Belgia

  • Odpowiedzialność członków Rządu Federalnego w Belgii

    Author: Krzysztof Prokop
    E-mail: kprokop@pwsip.edu.pl
    Institution: Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Informatyki i Przedsiębiorczości w Łomży
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 39-56
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2018.02.02
    PDF: ppk/42/ppk4202.pdf

    The article is devoted to the responsibility of members of the Federal Government in Belgium. The main part of the study concerns the mechanisms of political responsibility. They include individual responsibility of ministers and collective responsibility of the cabinet. According to the original version of the Belgian Constitution of 1831 ministers were responsible to the king. Currently, the House of Representatives is authorized to enforce the individual responsibility of the minister by passing a vote of no confidence. In such situation the king is obliged to dismiss the minister. The entire cabinet may be the addressee of the motion of no confidence, too (collective responsibility). Since 1993 there has been the possibility of overthrowing the government through a constructive vote of no confidence. The article also discusses the problem of legal responsibility of ministers.

  • Zasady zmiany Konstytucji Królestwa Belgii w świetle postanowień przejściowych z 2012 r.

    Author: Radosław Grabowski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
    Year of publication: 2013
    Source: Show
    Pages: 41-50
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2013.04.02
    PDF: ppk/16/ppk1602.pdf

    Changing of the constitution is usually followed by using a well-defined procedure. Few European countries allow the possibility of adopting a limited exception to the Constitution. Such a law introduced in 2012, Belgium, despite the lack of appropriate legislation and practice in this field. Belgian exception to the constitution temporarily modifies the procedure for changing the constitution. This involves the withdrawal of typical Nordic countries requiring approval of amendment of the constitution by two term of the parliament. Other elements of the procedure for amending the Belgian Constitution, such as equal rights of the House of Representatives and the Senate, and increased quorum and majority required for approval of amendment, remained unchanged. Validity exception of the Belgian Constitution ends with the term of the parliament elect-ed in 2010.

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