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Author: Jarosław Piątek
E-mail: tankpanc@wp.pl
Institution: University of Szczecin (Poland)
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 36-48
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019102
PDF: ppsy/48-1/ppsy2019102.pdf

Abstract:

In spite of defining the role of various measures of security policy implementation the weight of one has been quite unequivocally assessed for the current policy. The main position for contemporary Poland is to be taken by the armed forces.
Under these conditions, the Polish Army has become a basic element of the defense system of Poland not only in terms of image. It is not surprising then that currently the armed forces have received a wide range of tasks regarding security – both internal and external. President Duda and the government of Law and Justice proudly show the 2 percent of GDP spent on defense and an even higher target, at the latest in 2030. However, this does not create a perspective that would allow “hurray” optimism. The key to describing the Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland seems to be their ability to respond to the revolution in the field of military and the ability to modernize.
Despite the plans of the Ministry of National Defense and declarations given in media, this process faces a number of difficulties. Not only do we create “abstract” visions of needs for the current policy, but we also offend our partners and those that are still our allies.
The arms policy, so important from the point of view of this “self-sufficiency”, was brought to the accusations of lobbying, corruption, and fraud; not only do we not pay attention to our own needs, but we also create innovative concepts for the current policy that cause us to wander in dilettantism.
It seems that the shape of the implementation of the modernization of the Armed Forces is affected not only by the current policy. To a large extent, the condition of the Polish arms industry is also a decisive factor in the absorption of modernization.

Tags: armed forces modernization the Polish Army threats security policy Challenges armed forces

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Author: Abdullah Metin Durmuş
Institution: Başkent University (Turkey)
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 11-35
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019101
PDF: ppsy/48-1/ppsy2019101.pdf

Abstract:

This article is based on the idea that it is necessary to develop a quantitative method to calculate power of international actors, which will enable scholars to analyse international conflicts. The Global Potential Power Distribution Chart, which is calculated based on three main characteristics of international actors, namely population, territory and economic power, shows “potential power of states and international organisations”. It may be called “Durmuş Scale of Power (DSoP)”. The chart is a comprehensive indicator with considerable accuracy and 100 % objectivity. In this article, potential powers of international actors have been calculated for years 1987, 2004 and 2015, which gives a clear overview of the potential power distribution (balance of power) of the World regarding states and as well as international organisations. Potential military powers of some states and international organisation in year 2015 have also been calculated. This research proves by means of a contemporary approach applied and a quantitative method developed that, the World is multipolar since 2004, and China is, potentially, the most powerful state of the World since 2015. The method introduced in this article were sufficient enough to explain the effects of the enlargement of NATO and EU, EU after BREXIT, reform of the Security Council of the United Nations and instrumental enough to provide a peaceful understanding for the self-determination issue of Kosova. There are three conclusions to this research: 1) The method “Durmuş Scale of Power” is calculated is reliable because everybody with a scientific calculator or a computer can easily calculate potential power of a state provided that he or she has reliable data for territory, population and GDP. 2) “Global Potential Power Distribution Chart” is a comprehensive Chart which shows “balance of power” at a specific year. It enables us to compare power of states and international organisations in different years. 3) It is convenient to use “Durmuş Scale of Power” while analysing issues of international relations.

Tags: Durmuş Scale of Power Conflict Resolution Power Politics United Nations European Union NATO international relations theory

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Author: Agnieszka Szpak
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University (Poland)
Author: Joanna Modrzyńska
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University (Poland)
Author: Robert Gawłowski
Institution: WSB Universities (Poland)
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 5-7
DOI Address: -
PDF: ppsy/48-1/ppsy2019100.pdf

Abstract:

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Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 3-4
DOI Address: -
PDF: ppsy/48-1/ppsy20191toc.pdf

Abstract:

Polish Political Science Yearbook, 48(1). Published online: December 31, 2018. The Polish Political Science Yearbook is international peer-reviewed journal indexed in: American Bibliography of Slavic and East European Studies (ABSEES) Online, BazHum, Central and Eastern European Online Library, Central European Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (cejsh.icm.edu.pl), Columbia International Affairs Online, Cosmos Impact Factor, Directory of Open Access Journals, Electronic Journals Library, ERIH Plus, Gale PowerSearch, Google Scholar, HeinOnline, IBR – International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature on the Humanities and Social Sciences, IBZ – International Bibliography of Periodical Literature on the Humanities and Social Sciences, ICI Journals Master List, International Political Science Abstracts, Open Academic Journals Index, POL-Index (Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) and The Lancaster Index.

