• O źródłach zróżnicowania kulturowo-cywilizacyjnego Azji Południowo-Wschodniej

    Author: Kornel Bielawski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 111-123
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/cip201706
    PDF: cip/15/cip1506.pdf

    Azja Południowo-Wschodnia stanowi region ekstremalnie różnorodny kulturowo. Współczesna rzeczywistość cywilizacyjno-kulturowa stanowi efekt licznych interakcji międzygrupowych, różnorodnych grup etnicznych i wyznawców odmiennych religii, do których dochodziło na przestrzeni dziejów. Charakter regionu determinowany jest także przez ukształtowanie terenu oraz bliskie sąsiedztwo dwóch ważnych cywilizacji: Indii oraz Chin. W artykule omówione zostaną źródła zróżnicowania cywilizacyjno-kulturowego Azji Południowo-Wschodniej.

  • Statehood Without the State: The Politico-Legal Visions of the Future State of Tibet

    Author: Marcin Lisiecki
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 31-46
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2018.59.03
    PDF: apsp/59/apsp5903.pdf

    The main purpose of this article is to analyze the situation of modern Tibet, which political and legal structures are divided into the Central Tibetan Administration in India and the Tibet Autonomous Region in China. What connects them is a developing national identity of the Tibetans and the actions taken by the Central Tibetan Administration to create a new and independent state. Of great importance for the specificity of politics and the shaping of Tibetan national identity are also activities of the 14th Dalai Lama, who internationally promotes Tibetan culture and informs about the situation of Tibetans living in the Tibet Autonomous Region in China.
    Dalai Lama is also the author of the draft constitution of the future state of Tibet, which content is a basis of the analysis in this article. Due to the comprehensive presentation and explanation of the specifics of this project, we will analyze not only particular articles, but also the introduction that we can consider as preamble. Thanks to this, it will be possible to show the relationship between political, legal and religious issues that make up the visions of the new state of Tibet.
    This article is divided into two related parts. The first one is connected with national identity and independence of Tibet. The second part is focused on democratization of Tibet and relation between religion and politics.

  • Czy fasada świadczy o wnętrzu? Dekoracja rzeźbiarska skalnego kompleksu Manmodi w Junnarze

    Author: Barbara Kucmin
    E-mail: bkokurewicz@gmail.com
    Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 41-55
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2019103
    PDF: so/15/so1503.pdf

    The facade speaks of the interior? Sculptural decoration of the rock-cut temples complex Manmodi in Junnar

    The article discusses the issue of Indian rock architecture and the interesting problem of unfinished temples, exemplified by the Manmodi complex in Junnar. At the beginning, the location of the complex is described in the context of the location of the town of Junnar, located in the Maharashtra state. The article describes the monuments of Junnar and focused on the artistic value of rock temples and the unusual decorative motifs that appear in them. In the next part of the article the author draws attention to the possibility of linking the location of the city and complexes with the quality and uniqueness of used motifs. The description of the rock complex is conducted in the historical and artistic context. The analysis of the works was based on sources from literature and own research conducted by the author in India. The stylistic- -comparative analysis allowed to locate this complex in the context of the development of rock art in India and to consider the problem of unfinished temples. The unique motifs used in the decoration drew the author’s attention to the Yavana foundation, which were briefly presented in the article. The author presents in a short and clear way the problems of unfinished temples, extended facades and infinite interiors. The analysis takes place in the context of the entire rock art, also in reference to foreign foundations and unique motifs.

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