Author: Piotr Błajet
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń
Author: Beata Przyborowska
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 134-148
DOI Address:
PDF: tner/202103/tner6511.pdf

The aim of the presented research results was to diagnose changes in leisure time behaviours in the situation of the Covid-19 epidemic. The acquired knowledge about changing leisure time behaviour will be used to develop programmes to promote leisure time activity for students during and after the pandemic. The respondents used the Jay B. Nash model of leisure time, which indicates 4 levels of positive use of leisure time and also includes 2 negative levels, i.e. excesses and crime. We assume that the change in leisure time behaviours during the pandemic may consist in creating more valuable forms of activity, giving not so much pleasure but satisfaction (e.g. pursuing interests, creative activity). We also assume that as a result of these changes a sense of spending time in a valuable and meaningful way during the pandemic (building health, feeling satisfied) will be created, which may result in the permanence of the behavioural changes that have occurred, which may become new health and leisure time habits.


  • Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1993) TheEvolving Self. A Psychology for the Third Millenium, Harper Perennial, New York.
  • Cszikszentmihalyi, M. (1990), Flow_The_Psychology_of_Optimal_Experience, (acces: 2021-03-26)
  • Drozdowski, R. at al. (2020), Everyday life in times of the pandemic, Report of 22 stage studies , UAM, Poznań (acces 2021-02-10)
  • Erikson E.H. (1993), Childhood and Society, W.W. Norton & Company, New York
  • Failure Doesn’t Suck. (date missing), (acces: 2021-03-30(
  • Gallo, C., (2010), The Innovation Secrets of Steve Jobs: Insanely Different Principles for Breakthrough Success, McGraw-Hill Education, New York
  • Kozielecki, J. (1987). Koncepcja transgresyjna człowieka (Human Transgressive Concept) Państwowe Wydawnictwo naukowe, Warszawa.
  • Łuria A.R. (1987), The Man with a Shattered World: The History of a Brain Wound, Harvard University Press, Cambridge
  • Moiseichik, M.L. & Rolfe, D.T. A Qualitative Analysis of the National Football League’s “Together We Make Football” Contest Submissions, International Journal of the Sociology of Leisure v.1, ss.153-170(acces 2021-03-01).
  • Piazza, P. V, (2019), Homo biologicus: comment la biologie explique la nature humaine, Paris, éditions Albin Michel.

Wiadomość do:



© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart