aksjologia konstytucji

  • Święta Korona w węgierskiej Ustawie zasadniczej z 2011 r.

    Author: Ivan Halász
    E-mail: halivan@freemail.hu
    Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Opawie
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 53-65
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2018.01.03
    PDF: ppk/41/ppk4103.pdf

    The adoption of the new Hungarian Fundamental Law is a result of the victory of right wing and conservative coalition (Fidesz–KDNP) in the election of 2010. The cristian-conservative and national point of view of the history and policy is characteristic for the preamble of Fundamental Law. Its text is very ideological, historical and archaical. The part of this trend is the reincorporation of the Hungarian Saint Crown to the text of Fundamental Law and paralelly the revitalization of the theory of historical constitution too. The interest to the Crown and its symbolical meaning has growed directly after the transition in 1989, but the certain „rehabilitation” and „reactivation” of the Saint Crown in the public law is the result of the constitution-making after 2010. The recognition of Saint Crown as a symbol of the constitutional/state continuity and unity of nation is in this form the new element in the current legal order of Hungary.

  • Klauzula demokratycznego państwa prawnego jako fundament limitacji ograniczania konstytucyjnych praw i wolności jednostki

    Author: Jacek Karakulski
    E-mail: jacek_karakulski@ onet.eu
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3085-8705
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 267-281
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.01.15
    PDF: ppk/53/ppk5315.pdf

    Despite the introduction to the Constitution of the Republic of Poland of 1997 of a number of detailed regulations (principles) previously derived from the democratic state ruled by law clause, its importance for the discourse around the limits of legislative interference in the sphere of individual rights and freedoms remains relevant. The author of this text focuses on the analysis of the multifaceted nature of the impact of this fundamental principle on the process of interpretation and application of legal provisions. The text outlines the issues related not only to the scope of direct application of Article 2 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland, but also its importance for reasoning about the constitutional axiology which significance for the assessment of the legality (proportionality) of interference by the legislative authority with the domain of constitutional rights and freedoms is becoming ever clearer.

  • Konstytucyjne wartości u progu ery sztucznej inteligencji

    Author: Mateusz Pszczyński
    E-mail: mpszczynski@uni.opole.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Opolski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3654-1795
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 511-523
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.05.40
    PDF: ppk/63/ppk6340.pdf

    Constitutional values at the dawn of the AI era

    The article presents constitutional values exposed to violation by solutions using AI. Based on the dogmatic-legal method, the views of Polish constitutional law since the 1989 changes were analysed. In the study of the impact of AI on the accepted values, the literature on the subject, mainly from 2017–2020, was used. The aim of the study is to identify significant constitutional values exposed to threats from the development of AI. Of the many constitutional values, it is shown that the key ones are human dignity and the rule of law and democracy as the most vulnerable to interference from AI. Examples of AI interference with human values and those related to the idea of a democratic state under the rule of law are presented. It concludes that unregulated use of AI poses a risk of violating constitutional values.

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