anthropocentrism

  • Проблема определения когнитивных и семиотических функций: понятие – концепт, знак – симулякр

    Author: Олег Лещак
    Institution: Uniwersytetu Jana Kochanowskiego w Kielcach
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 133-153
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpom2017209
    PDF: tpom/26/tpom2609.pdf

    The problem of determination of cognitive and semiotic functions: notion – concept, sign – simulacrum

    The paper focuses on logical relations between the terms concept and notion as well as sign and simulacrum in an anthropocentric conception of cognitive and language worldpictures. The author sets apart the first two terms on the basis of semantics and pragmatics considering notion as a semantic information unit and concept – as a cultural-pragmatic unit. The author suggests that the terms sign and simulacrum should be distinguished the same way: sign is every function that aims to semiotize a notion, whereas simulacrum is a sign, the pragmatics of which is of mythmakingcharacter, i.e. aims to create a simulation of verity of information during communication.

  • Istnienie jako funkcja modalna w metodologii korelacjonistycznej (rozważania metalogiczne)

    Author: Oleg Leszczak
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego w Kielcach
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 27-43
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpom2018102
    PDF: tpom/27/tpom2702.pdf

    Existence as a modal function in methodology of correlationism (metalogic considerations)

    The author focuses on metalogic considerations on the problem of existence from the anthropocentric and relationistic viewpoint, among others on the interpretation of modal categories of pure reason by Kant in their application to the objects of sensual experience. The metalogical issues of determination of the contents of judgements on beings and existence along with the issues of appropriate existential-ontological evaluation of such beings were distinguished in detail. The language issues connected with discussion on the problem of existence of beings of various kind were also raised.

  • Иммануил Кант и Фердинанд де Соссюр: типологические корреляции концепций

    Author: Олег Лещак
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego w Kielcach
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 103-140
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpom2018208
    PDF: tpom/28/tpom2808.pdf

    Immanuel Kant i Ferdinand de Saussure: typologiczne korelacje koncepcji

    Przedmiotem dyskusji w tym artykule jest hipoteza fundamentalnego typologicznego podobieństwa transcendentalnej filozoficznej koncepcji ludzkiej aktywności życiowej Immanuela Kanta i semiologicznej koncepcji działalności językowej Ferdinanda de Saussure’a. Autor na szerokim korpusie tekstowym uzasadnia następujące podobieństwa koncepcji obu myślicieli: nomotetyzm, antropocentryzm, relacjonizm, działalność ludzka i doświadczenie ludzkie jako główny przedmiot badań, dualizm przestrzenny i triadyzm czasowy działalności ludzkiej, semiotyczny charakter języka i uznanie niewerbalnego charakteru myślenia.

  • Językowy obraz świata i jego istnienie

    Author: Mateusz Kowalski
    Institution: Akademia Pomorska w Słupsku
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 141-154
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpom2018209
    PDF: tpom/28/tpom2809.pdf

    Linguistic pictures of world and its existence

    The linguistic image of the world, as a fundamental concept of contemporary cognitive linguistics, has been the subject of numerous material and theoretical studies. This resulted in a multiplicity of its definitions, which the author of this article analyzed in terms of ontological points present in them. From the point of view of kantianism and constructivism, he tries to engage in a debate with supporters of philosophical and semantic realism who perceive the linguistic image of the world as the property of an objectively existing society.

  • O istniejących i nieistniejących referentach nazwy własnej – antropocentryzm w onomastyce

    Author: Arkadiusz Matachowski
    Institution: Uniwersytetu Jana Kochanowskiego w Kielcach
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 155-170
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpom2018210
    PDF: tpom/28/tpom2810.pdf

    About existing and not existing referents of proper names – anthropocentrism in onomastics

    In the article the author widely covers the problem of names’ reference, especially proper names. The phenomenon of reference is discussed on the basis of Ogden/Richards triangle, showing the tri-elemental relation between the symbol, the concept and the referent. The author is pointing out the practice of inaccurate use of terms in the scientific discourse of research into reference and he sorts it out in the terminology by showing the difference between, among others, the reference, the designation and the denotation. The author’s considerations are full of examples which illustrate the essence of these terms and their relations. From the conclusion about the symbol and the concept he moves to the description of reality whose elements are the nominated objects. The extra-linguistic reality in which objects – capable of becoming the referents of various expressions – occur is described in accord with Kantian anthropocentric philosophical thought.

  • Challenges to the realization of human rights under the pandemic

    Author: Vasyl Kostytsky
    E-mail: v.kostytsky@yahoo.com
    Institution: National Academy of Legal Sciences of Ukraine
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1692-9810
    Author: Victoria Sydor
    E-mail: victoria.sydor@outlook.com
    Institution: Kyiv Institute of Intellectual Property and Law of the National University „Odessa Law Academy”
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1794-2577
    Author: Iryna Kostytska
    E-mail: iryna-kostytska@ukr.net
    Institution: Institute of Legislation of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2336-1426.
    Author: Anastasia Sukhodolska
    E-mail: a.suhodols@gmail.com
    Institution: National Aviation University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5794-9167
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 90-104
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop2020406
    PDF: rop/14/rop1406.pdf

    The article deals with the problematic issues of human and civil rights under pandemic on the example of the practice of combating the spread of respiratory disease COVID-19 caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 civil society in Ukraine in 2020. Account has been taken of the fact that the human, his life and health are the highest social value, and that human rights and freedoms determine the content and orientation of State activities. Since every State functioned for the human, in order to protect universally recognized rights and freedoms, it was a feature of a modern democratic State governed by the rule of law. At the same time, in legal science in recent years there has been a debate about the problems of human and civil rights against the background of widespread abuse of rights, individual selfishness, conflict of rights of one person and group of people, human and society. That is to say, in the order of the day came an all-civilizational discussion about the appointment of the State, the idea of humanocentrism and sociocentrism as the fundamental foundation and expediency of the State. The problem is posed by the global challenges faced by present-day civilization: climate protection and freshwater, poverty and corruption, terrorism and military conflicts, massive ethnic displacement and pandemics. In one way or another these problems are present on all continents today, both for the world community and for each State in particular, but there is no well-established mechanism for dealing with them. With regard to combating the spread of coronavirus, it is clear that the problem is a global one in the field of medical law, and that it must be addressed both at the level of the novelization of legislation and at the level of philosophy and sociology of law, ‘cause that’s the kind of system-wide results you can use in complex under the state-creative practice today.

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