A. Mickiewicz

  • Polska a Zachód „Dziennik” Witolda Gombrowicza

    Author: Wojciech Kaute
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego w Kielcach
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 105-121
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpom2017207
    PDF: tpom/26/tpom2607.pdf

    Poland and the West. THE DIARY by Witold Gombrowicz

    For generations the basic problem of the Polish culture has been the issue concerning the answer to the question about the relation: Poland and the West. The two opposing standpoints have been established. According to the first one, Poland perceived as the gentry culture, compared to the modern West differs in a positive way. According to the second one – just the opposite – in a negative way. W. Gombrowicz in the Diary presented the third point of view. According to him the civilizational backwardness of Poland as compared with the modern Europe which has lost its “humanity” poses a chance. One should make the most of this opportunity.

  • „Łza kapiąca na wąsy…” „Legenda Młodej Polski” Stanisława Brzozowskiego czyli my a Europa

    Author: Wojciech Kaute
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego w Kielcach
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 81-94
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpom2018106
    PDF: tpom/27/tpom2706.pdf

    “A tear dripping on the moustache...” “The Legend of the Young Poland” by Stanisław Brzozowski that is we and Europe

    Since the beginning of the modern times, one of the main problems of the Polish culture has been the answer to the question concerning the relation: Poland and Europe, the West. A tremendous variety of literary works concerning this topic has been written. One of the outstanding and broadly discussed literary works is The Legend of the Young Poland by Stanisław Brzozowski which was written at the turn of the twentieth century. The main theory expressed by Brzozowski is: Poland has remained beyond Europe since the beginning of the modern times. Its culture has been shaped by the gentry. It is the culture assuming its superiority over Europe. All failures of Poland are treated here as the nonculpable facts and – in the face of all Polish ideals – unjust...And this is H. Sienkiewicz. Therefore Brzozowski suggests using these elements of the Polish culture archetype which – contrary to the tradition of the gentry – are the most valuable. This is the thought of A. Mickiewicz and Romanticism. At the same time, as it was indicated by Gombrowicz in his works, one should bear in mind the fact of the specific character of the Polish culture. The answer to the question about the relation Poland and Europe is – contrary to the radical standpoint of the Legend... – ambiguous.

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