LEGAL SOLUTIONS OR FREE CHOICE: WHAT POLICY SHOULD BE ADOPTED TOWARDS ANGLICISMS IN CONTEMPORARY ITALIAN?
In contemporary Italian, just like in other languages, numerous english words are used. they are particularly frequent in the terminology of some branches of science, such as computer science, as well as in the language of young people. In this article, we discuss the issue of an appropriate policy to adopt towards these foreign lexical items. Different approaches to the problem are presented: the liberal approach, in which linguists should only describe linguistic realities rather than prescribe the “right” choices; the conscious approach, in which every speaker of Italian should reflect on his or her lexical choices; and the most radical approach, in which some official solutions are to be introduced. One of these solutions is the project of the Consiglio Superiore della Lingua Italiana, whose task would be to protect the Italian language against loanwords of english origin.