concludes with fi nal reflections focused on the quality and value of observations in the context of a visual image in the form of a book illustration.

image preferences visual image book illustration primary viewer

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Author: Myeong Hwan Kim
Institution: Purdue University Fort Wayne
Author: Sang Hyun Han
Institution: Namseoul University
Author: Yongseung Han
Institution: University of North Georgia
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 182-192
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.15
PDF: tner/201804/tner5415.pdf

Streszczenie:

Video games have been around for more than four decades. The purpose of video games is to entertain. Over time, the ways in which video games entertain have changed. Recently, there has been an influx of video games with the intent to educate. These games were created to educate the player while keeping them entertained. The impact of video games on education has yet to be examined. The purpose of this study is to gauge the effect of video games and its correlation with college entrance-exam scores. We assert that one major variable affecting the outcome of education and college entrance-exam score is the sudden prominence of video games in the American culture. Thus, our research will be on the effects that video games have on education, whether positive or negative.

video games test score academic achievement time management

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Author: Alicja Gałązka
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
Author: Magdalena Trinder
Institution: University of Rzeszow
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 193-205
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.16
PDF: tner/201804/tner5416.pdf

Streszczenie:

We all learn best when we are in a state of rational and emotional balance, or what is referred to as ‘flow’. We know that body and mind are linked physically, cognitively and emotionally and teachers need to recognise and support the integrated development of all the three areas within their teaching and to seek safe and positive ways of doing so.
The emotional environment improves students’ self-awareness, motivation, empathy, recognition of choices and leads to strong and supportive communities. Drama provides a supportive forum for checking out that impact in a distanced way, with the teacher there to mediate the experience, often from within a role. Drama offers a stimulating and rich opportunity to discuss and understand our own emotions, attitudes and beliefs through observing, empathising with, feeling and exploring the emotions of characters both portrayed and interacted with in a role. Drama provides a safe emotional context and a sense of security for learners.
In the various fields of research into the factors influencing success in Second Language Acquisition (SLA), trends accentuating the importance of recognising the indicators of success based upon personality and psychology have been ascribed great significance. In the paper, the results of a pilot study to an ongoing research project will be presented. The main aim of the project is to establish the influence of drama on the creation of a positive educational environment, taking into consideration such variable factors as: feeling of security, feeling of identity, sense of belonging, sense of purpose, feeling of competence, and through this an improvement in language competence. The research is a theoretical-empirical investigation of a diagnostic-explanatory-verifi catory nature. Results will be presented from the perspective of both quantitative and qualitative analysis.

contemporary Ukrainian drama drama Second Language Acquisition

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Author: Amalija Žakelj
Institution: Uiversity of Primorska
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 206-215
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.17
PDF: tner/201804/tner5417.pdf

Streszczenie:

In the research, a quasi-experimental model was applied and the experimental group received the process approach to learning and teaching mathematics, which builds on the cognitive-constructivist findings of educational profession about learning and teaching mathematics. In the control group, the transmission approach prevailed.
In the research, the question was answered of what impact the implementation of the process approach to learning and teaching mathematics has on the learner’s knowledge, which can be tested and assessed.
Students in the experimental group (EG) performed significantly better in basic and conceptual knowledge, in solving simple mathematical problems, and in complex knowledge than those in the control group. Results of the research have also shown that there are statistically significant correlations between individual areas of mathematical knowledge. The correlations between the areas of knowledge are from medium high to high, indicating that conceptual knowledge correlates significantly with solving simple mathematical problems and with complex knowledge.

complex knowledge solving simple mathematical problems basic and conceptual knowledge mathematics mathematics achievement

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Author: Jolanta Szempruch
Institution: Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 219-230
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.18
PDF: tner/201804/tner5418.pdf

Streszczenie:

The paper presents the results of research on the feelings of professional burnout in teachers of secondary schools. In its first part, a professional burnout model is presented, as well as symptoms and consequences of the burnout process. Then, main sources of burnout, common prevention strategies, and main areas where signs of burnout can occur are discussed. An important part of the paper is formed by the analysis of the results of a survey conducted among 315 teachers in the Lublin and Starachowice districts. It is worrying that, according to the research, every fifth teacher is characterised by very high or high level of the professional burnout feeling. Therefore, the necessity to prepare future teachers – already at the stage of their education – to cope with unusual educational situations and apply strategies preventing professional burnout, turns out to be of particular signifi cance. These issues are reflected on in the conclusions and recommendations for teachers, included in this paper.

professional burnout stress depersonalisation emotional exhaustion prevention activities low personal accomplishment

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Author: Roman Kroufek
Institution: University of J. E. Purkyně, Ústí nad Labem
Author: Miriam Uhrinová
Institution: Catholic university in Ružomberok
Author: Vlastimil Chytrý
Institution: University of J. E. Purkyně, Ústí nad Labem
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 231-243
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.19
PDF: tner/201804/tner5419.pdf

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The paper deals with an individual’s nature relatedness and a selected significant variable which may have an effect on it; especially it researches the studied high school relation to nature relatedness in primary school teacher trainees. It is research in quantitative design, using a questionnaire to collect data. The questionnaire was based on the Nature Relatedness Scale. Results show a significant effect of the type of high school finished on students’ nature relatedness. The highest scores in the construct analysed were obtained in nature and science- oriented branches, the lowest by graduates of social sciences and general grammar schools. Such results confirm the significance of education in natural science in forming a positive attitude to nature and disprove the cliché ideas of polytechnics producing environmentally insensitive graduates.

primary school nature relatedness environmental literacy

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Author: Robert Sabo
Institution: Slovakia
Author: Denisa Šukolová
Institution: Slovakia
Author: Terézia Vaníková
Institution: Slovakia
Author: Katarína Vančíková
Institution: Slovakia
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 248-257
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.20
PDF: tner/201804/tner5420.pdf

Streszczenie:

The aim of the study was to identify social representations of inclusive school from the point of view of Slovak education actors. Q-methodology (Stephenson, 1953) was used for the purpose of mapping. A set of 57 items was compiled, representatively representing associations with the meaning “inclusive school”. The items were sorted by 32 participants aged from 25 to 58. Five significant factors were identified, which represented various inclusive school representations linked to: 1) tradition of integration, 2) institutional processes of education quality assurance, 3) priority in declaration of pro-inclusive setting, 4) community co-existence, and 5) needs of a modern society. Preliminary interpretation of the representations from the viewpoint of participants’ additional characteristics is described in the discussion.

social representations inclusion education actors

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Author: Stanisław Juszczyk
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 261-269
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.21
PDF: tner/201804/tner5421.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article discusses a hermeneutical analysis of academic texts related to the methodological criticism of individual elements of the structure of designed quantitative research, published in the form of articles, chapters in collective works and monographs. Dilemmas of researchers constructing research projects, asking themselves critical questions at each stage of a research procedure, will be described, critical situations for the correctness of a research process, and also general methodological requirements of scientific publications will be indicated. Besides the description of a critical approach of chosen researchers, the work also includes the author’s reflections on carrying out empirical research.

scientific criticism critical questions hermeneutical analysis

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Author: Slawomir Pasikowski
Institution: University of Lodz
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 271-282
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.22
PDF: tner/201804/tner5422.pdf

Streszczenie:

The validity of educational measurement of characteristics modelled in the structure of oppositional pairs is determined, among other things, on matching the rating scale to the properties of the operationalised variables. 270 people participated in the study of this issue. The results revealed the significance of the type of rating scale and its length in determining the results of characteristics measurement.

rating scales scales of measurement validity oppositions

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