Agriculture

  • The Influence of the Common Agricultural Policy and EU Funds on Rural Development after the Accession of Poland to the European Union

    Author: Dorota Rdzanek
    Institution: University of Szczecin (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 298–310
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2014017
    PDF: ppsy/43/ppsy2014017.pdf

    The basic function of agricultural areas is, according to the European Charter for Rural Areas, agriculture and preservation of the natural environment based on a well-functioning agricultural sector that operates in harmony with nature. The Council Regulation (EC) 1257/1999 on support for rural development from the European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee was adopted in 1999. The programmes that are currently binding in the territory of Poland were developed in accordance with the EU policy expressed in the abovementioned acts and other documents concerning development of rural areas. These included: the Rural Development Programme that focused on social and environmental aspects, as well as a part of the Sectoral Operational Programme devoted to the development of rural areas, as well as restructuring and modernisation of the food sector. Based on the priorities of the Council regulation, two strategic objectives have been set: 1) Improvement of competitiveness of the agriculture and food economy, 2) Sustainable development of rural areas. Implementation of these objectives requires the support of the Common Agricultural Policy. Polish European Union membership contributed to setting its objectives and increasing the ability to subsidise economic entities, as well as develop both the food and rural areas economy.

  • Centralna Kasa Spółek Rolniczych (1919–1946)

    Author: Mirosław Kłusek
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 39-48
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201503
    PDF: ksm/20/ksm201503.pdf

    The beginning of Credit Union of Agricultural Cooperatives is linked to Malopolska Region, where agricultural cooperative movement initialized by Stefan Stefczyk in 1899 was captured into concise legal frames called „The Bureau of Patronage over Companies of Savings and Loans at the State Department in Lwow”. That credit institution became seed of Credit Union of Agricultural Cooperatives in Lwow established in 1909. State Credit Union was an outpost of particularly self-governing, state character contributing towards the development of agricultural cooperatives. Soon after regaining independence by Poland after World War I, The Bureau of Patronage over Agricultural Companies in Lwow was reorganized into Credit Union of Agricultural Cooperatives in Warsaw with extended area of operation onto the entire territory of the Republic of Poland. During the Nazi occupation Credit Union of Agricultural Cooperatives still remained the financial centre for agricultural cooperatives. Unfortunately, after liberation from the German occupation Credit Union of Agricultural Cooperatives was forced to cease its activity.

  • Sytuacja rolnictwa w województwie krakowskim w 1935 r. W świetle sprawozdania krakowskiego Oddziału Państwowego Banku Rolnego

    Author: Anna Rachwał
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 268-286
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201420
    PDF: ksm/19/ksm201420.pdf

    The published document called The report of Kraków’s department of the National Land Bank in 1935 comes from the Archive of New Files in Warsaw, National Land Bank group, catalogue number 28. In the general part there are entries concerning the situation of agriculture in Kraków’s province in 1935. In the second part there is information on the subject of credit activity of Kraków’s National Land Bank department concerning short-term, medium-term and long-term credit, as well as issue credit. The published document can be helpful for the research dedicated to the history of the economics in Kraków’s province during interwar period. Information included in this document are especially valuable for the people dealing with banking and the history of agriculture.

     

  • Taxation of producers of the agricultural production in the Kyrgyz Republic

    Author: Larisa Makarenko
    Year of publication: 2013
    Source: Show
    Pages: 147-155
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201311
    PDF: ksm/18/ksm201311.pdf

    This article is devoted to application of taxes in agriculture of the Kyrgyz Republic. In it problems of the taxation of this branch are considered, and also ways of their permission are offered.

  • Problemy z usystematyzowaniem wewnętrznego rozwarstwienia chłopstwa

    Author: Agnieszka Galczak-Froch
    Year of publication: 2013
    Source: Show
    Pages: 156-170
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201312
    PDF: ksm/18/ksm201312.pdf

    Sources of research and subject literature do not give a clear picture of diffe­rentiation of the peasantry in terms of financial status. The problem concerns both the amount of property owned by them (land and livestock) and place in the hierarchy. This fact is very much difficult, sometimes even impossible to study the layers of peasant and any generalizations about it. It seems that the only possible way to study the most populous state in the Republic is to track individual fates of individual units that make it possible not precise enough to qualify for the category of the peasantry, but observe the changes taking place in the financial status over time and associated with the action taken.

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