adolescence

  • Acknowledging Feelings to Enhance Prosociality: Emotional Awareness and Prosocial Behaviors in Adolescence

    Author: Agnieszka Doktor
    Author: Karolina Glinka
    Author: Marcin Moroń
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 269-280
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.22
    PDF: tner/201801/tner20180122.pdf

    Prosocial behavior is correlated with better social adjustment among adolescents, while emotional abilities are prominent factors that enhance prosocial behaviors. Attention to emotions and clarity of emotion were found as two core dimensions of emotional abilities. In the presented study the relationships between attention to emotion and clarity of emotion and prosocial behavior were examined with gender as a moderator. Two hundred and fourteen adolescents participated in the study (86 males). The participants filled in the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), Trait Meta-Mood Scale (TMMS), and Prosocial Behavior Questionnaire (PBQ). Two dimensions underlying the subscales of TAS-20 and TMMS were found: inattention to emotions and unclear emotion. Gender differences appeared in emotion awareness dimensions and prosocial behavior. Using structural equation modeling it was shown that inattention to emotion, yet not unclear emotion, inhibits prosocial behavior.

  • The Effect of Experimental Presentation of Images of Women in Magazine Advertising and Works of Art on Body (Dis)satisfaction in Adolescent Girls

    Author: Beata Mirucka
    E-mail: beatamir1@wp.pl
    Institution: University of Bialystok
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 113-130
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2018.02.07
    PDF: kie/120/kie12007.pdf

    The present study was the first to investigate the influence of artistic images of women on adolescent girls’ body attitude. The results have shown that a 10-minute exposure to artistic images of women by such great masters as Titian, Botticelli or Degas significantly changed body attitude in teenage girls, which was expressed through increased body satisfaction, decreased body dissatisfaction, and weakening of negative body emotion. Those outcomes have also confirmed the results of the existing studies exploring the negative influence of magazine advertising on teenage girls’ body experiencing. The comparison of two study groups has shown that girls looking at women in works of art expressed a significantly higher level of body satisfaction than girls exposed to women in advertisements.

  • Verification of the Effectiveness of a New Education and Training Programme for Mentally Disabled Adolescents

    Author: Agnesa Pataiová
    E-mail: pataiova7@gmail.com
    Institution: Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra
    Author: Peter Seidler
    E-mail: pseidler@ukf.sk
    Institution: Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra
    Author: Anna Tirpáková
    E-mail: atirpakova@ukf.sk
    Institution: Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 265-276
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2019.55.1.22
    PDF: tner/201901/tner5522.pdf

    The contribution presents a new education and training programme “Stepping into Life with the Right Values,” aimed to improve integration of mentally disabled pupils into the system of vocational training centres and thus also society. The goal of the presented programme was not only to create suitable conditions for pupils’ harmonious adaptation to the dormitory environment, but also to teach them appropriate orientation in various life situations. Effectiveness of the programme was verified experimentally at selected vocational training centres in Slovakia during the 2015/2016, 2016/2017 and 2017/2018 school years. Our research confirmed that pupils who had gone through the adaptation process using the new programme were statistically significantly better oriented in ordinary life situations at the school dormitory, but also in ordinary life situations outside.

  • Positive Approach to Youth Studies: An Educational Perspective

    Author: Krzysztof Sawicki
    E-mail: k.sawicki@uwb.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Białystok
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8192-9975
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 139-152
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.04.08
    PDF: kie/134/kie13408.pdf

    A positive perspective in social sciences is one of the key directions in contemporary youth studies and an important point of reflection on education. In recent decades, the Positive Youth Development concept (PYD) has been a particularly clear and significant perspective for studying adolescence on a global scale. This perspective is crucial for many theoretical assumptions and educational projects. The aim of this article is to analyse the concepts and theories (directly and indirectly) related to this concept in youth studies. In this paper, significant changes in the reflection on adolescence have been analysed, which turned the vision of a developmental stage full of tensions and conflicts into a period of great opportunities for the personal development and also gave new meaning to youth’s good life. The PYD key concepts and theories plus practical education have been presented. Additionally, critical remarks on positive concepts in youth studies have been analysed.

  • Individual and Social Self-Perception Determinants Among School Going Adolescents

    Author: Nina Pidbutska
    E-mail: podbutskaya_nina@ukr.net
    Institution: National Technical University «Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute»
    Author: Victoriia Shapolova
    E-mail: viktoriasapolova@gmail.com
    Institution: National Technical University «Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute»
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 185-197
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.66.4.15
    PDF: tner/202104/tner6615.pdf

    The aim of the research is to define individual psychological traits of adolescents that influence the formation of their self-perception. An empirical study was conducted on the basis of general education schools, boarding schools for the hearing impaired students and orphanages of the Kharkiv region (Ukraine). The study included 86 children. In accordance with this aim empirical methods were applied: Self-perception profile for adolescents (SPPA), Freiburg Multifactorial Personality Questionnaire (FPI), An Adolescent’s Character Traits Questionnaire, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. It has been found that self-perception of general education school students is determined by depressiveness, shyness, extroversion, and stuck type of accentuation; in adolescents with hearing impairments - friendliness, reactive aggressiveness, extroversion, emotive and anxiety types of accentuation; in orphans - pedantic and dysthymic types of character accentuation.

