• Edukacja szkolna w Federacji Rosyjskiej wobec zagrożeń terroryzmem

    Author: Adam Hołub
    Institution: Wyższa Szkoła Policji w Szczytnie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8865-6543
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 34-43
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20192302
    PDF: npw/23/npw2302.pdf

    School education in the Russian Federation in the face of terrorist threats

    The Russian Federation is the target of religious and separatist terrorism. The threat of terrorism depends on the region in which it occurs. Using a method of analysing the content of programmes and recommendations for teaching subjects on security in Russian schools, it has been found that their content includes elements of anti-terrorist education. In addition, anti-terrorist education is very active in regions exposed to increased terrorism. In addition to practical skills, the introduction of educational elements and education of patriotic attitudes of schoolchildren is a specificity.

  • Ataki terrorystyczne w Federacji Rosyjskiej w XXI wieku

    Author: Aleksander Ksawer y Olech
    Institution: Akademia Sztuki Wojennej
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3793-5913
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 109-127
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20192306
    PDF: npw/23/npw2306.pdf

    Terrorist attacks in the Russian Federation

    The high level of terrorist threat to the security of the Russian Federation, which has been persisting for decades, is a process of many aspects. The conducted internal policy, involvement in armed conflicts in Ukraine and in Syria, the unstable situation in the Caucasus and the undertaken international co-operation have a significant impact on the activation of terrorist groups in Russia. Already in 2012, before the series of attacks in the French Republic, the on-going conflict in the North Caucasus was described as the most brutal in Europe. Since 2007, Russia has started to cope with international terrorism. What is even worse, it has undergone evolution, permanently destabilizing the internal security of the state. The recent attacks have been associated with the emergence of extremist groups from the Middle East, such as Al-Qaeda and the Islamic State, and their cooperation with rebels from the South and North Caucasus. International terrorist groups began their expansion into the whole territory of the Russian Federation, mobilizing the local government to undertake activities counteracting terrorism. Nowadays, the situation is slowly returning to normal, but new threats are still worth noting. The past experience and new threats of attacks urge us to re-analyse the current situation and define the goals of the anti-terrorist actions of the Russian Federation. This is also important in view of the consequences for other countries which are immediate neighbours of Russia, including possible terrorist consequences for Poland.

  • Najlepsi z najlepszych. Charakterystyka wybranych izraelskich jednostek kontrterrorystycznych

    Author: Natalia Ciszewska
    Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9655-2173
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 130-142
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20192307
    PDF: npw/23/npw2307.pdf

    The best of the best. Characteristics of selected Israeli counterterrorist units

    The creation of Israel aroused many negative emotions, which over time evolved into war and terrorist activities, the aim of which was to destroy this country and push it into the sea. Israel in response to numerous attacks was forced to develop an effective defense, and its basic element was well-trained special forces. Israeli services are considered brutal: they carry out daring operations, risking diplomatic crises, never negotiating with hijackers, and often killing potential terrorists, however, they cannot be denied their effectiveness. Israeli commandos are often recognized as the best in the world and their training is as demanding as the American Navy SEAL’s. In the era of growing number of terrorist attacks, it is worth taking a closer look at Israeli counterterrorism units, their experience and answer the question whether the methods, tactics and strategies used are appropriate and should be copied by special forces of other countries.

  • Próba analizy radykalnych islamistycznych organizacji militarnych: somalijskiej Al-Shabaab i czeczeńskiej Riyad us-Saliheyn

    Author: Kamil Pietrasik
    E-mail: kamilpietrasik@interia.pl
    Institution: Towarzystwo Azji i Pacyfiku
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8579-0659
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 46-63
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2019203
    PDF: so/16/so1603.pdf

    An attempt to analyze radical Islamist military organizations: the Somali Al Shabaab and the Chechen Riyad us-Saliheyn

    In this text we presented the functioning and objectives of which are fighting the militants from the Somali terrorist group Al-Shabaab and the Chechen Riyad us-Saliheyn. Of course, keep in mind that these are not groups with global rather local, regional, however destabilize the regions in which they operate and the inhabitants of these places do not feel safe even in extreme cases, life deprived of mainly religious reasons.

  • Współczesne zagrożenia terrorystyczne w Republice Czeskiej

    Author: Aleksander Ksawery Olech
    E-mail: akolech@wp.pl
    Institution: Akademia Sztuki Wojennej
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000–0002–3793–5913
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 102-127
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20202504
    PDF: npw/25/npw2504.pdf

    Contemporary terrorist threats in the Czech Republic

    Terrorism has been evolving and taking different forms since the beginning of the XXI century. It is closely related to the geopolitical situation in the world. The development of research of safety indicates evidently that terrorism currently constitutes one of the biggest threats to the security of countries. That is why the analysis of terrorist threats in Central European countries, including the Czech Republic, seems to be indispensable. It is the Western European countries that are struggling today with intrastate terrorism whose effects lead to destabilization of national integrity and jeopardise social security. This situation is also important for neighbouring countries and international organisations to which they belong, such as the European Union or NATO. Data collected between 2014 and 2019 shows that the Czech Republic has improved its terrorist threat combating system and it is constantly reducing the impact of threats on the situation in the country. Terrorism as a phenomenon, and at the same time a kind of weapon for the increasing number of its proponents, needs to be acknowledged immediately. Its complexity imposes determining ways of countervailing it in the future. The presented analysis is a sort of study on cases in the context of threats with the characteristic of terrorism in the Czech Republic.

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