1960s

  • Kościół olkuski w reprezentatywnym raporcie Służby Bezpieczeństwa z 1960 roku

    Author: Paweł Glugla
    Institution: Uniwersyt Rzeszowski
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 64-88
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm201905
    PDF: ksm/24/ksm201905.pdf

    This article contains information and analysis of the Security Service's operational activities against the Catholic Church in Olkusz, based on an archival document produced by the security apparatus. The territory in question belonged administratively to the Krakow Province, while in the church administration it belonged to the Diocese of Kielce. The document includes a number of important issues: a description of the Catholic Church in Olkusz, including deaneries, and the description and staffing of individual religious congregations (for which the security police also kept up-to-date documentation); Catholic activities, being part of the structures of the church organization of individual deaneries and their parishes; a current list of Catholic agents and assets; agent cases conducted against individual church objects and the clergy; repression of the clergy; issues of catechization; cases of religious construction; cooperation between the security division and civic militia; difficulties in the work of the Olkusz security service in church matters; and “hotspots” in Olkusz. Thanks to the agents it acquired, the security apparatus had current information on the functioning of the church in Olkusz, especially the clergy. Therefore, it could effectively watch over the church’s activities, neutralize many of its intentions, and punish defiant clergy in various ways. This edited archival document illustrates a wide range of issues dealt with by the Security Service of the 1960s. Its form, and this systematic range of issues, was imposed from above and was compulsory throughout the entire territory of the People's Republic of Poland.

  • Parlament a parlamentarismus v budování a proměnách československé státnosti

    Author: Ondřej Felcman
    E-mail: ondrej.felcman@uhk.cz
    Institution: Univerzita Hradec Králové, Filozofická fakulta
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2706-201X
    Author: Tomáš Hradecký
    E-mail: tomas.hradecky@uhk.cz
    Institution: Univerzita Hradec Králové, Filozofická fakulta
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4488-2266
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 32-71
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso190403
    PDF: hso/23/hso2303.pdf

    The study focuses on the importance of the Parliament’s involvement in construction of the Czechoslovak state. With the exception of the German occupation, as the legislature of the Czechoslovak Republic, the National Assembly played an important role in affecting its republican and democratic character. The article discusses two of the most important stages of the formation of the Czechoslovak statehood. First is the Interwar period when the Czechoslovak statehood demonstrated features typical of parliamentary democracy with assumed parliamentary power, followed by the 1960s when the common state of the Czechs and Slovaks developed on a federal level.

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