• Digitization in the Era of Coronavirus – A Review

    Author: Łukasz Pietraszek
    Institution: Kazimierz Wielki University, Poland
    Published online: 10 July 2021
    Final submission: 29 June 2021
    Printed issue: December 2021
    Source: Show
    Page no: 8
    Pages: 33-40
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ppsy/50/ppsy202132.pdf

    In the modern world, the development of technology has a significant impact on various areas of human functioning. However, the appearance of the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic and the need to implement numerous restrictions resulted in an even greater increase in the importance of new technologies, especially in such sectors as education, administration, or finance. In Poland, the introduction of the remote work system encountered many difficulties related to the unpreparedness of previous structures to implement such solutions. An example of a country where they operate efficiently, responding to the problems that Poland faces today, is Estonia, in which, beginning from 2004, the state administration sector has been gradually replaced by a digital system based on Blockchain technology. At present, in Poland, appropriate steps are already taken by the Ministry of Digitization to digitize public administration in the form of a plan of four streams. Given the protracted pandemic, the possibilities for immediate solutions and considering the advantages and disadvantages of digitizing the state seem worth attention.

  • Zasada tajności głosowania w Konstytucji Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej a możliwość implementacji głosowania powszechnego z wykorzystaniem e-votingu opartego na technologii blockchain

    Author: Kamil Stępniak
    Institution: Collegium Humanum
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 97-111
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ppk/65/ppk6507.pdf

    The Principle of Secret Voting in the Constitution of the Republic of Poland and the Possibility of Implementing Popular Voting with the Use of E-voting Based on Blockchain Technology

    The principle of secret voting is one of the basic elements of the Polish electoral system. Its character does not raise many doubts in the literature on the subject. It seems, however, that secrecy of voting may be one of the main challenges in the context of plans to implement Internet voting in universal suffrage. Many scientists place their hope in blockchain. It is a technology that ensures high security. On the basis of this article, I consider whether blockchain – due to its characteristics – can be used in Poland as a technology enabling voting via the Internet. I pay particular attention to the principle of secret voting, which may be difficult to implement with the use of this solution.

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