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Author: Antonio Salvador M. Alcazar III
Institution: Central European University
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 245-266
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019204
PDF: ppsy/48-2/ppsy2019204.pdf

Abstract:

The existing multilateral trade regime is often beleaguered for unfairly privileging its Western guarantors. Since not all countries command the same opportunity sets to compete in global markets, world trade rules sanction über-rich markets to extend autonomous trade concessions to capital-poor countries without demanding any reciprocal treatment. Given the entanglements of trade in the thorny issues of international development and distributive justice, this paper joins a crowded trade as/and fairness debate by judging how the present global economic order (dis)favors developing and least developed countries on the basis of equal opportunity. In a Roemerian-Rawlsian reading of economic fairness, I start by elevating the demands of diffuse reciprocity over the misguided minimalism of mutual reciprocity in a twin attempt to morally defend asymmetric exchanges between asymmetric trading partners and to redress background inequalities in access to the merits of commerce. While the notion and praxis of altruism in international trade generally allude to northern democracies in modern political thought, this article also unmasks parallel models of special and differential treatment projects lorded over by two seemingly unusual suspects: the Eurasian Economic Union and the People’s Republic of China. In juxtaposing weak and strong conceptions of equal opportunity vis-à-vis leading compensatory measures presently open to needy nations, I articulate how the strong standard of equal opportunity is partially cantilevered by existing level-playing-field structures and yet brutally bulldozed at once by the politics of donor discretion. Finally, although a diluted form of diffuse reciprocity grows more fashionable among affluent and emerging economies, unlocking the strong standard of equal opportunity still insists on a solidaristic system of preferences to diffuse both opportunities and obligations arising from a less tilted trading order as widely and deeply as possible.

Tags: least developed countries nonreciprocal trade preferences diffuse reciprocity just trade equal opportunity developing countries

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Author: Grzegorz Radomski
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 232-241
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019203
PDF: ppsy/48-2/ppsy2019203.pdf

Abstract:

The article analyses the Polish political thought after 1989 concerning the local self-government. Attention was drawn to various currents of the Polish political thought, such as liberalism, conservatism, the teaching of the Church, social democracy or nationalism. Particular attention was paid to the role of the self-government in building civil society and to the forms of citizen participation. According to the main hypothesis, the activity of the local self-government is generally accepted. The self-government is an important element of political projects and is considered an important element of civil security and plays an important role in building the civil society. The thought of Charles Taylor “the atrophy of the self-government constitutes a danger for the stability of the liberal society and in the consequence for the freedom protected by it” suited undoubtedly the liberals and the representatives of other political trends

Tags: civil security self-government participation political thought civil society

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Author: Paulina Bieś-Srokosz
Institution: Jan Długosz University in Częstochowa
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 222-231
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019202
PDF: ppsy/48-2/ppsy2019202.pdf

Abstract:

The deep changes in Polish legal system and economy that took place after 1989 contributed to the emergence of new challenges for public administration. The legislator, in order to satisfy growing numbers of social demands, appointed new tasks and created a new legal form of action for public administration entities. However, not every of the new forms were fitted to classically understood administrative law. Part of this new forms at the same time combines some features characteristic for administrative law as well as typical for civil law, which gives them untypical (hybrid) character. As an example, there can be mentioned: civil law contracts with so called “overlays” (obligatory additional conditions) imposed by certain legal acts as well as administrative settlements and administrative contracts. The aim of this article is to analyze those hybrid forms of action of public administration entities in terms of implementation the objectives of regulation set by the legislator.

Tags: hybrid forms public tasks social demands new forms of public administration activity

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Author: Cristina Carpinelli
Institution: Committee Scientific Member of International Problems Study Centre
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 193-221
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019201
PDF: ppsy/48-2/ppsy2019201.pdf

Abstract:

The ethnic landscape in the Baltic States is dominated by one large ethnic minority: Russians. Lithuania is an exception as here the first biggest ethnic minority are Poles, followed by Russians. The Baltic States have also significant Slavic minorities, such as Belarusians and Ukrainians. There are many barriers for people from different ethnic groups to overcome because the Baltic societies are segregated according to ethnicity across a number of dimensions: language, work and geography. During the Soviet period there were separate language schools, a system that reinforced ethnic separation. Labor market was also split along ethnic lines and a large proportion of ethnic minorities lived spatially segregated from the majority group and was concentrated mostly in urban centers. The impact of communist heritage and the construction of the post-communist state order had a negative impact on the integration process of the Russian minorities in those countries. The ethnic Russians had been heavily marginalized as many of them had no citizenship at all. As a result, they had limited access to labor-market and less social protection. However, the accession of the Baltic States to the European Union (EU) has succeeded in significantly changing policies with respect for and protection of minorities in the three Baltic countries. In the last years the ethnic Russians have in fact been partially accommodated through the consistency of the citizenship laws with the European Union norms, which precisely require the protection of minorities and respect for them. The aim of the study described herein is to investigate the historic roots of ethnic segregation between the native Baltic population and the Russian minority and show how the entry of the Baltic States into the EU has facilitated the process of promoting minority rights, especially from the perspective of granting citizenship right to Russian (and Polish) ethnic persons living in those countries.

Tags: citizenship law generation minority rights ethnic minorities Baltic States integration

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Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 3-4
DOI Address: -
PDF: ppsy/48-2/ppsy20192toc.pdf

Abstract:

Polish Political Science Yearbook, 48(2). Published online: December 31, 2018. The Polish Political Science Yearbook is international peer-reviewed journal indexed in: American Bibliography of Slavic and East European Studies (ABSEES) Online, BazHum, Central and Eastern European Online Library, Central European Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (cejsh.icm.edu.pl), Columbia International Affairs Online, Cosmos Impact Factor, Directory of Open Access Journals, Electronic Journals Library, ERIH Plus, Gale PowerSearch, Google Scholar, HeinOnline, IBR – International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature on the Humanities and Social Sciences, IBZ – International Bibliography of Periodical Literature on the Humanities and Social Sciences, ICI Journals Master List, International Political Science Abstracts, Open Academic Journals Index, POL-Index (Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) and The Lancaster Index.

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Author: Joanna Siekiera
E-mail: j.siekiera@akademia.mil.pl
Institution: War Studies University
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 178-180
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019113
PDF: ppsy/48-1/ppsy2019113.pdf

Abstract:

A report from the 10th National Conference of the Australia, New Zealand and Oceania Research Association Security in the Pacific. Warsaw, (14 December, 2018), The Faculty of Military Studies at the War Studies University and the Australia, New Zealand and Oceania Research Association (ANZORA)

Author: Sabina Grabowska
E-mail: chatazawsia@wp.pl
Institution: University of Rzeszów
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 169-171
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019111
PDF: ppsy/48-1/ppsy2019111.pdf

Abstract:

Jerzy Kuciński, Obywatelska inicjatywa ustawodawcza jako instytucja ustroju Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej. Studium prawno-politologiczne, Warsaw 2018, pp. 315.

Author: Kamila Rezmer
E-mail: krezmer@doktorant.umk.pl
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 165-168
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019110
PDF: ppsy/48-1/ppsy2019110.pdf

Abstract:

Book review: Agata Włodkowska-Bagan, Małgorzata Winiarczyk-Kossakowska, Kobiety w polskiej politologii. Od diagnozy do współpracy, Warsaw 2018, pp. 64

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