Africa

  • Przemoc i społeczne skutki konfliktów w Liberii i Sierra Leone

    Author: mgr Anna Stańczyk
    Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 242-257
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201712
    PDF: siip/16/siip1612.pdf

    Violence and social consequences of the conflicts in Liberia and Sierra Leone

    The civil war in Liberia began in 1989, when the country was attacked by the rebels of the National Patriotic Front of Liberia (NPFL) led by Charles Taylor. In Sierra Leone the civil war was initiated in 1991 by Revolutionary United Front (RUF) led by Foday Sankoh. The article describes the specifics of the conflicts in Liberia and Sierra Leone. It discusses social and economic context of the wars as well as causes of their longevity. In addition, it presents the international community actions for ending the prolonged civil war in Sierra Leone and the importance of the policy “weapon for diamonds”. The article uses a historical-analytical method of research.

  • Zasada nieingerencji w sprawy wewnętrzne innego kraju oraz jej miejsce w polityce zagranicznej Chińskiej Republiki Ludowej

    Author: Marcin Adamczyk
    Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
    Author: Magdalena Debita
    Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 7-32
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2018201
    PDF: so/14/so1401.pdf

    The principle of non-interference in another country internal affairs and its role in People’s Republic of China foreign policy

    This essay is an attempt to elaborate the role of state sovereignty and the resulting principle of non-interference in the law and practice of international relations. Authors undertook an attempt to map out the course of the evolutionary process of changing the perception of these rules and the relationship between the concept of state sovereignty and the principle of non-interference in the light of the most important acts of international law. Authors found a need to answer the question about whether and when interference in another country policy is legally and actually permissible. Moreover the goal of the article is to describe and to explain the role of non-interference principle in China’s foreign policy after year 1949. In order to achieve the stated assumption, authors analyze its historical determinant (dated back to the mid of nineteenth century) and also following, after the end of World War II, process of seeking support in international law, in face of two imperialism, which were adversarial to each other. Authors also consider the reasons for China’s economic success in Africa in the context of the principle of non-interference, to finally move into the issue regarding the evolution of the sovereignty perception and non-interference policy among Chinese decision-makers.

  • Inicjatywy polityczno-gospodarcze Stanów Zjednoczonych adresowane do krajów Afryki Północnej na początku XXI wieku

    Author: Rafał Wordliczek
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 83-100
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2015.45.05
    PDF: apsp/45/apsp4505.pdf

    U.S. POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC INITIATIVES TOWARDS NORTH AFRICA AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 21ST CENTURY

    The Mediterranean Area is a very important region at the contemporary international relations scene. Since 2001, the United States have established closer relations with North African countries. There are two main goals of the American foreign policy towards Maghreb. The first one of these goals concerning cooperation is searching for the alternative way of supplying the United States by African gas and oil. Such countries as Algeria, Libya, and Nigeria are some of the biggest holders and exporters of these natural minerals. Nowadays, the U.S., the European countries and Russia are in rivalry for Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and oil contracts with the African partners. The winner of this competition will keep control of the whole market of minerals, and from the political, economic and strategic point of view will be stronger in the future. The second one is supporting by Maghreb countries the U.S. counter-terrorism military operation “Active Endeavour”.

  • Afryka w obliczu pandemii koronawirusa (SARS-CoV-2)

    Author: Wioleta Gierszewska
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5024-9379
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 170-187
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/cip202008
    PDF: cip/18/cip1808.pdf

    Współcześnie temat pandemii wirusa SARS-CoV-2 zdominował światową prasę. Jednak problem wirusa w Afryce, jeszcze w lutym 2020 r. był w zasadzie pomijany w prasie zachodniej. Natomiast w tym samym czasie można było dostrzec coraz rosnące zainteresowanie prasy afrykańskiej tym problemem. Działo się tak, ponieważ w Afryce stosunkowo późno, w porównaniu z innymi kontynentami, zaczęto odnotowywać pierwsze zakażenia. Ze względu na szybkie rozprzestrzenianie się wirusa w świecie, 11 marca 2020 r. Światowa Organizacja Zdrowia ogłosiła stan pandemii. W początkowej fazie w Afryce, między innymi ze względu na małą ilość prowadzonych testów, nie odnotowywano takiej skali zakażeń jak w innych częściach świata, co nie oznacza, że sytuacja na kontynencie była lepsza. Celem artykułu będzie analiza sytuacji i problemów związanych z rozprzestrzenianiem się pandemii w Afryce. Na przykładzie wybranych państw autorka oceni ich przygotowanie i stosunek do walki z pandemią.

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