  • Forms, Causes and Consequences of Gender Based Violence among in-School Adolescence in Ilorin Metropolis

    Author: Elizabeth O. Uyanne
    E-mail: uyanne.eo@unilorin.edu.ng
    Institution: University of Ilorin
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 62-75
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.65.3.05
    PDF: tner/202103/tner6505.pdf

    Gender-based violence (GBV) is a global menace that has taken worrisome dimension in the Nigerian society especially among in-school adolescents. It is one of the challenges militating against total development of school aged children in Nigeria; hence, the purpose of the study was to investigate the form, causes and consequences of gender based violence among in-school adolescents in Ilorin metropolis in Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive research of the survey type. There are 18 secondary school in Ilorin. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 10 schools from the available schools in Ilorin metropolis while random sampling technique was used to select 20 representatives from each selected secondary schools. A total of 200 representatives were used for the study. The result revealed a significant difference in the violence against male and female in-school adolescents. Females were shown to be more physically and sexually harassed as well as marginalized when compared to their male counterparts. The result would enable education stakeholders in Nigeria, especially classroom teachers, to be aware and alert on potential gender based violence against female students.

  • Typology of Adolescents in Terms of Risk Behavior - Differentiation in Terms of Parental Conditions

    Author: Katarína Kohútová
    E-mail: katarina.kohutova@ku.sk
    Institution: Catholic University, Ružomberok
    Author: Erich Petlák
    E-mail: erich.petlak@ku.sk
    Institution: Catholic University, Ružomberok
    Author: Hans Schachl
    E-mail: hans.schachl@ph-linz.at
    Institution: Private University of Education
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 69-84
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.63.1.06
    PDF: tner/202101/tner6306.pdf

    The aim of the study is to identify the typology of adolescents in terms of manifestations of risk behavior and to find out the differences between them from the perspective of parental conditions. The research tools are the E.M.B.U Questionnaire - My memories of upbringing, ECR - Experience in Close Relationship, the author’s questionnaire aimed at identifying substance use and selected items of the Questionnaire on belonging to a Delinquent Group. The research sample consisted of 850 adolescents. Cluster analysis identified three types of adolescents in terms of manifestations of risk behavior. Differentiations between groups in the parental conditions were identified.

  • Development of Self-concept in Slovak Adolescents

    Author: Lenka Ďuricová
    E-mail: lenka.duricova2@umb.sk
    Institution: Matej Bel University in Banská Bystrica
    Author: Estera Frgelcová
    E-mail: estera.frgelcova2@studenti.umb.sk
    Institution: Matej Bel University in Banská Bystrica
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 13-26
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.20.60.2.01
    PDF: tner/202002/tner6001.pdf

    The aim of the cross-sectional study is to map the development of self-concept in adolescents in terms of the Piers-Harris domain approach as well as to capture gender specifics, if any, in the process of its formation. Research involved 290 adolescents, divided in three age categories. The Piers-Harris Children’s and Adolescents´ Self-Concept Scale (Obereignerů et al., 2015) was used as the research tool. Results do not indicate statistically significant differences between groups of adolescents in their overall self-concept by age, except in certain self-concept dimensions. More specific results are provided by the gender analysis of age differences. Over time, change in physical self-concept (PHY) occurs in boys, and changes in behavioural self and anxiety (BEH, FRE) occur in girls. Results of the study can be taken into consideration by all school professionals in their work.

  • Moral Disengagement from Bullying: The Effects of Gender and Classroom

    Author: Lenka Kollerová
    E-mail: kollerova@praha.psu.cas.cz
    Institution: Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
    Author: Pavlína Janošová
    E-mail: janosova@praha.psu.cas.cz
    Institution: Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
    Author: Pavel Říčan
    E-mail: rican@praha.psu.cas.cz
    Institution: Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 280-291
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.14.37.3.22
    PDF: tner/201403/tner3722.pdf

    We examined the effects of gender and classroom membership on moral disengagement-cognitive justifications of detrimental conduct. Sixth-graders aged 11 to 13 years (N = 273) participated in the study. Bullying was registered using the Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire and moral disengagement was measured on a 14-item scale designed for this study. The study showed that moral disengagement related to bullying and varied as a function of gender, which supports the relevance of considering gender in moral education anti-bullying programs. Next, the study revealed significant differences in moral disengagement between classrooms. This finding points to the need to elucidate associations between moral disengagement and classroom characteristics.

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