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Author: Jagoda Wojciechowska
E-mail: jagodawojciechowska@wp.pl
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 491-502
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018304
PDF: ppsy/47-3/ppsy2018304.pdf

Abstract:

The article concerns the analysis of procedures connected with election petitions in Poland on the basis of the constituencies under the jurisdiction of the District Court in Toruń. It should be mentioned, however, that research is currently being conducted in other courts, which even at the preliminary stage appears to corroborate the results of the analysis presented in the article. The research focuses on the guarantees of the efficiency of the electoral petition in Poland. The election petition is the most important instrument which is available to verify the validity of elections. The Constitution does not regulate this matter, entrusting the legislator with this task. The possibility of submitting an election petition implements the principle of the external judicial review of the progress of an election or referendum, which can be initiated upon the request of a legal entity entitled to submit the petition. Considering the role of the petition proceedings as well as the values which remain protected within the procedure of settlement, the legislator should demonstrate the utmost care to increase their efficiency. However, the regulations concerning election petitions are scattered around the whole Electoral Code. Furthermore, for an election petition to be justified, there must be a cause-effect link between the law violation and the results of an election, with the burden of proof placed on the petitioner. The overall result is that in judicial practice only in few cases have grievances in election petitions been considered justified.

Tags: election verification election petition voting civil rights democracy elections electoral system

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Author: Justyna Wasil
E-mail: justyna.wasil@poczta.umcs.lublin.pl
Institution: University of Maria Curie-Skłodowska
Author: Monika Sidor
E-mail: monika.sidor@poczta.umcs.lublin.pl
Institution: University of Maria Curie-Skłodowska
Author: Katarzyna A. Kuć-Czajkowska
E-mail: katarzyna.kuc-czajkowska@poczta.umcs.lublin.pl
Institution: University of Maria Curie-Skłodowska
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 477-490
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018303
PDF: ppsy/47-3/ppsy2018303.pdf

Abstract:

Pathologies and abuses accompany elections and are connected with the electoral system both in its narrow and broad sense. Moreover, they stem from a human nature and a degree of democratic principles consolidation. Cohabitation is conditioned by the electoral system and, in the case of the proportional allocation of seats, it arises more often than in the majority system with single member constituencies. The phenomenon itself is not always pathological. However, such an adverse situation develops when it comes to clashes, neither substantive nor creative, between the municipal bodies and, in consequence, the interests of the local community are jeopardised. Elections at the municipal level are also accompanied by other pathologies and abuses including: coercing votes when voting by proxy, adding voters to an electoral roll, bringing residents to a polling place, paying for one’s votes, preying on the naïvety of voters which can take grotesque forms or brutalising an election campaign caused by the mediatisation of local policy. The above-mentioned phenomena were examined and presented in the paper based on the analysis of statistical data, articles from the local press and, most essentially for the discussed subject, a rich material collected thanks to the in-depth interviews conducted by the authors.

Tags: cohabitation municipality local elections electoral system

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Author: Anna Rytel-Warzocha
Institution: University of Gdańsk
Author: Andrzej Szmyt
Institution: University of Gdańsk
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 467-475
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018302
PDF: ppsy/47-3/ppsy2018302.pdf

Abstract:

Art. 63 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland of 2 April 1997 provides everyone with the right to submit petitions to state authorities. The procedure for considering petitions is specified by the Act on Petitions of 11 July 2014. According to the law, petitions can, in particular, take the form of a request to amend the law. The aim of the article is to focus on petitions concerning the amendment of electoral law against the background general information on the legal regulations in this regard. In the 8th term of office of the Sejm, which began on 12 November 2015, there were five petitions submitted to the parliament which concerned electoral issues. The petitioners proposed amendments in regard to the manner of electing senators to the Senate of the Republic of Poland and councilors in the communities of up to 100,000 residents, strengthening mechanisms that would counteract “electoral frauds”, electoral thresholds in the elections to the Sejm and mandatory voting.

Tags: Committee on Petitions mandatory voting petition electoral law

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Author: Anna Rakowska-Trela
Institution: University of Łódź (Poland)
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 457-466
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018301
PDF: ppsy/47-3/ppsy2018301.pdf

Abstract:

In December 2017 and January 2018, the Sejm and Senate, thanks to the votes of the deputies of ruling party Law and Justice, passed hugely controversial law amending inter alia Polish Electoral Code. Its adoption was opposed by the parliamentary opposition, by the electoral administration bodies and by many experts, however unsuccessfully. The enactment of this law destabilises the electoral system without a clear or evident need and treats the electoral code as a political instrument. Secondly, it does not provide the sufficient time for adaptation (vacatio legis), which may jeopardise free and fair local elections and the stability of the political system. Thirdly, the bill contains numerous unclear provisions and is in many parts written in a careless and contradictory way. Such amendments do not correspond with the European standards, described in the Venice Commission’s Code of Good Practice in Electoral Matters.

Tags: amendments election electoral code electoral law Poland

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Author: The Editors
E-mail: ppsy@marszalek.com.pl
Institution: Polish Political Science Yearbook (Poland)
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 451-454
DOI Address: -
PDF: ppsy/47-3/ppsy20183toc.pdf

Abstract:

Polish Political Science Yearbook, 47(3). Published online: August 30, 2018. The Polish Political Science Yearbook is international peer-reviewed journal indexed in: American Bibliography of Slavic and East European Studies (ABSEES) Online, BazHum, Central and Eastern European Online Library, Central European Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (cejsh.icm.edu.pl), Columbia International Affairs Online, Cosmos Impact Factor, Directory of Open Access Journals, Electronic Journals Library, ERIH Plus, Gale PowerSearch, Google Scholar, HeinOnline, IBR – International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature on the Humanities and Social Sciences, IBZ – International Bibliography of Periodical Literature on the Humanities and Social Sciences, ICI Journals Master List, International Political Science Abstracts, Open Academic Journals Index, POL-Index (Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) and The Lancaster Index.

