• Pozycja Bundestagu i Bundesratu wobec europejskiego procesu integracyjnego w świetle „lizbońskiego” orzeczenia Federalnego Trybunału Konstytucyjnego

    Author: Matthias Niedobitek
    E-mail: jan.tkaczynski@wp.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Techniczny w Chemnitz
    Author: Jan Wiktor Tkaczyński
    E-mail: jan.tkaczynski@wp.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie
    Year of publication: 2012
    Source: Show
    Pages: 143-158
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2012.02.08
    PDF: ppk/10/ppk1008.pdf

    It is difficult not to voice the assessment, that the „Lisbon” judgement of the Federal Constitutional Court carries all features not of the legislative decisions, but the political ones. This statement may be justified with a fact, that Tribunal’s objections are directed ultimately not towards lack of proper regulations relating to the Treaty, but against the Lisbon Treaty itself. But because its ratification should not have been stopped, the surrounding legislation has been used as an excuse to express reservations against the Lisbon Treaty. This means – from the formal point of view – both Treaty and Act Approving the Treaty are flawless. At the same time, it is difficult to forget, that the same Court, indirectly with this judgement contravened one of the fundamental of the constitutional rules, that is ban to formulate these kind of opinion which acceptance would lead to the (in this case) change of the Treaty or at least to express objection(s) according to the international law.

  • Status i rola opozycji parlamentarnej niemieckiego Bundestagu – zagadnienia wybrane

    Author: Joanna Juchniewicz
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
    Year of publication: 2010
    Source: Show
    Pages: 221-230
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2010.01.17
    PDF: ppk/01/ppk117.pdf

    The article concerns chosen issues of the institution of the parliamentary opposition in the German parliamentary system. The parliamentary opposition in the German system of governments is a universally accepted phenomenon. Many factors affect its status and the position, from the structure of internal organs and the way of creating them, for specific institutions of the parliamentary law allowing for active participating in the realization of basic functions of the Bundestag. A President of the Bundestag, a Presidium, Advice of Seniors and committees are internal organs of the German Bundestag. The manner of the casting of individual organs, their tasks and the way of proceeding (especially Advice of Seniors) enable opposition groupings in the real way to influence functioning of the Chamber. In the process, in spite of the lack of the legal institutionalization of the phenomenon of the opposition on the federal level, it is possible to tell about political recognizing laws to the parliamentary opposition in Germany.

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