• Stosunki polsko-żydowskie we Lwowie w latach 1918 – 1919 (wybrane zagadnienia)

    Author: Aleksandra Imiłowska-Duma
    Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski (Polska)
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 117-134
    DOI Address:
    PDF: pomi/03/pomi201709.pdf

    Polish-Jewish relations in Lviv 1918 – 1919 (selected issues). During World War I Lviv became a field of struggle between Poles and Ukrainians for the possession of the city. During the conflict Jews declared to be neutral. Nevertheless, when the Polish army took over the city, anti-Jewish riots started. Jews were, mainly falsely, believed to support Ukrainians. The pogrom lasted for two days (Nov 22 – 23 1918) and had a strong negative effect on the Polish-Jewish relations. Another important issue was the question of equality for Jews. Most of the Jewish political parties in Lviv understood and supported the demand. Poles, for various reasons, could not agree to grant Jews with a national-cultural autonomy. For the public opinion in Poland, the Jewish struggle for equality was only another example of their hostility towards the Polish state.

  • The Legality of the Catalan Independence Referendums

    Author: Michał Zbigniew Dankowski
    Institution: University of Gdańsk
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 87-99
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ppk/40/ppk4005.pdf

    During the last decade the separatist activities of the Catalan nationalists have intensified. Despite the enactment of the Statute of Autonomy in 2006, extending the existing autonomy of the Autonomous Community, Catalonia’s governing political parties strived for total independence. In view of the consistent attitude of the central government in Madrid refusing any concessions on the extension of autonomy or independence, the Autonomous Government of Catalonia (Generalitat) appealed to the institutions of direct democracy, calling twice for a Catalan referendum on independence. In both cases, the Spanish Constitutional Court declared the referendum unlawful. In spite of this, Catalonia declared independence after the referendum of October 1st, 2017, although the effects of the declaration were also suspended – a situation so far unknown to law.

  • Financial autonomy of the commune in Poland – assumptions and results

    Author: Jacek Zaleśny
    Institution: University of Warsaw
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 105-124
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ppk/28/ppk2806.pdf

    The present analysis is devoted to the financial autonomy of communes and the ways of understanding it. The author analyzes the legal, jurisdictional and actual determinants of the commune’s financial independence and points to the consequences following from them. The author poses a hypothesis that the constitutional value in the form of the financial autonomy of communes is not full realized by the parliament in contemporary Poland, with the Constitutional Tribunal underestimating it. The increase in the revenues of communes is not adequate to the duties assigned to them by the parliament. The consequences of the ongoing process include an increased debt of the communes and their problems with realization of the needs of local communities, the latter being the goal whose realization was the reason to have established the local self-government.

  • The Right of Indigenous Peoples to Self-Determination: International Law Perspective

    Author: Agnieszka Szpak
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 178-204
    DOI Address:
    PDF: apsp/59/apsp5912.pdf

    The author offers an international law perspective on a specific issue of self-determination of indigenous peoples. The article begins with the definition of indigenous peoples, then proceeds to self-determination in general. The last section examines the forms of indigenous selfdetermination and its meaning for indigenous peoples. Indigenous peoples have a right to self-determination which allows them for control over their destiny, their livelihoods, their culture and customs. It may be realized, most of all, in the form of autonomy or self-governance. As such, self-determination allows indigenous peoples to participate in decision making in matters that affect their rights.

  • Limits of the ethical training of social workers (altruism issue in the moral space of professional ethics)

    Author: Jaromír Feber
    Author: Jelena Petrucijová
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 189-199
    DOI Address:
    PDF: tner/201504/tner20150416.pdf

    The article is focused on the professional ethics of social work in the context of the philosophy of education. The authors analyse its educational pitfalls seen as a possible tension of personal ethics and professional ethics. Analysing the altruism issue (one of the essential values in social work) the authors reflect on the relationship of autonomy and heteronomy of will (e.g. regulated by institutional codes) in moral acting.

  • Szacunek dla autonomii kobiety ciężarnej a wolność sumienia lekarza. Etyczne konsekwencje odmowy wykonania świadczeń zdrowotnych przez pracowników służby zdrowia

    Author: Justyna Czekajewska
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 33-46
    DOI Address:
    PDF: kie/113/kie11302.pdf

    The reason of moral conflict between a pregnant woman and a doctor is incorrect understanding principles of ethics and medical provisions. The erroneous course of reasoning often is leading to the contradiction heading fundamental assumption of medical ethics. According to the right to autonomy the acceptance of individual beliefs of the patient is the same important as the concern for her health, therefore one should treat the expectant mother with the respect respecting the sovereignty for her. In spite of the possibility of expressing the own opinion, the liberty of the subject cannot disturb the conscience of the doctor. Every man irrespective of the performed profession has the right to own beliefs, so the doctor can refuse to carry determined medical benefits out because of reported ethical doubts. In the article I’m going to establish the terms and what type of the benefits to explain are medical compulsory for a health service employee. To the purpose of the presentation of ethical problems of the medical conscience clause I will refer to example of abortion.

  • Autonomie terytorialne i kulturowe w Siedmiogrodzie. Dążenia i interpretacje

    Author: Karolina Kaczmarek
    Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 89-107
    DOI Address:
    PDF: hso/31/hso3105.pdf

    The article presents the endeavours on the part of the multi-national and multicultural population living in Transylvania to create, within a span of several centuries, various types of autonomies, be it cultural or territorial.

  • The Perspectives of the Development of the Strategic Management in Ukrainian Higher Education

    Author: Myroslava Hladchenko
    Institution: University of Educational Management, Kyiv
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 240-250
    DOI Address:
    PDF: tner/201402/tner3619.pdf

    The research focuses on the perspectives of development of the strategic management in Ukrainian higher education. Strategic management is widely used by European higher education institutions and cannot be avoided by Ukrainian institutions if they are going to develop for a better future. Ukrainian higher education institutions are in the transition state and their understanding of strategic management is at the initial stage and further evolvement of the strategic management in Ukrainian higher education requires reforms from the state and willingness of the higher education institutions to accept the challenges of the modern environment.

  • Perceived Autonomy Levels among Elementary School Students and Their Teachers

    Author: Maja Matrić
    Institution: University of Maribor
    Author: Katja Košir
    Institution: University of Maribor
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 215-228
    DOI Address:
    PDF: tner/201403/tner3717.pdf

    Many authors have spoken against controlling environments and in favour of autonomous ones. In order to estimate perceived autonomy levels in the classroom, we decided to compare teachers’ perceptions with students’ ones, gaining a more accurate idea of the autonomy levels present in the classroom. The study participants (231 students, 18 teachers) provided data which showed how the teachers’ perceptions differ from the students’ ones in all cases, generally the teachers rating autonomy levels higher than the students. We also found indicators of differences present among teachers of the same subject areas as well as in terms of the students’ gender, school and age.

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