Tags: polish political science yearbook ppsy

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Author: Karolina Zielińska
E-mail: karolina9krln@gmail.com
Institution: University of Warsaw (Poland)
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 448–449
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018222
PDF: ppsy/47-2/ppsy2018220.pdf

Abstract:

The paper reports from the proceedings of the 6th Annual Conference on Israeli Studies Israeli Identities: Past, Present and Future which took place at the University of Wrocław on September 10–12, 2017. The report reflects on the discussions which took place during plenary sessions of the conference and on the contents of the conference panels. Furthermore, it assesses the importance of this international event for the field of Israeli studies.

Tags: conference report European Israeli Studies Association israeli studies modern Israel international relations EAIS

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Author: Gideon Biger
E-mail: bigergideon@gmail.com
Institution: Tel Aviv University (Israel)
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 439–447
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018221
PDF: ppsy/47-2/ppsy2018221.pdf

Abstract:

Many suggestions have been presented for solving the Israeli – Palestinian dispute. As for now, none of those suggestions, presented during more than thirty years of negotiations, have been accepted by both sides. As for this, some new ideas have to be entered into the arena. Here some new, “out of the box”, geographical proposals are presented, based on actual events and geographical realities which exist in other areas. These proposals could be seen as un-human or politically wrong suggestions but as all other proposals were rejected, the decision makers of both sides, as well as the leaders of the world, can use the presented suggestion as a base for future negotiations.

Tags: Israel Palestine enclave national state Citizenship peace agreement

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Author: Angelika Adamczyk
E-mail: aadamczyk@uw.edu.pl
Institution: University of Warsaw (Poland)
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 424–435
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018220
PDF: ppsy/47-2/ppsy2018220.pdf

Abstract:

In this paper, I wish to present the complexity of Jewish-Polish relations from the 19th century until the interwar period, with emphasis on sociolinguistic issues. I will illustrate the circumstances of the contact between the Polish and Hebrew languages. Poles and Jews, who lived side by side, developed successful relationships, but mainly in the criminal underworld. That was reflected in a sociolect – a dialect of criminals that constituted a mixture of Polish, Yiddish, Russian, and several other languages, including quite a few Hebrew words, which with time adopted new meanings. Moreover, I  will provide some examples of Hebrew words used in Polish criminal jargon, as well as those which have been coined in every-day Polish. Then I will refer to some Hebrew words that are not connected with a world of crime and are still in use in spoken Polish.

Tags: sociolect criminal jargon Hebrew Polish-Jewish relations Polish language interlingual contacts spoken language

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Author: Michal Ben-Horin
E-mail: michal.ben-horin@biu.ac.il
Institution: Bar-Ilan University in Ramat-Gan (Israel)
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 414–423
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018219
PDF: ppsy/47-2/ppsy2018219.pdf

Abstract:

Immigration highlights the question of language and raises the dilemma of the relationship between the mother tongue and the language of the new land. For writers this question is even more crucial: should they write in the language of the place and its readers? Immigration to Israel is not exceptional, of course. What choices are open to those writers, and how are they to convey the complexities inherent in the formation of an Israeli identity? This paper focuses on two writers who demonstrate the role played by the “chosen language” in the cultural construction and deconstruction of Israeli identity. Tuvia Ruebner emigrated from Bratislava, Aharon Appelfeld from Bukovina. Ruebner shifted from German to Hebrew and back to German; Appelfeld wrote only in Hebrew. In both cases, their arrival in Israel enabled them to survive. However, the loss of their families in Europe continued to haunt them. Inspired by Walter Benjamin’s concept of ‘translation’ and responding to Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari’s concept of ‘minor literature’, the paper shows how their work conveys a multilayered interrelation between national and foreign languages, and between images of exile and homeland, past, present and future – all of which shed light on contemporary issues of Israeli identity.

Tags: immigration Franz Kafka Tuvia Ruebner Aharon Appelfeld Bilingualism modern Hebrew Literature

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Author: Liat Steir-Livny
E-mail: liatsteirlivny@gamil.com
Institution: The Open University of Israel (Israel)
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 406–413
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018218
PDF: ppsy/47-2/ppsy2018218.pdf

Abstract:

Israeli culture in the 1940s and 1950s was dominated by ideological considerations. Zionist films, as other aspects of Eretz-Israel and Israeli culture, distinctively propagated Zionist ideas. As a consequence of their sociopolitical focus, these films neglected the complexities of the relationship between Holocaust survivors and the native Jews in Eretz Israel. Instead, Holocaust survivors were reduced to a homogeneous entity that bore distinct negative connotations. Films depicted female Holocaust survivors as mentally unstable, unfit mothers, and often played up negative sexual stereotypes. In these films, the women were “cured” or went through a process of “purification” thanks to the Zionist establishment. Historical research often cites the trial of Adolf Eichmann (1961) as being a turning point in the Israeli public’s perception of the Holocaust, and its representation in Israeli culture. This article will focus on an analysis of the film The Hero’s Wife (Peter Frye, 1963) that was produced in the aftermath of the trial. It will discuss the innovative representations of this unresearched film and will seek to answer the questions of why, and in what way, its narrative comprises a subversive antithesis to the narrative shaped by Zionist fiction films made prior to the Eichmann trial.

Tags: Holocaust cinema Holocaust survivors The Eichmann trial Holocaust commemoration

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