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Author: Michał Dahl
E-mail: dahl.michal@gmail.com
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 774-777
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018415
PDF: ppsy/47-4/ppsy2018415.pdf

Abstract:

Book Review: Marcin Grabowski, Rywalizacja czy integracja? Procesy i organizacje integracyjne w regionie Azji i Pacyfiku na przełomie XX i XXI wieku. Kraków: Księgarnia Akademicka 2015 (pp. 321). ISBN: 978 – 83 – 7638 – 601 – 0.

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Author: Kamila Rezmer
E-mail: kamila.rezmer@onet.pl
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 769-773
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018414
PDF: ppsy/47-4/ppsy2018414.pdf

Abstract:

Book Review: Jacek Lindner, 12 469 dróg do absolutu. Polskie media o religii po 1989 roku, Wydawnictwo Adam Marszałek, Toruń 2017, pp. 414.

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Author: Emilia Woźniczko
E-mail: emi.wozi@gmail.com
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 765-768
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018413
PDF: ppsy/47-4/ppsy2018413.pdf

Abstract:

Book Review: Peng Sen, Zhang Xiaochong & Jin Chuntian, Reformujac Chiny. Uwarunkowania międzynarodowe. Toruń: Wydawnictwo Adam Marszałek Publishing House 2015 (pp. 495). ISBN 978 – 83 – 8019 – 254 – 6.

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Author: Joanna Marszałek-Kawa
E-mail: kawadj@box43.pl
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 752-761
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018412
PDF: ppsy/47-4/ppsy2018412.pdf

Abstract:

The problem of the lack of “generational replacement” in Poland is particularly evident on the local self-government level. For years, there has been an ongoing public debate on the adoption of legal solutions introducing term-limits for the office of commune head, mayor and president of the city. Politicians of Law and Justice returned to their idea from 2005 and, shortly before the local elections of 2018, decided to prepare new regulations in this respect. They argued that the adopted solutions create real prospects for implementing projects by young politicians and activists. However, the issue was hotly debated and the initiators’ motives were put into question. There is no doubt that a two-term limit in local selfgovernment units has always stirred up emotions. A lot of self-government officials perceive it as a regulation which violates the provisions of the Constitution of the RP. The aim of this paper is to present the public debate on the adopted solutions and discuss their assumptions.

Tags: political system Poland elections term limit local government

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Author: Hanna Wiczanowska
E-mail: hanna.wiczanowska@amu.edu.pl
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University
Author: Łukasz Szoszkiewicz
E-mail: l.szoszkiewicz@amu.edu.pl
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 742-751
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018411
PDF: ppsy/47-4/ppsy2018411.pdf

Abstract:

There is neither consensus whether the category of linguistic rights shall be distinguished, nor international agreement on the catalogue of such rights. Nevertheless, access to education in mother tongue constitutes a core element of most of the international and national frameworks of minority protection. Academic and legal disputes are particularly absorbing in Europe, where linguistic policies frequently intertwine with politics (e.g. Cyprus, Moldova, Ukraine). Thus, it is essential to pose the question, whether the right to education in mother tongue is always granted the equal scope of protection or is such protection differentiated by any additional criteria. Most of all, it shall be considered whether the analyzed right has an independent character or its protection is associated with perception of other fundamental rights and freedoms. This paper investigates the scope of the protection of this right within the framework of the Council of Europe.

Tags: linguistic rights right to education ECHR minority rights UDHR

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