catholic church

  • The Catholic Church in Poland as an Entity Influencing Parliamentary Elections (1989–2010)

    Author: Krzysztof Kowalczyk
    Institution: University of Szczecin (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2012
    Source: Show
    Pages: 472-485
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2012024
    PDF: ppsy/41/ppsy2012024.pdf

    Various aspects of the term Catholic Church can be considered: theological, sociological, legal or politological. For the purpose of this article the defi nition of the Church as formulated by political science will be essential, although in this discipline various connotations exist. The Church is referred to as a denomination, religious community, an interest group or a political entity. Among authors writing about the Church as a denomination are Wolfgang Ernst Böckenförde and Heindrun Abromeit. Both of them focus on the spiritual-religious aspect of Church activities, at the same time emphasizing that political activity is not the principal aim of the Church. Broader theories of Church activities as an interest group are presented by Carolyn M. Warner and Dietrich Hierlemann. Classifying the Catholic Church as an interest group C.M. Warner claims that this institution makes eff orts to get preferential treatment by political authorities, and its goal is to gain certain resources from the economic and political systems. The Church attempts to lobby democratic governments through political parties and other means, as it intends to have an infl uence on the educational system, impose its moral values on society through legislation, or retain certain tax reliefs. The Church tries to provide its members with certain collective goods (such as answers to moral and philosophical dilemmas), affiliation-based (e.g. cult site), or individual incentives (e.g. sacraments). The Catholic Church, therefore, in addition to an organized religion, can be referred to as an untypical interest group D. Hierlemann similarly states that the Church acts as a representative of interests and a lobbyist that attempts to make infl uential contacts, establish good relations with decision makers and play for resources. The Church acting in the secular sphere is subject to the same priciples as other associations (Verbände). This entity tries to promote its interests in the political process. In reference to theories describing the functioning of associations in the lay-political area we can examine the activities of the Church within the political system. From this perspective D. Hierlemann analyzes various forms of lobbying done by the Catholic Church in Poland.

  • Kościół katolicki w Polsce jako podmiot oddziałujący na system polityczny. Casus regulacji prawnych o zapłodnieniu pozaustrojowym in vitro

    Author: Krzysztof Kowalczyk
    Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 7-19
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2018.57.01
    PDF: apsp/57/apsp5701.pdf

    Celem artykułu jest określenie oddziaływania Kościoła katolickiego na system polityczny w Polsce odwołanie się do case study – form sprzeciwu Kościoła wobec legalizacji metody zapłodnienia pozaustrojowego in vitro. W nauce o polityce Kościół jest określany jako organizacja wyznaniowa, grupa interesu, aktor polityczny. Autor definiuje Kościół (jako) podmiot, który oddziałuje na system polityczny i jego otoczenie w formie bezpośredniej, pośredniej i sankcji moralnych. Biskupi katoliccy sprzeciwiali się regulacji in vitro, ingerując między innymi w przebieg procesu legislacyjnego. Świadczy to o doniosłym wpływie Kościoła w Polsce na sferę publiczną.

  • Pedofilia w Kościele katolickim za pontyfikatów Benedykta XVI i papieża Franciszka

    Author: mgr Agata Płachecka
    Institution: Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 301-323
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201715
    PDF: siip/16/siip1615.pdf

    Pedophilia in the Catholic Church during the pontificates of Benedict XVI and Pope Francis

    One of the main internal social problems with which the institution of the Catholic Church struggles over the last two pontificates is the occurrence of pedophilia in its ranks. The article analyzes the difference in the approach to the problem over the last two pontificates, and the studied scale of the phenomenon and the territorial scope allow undoubtedly giving this practice a global character. Based on the analyzes of pontificates, the picture of the problem of pedophilia in the Church clearly emerges as a legacy after many years of policy of covering this type of sexual abuse by church leaders. The disclosure of cases of sexual abuse committed by ministers in individual countries was the direct cause of the crisis of the local universal Churches during the pontificate of Benedict XVI and Pope Francis.

