bikameralizm

  • “Legislative Veto” of Senate – The Controversial Element of the Legislative Procedure Under the Rules of the Constitution of Republic of Poland of 1921

    Author: Tomasz Litwin
    E-mail: tomasz.litwin@gmail.com
    Institution: Akademia Ignatianum w Krakowie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6956-6959
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 39-51
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.06.03
    PDF: ppk/52/ppk5203.pdf

    The Polish Constitution from 1921 established the bicameral model of the parliament composed of Sejm and Senate. The Article 35 para. 2 of the Constitution clearly sanc- tioned the right of the Senate to reject the whole draft of the bill adopted by the Sejm. However, neither this rule nor any other rule of the Constitution precised the conse- quences of such practice. This loophole in the constitutional rules caused controver- sies among constitutional law experts from that time and remains controversial even at present. The main aim of the article written within the constitutional-legal perspective is to present the position of the most prominent legal experts and the position of the au- thor on the analyzed issue.

  • Senat dwudziestolecia międzywojennego w Rzeczpospolitej Polskiej i Czechosłowacji

    Author: Magdalena Maksymiuk
    E-mail: maksymiuk.uksw@gmail.com
    Institution: Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego w Warszawie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5711-4920
    Author: Marcin Karlikowski
    E-mail: m. karlikowski@interia.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego w Warszawie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7825-7111
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 369-385
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.01.22
    PDF: ppk/59/ppk5922.pdf

    The article is an attempt to compare the constitutional position of the second chambers of parliament in the interwar period in Poland and Czechoslovakia. It was the time of shaping the post-war order. The article shows differences and similarities between the two systems in regard to Senates, bearing in mind the similar political situation at that time, as well as the similarity of drawing patterns from the constitutional order of the Third French Republic.

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