bezpieczeństwo energetyczne

  • Złożoność pojęcia „bezpieczeństwo energetyczne” i jego podstawy w Konstytucji RP

    Author: Jakub Robel
    E-mail: j.robell@interia.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego w Kielcach
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 135-157
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2015.04.07
    PDF: ppk/26/ppk2607.pdf

    One of the important dimensions of the evaluation of society existence is energy security. Providing the right framework for the electricity sector is the basis for the operation of this type of security in its economic dimension, and so this issue can be seen as one of the top priorities of energy policies. This raises the need for an appropriate legal framework to enable proper interaction of administration bodies responsible for the overall relations, both inside and outside the state. Associated with this is also the issue of the appropriate rank of the fundamental – constitutional – norms. The Polish example of a system of constitutional law shows that, despite the lack of a reference to this issue in the Constitution, by means of interpretation of “sustainable development” (art. 5 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland) one can find the relevant legislation, allowing the chief state authorities to carry out the activity in relation to the issue of “energy security”.

  • Strategic Importance of Natural Gas in Polish Energy Policy: A Critical Analysis

    Author: Krzysztof Tomaszewski
    Institution: University of Warsaw
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6324-1827
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 77-96
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2018.60.05
    PDF: apsp/60/apsp6005.pdf

    This article deals with the importance of natural gas as an energy source in Polish energy policy. Its purpose is to analyze the extent to which natural gas can provide for ensuring state energy security. This article covers issues related to the diagnosis of the gas sector in Poland (the most important economic entities, the functioning of the gas market), its role in the national energy strategy and prospects for future gas use. The article points out that natural gas, although important for maintaining and securing state energy security, is, however, not crucial in this regard. Multiannual strategies envisage diversification of the way of generating energy, which means the opportunity for renewable energy sources (RES) and nuclear energy. Natural gas has a secondary meaning in this context.

  • The Constitutional Grounds for the Implementation of the “Green Deal” in the Republic of Poland

    Author: Szymon Gajda
    E-mail: szymon.gajda@awf.gda.pl
    Institution: Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3126-0238
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 449-459
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.36
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5836.pdf

    Dynamic changes in the European climate policy are aimed at a drastic reduction of CO2 emissions. The Union’s policy has several social, economic, and political consequences. Therefore, it is subject to assessment from the perspective of the legal order, including the constitutional order of the Member States. Therefore, a question arises as to the compliance of the “Green Deal” policy with the Polish constitution. It can be very troublesome to answer them positively. The EU policy is not only implemented in the interest of the whole world, and its effectiveness is uncertain, if only due to the need for cooperation of the entire international community. An additional challenge may be the quite evident departure from the principle of sustainable development in favor of climate protection. Although the given questions are troublesome, they deserve attention and noticing an apparent collision.

  • Cooperation between Poland and the United States within the Three Seas Initiative

    Author: Łukasz Jureńczyk
    Institution: Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 165-177
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2021.71.10
    PDF: apsp/71/apsp7110.pdf

    Celem artykułu jest analiza i ocena współpracy między Polską i Stanami Zjednoczonymi w zakresie wdrażania w życie Inicjatywy Trójmorza. We wprowadzeniu zarysowano specyfikę i cele TSI oraz główne założenia metodologiczne artykułu. Dwie pierwsze części poświęcono odpowiednio geopolitycznemu i gospodarczemu znaczeniu TSI dla Polski oraz dla regionu Europy Środkowo- Wschodniej i USA. Zasadnicza część artykułu koncentruje się na wspólnych działaniach Polski i Stanów Zjednoczonych na rzecz promowania i wdrażania TSI. Problem badawczy zawiera się w dwóch pytaniach badawczych: Czy zainicjowanie przez Polskę TSI zwiększyło jej znaczenie w polityce zagranicznej i bezpieczeństwa USA? Czy Polsce skutecznie udało się włączyć USA do współpracy na rzecz rozwoju TSI? Dzięki inicjatywie Polska umocniła w USA wizerunek lidera regionu, a administracja Donalda Trumpa zdecydowanie poparła i zaangażowała się w projekt. Istnieją szanse dalszej współpracy w ramach TSI, ponieważ podejście administracji Joego Bidena do tego projektu jak dotąd jest pozytywne. Podczas badań skorzystano z metody analizy źródeł tekstowych.

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