• Ethical Aspects of the Conscience Clause in Polish Medical Law

    Author: Justyna Czekajewska
    E-mail: justynaczekajewska@gmail.com
    Institution: Poznań University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2833-8815
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 206-220
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2018.04.13
    PDF: kie/122/kie12213.pdf

    In Polish medical law, the conscience clause is understood as both a moral and legal norm which gives consent to selected medical professions (doctors, nurses, midwives, and laboratory technicians) to withdraw certain activities due to ethical objections.
    The explanation given for the conscience clause is not sufficient. There is no detailed information on the difference between compulsory and authorized benefits and the conditions for resignation from medical treatment. These problems not only lead to interpretational errors, but also to the abuse of law. Medical attorneys, among others, Andrzej Zoll, Mirosław Nesterowicz, Leszek Bosek and Eleonora Zielińska, present different opinions on the understanding of refusal to perform health care services by health care workers, and the lack of agreement leads to conflicts.
    In this article, I compare the views of ethicists and lawyers on the conscience clause. I present differences in the interpretation of medical law, and to all considerations I add my own opinion.

  • Szacunek dla autonomii kobiety ciężarnej a wolność sumienia lekarza. Etyczne konsekwencje odmowy wykonania świadczeń zdrowotnych przez pracowników służby zdrowia

    Author: Justyna Czekajewska
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 33-46
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2016.03.02
    PDF: kie/113/kie11302.pdf

    The reason of moral conflict between a pregnant woman and a doctor is incorrect understanding principles of ethics and medical provisions. The erroneous course of reasoning often is leading to the contradiction heading fundamental assumption of medical ethics. According to the right to autonomy the acceptance of individual beliefs of the patient is the same important as the concern for her health, therefore one should treat the expectant mother with the respect respecting the sovereignty for her. In spite of the possibility of expressing the own opinion, the liberty of the subject cannot disturb the conscience of the doctor. Every man irrespective of the performed profession has the right to own beliefs, so the doctor can refuse to carry determined medical benefits out because of reported ethical doubts. In the article I’m going to establish the terms and what type of the benefits to explain are medical compulsory for a health service employee. To the purpose of the presentation of ethical problems of the medical conscience clause I will refer to example of abortion.

  • The “Axiological Revolution” in Poland in 2020: ‘Five for Animals’ and the Decision of the Constitutional Tribunal on Abortion - An Attempt at Explaining the Reasons for the Decline in Support for Law and Justice with the Use of a Circular Matrix

    Author: Przemysław Maj
    E-mail: przemaj@ur.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Rzeszow
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5151-5464
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 225-234
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.18
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5818.pdf

    In 2015-2020, support for the Law and Justice party was to remain stable. In autumn 2020 political decisions were made on issues that polarized public opinion. At the same time, a decline in polling support for the government was observed. The aim of the article is to explain changes in support with the use of a circular matrix.

  • Parliamentary Parties and the Anti-Abortion Laws in Poland (1991–2019)

    Published online: 21 June 2021
    Final submission: 11 May 2021
    Printed issue: December 2021
    Author: Krzysztof Kowalczyk
    E-mail: krzysztof.kowalczyk@usz.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Szczecin (Poland)
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5910-4854
    Source: Show
    Page no: 9
    Pages: 27-35
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202118
    PDF: ppsy/50/ppsy202118.pdf

    This article aims to analyze the approach of Polish parliamentary parties to the anti-abortion legislation in 1991-2019 on the level of their ideological programmes. Classification of political parties concerning their ideological families has been proposed. Next, the article presents a typology based on the party’s attitude to the discussed problem, distinguishing the following categories of parties: the proponents of apportioning, the opponents of abortion, heterogeneous parties, and parties that do not express an opinion on this issue.

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