  • Rewolucja francuska wobec Kościoła katolickiego w okresie Dyrektoriatu (1795–1799)

    Author: Tadeusz Dmochowski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 135-145
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/cip201708
    PDF: cip/15/cip1508.pdf

    Artykuł przedstawia i analizuje nastawienie i działania prawne kolejnych władz francuskich wobec Kościoła katolickiego w okresie rządów Dyrektoriatu (1795–1799).

  • Relacje państwo–Kościół na przełomie XX i XXI wieku. Przypadek Polski

    Author: Grzegorz Piwnicki
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 146-164
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/cip201709
    PDF: cip/15/cip1509.pdf

    Problemy wiary i religii państwa świeckiego, ich wzajemnych relacji są w czasach chwiejącego się świata1 bardzo istotne i nie do przecenienia.
    Należy szukać odpowiedzi jak pogodzić renesans religijności ze wzmożonym sekularyzmem w różnych krajach. Mówimy również o postsekularyzmie. Te ważkie zagadnienia determinują podziały polityczne w Polsce. Bez wspólnego dialogu, dążenia do konsensusu, odrzucenia fundamentalności możemy jako wspólnota polska przestać istnieć.
    Grozi nam przejście od utopii do dystopii. Wszystko zależy od tego jak reagować na te wyzwania będą państwo i Kościół katolicki. Należy również odrzucić wszelkie fobie i nacjonalizm z szowinizmem narodowym.

  • Alternative diplomacy and the political role of clerical elites: The Roman Catholic Church as an ideological counterforce in interwar Banat

    Author: Mihai A. Panu
    Institution: West University
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 347-358
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019210
    PDF: ppsy/48-2/ppsy2019210.pdf

    In interwar Romania, non-political institutions played a decisive role in the process of containing the expansion of totalitarian ideologies. The two major colliding ideological forces, National Socialism and Communism, rapidly reshaped the European sociopolitical profile after World War I and caused an unprecedented long-term deterioration of various intergovernmental relations. The Banat region was systematically exposed to external ideological factors due to the fact that its heterogeneous ethno-cultural profile allowed a rapid proliferation of political ideas and programs.

  • NUNCJATURA APOSTOLSKA BEZ NUNCJUSZA W CZECHOSŁOWACJI OKRESU MIĘDZYWOJENNEGO

    Author: MAREK ŠMÍD
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 168-184
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso150209
    PDF: hso/9/hso909.pdf

    The study deals with the period of the First Czechoslovak Republic (19181938), when the Apostolic Nunciature in Prague was vacant and represented only by chargé d‘affaires, who were in charge of the Vatican embassy. It goes into the details of the events of 1925-1928 and 1934-1935 to explain the reasons, specific situations and consequeces of the absence of the Apostolic Nuncios.

  • Kościół olkuski w reprezentatywnym raporcie Służby Bezpieczeństwa z 1960 roku

    Author: Paweł Glugla
    Institution: Uniwersyt Rzeszowski
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 64-88
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm201905
    PDF: ksm/24/ksm201905.pdf

    This article contains information and analysis of the Security Service's operational activities against the Catholic Church in Olkusz, based on an archival document produced by the security apparatus. The territory in question belonged administratively to the Krakow Province, while in the church administration it belonged to the Diocese of Kielce. The document includes a number of important issues: a description of the Catholic Church in Olkusz, including deaneries, and the description and staffing of individual religious congregations (for which the security police also kept up-to-date documentation); Catholic activities, being part of the structures of the church organization of individual deaneries and their parishes; a current list of Catholic agents and assets; agent cases conducted against individual church objects and the clergy; repression of the clergy; issues of catechization; cases of religious construction; cooperation between the security division and civic militia; difficulties in the work of the Olkusz security service in church matters; and “hotspots” in Olkusz. Thanks to the agents it acquired, the security apparatus had current information on the functioning of the church in Olkusz, especially the clergy. Therefore, it could effectively watch over the church’s activities, neutralize many of its intentions, and punish defiant clergy in various ways. This edited archival document illustrates a wide range of issues dealt with by the Security Service of the 1960s. Its form, and this systematic range of issues, was imposed from above and was compulsory throughout the entire territory of the People's Republic of Poland.

