• Family recreation zones as a supportive environment for physical activity in the opinion of its users

    Author: Sylwia Szopa
    Author: Krzysztof Sas-Nowosielski
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 117-124
    DOI Address:
    PDF: tner/201601/tner20160109.pdf

    The main purpose of this study was to examine how the relatively new initiative supporting active leisure of people, i.e., Family Recreation Zones, is perceived by its users. Data were collected from 215 persons aged 13 to 96 (M=44.19, SD 18.08). For nearly nine in ten persons Zones are the only space where they spend their leisure time actively. The main attractors are free access and the open air. Interestingly, for many respondents the proximity of playgrounds was not a benefit but rather a barrier to visiting Zones. Other barriers were the season of the year, a modest range of exercise devices, their damage, poor illumination, a perceived lack of safety and a lack of professional support during exercising.

  • Adult literacy in the Roma community: two case studies

    Author: Hristo Kyuchukov
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 138-143
    DOI Address:
    PDF: em/7/em708.pdf

    W artykule zaprezentowano wyniki dwóch projektów z udziałem dorosłych Romów z Bułgarii i Szwecji. Romowie posiadali umiejętność czytania i pisania w ich języku ojczystym – romskim, a w procesie alfabetyzacji użyto podejścia ekologicznego. Proces ten zakłada, że tło kulturowe i kulturowe środowiska uczących się powinny zostać użyte jako główne narzędzie w procesie alfabetyzacji. Rezultatem obu projektów było nie tylko osiągnięcie przez biorących w nich udział Romów umiejętności piśmienniczych w języku romskim, ale także zdobycie wiedzy na temat ich historii i kwestii tożsamościowych.

  • Link Between Adult Literacy and Participation in the Labour Market: Central European Region

    Author: Jolita Dudaitė
    Institution: Mykolas Romeris University
    Author: Rūta Dačiulytė
    Institution: Mykolas Romeris University
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 43-55
    DOI Address:
    PDF: tner/202201/tner6703.pdf

    Human capital, together with financial and material resources, is an important factor in the economy of society. Human capital can be defined in different ways, but knowledge, abilities, skills, competences, or literacy, in general, are essential parts. It can be said that literacy is the cornerstone of human capital. According to the basic principles of the theory of employment, factors such as education, gender, age, health, marital status, and emigration have a major impact on participation in the labour market. However, in scientific discourse, there is a strong emphasis on these factors and the importance of literacy. However, there is a lack of studies specifically analysing the links between literacy and participation in the labour market. In particular, it is important to analyse whether literacy is equally important for participation in the labour market in different regions and countries. This article analyses the link between participation in the labour market and literacy in the Central European region. Six Central European countries are analysed based on the International Survey of Adult Skills OECD PIAAC. An analysis of the main parameters showing how a person participates in the labour market suggests there is a link between a person’s literacy and their working status, type of employment contract, managerial position, and economic sector.

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