bezpieczeństwo państwa

  • Bezpieczeństwo państwa oraz konstytucyjna ochrona praw i wolności człowieka w świetle Konstytucji RP z 1997 r.

    Author: Anna Rytel-Warzocha
    E-mail: ania-rytel@wp.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 349-360
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2016.06.19
    PDF: ppk/34/ppk3419.pdf

    Zapewnienie bezpieczeństwa państwu należy do podstawowych obowiązków jego organów, które mogą w tym celu podejmować szereg środków prawnych. W tym kontekście zadać jednak można pytanie czy dla ochrony wartości jaką jest bezpieczeństwo państwa mogą zostać ograniczone prawa i wolności jednostki, a jeżeli tak, to jak daleko może sięgać ingerencja państwa w tym zakresie. Czy można ograniczyć podstawowe prawo człowieka – prawo do ochrony życia dla ochrony bezpieczeństwa państwa? Konflikt między tymi wartościami ilustruje polska regulacja, jaką w 2004 r. wprowadzono do prawa lot- niczego, pozwalająca w określonych przypadkach zestrzelić samolot cywilny z pasażerami na pokładzie. Regulacja ta stała się przedmiotem orzeczenia Trybunału Konstytucyjnego, który uznał ją za niekonstytucyjną. Niemniej jednak pojawienie się nowych form terroryzmu oraz eskalacja tego zjawiska w Europie, która charakteryzuje początek XXI w. sprawia, że problem pozostaje wciąż aktualny.

  • Bezpieczeństwo w Konstytucji RP z 1997 r. – wstępna diagnoza

    Author: Agnieszka Bień-Kacała
    E-mail: abien@law.umk.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 11-28
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2015.02.01
    PDF: ppk/24/ppk2401.pdf

    The paper considers the constitutional recognition of security. It includes the basic regulations of the 1997 Constitution. The aim was also to make an initial assessment of the security research results in the doctrine of constitutional law. In conclusion of the article, the need for a new category of security reference was pointed out. The reference does not consist in the state itself, or a citizen, but the Republic of Poland perceived as a common good.

  • Rada Bezpieczeństwa Narodowego

    Author: Joanna Juchniewicz
    E-mail: asia.juchniewicz@gmail.com
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 111-127
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2015.02.06
    PDF: ppk/24/ppk2406.pdf

    National Security Council is an advisory body to the President of Poland on issues relating to internal and external security of the country. This body is not equipped with any powers of a governing nature, its role is focused on advising the President on matters of national security. The Constitution does not specify who may be a member of the Council, leaving decisions on the composition of RBN to sole discretion of the head of state. The actual role of the National Security Council is determined by the activity of the President, who convenes sessions of that body, and also sets themes for such meetings.

  • Cultural Security in the Political Programmes of the Law and Justice

    Author: Arkadiusz Lewandowski
    Institution: The State University of Applied Sciences in Płock
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 21-35
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2017.56.02
    PDF: apsp/56/apsp5602.pdf

    The present paper raises the issue of cultural security in the programme-related ideas conceived by Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (hereinafter referred to as the Law and Justice or – to use an abbreviated term – PiS) in 21st century. In the present paper, the issues related to national identity and national culture were scrutinized, the former and the latter being two constituents of cultural security of the state.
    Political programmes of the Law and Justice specified mainly the dangers to national identity in the context of European integration and of striving for the unification of European culture. On the other hand, in the realm of national culture, what was noticed was the phenomenon of neglecting the said issue and not considering it important from the point of view of security of the state.

  • Military Innovations in Secondary Schools in Poland as a Manifestation of Strengthening State Security within the Meaning of Articles 5 and 26 of the Polish Constitution

    Author: Ilona Urych
    E-mail: i.urych@akademia.mil.pl
    Institution: War Studies University in Warsaw
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4868-9460
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 461-474
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.37
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5837.pdf

    This article aims to present military innovations in secondary schools in Poland and the possibilities for their use in processes strengthening national security. The Constitution of the Republic of Poland in Art. 5 and 26 impose an obligation on the authorities to ensure the security of the state and its citizens and to defend the state’s borders and the integrity of its territory. Therefore, it is important in this context to properly train and educate students in military secondary schools. The basis for reaching the conclusions presented here were the results of empirical research conducted among secondary school students enrolled in military classes in Poland. The type of statistical analysis used, segmentation, allowed subgroups of respondents to be identified with their percentage share in the total population and the characteristics that define them. Analysis of the research results makes it possible to distinguish categories of the defense potential of students of military classes such as their mobilization, social and individual potential. The content of the article also indicates the possibilities and needs for the development of the potential of students of military classes.

  • Constitutional Right of Citizens to Know about the Activities of Public Authorities from the Perspective of Selected Aspects of the Protection of Classified Information

    Author: Robert Zapart
    E-mail: robert.zapart@onet.poczta.pl
    Institution: University of Rzeszów
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3590-1189
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 633-642
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.52
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5852.pdf

    The implementation of the constitutional right of citizens to obtain information about the activities of state authorities, in particular, in the sphere of state security, causes many problems resulting from the application of the Act on the Protection of Classified Information. The measures adopted in the Act, promoting the rights of the community at the expense of the rights of individuals, pose a risk of its instrumental use for political purposes. The reduction of the above-mentioned risk may be supported by a minor correction of the regulations in force, as postulated by the author of the article, which includes an increase in external supervision over the marking of materials containing information intended for protection, which does not undermine the grounds for restricting the transparency of public activities, permitted by the international law and by the Constitution of the Republic of Poland, and required from the perspective of public safety. The conclusion is that it is difficult to be optimistic about this area due to the observed reluctance of the ruling elites to voluntarily abandon the tools that give them an advantage in public communication.

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