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  • Ramy prawne funkcjonowania społeczności muzułmańskiej w Federacji Rosyjskiej

    Author: Andrzej Stopczyński
    E-mail: andrzejstopczynski@tlen.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 5-22
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2018101
    PDF: so/13/so1301.pdf

    The legal framework for the functioning of Muslim community in the Russian Federation

    At present, the Muslim community in the Russian Federation grows in importance and strength. The religious freedom, which came as a result of the democratic transformation that took place in the Russian Federation in the late 1980s and early 1990s opened the opportunity for its Muslim residents to develop their own culture, educational system and administrative structure. The freedom of religion was one of the most important elements of perestroika and one of the directions of Russia’s development following the transformation. Here, the freedom of religion can be considered as both an element of liberalization of the Soviet regime, and, after the break-up of the USSR, as a step towards democratization. The article aims to present the most important legal acts and documents that constitute the legal basis for the functioning of Muslims in the contemporary Russian Federation.

  • Sekurytyzacja islamu w Azji Centralnej

    Author: Nartsiss Shukuralieva
    E-mail: ns@ukw.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4046-9738
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 33-54
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2018202
    PDF: so/14/so1402.pdf

    Securitization of Islam in Central Asia

    The aim of the article is to analyse mechanisms of constructing Islam in the discourse and practices of undemocratic Central Asian countries. This objective will be accomplished through the references to securitization theory located within the framework of the constructivist paradigm. The major argument of the paper is that the discursive transformation of various dimensions of Islam’s existence into a homogeneous threat to the security was an important securitizing move. Its relevance is related to the national and international level of legitimacy. The strength of the securitizing move results from the amount of resources of the authoritarian Central Asian elites as the dominant securitizing actors. In the first part, the text critically discusses the radicalization of Muslims in Central Asia thesis and the practices of the state structures towards Islam. In the next part it will present various manifestations and dimensions of the securitization of Islam in the discourse and practice of the incumbent elites in Central Asia countries.

  • Relacje czeczeńsko-saudyjskie (sierpień 1999–luty 2007 r.)

    Author: Kamil Pietrasik
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 55-66
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2018203
    PDF: so/14/so1403.pdf

    Relations Chechen-Saudi (august 1997–february 2007)

    In the article, the author presented the most important events relations of Chechen-Saudian from the middle of 1999 to February 2007. The author showed how politics looked like for example during presidency of Aslan Maskhadov’s, Ahmat Kadyrov’s.

  • Czeczeńscy przywódcy religijni od XVIII do XIX w.

    Author: Kamil Pietrasik
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 105-122
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2018206
    PDF: so/14/so1406.pdf

    Chechen religious leaders from the 18th to 19th centuries

    The proposed topic is a focus on political and religious activity by religious leaders in the North Caucasus in the fight against the Russian colonizer. Under their leadership they sought victory over the Russian Empire. The author tried to present the most important and vital moments in the life of Mansur Ushurma, Kazi mullah, Gamzat bek and imam Osman Shamil too.

  • Hodża Ahmad Jasawi – islamski mistyk z Azji Centralnej

    Author: Mirosław Jaremba
    E-mail: mirek.jaremba1991@gmail.com
    Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3730-6372
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 77-90
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2019205
    PDF: so/16/so1605.pdf

    Hodja Ahmad Yasawi – a mystic from Central Asia

    The main aim of the article is to analyze the life and activity of the Islamic mystic Hodja Ahmad Yasawi and to present the legacy he left behind. Sufism or Islamic mysticism is an important element of the spiritual heritage of the countries of Central Asia. Ahmad Yasawi was one of the first persons in the region who worked for the development of Islam in Sufism. He gave a lot from himself not only during his lifetime, but also after his death. The article will present the information on the death of the Sufi and his tomb, which is currently on the UNESCO World Heritage List. An important element of the article is the reference to the teachings preached by the mystic (including the silent dhikr) and his works (e.g. his most popular work i.e. Divan-i Hikmet).

  • Wybrane czynniki kształtujące turecką politykę zagraniczną

    Author: Michał Dahl
    E-mail: dahl.michal@gmail.com
    Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2803-2648
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 91-101
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20202405
    PDF: npw/24/npw2405.pdf

    Selected Factors Shaping Turkish Foreign Policy

    The analysis of determinants shaping the foreign policy of modern states requires taking into account a whole range of internal and external factors, both of an objective and subjective nature. The use of the typology of foreign policy determinants should be supplemented with the characteristics of factors specific to a given country, most often included in the social or cultural sphere. The lack of this type of supplement not only impairs the analysis but also makes it impossible to obtain a full picture of the phenomena and processes studied. One of the countries in which the analysis of foreign policy conditions requires consideration of a whole range of additional factors is the Republic of Turkey. The Kemalist ideology, Turkish Islam and Kurdish separatism described in this article, have a significant impact on the shape of contemporary Turkish foreign policy, thus should be thoroughly studied by all attempting to understand Turkish foreign policy.

  • Dżadidyzm i reforma szkolnictwa muzułmańskiego w Rosji na przełomie XIX i XX wieku

    Author: Andrzej Stopczyński
    E-mail: andrzej.stopczynski1@uni.lodz.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9795-725X
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 138-154
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2020210
    PDF: so/18/so1810.pdf

    Jadidism and the Reform of Muslim Education in Russia at the Turn of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

    The concept of Jadidism - the reform movement among Muslims in the Russian Empire - at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and to the present day has beeen of interest to researchers. Scientists discuss it not only the issues of terminology, but also in regard to determining the exact date of the occurrence of this phenomenon and determining its most important stages. Representatives of this movement have been recorded on the pages of history, and their achievements today are an extremely rich source for analysis, mainly due to the ideas they proclaim, which at the turn of the centuries were courageous, and sometimes innovative. The article aims to present the concept of Jadidism in the context of socio-religious changes among the Muslim (Tatar) community in the Russian Empire at the turn of nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

  • Życie i działalność środkowoazjatyckiego sufiego Nadżm ad-Din Kubry

    Author: Mirosław Jaremba
    E-mail: mirek.jaremba1991@gmail.com
    Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3730-6372
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 77-86
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2021105
    PDF: so/19/so1905.pdf

    The Life and the Activity of the Central Asian Sufi Najm ad-Din Kubra

    The article presents the life and the activity of the Sufiand Central Asia - Najm ad-Din Kubra. The paper describes the life that formed the later master of Islamic mysticism. Much emphasis was placed on the issues related to the teachings of the Sufi(e.g. about zikr) and the on the description of the color theory (Latoif), extremely important for students of Kubra. Attention was also paid to the effects of the teachings of ad-Din Kubra (which the brotherhoods drew from the wisdom of the mystic) and how they adapted in society and politics over the centuries.

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