  • Ku normalizacji? Relacje Kościoła rzymskokatolickiego z władzami Chińskiej Republiki Ludowej po 1949 roku

    Author: Marek Tylkowski
    Institution: SWPS University
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ap202003
    PDF: ap/23/ap2303.pdf

    Towards normalization? Relations between the Roman Catholic Church and China People’s Republic after 1949

    The article is concerned with the relations between the Catholic Church and the government of the People’s Republic of China. It starts with a short summary of the history of Christianity in China. Then it focuses on the analysis of changes of policies toward China on the part of the Holy See and their reception from Chinese authorities. It points out that the Vatican government consequently is making efforts in order to normalize the situation of Catholics in China and that it is ready to for a deep compromise with the Chinese government if necessary. In that context, the agreement between the Holy See and the Chinese government, which was prolonged on the 22nd of October 2020, is more understandable.

  • Admissibility of Institutionalizing Same-Sex Unions in Poland. Selected Problems

    Author: Marta Michalczuk-Wlizło
    Institution: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2107-881477
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 285-296
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.23
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5823.pdf

    The issue of institutionalizing non-heteronormative unions arouses great controversy in Poland and has not yet been legally regulated in any form. The issue of institutionalizing same-sex unions is multifaceted and has an interdisciplinary character. The aim of the article is to analyze selected premises, both legal and ideological, related to the admissibility of institutionalizing the form of relationships of non-heteronormative people.

  • Medycyna naturalna a Kościół katolicki – wątpliwości i uwagi o charakterze biopolitycznym

    Author: Kamila Rezmer-Płotka
    Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1458-5076
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 157-165
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2021210
    PDF: so/20/so2010.pdf

    Natural Medicine and Catholic Church – Comments and Biopolitical Remarks

    Currently, we observe a significant increase in interest in Eastern practices in the West, including natural medicine. In this context, it is important that in 1979 the World Health Organization (WHO) recognized Ayurveda as the oldest health-care system. Ayurveda has also become an object of interest of the Catholic Church. The article examines the institutions’ attitude toward Ayurveda and determines the nature of doubts and reservations that arise around it. To this end, an analysis of the document of the Pontifical Council of Culture – The Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue Jesus Christ the Giver of the Water of Life. Christian reflection on the New Age was carried out. Subsequently, the statements of selected representatives of the Catholic Church were included in the analysis. The following hypothesis has been verified: the Catholic Church’s doubts and objections to Ayurveda are of biopolitical nature. Based on the analysis of the document, it can be concluded that Catholic Church treats and interprets Ayurveda activities as biopolitical practices.

  • František Kordač, arcybiskup praski i prymas Czech w latach 1919–1931. Wysoki dostojnik Kościoła, który nie został kardynałem

    Author: Marek Šmíd
    Institution: Katedra církevních dějin a literární historie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8613-8673
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 154-170
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso210207
    PDF: hso/29/hso2907.pdf

    The study deals with František Kordač, a Czech Church dignitary and university professor who became the Archbishop of Prague and the Czech Primate in 1919. The text is based on materials from Czech and foreign archives, e.g. the Vatican funds.

  • Problematyka migracyjna XX wieku a troska Kościoła katolickiego o wychodźców sezonowych na przykładzie diecezji tarnowskiej w latach 1910–1913

    Author: Paweł Glugla
    Institution: badacz niezależny
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5940-9105
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 149-171
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso210408
    PDF: hso/31/hso3108.pdf

    The late 19th century witnessed increased migration from the Polish territory, including the then Galicia, Eastern Europe. The Catholic church played a special role in caring for young seasonal immigrants. Among the numerous forms and preventive measures was organising and conducting spiritual retreats for seasonal immigrants, including the Tarnów diocese.

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